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Kartvelian etymology :

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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳl-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: скала
English meaning: rock
Georgian: ḳlde
Megrel: ḳirde, ḳǝrde, ḳirda, ḳǝrda
Svan: ḳǝlde, ḳ(il)de-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 113, EWK 205. Если данная основа связана со сван. ḳǝltxi 'высокий', na-ḳlatx-i 'высота', то ср. ПИЕ *kelǝ- 'подниматься, вершина, гора', алт. *k(`)alV 'подниматься' (см. ОСНЯ 1, 334-335, ностр. *ḳaLi).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳmin-
Russian meaning: стонать (тихо), воpчать
English meaning: to moan (quietly), howl
Georgian: ḳmin-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): стонать (тихо), воpчать
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to moan (quietly), howl
Megrel: ḳumin-
Notes and references: F-5
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳo-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: хотеть
English meaning: to wish
Megrel: ḳo-
Svan: ḳu-
Laz: ḳo-
Notes and references: EWK 205. Ср. ПИЕ *kā- 'желать, любить'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳod-
Russian meaning: выдалбливать, высекать
English meaning: to hollow, to carve
Georgian: ḳod-; ḳod-al-a 'woodpecker'
Megrel: ḳǝdǝ-, ḳidu, ḳida
Megrel meaning (Rus.): дятел
Megrel meaning (Eng.): woodpecker
Laz: mḳud-, ḳid-
Laz meaning (Rus.): дятел
Laz meaning (Eng.): woodpecker
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 113, EWK 205-206. Бомхард (1996, 228-230) сравнивает драв. *koṭṭ- / *kuṭṭ- 'бить, долбить'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳod-
Russian meaning: деревянный сосуд
English meaning: wooden vessel
Georgian: ḳod-
Megrel: ḳod-
Svan: (?) ḳwid-
Svan meaning (Rus.): корзина
Svan meaning (Eng.): basket
Laz: ḳod-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 113, EWK 206. Климов (ibid.) считает производным от *ḳod- 'выдалбливать' q.v. Бомхард (1996, 230) приводит драв. *kuṭ(ṭ)- 'вид сосуда'. Скорее всего, бродячее слово: ср. еще сем. *ḳdħ 'сосуд', ПСК *kɨ̄ṭV 'вид сосуда' etc.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳoɣon-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: комар
English meaning: mosquito
Georgian: ḳoɣo-, ḳoɣona-
Megrel: ḳoɣo(na)-, ḳoɣunia-
Svan: ḳoɣon-, ḳuɣun-, ḳǝɣǝn-
Laz: ḳo(r)ɣon-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 114. Ср. алт. *k`uŋV 'вид насекомого (овод, личинка, жук)'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳon-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: связывать
English meaning: to bind
Georgian: ḳon-
Svan: č̣on-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 114, EWK 206.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳonćx-
Russian meaning: веpшина
English meaning: summit
Georgian: ḳoncx-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): Felsnase, Kap
Georgian meaning (Engl.): Felsnase, Kap
Megrel: ḳončx-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): Ufer, Rand (Toponym)
Megrel meaning (Eng.): Ufer, Rand (Toponym)
Notes and references: EWK 206-207.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳoṗ-
Russian meaning: Weinschöpfkelle
English meaning: a k. of wine dipper
Georgian: ḳoṗ-e
Megrel: ḳoṗ-a
Laz: ḳoṗa
Laz meaning (Rus.): большой черпак
Laz meaning (Eng.): big dipper
Notes and references: EWK 207. Бродячий корень (ср., в частности, ПВК *gä̆ṗē, NCED 432-433).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳoṗ-
Nostratic: Nostratic
English meaning: lump / bump on one's head
Georgian: ḳoṗ-
Svan: ḳweṗ- id.; button of clothing
Notes and references: ND 1113.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳord-
Russian meaning: глыба земли
English meaning: clod
Georgian: ḳord-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): целина
Georgian meaning (Engl.): virgin soil
Laz: ḳord-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 114.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳowz-
Russian meaning: ложка
English meaning: spoon
Georgian: ḳowz-
Megrel: ḳowz-, ḳǝz-, ḳiz-
Laz: ḳuz-, ḳiz-
Notes and references: EWK 113-114. Ср. ПВК *q̇_wɨswa 'деревянная лопата, ложка' (NCED 941).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳr-
Russian meaning: блестеть
English meaning: to glitter
Georgian: ḳr-
Svan: ḳǝr-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 114, EWK 207.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳrab- / *ḳrap- (-e-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: собирать
English meaning: to gather
Georgian: ḳreb-, ḳrib-, ḳrb-, ḳrep-, ḳrip-
Megrel: ḳorob-, ḳorop-
Laz: ḳorob-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 115, EWK 207-208. В ОСНЯ 1, 330 сопоставляется с ПИЕ *kerp- 'собирать плоды' < ностр. *ḳVrpV. Ср. еще алт. *k`aŕpa 'сгребать'. Вопреки Климову (1994, 119-121) вряд ли можно говорить о заимствовании из ПИЕ.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳraw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: ягненок
English meaning: lamb
Georgian: ḳraw-
Megrel: ḳǝrib-, ḳirib-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 115, EWK 208. В МССНЯ 373 сближается с алт. *k`iaŕU 'ягненок, олень', драв. *kor_i 'овца' < ностр. *ḳorV.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳrčx-
Russian meaning: кричать
English meaning: to shout
Georgian: ḳrčx-ial-
Megrel: rčx-
Notes and references: EWK 211.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳrč̣-
Russian meaning: скрежетать зубами
English meaning: to gnash the teeth
Georgian: ḳrč̣-en-
Laz: ḳirč̣-ol-
Notes and references: EWK 211.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳreč̣- / ḳrič̣-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: стричь, отрезать
English meaning: to shear, cut off
Georgian: ḳreč̣-, ḳrič̣-
Megrel: ḳirač̣-, ḳirič̣-, ḳirč̣-
Laz: ḳrič̣-
Notes and references: EWK 209. Ср. ПИЕ *kers- 'отрезать' (IEW 945).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳrḳ-
Russian meaning: извиваться, завивать
English meaning: to twist, coil
Georgian: rḳ-al- (Old Georg. grḳ-al-)
Georgian meaning (Rus.): круг, кольцо
Georgian meaning (Engl.): ring, circle
Laz: ḳirḳ-ol-er-
Laz meaning (Rus.): изогнутый, извивающийся
Laz meaning (Eng.): twisted, coiled
Notes and references: EWK 209. Экспрессивная основа; имеет параллели как в ИЕ (*krengho-), так и в СК (*ḳwVrḳV 'нечто круглое, вращающееся', NCED 740).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳrḳil-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: моль
English meaning: moth
Georgian: rḳil-, dial. ḳirḳil-; cf. also ḳril- 'to gnaw, make holes (of woodworms)'
Megrel: ḳirḳil-, ḳiḳil-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 116, EWK 209. Редуплицированная основа, которую можно сравнить с алт. *k`iūrV (также с редупликацией *k`iūrVk`V 'червь; овод'), ПИЕ *kʷr-mi 'червь' (ср. ОСНЯ 1, 358, без картв. форм).
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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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