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Kartvelian etymology :

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\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳrḳo-
Russian meaning: желудь
English meaning: acorn
Georgian: rḳo-, dial. ḳurḳo-, girḳo-
Megrel: ḳǝ-, ḳi-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 116. См. *ḳaḳa-.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳrox-
Russian meaning: кудахтать, наседка
English meaning: to cackle, brood-hen
Georgian: ḳrux-
Megrel: ḳux-
Svan: ḳrox-
Laz: ḳrox-, ḳox-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 116-117, EWK 210. Ономатопоэтический корень; предположение о заимствовании из ПИЕ (Климов 1994, 183-184) вряд ли оправдано.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳrṭ-
Russian meaning: клевать, бить носом, щипать, протыкать
English meaning: to peck, pinch, pierce
Georgian: ḳrṭ-n-
Megrel: ḳirṭ-on-
Svan: ḳǝrṭ-ǝn-, ḳreṭ-
Laz: ḳirṭ-on-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 116, EWK 210. Ср. тюрк. *kert- 'делать зарубки', ПИЕ *kert- 'резать'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳu-
Russian meaning: черепаха
English meaning: tortoise
Georgian: ḳu(v)-
Megrel: ḳu
Svan: ḳu ( < Georg. or Megr.)
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 157 (*rḳu).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳuć̣-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: размельчать
English meaning: to crush (pulverize)
Georgian: ḳuc̣-
Megrel: ḳuč̣-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): маленький
Megrel meaning (Eng.): small
Svan: ḳoč̣-
Svan meaning (Rus.): маленький
Svan meaning (Eng.): small
Notes and references: EWK 214. Ср. ПСК *kwɨ̆rč̣Ĕ 'детеныш' (без -r- ср. ПЦ *ḳuč̣V 'щенок', ПЗК *kʷǝč̣́ǝ 'цыпленок').
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳuḳul-
Russian meaning: почка, бутон
English meaning: bud, button
Georgian: ḳuḳur-, ḳoḳor-
Megrel: ḳwiḳwil-
Laz: ḳuḳul-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 117. Ср. *ḳaḳa-.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳum-
Russian meaning: стонать, выть
English meaning: to moan, howl
Georgian: ḳwm-in-
Megrel: ḳum-in-
Notes and references: EWK 212.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳum-
Russian meaning: сжать (губы, кулаки и т.д.), поджимать
English meaning: to press together (lips, fists, etc.)
Georgian: ḳum-
Svan: ḳum
Svan meaning (Rus.): Stummer
Svan meaning (Eng.): Stummer
Notes and references: EWK 212.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳund-
Russian meaning: экскременты, навоз
English meaning: excrements, dung
Megrel: ḳund-
Svan: puš-gund-
Notes and references: Климов 1994, 185 (выводит слово < ПИЕ *ḱudh-, что довольно сомнительно фонетически).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳupxa (*ḳwapx-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: часть виногpадной гpозди
English meaning: a part of a grapes cluster
Georgian: ḳupxal-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): Weintraubenstiel, Weinbeere
Georgian meaning (Engl.): Weintraubenstiel, Weinbeere
Svan: ḳwäpx
Svan meaning (Rus.): Spross, Knospe
Svan meaning (Eng.): Spross, Knospe
Laz: ḳumx-
Laz meaning (Rus.): Weintraubenstiel
Laz meaning (Eng.): Weintraubenstiel
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 118, EWK 195. ?Ср. алт. *kiup`u 'тут, шелк'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳuṗr-
Nostratic: Nostratic
English meaning: wine-skin
Georgian: ḳuṗrieli
Svan: ḳuṗr
Notes and references: ND 986.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳurcx-
Russian meaning: гpад
English meaning: hail
Georgian: ḳurcxal-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): слезы
Georgian meaning (Engl.): tears
Megrel: ḳircx-, ḳǝrcx-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): гpад
Megrel meaning (Eng.): hail
Laz: ḳicx-
Notes and references: Fähnrich (?), Кл.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳurcx- (*ḳwircx-)
Russian meaning: бодрствовать
English meaning: to be awake
Georgian: др.-гр. m-ḳwircx-e
Georgian meaning (Rus.): бодрый, бодрствующий
Georgian meaning (Engl.): awake
Megrel: ḳurcx-
Svan: cx-
Laz: ḳu(n)cx-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 111-112, EWK 212-213.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳurćx- / *ḳwarćx-
Russian meaning: нога
English meaning: leg
Georgian: Old Georg. ḳwarcxl-berḳ- 'pedestal', m-ḳwircx(l)- 'on foot', ḳurcx- 'to run away'
Megrel: ḳučx-
Svan: č̣išx-, č̣ǝšx- 'leg', ḳwačx-, ḳwčx- 'to limp'
Laz: ḳučx-e
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 109, EWK 194-195, 213-214. Ср. ПВК *ḳwar(V)čV (-ć-) 'пятка, подметка'; в картв. налицо сочетание -rćx-, характерное для заимствований (см. "серебро").
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳurḳa-
Russian meaning: косточка (плода)
English meaning: stone (of fruit)
Georgian: ḳurḳa-
Laz: ḳurḳa-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 117. Ср. ПВК *ḳ_urVḳV 'абрикос' (NCED 728-729).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳut-
Russian meaning: стонать (слабо)
English meaning: to moan (quietly)
Georgian: ḳut-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): стонать (слабо), петь (о дpозде)
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to moan (quietly), to sing (of blackbird)
Megrel: ḳut-
Laz: ḳut-
Laz meaning (Rus.): стонать (слабо)
Laz meaning (Eng.): to moan (quietly)
Notes and references: Кл.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳutx-
Russian meaning: угол, край
English meaning: edge, angle
Georgian: ḳutx-e
Megrel: ḳuntx-u, ḳurtx-u
Notes and references: EWK 211. Если мегр. -n- исходно (*ḳuntx-), то ср. ПИЕ *kantho- 'угол', алт. *kenta 'локоть, угол'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳuṭ-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: (детский) penis; маленький
English meaning: child penis; small
Georgian: ḳuṭ-u 'penis'; ḳuṭ-a 'boy'
Megrel: ḳuṭ-
Svan: ḳōṭ-ol
Svan meaning (Rus.): маленький
Svan meaning (Eng.): small
Laz: ḳuṭ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 118, EWK 214. Экспрессивная основа, вероятно, кавк. происхождения: ср. ПСК *k_Hǝ̄ṭwV̄ 'короткий' (NCED 690-691). Менее надежным кажется сближение с драв. *kuḍḍ- 'маленький' (ОСНЯ 1, 329-330; так же в Бомхард 1996, 231-232).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳwad- (*ḳud-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: хвост
English meaning: tail
Georgian: ḳud-
Megrel: ḳud-el-
Svan: haḳwäd-, aḳwed-, häḳed-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 117, EWK 192. В ОСНЯ 1, 327 сравнивается с алт. *k`udu-rgi 'хвост' (и, с вопросом, с лат. cauda id.) < ностр. *ḳudi. Ту же этимологию повторяет Бомхард (1996, 232).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳwal-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: след, следующий, последний
English meaning: trace, next, last
Georgian: ḳval-
Megrel: u-ḳul-i
Megrel meaning (Rus.): затем, потом
Megrel meaning (Eng.): afterwards
Laz: o-ḳul-e
Laz meaning (Rus.): затем, потом
Laz meaning (Eng.): afterwards
Notes and references: EWK 193. Ср. ПИЕ *kʷel- 'далекий, долгий, последний', алт. *k(`)iul[o] 'далекий'.
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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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