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Kartvelian etymology :

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\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *du(ś)te-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: луна, месяц
English meaning: moon
Georgian: tve (Old Georg. twite-, ttwe-)
Megrel: tuta-
Svan: došd-ul, došṭ-ul
Laz: (m)tuta-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 75, EWK 113-114. Надежных внешних параллелей пока не найдено. Если основа редуплицирована, как в ряде других случаев, т. е. *duśte- < *uśte, то заманчиво сравнить ИЕ формы: герм. *westra- "запад", лат. vesper 'вечер', слав. *večerъ etc. (*west-ro- / *west-kʷero-) (хотя ПИЕ реконструкция и анализ ПИЕ формы весьма затруднительны).
Proto-Kartvelian: *dwire
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: бревно, брус
English meaning: log, beam
Georgian: dire (Old Georg. dwire, dial. dwiro, diro)
Georgian meaning (Rus.): бревно, брус
Georgian meaning (Engl.): log, beam
Megrel: dǝre
Megrel meaning (Rus.): перекладина
Megrel meaning (Eng.): cross-bar
Svan: dīr
Svan meaning (Rus.): бревно
Svan meaning (Eng.): log
Notes and references: Кл. Напрашивается сопоставление с ПИЕ *derw- "дерево", алт. *t`ioŕe 'балка' (с нетривиальным соотношением согласных).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ečw-
Russian meaning: Schnitzeisen, Hobel
English meaning: whetstone (?)
Georgian: ečo (Old Georg. ečwej, ečwaj)
Svan: ackw
Notes and references: EWK 126. Возможно СК происхождение: ср. ПСК *ɦüǯwĀ 'острый, точить' (NCED 531-532; ср. в частности формы типа ПЦ *ʔãču-n 'точильный камень').
Proto-Kartvelian: *egr-
Russian meaning: Эгр(ис) - часть Зап. Грузии, колыбель мегрел
English meaning: Egr(is) - a part of Western Georgia, the Megrel homeland
Georgian: egr-is-, m-egr-, m-egr-el-
Megrel: m-arg-al-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): мегрел
Megrel meaning (Eng.): Megrel
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 132, EWK 120.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ekśw-
Russian meaning: шесть
English meaning: six
Georgian: ekws-
Megrel: amšw-
Svan: usgw-a
Laz: a(n)š-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 80, EWK 125-126. По всей видимости, заимствовано из ПИЕ *(s)weḱs- 'шесть' (см. в частности Климов 1994, 53-55).
Proto-Kartvelian: *el-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: народ, страна; быть
English meaning: people, country; to be
Georgian: dial. el-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): народ; ср.-груз. el- 'страна, край'
Georgian meaning (Engl.): people; Middle Georg. el- 'country, location'
Svan: l-
Svan meaning (Rus.): быть (l-i 'есть', l-i-x 'суть')
Svan meaning (Eng.): to be (l-i 'is', l-i-x 'are')
Notes and references: ОСНЯ 1, 268. Основа далее сравнивается с урал. *elä 'жить', драв. *il 'жилище', алт. *ēlV 'население, народ' (ностр. *ʔelA "жить"). Отметим, что др.-груз. er- 'народ, войско', также привлекаемое Иллич-Свитычем, скорее всего, заимствовано из СК (см. NCED 249, ПСК *ʡwǝ̆hri 'войско').
Proto-Kartvelian: *ert-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: один
English meaning: one
Georgian: ert-
Megrel: art-
Laz: art-, ar-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 79, EWK 124.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ešw
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: кабан, свинья
English meaning: boar, pig
Georgian: ešw
Georgian meaning (Rus.): клык; кабан
Georgian meaning (Engl.): tusk; boar
Megrel: o-sk-u ( < *o-askwu)
Megrel meaning (Rus.): свинарник
Megrel meaning (Eng.): pigsty
Notes and references: Ср. ПИЕ *sū̆- 'свинья'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *g-
Russian meaning: пpодевать, нанизывать
English meaning: to thread, string
Georgian: g-
Megrel: g-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 58.
