Change viewing parameters
Switch to Russian version
Select another database

Kartvelian etymology :

Search within this database
Total of 1310 records 66 pages

Pages: 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20
\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *kart-
Russian meaning: грузин
English meaning: Georgian
Georgian: kart-l-, kart-ul-, kart-v-el-
Megrel: kort-u, kort-ul-
Svan: kärt
Svan meaning (Rus.): Тбилиси
Svan meaning (Eng.): Tblisi
Laz: kort-u, kort-ul-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 196, EWK 372-373.
Proto-Kartvelian: *kas-
Russian meaning: мести, чистить
English meaning: to sweep, clean up
Megrel: kos-
Laz: kos-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 266 (смешано с *qoć-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *kat-
Russian meaning: курица
English meaning: hen
Georgian: katam-
Megrel: kotom-
Svan: katal
Laz: kotume
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 195, EWK 369-370. Вероятно, заимствовано из нахского источника (ПН *kōtam), восходящего к ПСК *gwāṭa, см. NCED 444. (ЗК-картв. сближение см. Климов 1969, 290).
Proto-Kartvelian: *keć-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: превращать(ся), убегать
English meaning: to turn (into), to run away
Georgian: kec-, kc-
Svan: keč-, käč-, kič-
Svan meaning (Rus.): уползать, проскальзывать
Svan meaning (Eng.): to creep away, to slip through
Notes and references: EWK 375. [Проверить тюрк. "кочевать"].
Proto-Kartvelian: *ked-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: шея
English meaning: neck
Georgian: ked-
Megrel: kind-ir-
Notes and references: EWK 373. В ОСНЯ 1, 228 с вопросом сравнивается с алт. *gedi 'зад, затылок' < ностр. *gedi (в МССНЯ 342 привлекается еще ПИЕ *ǵhed- 'зад').
Proto-Kartvelian: *kel-
Russian meaning: отдышаться
English meaning: to catch one's breath
Georgian: kel-
Megrel: (n)kal-
Svan: kǝ̄l-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 197, EWK 374.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ke(n)k-
Russian meaning: копаться
English meaning: to delve in
Georgian: kek-
Svan: kīnk-
Laz: kank-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 197, EWK 374. Ср. ПИЕ *ḱenk- 'качаться, колебаться' (сближение предложено В. Шеворошкиным).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ker-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: чешуя, перхоть
English meaning: scale, dandruff
Georgian: kercl- 'scale, dandruff' (dial. kerṭl-, kerkl-, kerc̣l-, Middle Georg. also karṭl-, kerk- 'bark, peel'
Megrel: kirca, kerca ( < Georg.)
Svan: kärč ( < kerčw) 'scale' (U.-Bal. kärc < Georg.)
Laz: kercela ( < Georg.); Arkhav. kjark- 'skin of hand'
Notes and references: Кл; ОСНЯ 1, 343. Иллич-Свитыч с вопросом сравнивает основу с и.-е. *ker- 'кора' etc.; лучше, однако, кажется сравнить ее с алт. *kiaĺV 'чесать; парша, лысина', ПИЕ *gal- (*gol-) 'голый, лысый'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ke(ś)t- / k(ś)t-
Russian meaning: вpащать(ся)
English meaning: to spin
Megrel: rt-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): (пpе)вpащать(ся)
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to spin, turn, turn into
Svan: kešd-, kšd-
Svan meaning (Rus.): вpащать(ся)
Svan meaning (Eng.): to spin
Laz: kt-
Laz meaning (Rus.): вpащаться, махать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to spin, wave
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 200, EWK 378.
Proto-Kartvelian: *keš-
Russian meaning: задыхаться
English meaning: to suffocate
Georgian: keš-, koš-, kš-
Svan: keš-, kš-
Svan meaning (Rus.): зевать
Svan meaning (Eng.): to yawn
Notes and references: EWK 374-375.
Proto-Kartvelian: *kian-
Russian meaning: качаться
English meaning: to swing
Georgian: kian-
Megrel: kion-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 198, EWK 378.
Proto-Kartvelian: *kinkL-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: мошка
English meaning: gnat
Georgian: kinkla
Georgian meaning (Rus.): мошка
Georgian meaning (Engl.): gnat
Megrel: kinkil
Megrel meaning (Rus.): мошка (куpиная)
Megrel meaning (Eng.): a k. of gnat
Notes and references: Кл. Редуплицированная основа; ср. алт. *kuńV 'моль, мошка, червь' (в ОСНЯ 1, 298-299 ошибочно алт. *kuja; урал. *koja может относиться сюда только если *koja = *końa).
Proto-Kartvelian: *kmar-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: муж
English meaning: husband
Georgian: kmar-
Megrel: komoǯ-, komonǯ-
Laz: komo(n)ǯ-, kimoǯ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 198, EWK 379. Ср. ПИЕ *ǵemǝ- 'жениться, жених, зять'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *kon-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: жир
English meaning: fat (n.)
Georgian: kon-
Megrel: kon-
Laz: kun-, kin-
Laz meaning (Rus.): мозг
Laz meaning (Eng.): brain
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 199, EWK 379. Бомхард (1996, 171) сопоставляет алт. *kUŋtV 'крестец, жир на бедрах, ягодицах', драв. *kuṇṭi 'крестец, ягодицы'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *kor-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: дом
English meaning: house
Georgian: kor-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): Obergeschoss, Stockwerk
Georgian meaning (Engl.): Obergeschoss, Stockwerk
Svan: kor-
Notes and references: EWK 379-380. Ср. алт. *kuru 'забор, здание'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *kor-
Russian meaning: ястреб
English meaning: hawk
Georgian: kor-
Megrel: kor-
Laz: kur-, mkir-, ki-
Notes and references: EWK 380. Несомненное заимствование из ПН *kōri 'ястреб', восходящего к ПВК *gwērdV 'хищная птица или животное' (NCED 446-447).
Proto-Kartvelian: *kra-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: рог
English meaning: horn
Georgian: rka-; rk-in-, rk-en- 'to butt'
Megrel: ka-; kirin- 'to wave, to raise the hand to strike'
Laz: kra-, kia-; nkir-, nkin- 'to butt'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 157-158 (*rka-). Иллич-Свитыч (ОСHЯ 1, 351) отмечает связь с ПИЕ *ḱer- 'рог, голова, вершина', ф.-уг. *kērek 'темя, макушка'; предположение о заимствовании из ПИЕ см. Климов 1981, 168; 1994, 197-200.
Proto-Kartvelian: *krcxeml-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: граб
English meaning: hornbeam
Georgian: rcxila-, dial. (r)cxemla, Old Georg. krcxeml-
Megrel: cxemur-, cximur-
Svan: cxum-, cxwim-
Laz: cxemur-, mcxebr-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 200, EWK 453.
Proto-Kartvelian: *kremL-
Russian meaning: слеза
English meaning: tear (n.)
Georgian: creml-
Megrel: čilamur-
Svan: kim- (pl. kǝmr-)
Laz: čilamre-, čelamre-, čalamure-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 199, EWK 464 (*ćleml-). ? Если это метатеза < *Lkrem-, то ср. ПИЕ *(d)laḱru(m)-.
Proto-Kartvelian: *kum-
Russian meaning: толокно
English meaning: oatmeal
Georgian: kum-el-
Megrel: kum-u
Notes and references: EWK 380. Ср. алт. *kamo 'вареное вещество, алкоголь'.
kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-sva,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-notes,
Total of 1310 records 66 pages

Pages: 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
Back: 1 20
Forward: 1 20

Search within this database
Select another database

Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
942242808
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov