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Kartvelian etymology :

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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *ma(n)g-
Russian meaning: сильный, крепкий
English meaning: strong, sturdy
Georgian: mag-ar- (adv. mng-r-ad)
Megrel: mangar- ( < Georg.)
Notes and references: См. ОСНЯ 2, 42, где основа сопоставляется с ПИЕ *men(ǝ)gh- 'обильный, многочисленный', алт. *maŋka- 'большой, сильный' < ностр. *manga.
Proto-Kartvelian: *maq̇w-
Russian meaning: ежевика
English meaning: blackberry
Georgian: maq̇v-al-
Megrel: muʔ-
Svan: muq̇w
Laz: muq̇-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 129, EWK 232. Ср. ПВК *niwG_V 'земляника, ежевика' (с вторичным *m- ср. ав.-анд. *muq̇:V > ахв. muq̇:ali 'ежевика'), см. NCED 854.
Proto-Kartvelian: *mar-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: влага
English meaning: moisture
Megrel: mere ( > West Georg. dial. mere 'ploughed lowland')
Megrel meaning (Rus.): озеро
Megrel meaning (Eng.): lake
Svan: mare, märe
Svan meaning (Rus.): облако
Svan meaning (Eng.): cloud
Notes and references: См. ОСНЯ 2, 60, где основа сопоставляется с ПИЕ *mor- 'болото, море', драв. *mar..-ai 'дождь', алт. *miūri 'вода' < ностр. *mäŕä.
Proto-Kartvelian: *marc̣q̇w-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: земляника
English meaning: wild strawberry
Georgian: marc̣q̇v-
Megrel: murɣ- ( < *marʔ- < *marc̣q̇(w)-)
Svan: basq̇-i, bäsq̇
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 127, EWK 230. Иллич-Свитыч (ОСНЯ 2, 43-44) предлагает рассматривать основу как преобразование сложения *mar-cinq̇wa- (см. *cinq̇wa-). Компонент *mar- он возводит к ностр. *marja 'ягода' (ср. урал. *marja, ПИЕ *mor-, алт. *miarV).
Proto-Kartvelian: *martw-
Russian meaning: потомок, детеныш
English meaning: offspring, youngling
Georgian: martv-e
Georgian meaning (Rus.): детеныш
Georgian meaning (Engl.): youngling
Megrel: mot-a
Megrel meaning (Rus.): Enkel
Megrel meaning (Eng.): grandson
Laz: mot-a
Laz meaning (Rus.): Enkel
Laz meaning (Eng.): grandson
Notes and references: EWK 229-230. Ср. ПЛ *moto-l 'козленок'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *mas-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: сеть
English meaning: net
Georgian: mas-e
Megrel: mos-a
Laz: mos-a
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 128, EWK 230.
Proto-Kartvelian: *masx-
Russian meaning: месх
English meaning: meskh (?)
Georgian: mesx-
Megrel: *mosx- ( = греч. Móskhoi)
Notes and references: EWK 230-231.
Proto-Kartvelian: *maṭ-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: быть достаточным
English meaning: to be enough
Georgian: maṭ-; meṭ-i 'more'
Svan: mṭ-
Svan meaning (Rus.): добавлять
Svan meaning (Eng.): to add
Notes and references: EWK 231. Ср. алт. *miat`V 'самый, больше всего'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *maṭq̇l-
Russian meaning: шерсть (овцы), руно
English meaning: skin (of sheep), fleece
Georgian: maṭq̇l-
Megrel: monṭq̇or-
Svan: mäṭq̇, maṭq̇
Laz: monṭḳo(r)-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 129, EWK 231-232. ?Ср. алт. *miate 'шкура с головы животных'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *max- (~-q-)
Russian meaning: вид пшеницы
English meaning: a k. of wheat
Georgian: maxa
Svan: (?) maxar
Laz: moxa
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 130, EWK 233. Ср. ПВК *mūqV 'ячмень' (к вокализму ср. косв. формы типа ПН *māqi-, ПЛ *moχa-), см. NCED 835; см. Климов 1972, 355.
Proto-Kartvelian: *mcir-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: маленький
English meaning: small
Georgian: mcir-, mcr-
Megrel: cir-a
Megrel meaning (Rus.): девочка
Megrel meaning (Eng.): girl
Notes and references: EWK 249.
