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Kartvelian etymology :

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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣ḳwaram-
Russian meaning: тьма, пучина
English meaning: darkness, abyss
Georgian: c̣ḳvaram-
Megrel: c̣ḳurum-
Notes and references: EWK 505. Ср. *c̣ḳwar-
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣ḳwerṭ-
Russian meaning: закручивать
English meaning: to roll up
Georgian: c̣ḳverṭ-
Megrel: c̣ḳǝmonṭ- (cf. also c̣ḳvenṭ-er-e 'straight, sharp'?)
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 244-245, EWK 505-506.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣mart-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: икра (часть ноги)
English meaning: calf (of leg)
Georgian: sa-c̣mart-ul-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): штаны
Georgian meaning (Engl.): trousers
Megrel: c̣imort-, c̣ǝmort-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 245, EWK 507. Ср., может быть, алт. *sumV 'ластовица, рукав' (или *šiūŋe 'кость, голень').
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣maś-
Russian meaning: сплетать, скручивать
English meaning: to twist, plait
Georgian: c̣mas-
Megrel: č̣imoš-, č̣umoš-
Laz: č̣imoš-
Notes and references: EWK 527.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣nex-
Russian meaning: давить, сжимать
English meaning: to press
Georgian: c̣nex-, c̣nix-
Megrel: č̣inax-
Laz: č̣inax-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 252, EWK 527-528.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣ob-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: сосать
English meaning: to suck
Svan: c̣ōb-
Laz: c̣up-
Notes and references: EWK 507-508. Основу следует отделять от *c̣ow- q.v., хотя не исключены контаминации. Имеются довольно явные СК (ПВК *c̣uṗV 'сосание', NCED 367) и ностр. параллели (алт. *šiup`u 'сосать', и.-е. *seup- id.).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣od-
Russian meaning: звать, спрашивать
English meaning: to call, ask
Georgian: c̣od-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): звать, называть
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to call, name
Svan: č̣wd-
Svan meaning (Rus.): спрашивать
Svan meaning (Eng.): to ask
Notes and references: EWK 528.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣on-
Russian meaning: взвешивать
English meaning: to weigh
Georgian: c̣on-
Megrel: c̣on-
Svan: c̣on-, c̣wn-
Laz: c̣on-, c̣in-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 245-246, EWK 508-509. Интересно сравнить с ПСК *=ălcŬm- ( ~ *=ălcwV̆n) "мерить, взвешивать' (хотя глоттализация в корне отсутствует, она налицо в ПН *=usṭ- < *=ălcwV̆n), и какая-то форма, близкая к ПН, могла послужить основой для заимствования в ПК.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣ow-
Russian meaning: сосать
English meaning: to suck
Georgian: c̣ov-
Megrel: c̣u(v)-, c̣-
Laz: c̣v-, c̣-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 245, EWK 507-508. Сравнение с СК материалом в ЭСКЯ вряд ли оправдано (в NCED 667 восстанавливается ПВК *=iʒ_wVn).
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣q̇-
Russian meaning: досаждать, болеть
English meaning: to annoy, to ache
Georgian: c̣q̇-in-, c̣q̇-en-
Megrel: c̣q̇-in-, c̣q̇-un-
Laz: c̣ḳ(-un-)
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 247, EWK 514.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣q̇
Russian meaning: отмеривать
English meaning: to measure
Georgian: c̣q̇-
Megrel: rc̣q̇-
Notes and references: G sa-c̣q̇a-o, M o-rc̣q̇-e `мера' Кл; EWK 514.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣q̇al-
Russian meaning: жалеть, щадить
English meaning: to pity, spare
Georgian: c̣q̇al-
Megrel: c̣q̇olop-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 252, EWK 531-532.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣q̇al- / ć̣q̇l-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: ранить(ся)
English meaning: to wound
Georgian: c̣q̇(a)l-
Megrel: č̣q̇ol-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 254, EWK 532.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣q̇an-
Russian meaning: дуб
English meaning: oak
Georgian: c̣q̇n-et-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): топоним
Georgian meaning (Engl.): a toponym
Megrel: č̣q̇on-
Laz: (m)č̣ḳon-, mč̣on-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 252, EWK 532.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣q̇ar-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: обижаться, сердиться
English meaning: to get annoyed, angry
Georgian: c̣q̇er-, c̣q̇r-
Megrel: č̣q̇or-, nč̣q̇or-
Svan: č̣q̇r-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 253, EWK 533.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣q̇ar-
Russian meaning: перепелка
English meaning: quail
Georgian: (m)c̣q̇er-
Megrel: č̣q̇or-
Svan: šq̇äžw- ( < Megr. *čq̇oǯ-?)
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 252-253, EWK 533-534. Повидимому, ВК заимствование: ср. ПА *č̣iq̇ʷa(-ra) 'перепелка, птичка' < ПВК *ǯăq̇wV, см. NCED 1105.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣q̇ec̣q̇-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: давить, зажимать
English meaning: to press
Georgian: c̣q̇ec̣q̇-
Megrel: c̣q̇ac̣q̇-
Notes and references: EWK 515. Ср. алт. *č`eč`i 'давить, выжимать'. Ср. также *č̣eč̣q̇-.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣q̇(ew)-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: проклинать
English meaning: to curse
Georgian: c̣q̇ew-
Megrel: č̣q̇(u)-
Laz: (n)č̣ḳ(u)-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 253, EWK 531.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣q̇in-d-
Russian meaning: соскучиться, уставать
English meaning: to miss (somebody), to be tired
Georgian: c̣q̇ind-
Laz: č̣ḳind-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 254.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣q̇rta
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: локоть
English meaning: elbow
Georgian: c̣q̇rta
Megrel: č̣q̇irta, č̣q̇ǝrta
Svan: č̣itx
Notes and references: Доп.; ЭСКЯ 254, EWK 534-535. Ср. алт. *zegutV "бедро", ПИЕ *skek(tH)- id.
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