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Kartvelian etymology :

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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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Proto-Kartvelian: *om-
Russian meaning: воевать
English meaning: to make war
Georgian: om- (Old Georg. hom-)
Georgian meaning (Rus.): война
Georgian meaning (Engl.): war
Megrel: li-m-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): воевать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to make war
Notes and references: Кл
Proto-Kartvelian: *opl-
Russian meaning: пот
English meaning: sweat
Georgian: opl-
Megrel: upu, up-
Svan: wop, wep
Laz: up-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 151, EWK 270.
Proto-Kartvelian: *opop-
Russian meaning: удод
English meaning: hoopoe
Georgian: opopa-, opop-
Megrel: opop-
Laz: opampe-
Notes and references: Экспрессивная основа, несомненно, связанная с соответствующим ПИЕ *opop- / *epop- 'удод' (см. Климов 1994, 129-130).
Proto-Kartvelian: *o(ś)tx(w)-
Russian meaning: четыре
English meaning: four
Georgian: otx-, dial. otxo
Megrel: otx-
Svan: woštx(w)
Laz: o(n)txo-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 150, EWK 269 (*otxo-). Основа считается заимствованной из ПИЕ *oḱtōu- 'восемь' (см. Климов 1994, 59-63).
Proto-Kartvelian: *pac-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: суетиться
English meaning: to fuss
Georgian: pac-ur-, pac-a-puc-
Megrel: poc-, puc-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 188, EWK 352. Ср. алт. *p`ečV 'уставать' (? или *baša ~ pača 'бежать'?)
Proto-Kartvelian: *pać-
Russian meaning: тереть рукой
English meaning: to rub with the hand
Georgian: pac-un-
Megrel: puč-on-
Notes and references: EWK 352.
Proto-Kartvelian: *pačw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: волосы на теле
English meaning: body hair
Georgian: pačv-
Notes and references: В МССHЯ 358 сравнивается с ПИЕ *pous- 'пух, волосы на теле', урал. *puča 'пух, перья'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *pakl-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: парша, чесотка
English meaning: scab, scabies
Georgian: pakl-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): Krätze, Räude, Grind
Georgian meaning (Engl.): Krätze, Räude, Grind
Laz: pukur-, pukir-, purk-, purḳ-
Laz meaning (Rus.): Blattern, Pocken
Laz meaning (Eng.): Blattern, Pocken
Notes and references: EWK 351-352.
Proto-Kartvelian: *pal- / pl-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: прятать
English meaning: to hide
Georgian: pal-, pl-
Megrel: pul-
Laz: (m)pul-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 187, EWK 347-348. Бомхард (1996, 148-149) сближает с ПИЕ *pel- 'кожа, шкура' (Walde 2, 58-59), что довольно сомнительно.
Proto-Kartvelian: *papar-
Russian meaning: грива
English meaning: mane
Georgian: papar-
Megrel: popor-
Svan: papal-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 187-188, EWK 349. Возможно, СК происхождения: ср. ПСК *pabE 'мягкий; мягкие волосы, грива, борода' (NCED 865).
Proto-Kartvelian: *par-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: покрывать
English meaning: to cover
Georgian: par-
Megrel: por-
Svan: par-, pr-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 187, EWK 348. Ср. алт. *p`iōŕV 'верх' (или *buri 'покрывать').
Proto-Kartvelian: *par- / *ṗar-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: летать
English meaning: to fly
Georgian: pr-in-; pr-te 'wing' (also ṗar- 'to escape')
Megrel: pur-in-
Svan: ṗer-
Laz: pur-t-in-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 152, 190, EWK 348-349. В МССНЯ 346 сравнивается с ПИЕ *(s)per-, драв. *parV- / *par_V- и др. < ностр. *ṗarV; аналогичная этимология в Бомхард 1996, 147); ср. также ПСК *pɨrV 'летать'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *parcx-
Russian meaning: боpона
English meaning: harrow
Georgian: parcx-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): боpона; pocx- 'грабли, сгребать граблями' < мегр.?
