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Kartvelian etymology :

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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *naṭ-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: желать
English meaning: to wish
Georgian: naṭ-, neṭ-
Megrel: noṭe, niṭe
Megrel meaning (Rus.): если бы
Megrel meaning (Eng.): if only
Svan: naṭ-iel-u
Svan meaning (Rus.): если бы, даже если
Svan meaning (Eng.): if only, even if
Notes and references: EWK 261.
Proto-Kartvelian: *naʒw-
Russian meaning: сосна, ель
English meaning: pine-tree, fir-tree
Georgian: naʒv-
Megrel: nuʒu, nuzu
Svan: nezw
Notes and references: EWK 261. Повидимому, иранизм (ср. перс. nōǯ, осет. naz(u), näzǝ < иран. *nauča-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *neb-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: ладонь
English meaning: palm of hand
Georgian: neb-
Svan: neb-är
Svan meaning (Rus.): пеpчатки
Svan meaning (Eng.): gloves
Notes and references: Кл. Ср. алт. *niap`e 'расстилать'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *neḳerčxa-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: клен
English meaning: maple
Georgian: neḳerčxal-
Megrel: laḳinčxa-
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 263.
Proto-Kartvelian: *neḳw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: сгибать
English meaning: to bend
Svan: neḳw-, nḳw-
Notes and references: В МССHЯ 355 сравнивается с ПИЕ *knek- 'шея', алт. *nikV 'шея, шейный позвонок', урал. *ńɨk(k)V 'позвонок, затылок'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *neḳ(w)-
Russian meaning: мизинец
English meaning: little finger
Georgian: neḳ-
Megrel: naḳ-u
Notes and references: EWK 262-263. Ср. ПА *ʔi-miḳV 'мизинец' ( < ПВК *miḳwV 'маленький', см. NCED 821-822).
Proto-Kartvelian: *nen-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: язык
English meaning: tongue
Georgian: ena-
Megrel: nina-
Svan: nin, nǝn
Laz: nena-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 147, EWK 264. В МССНЯ 373 сравнивается с урал. *ńaŋkćem, ПИЕ *-nǵhu- < ностр. *ńan[g]V (?).
Proto-Kartvelian: *nena-
Russian meaning: мама
English meaning: mother
Georgian: nena (dial.)
Megrel: nana
Laz: nana
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 146, EWK 264. "Детское" слово, ср. ПСК *nǟnV 'мать; женская грудь' (NCED 845).
Proto-Kartvelian: *nepxw-
Russian meaning: мороз, холод, ключевая вода
English meaning: frost, cold, spring water
Georgian: Old Georg. nepxw-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): замерзать
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to freeze
Laz: c̣a-mapx-a
Laz meaning (Rus.): источник (*'холодная вода')
Laz meaning (Eng.): spring (*'cold water')
Notes and references: EWK 265.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ničw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: морда, губа
English meaning: mug, lip
Georgian: ničv-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): морда, губа
Georgian meaning (Engl.): mug, lip
Megrel: ničkv-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): морда; (?) ni(n)ʒgw- 'клюв'
Megrel meaning (Eng.): mug; (?) ni(n)ʒgw- 'beak'
Svan: Lent. ničw-
Svan meaning (Rus.): лицо ( < груз.?)
Svan meaning (Eng.): face (< Georg.?)
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 148 (*niǯw-); EWK 266. Ср. ПИЕ *nas- 'нос', алт. *ŋiakča 'нос, часть носа'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *niḳ-
Russian meaning: выступ на лице
English meaning: facial protrusion
Georgian: niḳ-el-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): нос, рыло
Georgian meaning (Engl.): nose, snout
Megrel: niḳ-u
Megrel meaning (Rus.): подбородок
Megrel meaning (Eng.): chin
Laz: nu(n)ḳ-u
Laz meaning (Rus.): подбородок
Laz meaning (Eng.): chin
Notes and references: EWK 265-266.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ninw-el-
Russian meaning: отpок
English meaning: adolescent
Georgian: ninvel-
Megrel: ninnua
Notes and references: Кл
Proto-Kartvelian: *nisl-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: туман
English meaning: mist
Georgian: nisl-
Megrel: nirs-, nǝrs-
Notes and references: EWK 266.
Proto-Kartvelian: *noɣ- (?*noq̇-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: низменное место
English meaning: lowland
Georgian: noɣa
Megrel: noɣ-a, noɣ-o
Laz: noɣ-a
Notes and references: EWK 266-267. Климов (ЭСКЯ 148) сравнивает занскую основу с груз. noq̇a-, noq̇o- 'топкое место, болото'; Сарджвеладзе и Фенрих (ibid.) приводят груз. noɣa. Основа имеет интересные соответствия как в ностратических (алт. *nek`u 'низина'), так и в СК языках (ПВК *nĕq̇wɨ 'земля, грязь', см. NCED 848).
Proto-Kartvelian: *noɣr-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Georgian: Gur. noɣr-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): молодая трава
Georgian meaning (Engl.): young grass
Notes and references: В МССHЯ 349 возводится к ностр. *ń[o]ɣrV (ПИЕ *iēr- 'молодое животное, весна', алт. *ńēŕa 'молодой, молодое животное', урал. *ńōre 'молодой', драв. *ńār_- 'молодое растение, прорастать').
Proto-Kartvelian: *nu-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: не (запретительное)
English meaning: not (prohibitive)
Georgian: nu
Megrel: nu; numu, nǝmǝ
Svan: no-, nu-; nōma, nōm
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 148-149, EWK 267. См. ОСНЯ 1, 17 (: урал. *ne, ПИЕ *ne; добавим также алт. *ana).
Proto-Kartvelian: *obol-
Russian meaning: сирота
English meaning: orphan
Georgian: obol-
Megrel: ombol-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 149-150. Корень несомненно связан с ПСК *HubV̆ 'сирота; пасынок / падчерица / отчим / мачеха' (NCED 609-610), см. ЭСКЯ ibid. Сравнение с ПИЕ *orbho- 'сирота' более проблематично (из-за неясности срединного -r-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *oc-
Russian meaning: удивляться
English meaning: to be surprised
Georgian: oc-
Megrel: oc-, orc-
Notes and references: EWK 270-271.
Proto-Kartvelian: *oć-
Russian meaning: двадцать
English meaning: twenty
Georgian: oc-
Megrel: eč-
Laz: eč-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 151, EWK 271.
Proto-Kartvelian: *od-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: лишь, пока
English meaning: only, yet
Georgian: ode-n
Megrel: od-o
Svan: wod-e
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 150, EWK 268-269. Долгопольский (1969, 300-301) сближает с фин.-уг. *ükte 'один', драв. *ut- 'тот, кто составляет пару к этому' и и.-е. (слав.) *edh- 'некоторый, один' < ностр. *ʔVXdV.
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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20

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