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Kartvelian etymology :

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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *bug-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: сыпь
English meaning: rash
Georgian: bug-r-
Svan: bugw-ir
Notes and references: EWK 65-66. Ср. алт. *bogda 'пестрый, красить'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *bumbul-
Russian meaning: пух
English meaning: down
Georgian: bumbul-
Megrel: bumbul-
Laz: bumbul-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 55.
Proto-Kartvelian: *buq̇wN
Russian meaning: есть (грубо), жрать
English meaning: to gobble down
Georgian: buq̇vn-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): есть (грубо), жрать
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to gobble down
Megrel: bu`on
Notes and references: Не исключено СК происхождение основы, ср. ПВК *=HVq̇_wVn 'глотать', с классным показателем *bHVq̇_wVn- / *wHVq̇_wVn (см. NCED 618).
Proto-Kartvelian: *bur-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: закрывать, затемнять; заштопывать
English meaning: to close, obscure; to darn
Georgian: bur-
Megrel: bur-
Svan: bur-
Laz: bur-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 55, EWK 67. В ОСНЯ 1, 191-192 возводися к ностр. *büri 'покрывать' (драв. *pūṛ̣ 'покрывать, погребать', алт. *buri 'покрывать'). Аналогичную этимологию дает Бомхард 1996, 145.
Proto-Kartvelian: *burčx-
Russian meaning: Echinochloa crus galli
English meaning: Echinochloa crus galli
Georgian: burčxa
Megrel: burčxi
Laz: bučxi
Notes and references: EWK 68-69. [Ср. barʒg-]
Proto-Kartvelian: *burd-
Russian meaning: расстроить, привести в беспорядок
English meaning: to disconcert, to derange
Georgian: burd-
Svan: būrd-
Notes and references: EWK 67.
Proto-Kartvelian: *burdɣa, *bRdɣwN-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: оперение, пух
English meaning: down
Georgian: burdɣa
Georgian meaning (Rus.): оперение, пух; b(r)dɣwn- 'щипать (птицу)'
Georgian meaning (Engl.): down; b(r)dɣwn- 'to pluck (a bird)'
Megrel: burdɣa
Megrel meaning (Rus.): оперение, пух, мохнатый; burdɣon- 'щипать (птицу)'
Megrel meaning (Eng.): down, fluffy; burdɣon- 'to pluck (a bird)'
Laz: bundɣa
Laz meaning (Rus.): оперение, пух; burdɣol-, bundɣol- 'щипать (птицу)'
Laz meaning (Eng.): down; burdɣol-, bundɣol- 'to pluck (a bird)'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 54, 55, EWK 61. Имеется также вариант *burṭq̇(w)- (q.v.). Ностратические параллели: ПА *burtV "борода; пух, перья"; ПИЕ *bhardhā "борода" < ПН *burtɣV "пух, борода".
Proto-Kartvelian: *burɣ-
Russian meaning: широколиственное растение
English meaning: a k. of broadleaf plant
Georgian: burɣ-
Megrel: burɣ-
Laz: burɣ-
Notes and references: EWK 68. Отметим сходство с ПСК *ʕapālq̇wĔ 'лопух; лист'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *bur(ɣw)-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: пыль, пылить
English meaning: dust, to make dusty
Georgian: ср.-груз. bre
Georgian meaning (Rus.): пыль, прах (диал. bre 'мякина')
Georgian meaning (Engl.): dust (dial. bre 'chaff')
Svan: burɣw- 'to make dusty', birɣw 'dust, ash'
Notes and references: ОСНЯ 1, 188. Основа далее сравнивается с урал. *porV 'пыль, песок, грязь', драв. *pūr..V / *por..V 'рыхлая земля, песок, пыль' (алт. данные, видимо, недостоверны).
Proto-Kartvelian: *burs-
Russian meaning: удары, неправильная борьба
English meaning: hits; illegal fighting
Georgian: burs- / brus-
Megrel: burs-
Notes and references: EWK 67-68.
Proto-Kartvelian: *burṭq̇-L-, *bRṭq̇w-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: пух и перья
English meaning: down and feathers
Georgian: burṭq̇l-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): пух и перья; brṭq̇w- 'ощипывать (птицу)'
Georgian meaning (Engl.): down and feathers; ; brṭq̇w- 'to pluck (a bird)'
Megrel: buṭq̇u
Megrel meaning (Rus.): мягкий; burṭq̇- 'ощипывать (птицу')
Megrel meaning (Eng.): soft; burṭq̇- 'to pluck (a bird)'
Svan: binṭq̇il
Svan meaning (Rus.): пух
Svan meaning (Eng.): down
Laz: ? bu(r)ṭq̇u
Laz meaning (Rus.): название насекомого
Laz meaning (Eng.): a k. of insect
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 55; EWK 63, 68. Повидимому, вариант корня *burdɣ- / *bRdɣw- q.v.
