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Kartvelian etymology :

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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *mt-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: зима
English meaning: winter
Georgian: za-mt-ar-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): зима
Georgian meaning (Engl.): winter
Megrel: tonǯ-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): зима
Megrel meaning (Eng.): winter
Svan: li-ntw, lu-nt
Svan meaning (Rus.): зима
Svan meaning (Eng.): winter
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 134, EWK 239. ?Ср. алт. *motV 'сезон' (омонимично с "коленце бамбука").
Proto-Kartvelian: *mtil-
Russian meaning: суффикс терминов родства (равен англ.-in-law)
English meaning: in-law
Georgian: -mtil-
Megrel: -ntil-, -ntir-
Laz: mtir-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 134, EWK 239-240.
Proto-Kartvelian: *mtxw-
Russian meaning: ударить
English meaning: to hit
Georgian: mtxv-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): ударить; встретить
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to hit; to meet
Megrel: ntx-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): упасть (на)
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to fall (on)
Laz: ntx-
Laz meaning (Rus.): ударить; упасть
Laz meaning (Eng.): to hit; to fall
Notes and references: EWK 240.
Proto-Kartvelian: *mṭil-
Russian meaning: зелень, овощи
English meaning: green, vegetables
Georgian: mṭil-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): огород
Georgian meaning (Engl.): vegetable garden
Megrel: o-rṭwin-, o-rṭil-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): огород
Megrel meaning (Eng.): vegetable garden
Svan: (l)arṭam, lerṭäm
Laz: o-nṭul-e-
Laz meaning (Rus.): огород
Laz meaning (Eng.): vegetable garden
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 138.
Proto-Kartvelian: *mṭḳaw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: пядь
English meaning: five fingers
Georgian: mṭḳav-el-
Megrel: ṭḳo-u, ṭḳu
Svan: ḳamǝl, ḳamin ( < Georg.)
Laz: mṭḳo
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 138, EWK 246. Ср. алт. *t`ogi 'пядь'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *mṭwe[r]-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: пыль, пылинка
English meaning: dust, speckle of dust
Georgian: mṭwer-
Megrel: ṭwer-
Svan: ṭwi
Svan meaning (Rus.): земля
Svan meaning (Eng.): soil
Laz: mṭwer-
Laz meaning (Rus.): пыль, зола
Laz meaning (Eng.): dust, ashes
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 138, EWK 245-246. Ср. алт. *t`owuŕV 'земля, пыль'. Предположение Климова (1994, 125-127) о заимствовании основы из ПИЕ *twer- 'крутиться, завихряться' крайне сомнительно.
Proto-Kartvelian: *muql-
Russian meaning: колено, угол
English meaning: knee; angle
Georgian: muxl- (Old Georg. muql-)
Georgian meaning (Rus.): колено
Georgian meaning (Engl.): knee
Megrel: muxur-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): угол
Megrel meaning (Eng.): angle
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 138-139, EWK 246. Интересно сходство с абх. *-mǝqA ' в *š́a-mǝqA 'колено' (š́a 'нога'), отмечаемое Климовым (1969, 289). Речь, однако, может идти только о старом заимствовании из протоабхазского - поскольку абх. *-mǝqa надежно сближается с уб. -māša в ʎa-māša 'колено' (ʎa 'нога') и позволяет выделить корни *mV 'рука, конечность' + *Sq́Ia 'голова' (абх. -qa / -qǝ, уб. ša), см. NCED 802.
Proto-Kartvelian: *mxal-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: овощи
English meaning: vegetables
Georgian: mxal-
Megrel: xul-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): кормовая репа
Megrel meaning (Eng.): turnip
Notes and references: EWK 254.
Proto-Kartvelian: *mxar-
Russian meaning: утро
English meaning: morning
Georgian: sa-mxar-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): вечеря (*'завтрак')
Georgian meaning (Engl.): supper (*'breakfast')
Svan: mǝxär
Svan meaning (Rus.): завтра
Svan meaning (Eng.): tomorrow
Laz: (?) mxor-
Laz meaning (Rus.): есть
Laz meaning (Eng.): to eat
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 143 (*'есть'), EWK 255.
