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Kartvelian etymology :

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\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *ɣad-
Russian meaning: восклицать
English meaning: to exclaim
Georgian: ɣad-
Svan: ɣd-
Svan meaning (Rus.): советовать
Svan meaning (Eng.): to advise
Laz: ɣod-
Laz meaning (Rus.): говорить; делать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to speak; to do
Notes and references: EWK 383. ? ПИЕ *(H)ad- 'постановлять'?
Proto-Kartvelian: *ɣal-/ɣl-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: утомляться
English meaning: to get tired
Georgian: ɣal-, ɣl-
Megrel: ɣol-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): делать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to do
Svan: ɣl-
Svan meaning (Rus.): ждать
Svan meaning (Eng.): to wait
Notes and references: EWK 384.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ɣalp-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: слабый
English meaning: weak
Georgian: Gur. ɣalp-
Notes and references: В ОСНЯ 1, 240 основа сравнивается с ПИЕ *(H)alp- 'слабый', алт. *alpa 'больной, немощный'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ɣam-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: ночь, вечер
English meaning: night, evening
Georgian: ɣame, saɣamo
Megrel: ɣuma
Megrel meaning (Rus.): вчера вечером
Megrel meaning (Eng.): yesterday evening
Laz: ɣoma(n)
Laz meaning (Rus.): вчера
Laz meaning (Eng.): yesterday
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 200-201, EWK 384. Ср. ПЛ *χ:Iam:- 'вечер, ночь'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ɣar-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: желоб, боpозда
English meaning: gutter, furrow
Georgian: ɣar-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): желоб, боpозда
Georgian meaning (Engl.): gutter, furrow
Megrel: ɣore
Megrel meaning (Rus.): мельничный желоб, запpуда (деpевянная)
Megrel meaning (Eng.): mill gutter, wooden dam
Svan: ɣär-
Svan meaning (Rus.): Schlucht
Svan meaning (Eng.): Schlucht
Notes and references: Кл; EWK 385. Ср. ПИЕ *Har- 'пахать, борозда'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ɣar-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: умереть
English meaning: to die
Megrel: ɣur-
Svan: ɣar-, ɣr-
Laz: ɣur-
Notes and references: EWK 385.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ɣar-/ɣr-; *ɣarɣar-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: кричать, петь
English meaning: to cry, sing
Georgian: ɣr-ial-, mɣer-; ɣaɣad-
Megrel: ɣor-, ɣwar-; ɣarɣal-
Svan: ɣar-, ɣr-
Laz: mɣor- 'to cry'; ɣa(r)ɣal- 'to speak'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 201, EWK 385-386. Ср. ПИЕ *ōr-, *ǝr- 'говорить, звать]; алт. *ir[o] 'песня', драв. *ir- 'звучать, реветь', *ār- 'кричать' (возможно, более, чем один корень) (см. МССHЯ 345).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ɣeb-
Russian meaning: красить
English meaning: to paint
Georgian: ɣeb-
Megrel: ɣap-
Laz: ɣap-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 201, EWK 386.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ɣeč̣- / *ɣič̣-
Russian meaning: жевать
English meaning: to chew
Georgian: ɣeč̣-; ɣič̣-n- 'to rub, chew'
Megrel: ɣač̣-; xič̣on-, xič̣or- 'to rub, gnaw'
Svan: ɣarč̣- ( < Megr.?)
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 202-203, 204, EWK 389. Ср. *ɣač̣- 'челюсть'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ɣeɣ-
Russian meaning: обнажать(ся), расстегивать(ся)
English meaning: to undress, to unbutton
Georgian: ɣeɣ-
Laz: ɣaɣ-
Laz meaning (Rus.): прочесывать (durchwühlen, durchsuchen, stöbern, stochern)
Laz meaning (Eng.): to comb (durchwühlen, durchsuchen, stöbern, stochern)
Notes and references: EWK 389.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ɣel-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: волноваться
English meaning: to bother
Georgian: ɣel-
Megrel: ɣal-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): пугаться
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to be scared
Notes and references: EWK 387. Ср. алт. *ali 'сердиться, нервничать', драв. *aḷu- 'сердиться'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ɣel-
Russian meaning: овраг
English meaning: ravine
Georgian: ɣele-
Megrel: ɣal-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): речка, ручей
Megrel meaning (Eng.): stream, river
Svan: ɣel(a)- ( < Georg.)
