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Kartvelian etymology :

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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣ux-
Russian meaning: горевать
English meaning: to grieve
Georgian: c̣ux-
Svan: c̣xw-
Svan meaning (Rus.): belästigen
Svan meaning (Eng.): to grieve
Notes and references: EWK 513.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣uź-
Russian meaning: дитя (мужского пола)
English meaning: male child
Georgian: c̣ul-
Svan: č̣uš-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 252, EWK 530.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣w-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: жечь, жарить
English meaning: to burn, roast
Georgian: c̣u-, c̣v-
Megrel: č̣(w)-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): жечь, гореть
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to burn
Svan: č̣-
Svan meaning (Rus.): печь (Климов привлекает šw- 'разжигать огонь')
Svan meaning (Eng.): to roast (Klimov adds šw- 'to make fire')
Laz: (n)č̣v-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 250, EWK 522-523. Климов (1969, 292) сближает с ПЗК *ma-c̣ʷa 'огонь' < ПСК *c̣ăjɨ̆ (см. NCED 354).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣wad-
Georgian: c̣vd-en-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): сторона каменной колонны
Georgian meaning (Engl.): one side of a stone pillar
Svan: č̣wäd-
Svan meaning (Rus.): стена
Svan meaning (Eng.): wall
Notes and references: EWK 523. Ср. ПВК *ć̣HwildV 'башня, каменная колонна' (NCED 377-378).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣wd-
Georgian: c̣wd-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): предоставлять
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to provide
Megrel: nč̣ud
Megrel meaning (Rus.): доставать, достигать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to get, attain
Svan: hwd-/hwed-
Svan meaning (Rus.): (про)давать
Svan meaning (Eng.): to give, sell
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 243, EWK 528.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣wel-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: солома
English meaning: straw
Georgian: c̣vel-
Megrel: c̣u
Svan: c̣uw, c̣wi
Laz: c̣u (o-c̣val-e 'мякинник')
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 243, EWK 500. Ср. алт. *sule 'растения (зеленые), травы'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣wel-
Russian meaning: доить
English meaning: to milk
Georgian: c̣wel-
Megrel: č̣val-
Laz: (n)č̣val-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 133, 250-251, EWK 524-525. Ср. ПСК *=Hoǯ_Ăl "лить; цедить, доить' (NCED 600).
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣w-en
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: видеть, показывать
English meaning: to see, show
Georgian: c̣on
Georgian meaning (Rus.): нравиться
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to like
Megrel: c̣on
Megrel meaning (Rus.): нравиться, казаться
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to like, to seem
Svan: c̣wen
Laz: c̣on
Laz meaning (Rus.): нравиться, казаться
Laz meaning (Eng.): to like, to seem
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 245, EWK 508; xo-c̣w-a без суфф.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣wer-
Russian meaning: борода
English meaning: beard
Georgian: c̣ver-
Megrel: c̣vanǯ-, c̣vand-
Svan: (?) wer-e, wär-e
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 243, EWK 501. Климов (ibid.) сравнивает с различными ВК формами, для которых в NCED восстанавливаются праформы *mēć̣_uri и *bilʒ́V, так что скорее всего связи здесь нет. Интересно, однако, отметить ПВК *ć̣ħwǝ̄rǝ 'волос'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣wer-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: точить
English meaning: to whet
Georgian: c̣ver-
Megrel: č̣var-
Notes and references: EWK 525. Если *-r- < *-l-, ср. алт. *suli 'острый'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣wer-
Russian meaning: погружаться, заходить (о солнце)
English meaning: to sink (also of sun)
Georgian: c̣ver-
Svan: (h)wer-
Notes and references: EWK 525.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣wer-
Russian meaning: корчевать (лес под пашню)
English meaning: to stump (wood)
Georgian: c̣ver-
Megrel: č̣var-
Laz: nč̣var-
Laz meaning (Rus.): полоть
Laz meaning (Eng.): to weed
Notes and references: EWK 525. Повидимому, из СК источника: ср. ПСК *ʔV̄lć̣Ĕr- 'полоть, сорняк' (NCED 223-224).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣wet-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: капля, капать
English meaning: drop, to drop
Georgian: c̣wet-
Megrel: č̣vat-, č̣vet-
Svan: wed-
Laz: č̣vet-, č̣ot-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 250, EWK 524. Ср. алт. *sūt`i 'капля, жидкость; молоко'; ПИЕ *sweid- 'пот; молоко'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣wim-
Russian meaning: идти (о дожде)
English meaning: to rain
Georgian: c̣vim-
Megrel: č̣vim-, č̣vem-, č̣vin-, č̣ven-
Laz: (m)č̣im-, nč̣im-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 251, EWK 526.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣wiś-
Russian meaning: достигать
English meaning: to reach
Georgian: др.-гр. mc̣wis-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): взрослый
Georgian meaning (Engl.): adult
Megrel: č̣iš
Megrel meaning (Rus.): достигать, созревать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to reach, to ripen
Laz: č̣iš
Laz meaning (Rus.): достигать, созревать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to reach, to ripen
Notes and references: Кл ...3, 1972.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣wl-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: маленький, мелкий
English meaning: small
Georgian: c̣vril-, c̣vlil-; si-c̣l-o 'trifle'
Georgian meaning (Rus.): мелкий
Georgian meaning (Engl.): small
Laz: c̣ulu
Laz meaning (Rus.): маленький
Laz meaning (Eng.): small
Notes and references: Кл, ... Дополнения; EWK 510. Ср. алт. *č`ole "уменьшаться".
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣wrt-
Russian meaning: бегать (ловко)
English meaning: to run (nimbly)
Georgian: c̣vrt-n
Georgian meaning (Rus.): упражняться
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to exercise
Megrel: č̣virt
Megrel meaning (Rus.): бегать (ловко)
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to run (nimbly)
Notes and references: Кл
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣(χ)ip-
Nostratic: Nostratic
English meaning: thin, lean
Megrel: č̣ipe
Svan: me-čxpe, me-čxepe
Laz: mč̣ipe
Notes and references: Chik. 231, ND 489.
Proto-Kartvelian: *č̣al-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Georgian: dial. č̣ala
Georgian meaning (Rus.): низменное место, равнина между гор или вдоль реки
Georgian meaning (Engl.): low ground, valley in between the mountains
Notes and references: В ОСНЯ 1, 212 основа сравнивается с ПИЕ *stelǝ- 'широкий', монг. *čala- 'расстилаться' (ностр. *ČalHa).
Proto-Kartvelian: *č̣al- / *č̣l-
Russian meaning: худой
English meaning: thin
Georgian: m-č̣l-e
Megrel: č̣ḳol-a
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 143, EWK 535.
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