Proto-Kartvelian: *mxul-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: ящерица
English meaning: lizard
Georgian: xvl-iḳ- (Old Georg. mxwliv-)
Megrel: xvil-ar-, xvel-ar-, xol-ar-, xvi-ar-
Laz: (m)xol-ur-, pxor-ul-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 144, EWK 255-256. Ср., может быть, ПСК *mHilaGwV (/*GHwimalV) 'червь' (NCED 817-818).
Proto-Kartvelian: *mźe-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: солнце
English meaning: sun
Georgian: mze 'sun'; mzv-ar-e 'sunny place'
Megrel: mža, bža
Svan: miž, mǝž
Laz: mža, bža; mžo-ra, mžu-ra, mžu-a, mǯo-ra, bžo-ra
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 133-134, EWK 238, 151-152. В рамках ностр. интересно отметить сходство с ПИЕ *mē̆n(ǝ)s- 'луна'; ср. также ПСК *wǝ̆mc̣_ŏ 'луна'. Отметим, что непосредственное сближение картв. *mźe- и ПЗК *maza 'луна' вряд ли возможно, вопреки [Климов 1969, 288].
Proto-Kartvelian: *mźɣw-
Russian meaning: растоптать, обвалиться
English meaning: to trample; to collapse
Georgian: mzɣv-
Svan: mžɣ-
Notes and references: EWK 238.
Proto-Kartvelian: *mʒaɣ-
Russian meaning: пpогоpклый
English meaning: rank (of nuts, etc.)
Georgian: mʒaɣ-e
Georgian meaning (Rus.): пpогоpклый (оpех и т.п.)
Georgian meaning (Engl.): rank (of nuts, etc.)
Megrel: ʒuɣe
Svan: mǝʒiɣ
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 473 (*ʒaɣ-)
Proto-Kartvelian: *mʒ́ewal-
Russian meaning: заложник
English meaning: hostage
Georgian: mʒewal-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): заложник; высиживаемое яйцо
Georgian meaning (Engl.): hostage; hatched egg
Megrel: ǯal-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): яйцо, оставленное в гнезде
Megrel meaning (Eng.): egg left in nest
Notes and references: EWK 250.
Proto-Kartvelian: *(m)žɣR-
Russian meaning: вянуть, блекнуть
English meaning: to wither, fade
Georgian: mžɣr-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): блекнуть (цветам)
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to fade (of flowers)
Megrel: (b)žɣǝr-, (b)žɣir-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): вянуть
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to wither
Laz: ǯɣir-
Laz meaning (Rus.): гнить
Laz meaning (Eng.): to rot
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 137. СК параллель: *čVχV / *ǯVʁV 'вянуть' (NCED 349; не исключено *-r, ср. ПЛ *čoχar / *č:oʁar-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *mǯiɣ-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: кулак, горсть
English meaning: fist, fistful
Georgian: mǯiɣ- (Old Georg. mǯiɣ-, Middle Georg. mǯiɣ-, mʒiɣ-)
Megrel: ǯix-
Laz: mǯix-, nǯix-
Notes and references: EWK 257, ЭСКЯ 142 (*mʒ́iɣ-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *n-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: хотеть, желать
English meaning: to wish
Georgian: n-
Svan: n-
Laz: n-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 145, EWK 257-258. См. Долгопольский 1971, 237 (сближение с ПИЕ *nē- 'помогать', монг. *nai- 'надеяться, желать').
Proto-Kartvelian: *nad-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: помощь миром (в сельском хоз-ве)
English meaning: common aid (in agriculture)
Georgian: nad-
Megrel: nod-
Svan: nad, ned
Laz: nod-er-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 145, EWK 260. Повидимому < сем. (ср. араб. nād 'объединение, собрание').
Proto-Kartvelian: *naj
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: мы
English meaning: we
Svan: näj
Notes and references: В ОСНЯ 1, 7 основа сопоставляется с ПИЕ *ne- / *nō- 'мы', драв. *nām 'мы'; ср. аналогично Бомхард 1996, 201.
Proto-Kartvelian: *na-qšir
Russian meaning: уголь
English meaning: coal
Georgian: naxšir-, našxir-; Old Georg. naqšir-
Megrel: nošker-, noškver-
Svan: (?) šix
Laz: noške(r)-
Notes and references: EWK 261-262, Кл (AG); от šwer/šwr `сохнуть' (?)
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-sva,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-sva,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,
Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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