Proto-Kartvelian: *burʒg(a)
Russian meaning: щетина
English meaning: bristle
Georgian: burʒg-al-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): ворс; burʒg- 'щетиниться'; buʒg- 'маленький еж'
Georgian meaning (Engl.): fleece; burʒg- 'to stand on end (of bristle)', buʒg- 'small hedgehog'
Megrel: buʒga
Megrel meaning (Rus.): иглы плода каштана; buʒg-, biʒg- 'щетиниться'
Megrel meaning (Eng.): spines of chestnut; buʒg-, biʒg- 'to stand on end (of bristle)'
Laz: buʒg-
Laz meaning (Rus.): 'щетиниться'
Laz meaning (Eng.): 'to stand on end (of bristle)'
Notes and references: EWK 69. Скорее всего = *barʒg-.
Proto-Kartvelian: *buṭḳ-
Russian meaning: соцветие, лист
English meaning: inflorescence, leaf
Georgian: buṭḳ(o)-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): соцветие; puṭḳar- пчела
Georgian meaning (Engl.): inflorescence; puṭḳar- 'bee'
Laz: buṭḳ-
Laz meaning (Rus.): лист; buṭḳuǯ- пчела
Laz meaning (Eng.): leaf; buṭḳuǯ- 'bee'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 56; EWK 69. Ср. алт. *pūto 'branch' (проверить англ. bud etc.).
Proto-Kartvelian: *buz(w)
Russian meaning: муха
English meaning: fly (n.)
Georgian: buz- (bzu- 'to buzz'; bziḳ- 'wasp')
Megrel: buz-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): furzen
Svan: buzul (bzūl 'buzzing')
Laz: buz-al-
Laz meaning (Rus.): жужжать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to buzz
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 51, EWK 66. Ономатопэтическая основа, широко распространенная на Кавказе (ср. ПСК *bĭnʒĕ 'муха', см. NCED 304-305). [?Ср. также ПИЕ *wobhs-?]
Proto-Kartvelian: *bzeḳ / *bziḳ
Russian meaning: вытягивать(ся)
English meaning: to stretch
Georgian: bzeḳ, bziḳ
Georgian meaning (Rus.): вытягивать(ся)
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to stretch
Megrel: ziḳ
Megrel meaning (Rus.): коченеть, каменеть
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to freeze, turn to stone
Notes and references: Ср. алт. *siku 'давить; съеживаться' (если в ПК *b- вторично).
Proto-Kartvelian: *bziar-
Russian meaning: треснуть, трещина
English meaning: to crack; a crack
Georgian: bzar-
Megrel: zior-
Notes and references: EWK 55.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: бить, давать
English meaning: to beat, to give
Georgian: c-, c-em-
Megrel: č-, č-am-
Laz: č-, č-am-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 227-228, EWK 454-455.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć-
Russian meaning: больше его, старше его
English meaning: more, older
Georgian: xuces-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): старец, старший
Georgian meaning (Engl.): elder, older
Megrel: u(n)čaš-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): старший
Megrel meaning (Eng.): older
Svan: xoša-
Svan meaning (Rus.): большой
Svan meaning (Eng.): big
Laz: unčaš-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 262-263, EWK 455-456.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ca-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: небо
English meaning: sky
Georgian: ca-
Megrel: ca-
Svan: cā-š
Svan meaning (Rus.): четверг
Svan meaning (Eng.): Thursday
Laz: (m)ca-, (n)ca-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 222, EWK 443-444. Климов сравнивает основу с ПСК *ʒǝ̆wɨ̆ 'небо' (NCED 1092-1093), что сомнительно по фонетическим соображениям. Возможно, лучше сопоставить с ПИЕ *sḱeiǝ- 'сиять, мерцать', урал. *śäjä 'мерцать, светиться', драв. *cāj 'блеск', для которых Иллич-Свитыч (ОСНЯ 1, 199) восстанавливает *c̣äjḥa, хотя возможна и реконструкция *cäjV.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ca-
Russian meaning: Ulme (вяз)
English meaning: elm
Megrel: ci, cǝ
Svan: cah-, caj-
Notes and references: EWK 444.
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