Proto-Kartvelian: *g-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: приобретать, выигрывать
English meaning: to acquire, win
Georgian: g-
Megrel: g-
Laz: g-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 57, EWK 72. В ОСНЯ 1, 225 сравнивается с алт. *ga 'брать, получать', ПИЕ *g(h)ā-w- < ностр. *ga(HV).
Proto-Kartvelian: *g-
Russian meaning: этот, эта, это
English meaning: this
Georgian: -g-
Svan: ǯ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 57, 78, EWK 73. Ср. ПИЕ *ǵhe-.
Proto-Kartvelian: *gab-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: варить, кипеть
English meaning: to boil
Georgian: gb-
Megrel: gib-
Svan: ǯäb-, ǯb-
Laz: gub-, gib-, ǯib-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 58, EWK 73-74. Ср. алт. *giūbe 'дымить, жарить'
Proto-Kartvelian: *gal-/gl-
Russian meaning: рвать(ся), ломать(ся)
English meaning: to tear, break
Georgian: gal-, gl-
Svan: gl-, gil-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 63, EWK 75-76. Ср. ПИЕ *ǵhel- 'резать; пахать'. Ср. Бомхард 1996, 167 (с привлечением еще драв. *kol- 'бритва').
Proto-Kartvelian: *ga(n)-
Russian meaning: сторона (преверб)
English meaning: side (preverb)
Georgian: gan-, ga-
Megrel: go-
Laz: go-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 59, EWK 76-77. Ср. алт. *giań[o] 'край'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *gangal- (*gal-gal-?)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: знать, уметь
English meaning: to know, be able to
Georgian: a-gan-gala-ob-a
Georgian meaning (Rus.): детская игра в загадки
Georgian meaning (Engl.): the riddle game
Svan: gan-gal-
Svan meaning (Rus.): знать
Svan meaning (Eng.): to know
Notes and references: EWK 76. Ср. ПИЕ *g(h)al- 'мочь' (IEW 351), ПТМ *gali- 'соревноваться'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *gangl-
Russian meaning: выпачкать (с ног до головы)
English meaning: to befoul (from head to toes)
Georgian: gangl-
Megrel: gingol-
Notes and references: EWK 77.
Proto-Kartvelian: *gar-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: искать, находить
English meaning: to search, find
Georgian: mo-na-gar-i
Georgian meaning (Rus.): добытое с трудом
Georgian meaning (Engl.): that which took a lot of work to acquire
Megrel: gor-
Laz: gor-
Notes and references: EWK 77-78. Ср. драв. *gur_- 'намереваться, целиться', алт. *gorV 'видеть; понимать, узнавать'; ПИЕ *gʷhre-n- 'разум' (возможно, также *gʷhrī- "чуять").
Proto-Kartvelian: *gargal-
Russian meaning: говорить; шуметь
English meaning: to speak; to make noise
Georgian: gargal-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): шум огня
Georgian meaning (Engl.): crackling of fire
Svan: gargal-, gargl-
Svan meaning (Rus.): говорить
Svan meaning (Eng.): to speak
Notes and references: EWK 78. Экспрессивная редуплицированная основа (ср. ПИЕ *gal-gal-, *gle(n)gh-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *gaw-/gw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: быть похожим
English meaning: to resemble
Georgian: gaw-, gw-
Megrel: g-, gu-
Svan: gw- (also ʒ-eš-, ǯon-)
Laz: g-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 58, 61, EWK 74-75.
Proto-Kartvelian: *gaw-/gw-
Russian meaning: мести
English meaning: to sweep
Georgian: gaw-, gew-, gw-
Svan: ngaw-, ng-
Notes and references: EWK 75.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-sva,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-sva,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-sva,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-sva,kartet-notes,
Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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