Georgian meaning (Engl.): harrow; pocx- 'rake, to rake' < Megr.?
Megrel: bucx-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): боpона, гpабли; сгребать граблями
Megrel meaning (Eng.): harrow, rake, to rake
Svan: pacx-, pcx-
Svan meaning (Rus.): сгpебать гpаблями
Svan meaning (Eng.): to rake
Laz: bucx-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 189, 190. Основа, возможно, связана с *prcx- 'ноготь, коготь, чесать'. Ср. также СК формы: ав. puruc:, карат. peric: 'соха', абх. a-pǝza 'лемех' etc.; в NCED 877 они возводятся к ПСК *pVrVc_Ĕ 'соха', но возможно, что в данном случае речь идет о картвельском заимствовании в СК.
Proto-Kartvelian: *parpaṭ-
Russian meaning: медленно махать крыльями
English meaning: to flap the wings slowly
Georgian: parpaṭ-
Megrel: porpoṭ-
Notes and references: EWK 350.
Proto-Kartvelian: *partx-/prtx-
Russian meaning: трепетать
English meaning: to quiver
Georgian: partx-, prtx-
Megrel: (p)ntx-, tx-
Svan: pǝ(r)tx-ǝn-
Laz: putx-
Laz meaning (Rus.): лететь, взлетать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to fly, soar up
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 190, EWK 349-350, 359 (ср. *par-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *parx-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: хвалиться
English meaning: to boast
Georgian: parx-un-
Megrel: purx-on-
Notes and references: EWK 350. ?Ср. алт. *p`iro 'молиться, благословлять' etc.
Proto-Kartvelian: *pasw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: корень
English meaning: root
Georgian: pesv-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): корень; фалда
Georgian meaning (Engl.): root; flapper
Megrel: pos(v)-
Laz: pos-o
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 187, EWK 350. Ср. алт....
Proto-Kartvelian: *paṭ- / *puṭ-
Russian meaning: дупло; полый; дырявить
English meaning: hollow in tree; hollow (adj.); to hollow
Georgian: paṭ-ar- 'hollow in tree', piṭ- 'to hollow', puṭ- 'rotten tree, trough of tree bark', puṭuro 'rotten'
Megrel: puṭ-ur-el-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): пустой, полый; puṭ- 'трухлявая, червивая часть дерева, растения'; puṭur-ua 'гнить'
Megrel meaning (Eng.): empty, hollow; puṭ- 'rotten, worm-eaten part of tree or plant'; puṭur-ua 'to rot'
Svan: peṭ-
Svan meaning (Rus.): дырявить, piṭ 'дыра' (тж. puṭu)
Svan meaning (Eng.): to hollow; piṭ 'hole' (also puṭu)
Laz: puṭ
Laz meaning (Rus.): тpухлявое деpево (мандаpина); punṭura 'гнилой, пустой' (об орехе)
Laz meaning (Eng.): rotten tree (tamarind); punṭura 'rotten, hollow (of nut)'
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 351. Ср. МССНЯ 340 (ностр. *ṗu[ṭ]V 'дыра' > урал. *putV 'rectum', алт. *p`[u]t`e 'дыра'). Изолированное сопоставление Климовым (1994, 145-146) картв. *puṭur- с лат.-кельт. *pu-tro- 'гнилой' вряд ли оправдано.
Proto-Kartvelian: *peć-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: раскрывать
English meaning: to uncover
Megrel: pač-
Notes and references: В МССHЯ 360 сравнивается с урал. *päče 'раздвигаться, расширяться'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *peć̣w-
Russian meaning: волосок
English meaning: hair (one)
Georgian: bec̣v-
Megrel: pač̣v-, pič̣u; do-pač̣v- 'mit den Wimpern zucken'
Notes and references: EWK 357.
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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20

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