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Kartvelian etymology :

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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *he-
Russian meaning: указ. местоимение
English meaning: deictic stem
Georgian: e-
Megrel: e-
Svan: e-
Laz: he, e-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 77, EWK 576. См. МСНЯ 1, 270-272 (ностр. *ʔi / *ʔe).
Proto-Kartvelian: *(h)el-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: пламя, молния
English meaning: flame, lightning
Georgian: el- 'to glimmer (of lightning)', al- 'flame', Ingil. hal- 'to burn'
Megrel: wal-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): сверкать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to glitter
Svan: el- 'to glitter', hel 'lightning', hal- 'flame' (< Georg.?)
Laz: wal-, al-
Laz meaning (Rus.): сверкать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to glitter
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 78-79, EWK 131(*wel-). Иллич-Свитыч (ОСНЯ 1, 276) сравнивает груз. (h)al- с ПИЕ *(H)al- 'сжигать жертвоприношения, пылать', с реконструкцией (под вопросом) ностр. *ʕVLV, а прочие формы (возводимые к *el-) - с урал. *jela 'светлый, ясный', драв. *el(a)- 'светлый, блестящий' (ОСНЯ 1, 281-282; ср. также Бомхард 1996, 190). Вряд ли, однако, имеет смысл различать здесь два картв. и ностр. корня.
Proto-Kartvelian: *hi
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: указ. местоимение
English meaning: deictic stem
Georgian: i-
Megrel: i-
Svan: i-
Laz: hi-, i-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 99, EWK 577. См. МСНЯ 1, 270-272 (ностр. *ʔi / *ʔe), Бомхард 1996, 189; NCED 214-215 (ПСК *ʔi).
Proto-Kartvelian: *hweḳ-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: острый конец
English meaning: sharp end
Georgian: eḳal-, месх. heḳal-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): шип, колючка
Georgian meaning (Engl.): thorn, prick
Megrel: leḳal-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): шип, колючка
Megrel meaning (Eng.): thorn, prick
Svan: hoḳer, woḳer
Svan meaning (Rus.): оконечность, конец
Svan meaning (Eng.): tip, end
Notes and references: Основа реконструирована Иллич-Свитычем (ОСНЯ 1, 252); она сравнивается с ПИЕ *aḱ- / *oḱ- 'острие', алт. *āko id., ф.-уг. *okas 'зубец, шип, колючка', с реконструкцией ностр. *Hoḳi.
Proto-Kartvelian: *i-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: прийти, достичь
English meaning: to arrive, reach
Svan: ī- / j-
Notes and references: В МССHЯ 357 сопоставляется с ПИЕ *ei-, урал. *je(ɣV) 'приходить'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ipkL-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: пшеница
English meaning: wheat
Georgian: ipkl-
Megrel: irk-
Svan: itk
Svan meaning (Rus.): зеpно(?)
Svan meaning (Eng.): grain (?)
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 104, EWK 180. Ср. алт. *ebi (~ *ibe) "зерно".
Proto-Kartvelian: *ipx-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: папоротник
English meaning: fern
Georgian: ipx-l-a, imx-l-a
Georgian meaning (Rus.): Pflanzenart Dryopteris
Georgian meaning (Engl.): Pflanzenart Dryopteris
Svan: ipx-
Laz: imx-
Notes and references: EWK 180. ?Ср. алт. *abV 'трава'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *isl-
Russian meaning: осока
English meaning: sedge
Georgian: isl-
Megrel: isir-, lisir-
Laz: isir-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 102, EWK 179. ?Ср. алт. *VsV 'конопля'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ixw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: утка
English meaning: duck
Georgian: ixv-; xv-ir-iḳ-a 'a k. of wild duck'
Megrel: ixvinǯ-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): род дикой утки
Megrel meaning (Eng.): a k. of wild duck
Notes and references: EWK 181. Ср. ПИЕ *(H)awi- 'птица', алт. *āwu 'утка'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ja-
Russian meaning: кто (вопр. и относ. местоимение)
English meaning: who (interr. and rel. pronoun)
Svan: ja-
Notes and references: См. ОСНЯ 1, 9 (урал. *jo-, драв. *jā̆-, ПИЕ *i̯o-), Бомхард 1996, 191.
Proto-Kartvelian: *jor-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: два
English meaning: two
Georgian: or-
Megrel: žir-, žǝr-
Svan: jor-, jerb-
Laz: žur-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 149, EWK 267-268.
Proto-Kartvelian: *-k-
Russian meaning: основа местоимения места
English meaning: locative stem
Georgian: -k-
Megrel: -k-
Laz: -k-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 194, EWK 368-369.
Proto-Kartvelian: *kab-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: знать
English meaning: to know
Georgian: ceb-, cb-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): лукавить, беситься; u-cb-ad 'не зная', cb-un- 'соблазнять'
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to trick, to get mad; u-cb-ad 'without knowing', cb-un- 'to tempt'
Svan: kab-, kb-
Svan meaning (Rus.): знать; kb-un- 'соблазнять'
Svan meaning (Eng.): to know; kb-un- 'to tempt'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 195. ?Ср. алт. *kiop`e 'слава, слово'; ПИЕ *ǵā̆b- 'наблюдать, заботиться' (?) (IEW 349).
Proto-Kartvelian: *kacw-
Russian meaning: облепиха
English meaning: a k. of berry tree
Georgian: kacv-
Megrel: kuc-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 197, EWK 373.
Proto-Kartvelian: *kad-
Russian meaning: ошибаться, заблуждаться
English meaning: to err, be mistaken
Georgian: Old Georg. kad-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): хвалиться
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to boast
Svan: käd-, kd-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 195, EWK 369.
Proto-Kartvelian: *kal-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: женщина
English meaning: woman
Georgian: kal-
Laz: kale
Laz meaning (Rus.): девушка (обращ.) ( < груз.)
Laz meaning (Eng.): Miss (vocat.) (< Georg.)
Notes and references: В ОСНЯ 1, 295 основа сравнивается с ПИЕ *ǵǝlōw- 'золовка', урал. *kälü 'свойственница', драв. *kal- 'жена брата отца', алт. *keli 'свояк, свояченица' < ностр. *kälU.
Proto-Kartvelian: *kam-/km-
Russian meaning: делать
English meaning: to do
Georgian: kam-, km-
Megrel: kim-
Svan: käm-, km-
Laz: kom-, kum-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 196, 199, EWK 370-371. Ср. алт. *kima- 'готовить, намереваться'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *kan-/kn-
Russian meaning: качать, махать
English meaning: to wave, shake
Georgian: kan-, kn-
Svan: kn-, kin-
Laz: nkin-
Notes and references: EWK 371-372.
Proto-Kartvelian: *karb-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: живот
English meaning: belly
Megrel: kora, Zugdid. kvara
Laz: korba
Notes and references: Данная занская основа в ОСHЯ 1, 339 сопоставляется с ПИЕ *Krep- 'живот, тело', алт. *kera 'живот, тело', драв. *karV 'утроба'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *kar-/kr-
Russian meaning: развеять, гасить
English meaning: to scatter (ashes), extinguish
Georgian: kar-, kr-
Megrel: nkir-
Svan: kar-, kr-
Svan meaning (Rus.): терять(ся)
Svan meaning (Eng.): to lose
Notes and references: EWK 372.
kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-sva,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-sva,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-sva,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-notes,
Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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Back: 1 20
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