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Kartvelian etymology :

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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳeḳ-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: ударить, растоптать, разбить
English meaning: to hit, trample, break
Georgian: ḳeḳ-
Megrel: ḳaḳ-
Notes and references: EWK 188. Ср. алт. *k`ak`a 'ломать, отрывать'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳel-
Russian meaning: хромать
English meaning: to limp
Georgian: ḳel-
Svan: ḳil-, ḳl-
Notes and references: EWK 189. Вероятно, СК заимствование, ср. ПВК *=alḳV ( < *=aḳVlV, ср. уд. k:ala, цах. ḳawa- ( < *ḳala-), см. NCED 261); из того же источника заимствовано арм. kaɫ 'хромой'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳenḳ-
Russian meaning: клевать, есть понемногу
English meaning: to peck, take little bites
Georgian: ḳenḳ-
Megrel: ḳanḳ-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): жевать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to chew
Laz: ḳanḳ-
Laz meaning (Rus.): размалывать, стучать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to grind, to knock
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 105 (приводится еще груз. ḳaḳ-, мегр. ḳaḳ- 'стучать' и восстанавливается *ḳaḳ-), 108, EWK 189-190.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳep-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: затылок, череп
English meaning: back of head; skull
Georgian: ḳep-a
Georgian meaning (Rus.): затылок
Georgian meaning (Engl.): back of head
Megrel: ḳope, ḳoṗe
Megrel meaning (Rus.): затылок
Megrel meaning (Eng.): back of head
Svan: ḳaḳäp
Svan meaning (Rus.): череп
Svan meaning (Eng.): skull
Notes and references: См. ОСНЯ 1, 319, где основа сравнивается с ПИЕ *k[a]p- 'голова, череп' < ностр. *ḳap`V.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳep-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Georgian: ḳep-an-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): крыша
Georgian meaning (Engl.): roof
Notes and references: Груз. основа в ОСНЯ 1, 336-337 сравнивается с драв. *kapp- / *kavV- 'покрывать', алт. *k`ap`a- 'закрывать' < ностр. *ḳap`a.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳeṗ-
Russian meaning: мелко резать
English meaning: to cut in little pieces
Georgian: ḳeṗ-
Svan: ḳǝṗ-
Notes and references: EWK 190.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳer-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: очаг
English meaning: fireplace
Georgian: ḳera-
Svan: ḳerä-
Laz: (n)ḳira-
Notes and references: Климов (1994, 180) предлагает считать основу индоевропеизмом (от *ker- 'жечь'); конкретный источник заимствования, однако, остается неясным, и не исключено генетическое родство основ.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳert- / ḳrt-
Russian meaning: испугать(ся)
English meaning: to be scared, scare
Georgian: ḳrt-, ḳert-
Megrel: ḳut-
Laz: (m)ḳut-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 115, EWK 190-191.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳet-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: примешивать
English meaning: to mix in
Georgian: ḳet-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): делать, создавать
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to do, create
Megrel: ḳat-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): примешивать, собирать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to mix in, to gather
Laz: ḳat-
Laz meaning (Rus.): примешивать, сопровождать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to mix in; to accompany
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 108, EWK 188. Ср. алт. *k(`)[a]t`V 'смешивать'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳex-
Russian meaning: клевать
English meaning: to peck
Georgian: ḳex-
Laz: ḳax-i
Laz meaning (Rus.): воробей
Laz meaning (Eng.): sparrow
Notes and references: EWK 192.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳibo
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: рак
English meaning: cancer
Georgian: ḳibo-
Megrel: ḳibo-, ḳiboia-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 112.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳic-
Russian meaning: сплетать
English meaning: to plait
Georgian: še-ḳic-ul-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): сплетенный, связанный
Georgian meaning (Engl.): plaited, woven
Svan: ḳic-, ḳc-
Svan meaning (Rus.): готовить материал для плетения из коры
Svan meaning (Eng.): to prepare material for plaiting out of tree bark
Notes and references: EWK 204.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳic-
Russian meaning: растение
English meaning: plant
Georgian: ḳic-nara
Georgian meaning (Rus.): вид растения
Georgian meaning (Engl.): a k. of plant
Svan: ḳic
Svan meaning (Rus.): растение со сладкими плодами
Svan meaning (Eng.): a k. of plant with sweet fruit
Notes and references: EWK 204.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳiḳ-
Russian meaning: маленький; детеныш
English meaning: small; cub
Georgian: ḳiḳ-na
Georgian meaning (Rus.): очень маленький
Georgian meaning (Engl.): very small
Megrel: ḳiḳ-o
Megrel meaning (Rus.): детеныш животного
Megrel meaning (Eng.): animal cub
Notes and references: EWK 203.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳiḳ-
Russian meaning: клевать, мало есть
English meaning: to peck, eat little
Georgian: ḳiḳ-n-a
Georgian meaning (Rus.): мало есть
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to eat little
Megrel: ḳiḳ-on-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): клевать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to peck
Laz: ḳiḳ-on-
Laz meaning (Rus.): есть понемногу, клевать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to peck, eat little
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 108, EWK 203. ?Ср. ПТМ *kik- 'кусать'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳil-
Russian meaning: замыкать
English meaning: to lock
Megrel: ḳila, ḳǝla
Megrel meaning (Rus.): ключ
Megrel meaning (Eng.): key
Svan: ḳil-, ḳl-
Svan meaning (Rus.): запирать
Svan meaning (Eng.): to lock
Laz: ḳila, ḳǝla
Laz meaning (Rus.): ключ
Laz meaning (Eng.): key
Notes and references: EWK 203. Ср. ПСК *ḳuɫɨ̄ 'замок, ключ' (вероятный источник ПИЕ *klēu- 'ключ, крюк'). Возможность заимствования из семитского обсуждает Иллич-Свитыч (1964, 352); предположение о картв. < ПИЕ см. Климов 1981, 169; 1994, 184-185.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳint-
Russian meaning: колышек, палочка
English meaning: peg, little stick
Georgian: ḳint-
Svan: ḳint
Notes and references: EWK 204.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳir- / *ḳil-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: кричать
English meaning: to shout
Georgian: ḳiw-
Megrel: rḳi-
Svan: ḳīl-
Laz: m-ḳj-ap-u
Laz meaning (Rus.): шакал; ḳir-, ḳij- 'кричать'
Laz meaning (Eng.): jackal; ḳir-, ḳij- 'to shout'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 112 (*ḳi-), EWK 201-202 (*ḳiw-). См. разбор в ОСНЯ 1, 324 (груз. ḳiw- под влиянием q̇iw- q.v.). Основа (ibid.) сопоставляется с урал. *kerjä 'просить', драв. *kīr_- 'кричать, звать', ТМ *xēri- 'звать' < ностр. *ḳerjä (ПИЕ *ker- 'кричать' считается нерегулярным).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳit-
Russian meaning: палец
English meaning: finger
Georgian: tit-, ḳit-
Megrel: ḳi(n)t-
Laz: ḳit-
Notes and references: Кл (*tit-), EWK 202.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳitx-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: спрашивать, читать, произносить текст
English meaning: to ask, read, recite
Georgian: ḳitx-
Megrel: ḳitx-
Laz: ḳitx-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 112-113, EWK 202. ?Ср. ПИЕ *k(ʷ)eit-, алт. *kīdo (с не вполне ясными соответствиями).
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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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