Svan meaning (Rus.): речка
Svan meaning (Eng.): river
Laz: ɣal-
Laz meaning (Rus.): речка, ручей
Laz meaning (Eng.): river, stream
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 202, EWK 387-388. Вероятно кавк. происхождение: ср. ПСК *q̇wiɫǝ 'овраг' (NCED 939). Непосредственным источником могла быть форма типа ранне-ПН *ʕālVj (откуда инг. äli 'ущелье').
Proto-Kartvelian: *ɣer-
Russian meaning: стебель
English meaning: stem
Georgian: ɣer-i, ɣer-o
Svan: ɣēr
Notes and references: EWK 388. Ср. ПВК *Gwɨ̆rʔi (~-ǝ̆-) 'стебель; лист' (NCED 472).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ɣerɣ-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: молоть
English meaning: to grind
Georgian: ɣerɣ-; ɣrɣ-n- 'to gnaw'
Megrel: ɣarɣ-; ɣirɣ-on- 'to gnaw'
Laz: ɣarɣ-il-
Laz meaning (Rus.): крупный помол; ɣirɣ-ol- 'глодать'
Laz meaning (Eng.): rough grist; ɣirɣ-ol- 'to gnaw'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 202, 207, EWK 388-389, 399.. Ср. ПИЕ *(H)al(H)ǝ- 'молоть'. Выведение из ПИЕ *ghergh- 'быть грубым, шероховатым' (Климов 1994, 149-150) весьма сомнительно.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ɣer-/ɣir-
Russian meaning: замахнуться, потянуться
English meaning: to stretch out the arm
Georgian: ɣer-, ɣir-
Laz: ɣir-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 204, EWK 388.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ɣirʒg-
Russian meaning: резать тупым ножом
English meaning: to cut with a dull knife
Georgian: Imer. ɣirʒg-n-
Megrel: ɣirʒg-on-
Notes and references: EWK 391.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ɣiṭin-
Russian meaning: щекотать
English meaning: to tickle
Georgian: ɣiṭin-
Megrel: xicin-
Laz: xiṭin-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 204. Экспрессивная основа с нерегулярными преобразованиями. Не исключен СК источник (ср. ПСК *gälV, с распространением *gäldV; имеются и варианты с ʁ-: лак. ʁIidi, инг. ʁadaʁilg- < *ʁVṭ- etc., см. NCED 432). Бомхард (1996, 228) сравнивает драв. *kīt- (*gīt-) 'щекотать'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ɣiw-
Russian meaning: рыдать, плакать
English meaning: to cry, weep
Georgian: ɣiv-
Megrel: ɣi-
Notes and references: EWK 391.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ɣiǯ-
Russian meaning: смеяться и бессмысленно болтать
English meaning: to laugh and blab
Georgian: ɣiǯ-ɣiǯ-
Megrel: ɣiǯg-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): смеяться, ухмыляться
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to laugh, grin
Notes and references: EWK 391-392.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ɣleṭ- / ɣliṭ-
Russian meaning: драть, рваться
English meaning: to tear, be torn
Georgian: ɣleṭ-, ɣliṭ-, ɣlṭ-
Megrel: ɣilaṭ-, ɣiliṭ-, ɣirṭ-
Svan: (?) li-ɣǝrṭin-e
Svan meaning (Rus.): грызть
Svan meaning (Eng.): to gnaw
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 204, EWK 392. Интересно отметить ПВК *=ǟlṭwVr 'раздирать, вырывать'.
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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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