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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣q̇(w)-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: складывать, устраивать
English meaning: to pile up, arrange
Georgian: c̣q̇(v)-
Megrel: nc̣q̇(v)-
Svan: c̣q̇-
Laz: c̣q̇-, c̣ḳ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 247, EWK 513-514. Ср. алт. *sekV 'стелить'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣q̇w-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: уничтожать
English meaning: to destroy
Georgian: c̣q̇v-
Megrel: (n)c̣q̇(v)-
Svan: nc̣q̇w-
Notes and references: EWK 516. Ср. алт. *č`ok`i 'погружаться; умирать'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣q̇(w)-
Russian meaning: начинать
English meaning: to begin
Georgian: č̣q̇(w)-
Megrel: č̣q̇-
Laz: č̣ḳ-, č̣-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 253, EWK 530.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣q̇wed- / *ć̣q̇wid- / *ć̣q̇wd-
Russian meaning: рвать(ся)
English meaning: to tear
Georgian: c̣q̇weṭ- / c̣q̇wiṭ- (Old Georg. c̣q̇wed-)
Megrel: č̣q̇wad- / č̣q̇wid-
Svan: šq̇ed-
Laz: č̣ḳvad-, č̣ḳ(v)id-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 253, ЕШК 534.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣q̇wil-
Russian meaning: пара, testiculi
English meaning: pair; testicles
Georgian: c̣q̇vil-
Notes and references: Сопоставление с урал. *śōδ́a 'спариваться' см. Долгопольский 1972, 362.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣Rap
Russian meaning: стремиться
English meaning: to rush
Georgian: sc̣rap
Georgian meaning (Rus.): стремиться, спешить
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to rush, hurry
Megrel: č̣orop
Megrel meaning (Rus.): половодье, период дождей
Megrel meaning (Eng.): freshet, rain season
Notes and references: Кл
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣red- / *c̣rid- / *c̣rd-
Russian meaning: цедить
English meaning: to draft
Georgian: c̣red-, c̣rid-, c̣rd-
Megrel: c̣irid-, c̣ǝrid-, c̣ird-
Laz: c̣rod-, c̣urd-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 246, EWK 509-510. Климов считает основу производной от *c̣ur- 'цедить' q.v.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣rex-
Russian meaning: скручивать
English meaning: to twine
Georgian: c̣rex-, c̣rix-
Megrel: c̣irax-, c̣irix-
Notes and references: EWK 510.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣rp-
Russian meaning: чистый
English meaning: clean
Georgian: c̣rp-el-
Laz: č̣ip-
Notes and references: EWK 529.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣u-
Russian meaning: свист, свистеть
English meaning: whistle, to whistle
Georgian: c̣u-
Svan: č̣u-
Notes and references: EWK 529.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣uc̣-
Russian meaning: сосать
English meaning: to suck
Georgian: c̣uc̣-
Megrel: c̣u(r)c̣-
Svan: c̣usd-, c̣wsd-
Laz: c̣uc̣-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 246-247, VEWT 512.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣uc̣ḳ-
Russian meaning: скулить
English meaning: to whine
Georgian: c̣uc̣ḳ-
Svan: c̣urc̣ḳ-, c̣ǝrc̣ḳ-
Notes and references: EWK 512-513. Экспрессивная основа.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣uḳ-
Russian meaning: котел
English meaning: cauldron
Georgian: c̣uḳ-al-a
Georgian meaning (Rus.): маленький медный сосуд
Georgian meaning (Engl.): small copper vessel
Laz: č̣uḳ-, č̣uḳan-
Notes and references: EWK 529. Вероятно, заимствование, в конечном счете, из того же источника, что и *ćeḳa 'кузов' (q.v.).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣uḳ-
Russian meaning: маленький
English meaning: small
Georgian: (Mokhev.) c̣uḳ-an-a
Georgian meaning (Rus.): очень маленький
Georgian meaning (Engl.): very small
Megrel: č̣uḳ-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): мышь
Megrel meaning (Eng.): mouse
Notes and references: EWK 529-530. Ср. *ć̣iḳ-.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣umṗ-
Russian meaning: промокнуть, забрызгаться грязью
English meaning: to get wet, to get dirty
Georgian: c̣umṗ-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): промокнуть
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to get wet
Megrel: c̣umṗ-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): промокнуть, забрызгаться грязью
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to get wet, to get dirty
Laz: c̣umṗ-, c̣omṗ-
Laz meaning (Rus.): промокнуть
Laz meaning (Eng.): to get wet
Notes and references: Климов (1994, 158-162) сопоставляет с ПИЕ *swomb(h)o- 'губчатый, пористый'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣un-
Russian meaning: недостаток, недочет
English meaning: blemish
Laz: c̣una
Laz meaning (Rus.): яд
Laz meaning (Eng.): poison
Notes and references: Фенрих 1980, 181.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣ur-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: цедить; вытекать, протекать
English meaning: to draft; to ooze
Georgian: c̣ur-
Megrel: c̣ir-, c̣ǝr-
Svan: c̣ur-, c̣wr-
Laz: (n)c̣or-, (n)c̣ir-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 246, EWK 511, 512. Корень имеет соответствия как в СК (ПСК *ʔīʒ_ur- 'цедить', NCED 213-214), так и в ностр. языках (ср. алт. *siŕo 'цедить, протекать').
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣ur-
Russian meaning: гнуть(ся), опускать(ся)
English meaning: to bend, to descend
Georgian: c̣ur-
Megrel: c̣ur-
Notes and references: EWK 511. Ср. алт. *sare 'б. изогнутым' (?)
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣urbel-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: пиявка
English meaning: blood-sucker, leech
Georgian: c̣urbel-
Megrel: c̣urvel-
Svan: c̣urbeläj ( < Georg.)
Laz: c̣urvel-
Notes and references: Климов (1994, 202-204) выводит основу из ПИЕ *s(w)erbh- 'сосать', что не объясняет картв. аффрикаты. Не исключено, что налицо исконно родственные лексемы.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣urć̣ul-
Georgian: c̣urc̣ul
Georgian meaning (Rus.): журчать, струиться
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to gurgle, flow
Megrel: č̣varč̣val
Megrel meaning (Rus.): плескаться, струиться
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to splash, flow
Notes and references: Fähnrich 6-5.
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