Proto-Kartvelian: *mcxwed-
Russian meaning: поздний
English meaning: late
Georgian: mcxved-
Megrel: cxad-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): опаздывать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to be late
Notes and references: EWK 249. ? Ср. алт. *ŋoč`V 'вечер, поздний'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *mć̣er-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: насекомое, муха
English meaning: insect, fly
Georgian: mc̣er-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): насекомое
Georgian meaning (Engl.): insect
Megrel: (?) č̣anǯ-, č̣and-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): муха
Megrel meaning (Eng.): fly
Svan: mēr-
Laz: mč̣aǯ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 141. Климов (ibid., а также 1969, 290) сравнивает с СК (ср. NCED 823-824: *miʒ_Ă 'кусающее насекомое'); интересно отметить, однако, также ПИЕ *mous- 'муха' (ср. также алт: др.-яп. musi 'насекомое, червь').
Proto-Kartvelian: *mc̣iḳu-
Russian meaning: пачкать, загрязнять
English meaning: to dirty, befoul
Georgian: mc̣iḳ-
Megrel: c̣iḳ(w)-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 142.
Proto-Kartvelian: *mć̣q̇-
Russian meaning: обучать, приучать
English meaning: to teach, accustom
Georgian: mc̣q̇-
Megrel: nč̣q̇-
Svan: nč̣q̇- ( < Zan.?)
Laz: mč̣ḳ-, č̣ḳ-
Notes and references: EWK 252. Интересно отметить ПАК *c̣ʡa- 'знать, учить(ся) (ад., каб. ṣ́a-, шапс. ṣq̇a-), восходящее к ПСК *=ămc̣Ĕ 'знать' (NCED 262) с каким-то поствелярным суффиксом (ср. также хурр. anzan-uɣ- 'объявлять, обещать').
Proto-Kartvelian: *mc̣q̇at-
Russian meaning: кислый, соленый
English meaning: sour, salty
Georgian: na-mc̣q̇at-o
Georgian meaning (Rus.): Lake zum Aufbewahren des Käses
Georgian meaning (Engl.): Lake zum Aufbewahren des Käses
Megrel: c̣q̇ǝt-ǝ
Megrel meaning (Rus.): соленый
Megrel meaning (Eng.): salty
Notes and references: EWK 251. Ср. алт. *čiōta 'сладкий, вкус'; ПИЕ *swā̆d- 'сладкий'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *mc̣q̇aw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: лавровишня
English meaning: a k. of cherry tree
Georgian: mc̣q̇av-
Megrel: c̣q̇ol-, c̣q̇e-, c̣q̇i-
Svan: c̣q̇aw-, c̣q̇ew-
Laz: mc̣ḳo(l)-, c̣u-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 247 (*c̣q̇aw-), EWK 250-251 (*mc̣q̇aw-). Ср. алт. *mes(k)V 'дикая яблоня, виноград'. Ср. также *msxal-.
Proto-Kartvelian: *mć̣q̇eś- / mc̣q̇ś-
Russian meaning: сторожить, пастух
English meaning: to guard, herdsman
Georgian: mc̣q̇es-, mc̣q̇s-, mc̣q̇ems-
Megrel: č̣q̇eš-, č̣q̇iš-
Laz: mč̣ḳeš-, č̣eš-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 142, EWK 253.
Proto-Kartvelian: *mć̣wiś-
Russian meaning: поспевать, вырастать
English meaning: to ripen, grow up
Georgian: mc̣vis-
Megrel: č̣iš-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): поспевать, достигать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to ripen, to reach
Laz: č̣iš-
Laz meaning (Rus.): достигать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to reach
Notes and references: EWK 251-252.
Proto-Kartvelian: *mč̣ad-
Russian meaning: хлеб из проса
English meaning: millet bread
Georgian: (m)č̣ad-
Megrel: č̣ḳid-
Svan: č̣ḳid-, č̣ḳǝṭ- ( < Zan.)
Laz: (m)č̣ḳud-, mč̣ḳid-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 142-143, EWK 253-254. Ср. ПВК *č_wăṭi 'хлеб' (NCED 349-350, с литературой).
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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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Back: 1 20
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