Change viewing parameters
Switch to Russian version
Select another database

Kartvelian etymology :

Search within this database
Total of 1310 records 66 pages

Pages: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Back: 1
Forward: 1 20 50
\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣ic̣il-
Russian meaning: змея
English meaning: snake
Georgian: c̣ic̣il-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): детеныш змеи
Georgian meaning (Engl.): young of snake
Laz: c̣ic̣ila
Notes and references: EWK 503. Сходная редуплицированная основа налицо в ПСК *čVrčV(-lV) / *č̣Vrč̣V(-lV) 'змея, ящерица', см. NCED 348-349.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣ić̣il-
Russian meaning: цыпленок
English meaning: chicken
Georgian: c̣ic̣ila
Laz: č̣uč̣ul-
Notes and references: Кл
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣ic̣ḳ-
Russian meaning: щипать (мелко)
English meaning: to nibble
Georgian: c̣ic̣ḳ-n-
Megrel: c̣ḳǝc̣ḳon-, c̣ḳic̣ḳon-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): есть (брезгливо)
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to eat (squeamishly)
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 244, EWK 504. Ср. *c̣ec̣ḳ-.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣ida
Russian meaning: грязь (на теле)
English meaning: dirt (on the body)
Georgian: c̣ida
Megrel: c̣ida
Svan: c̣id
Svan meaning (Rus.): грязь, кал
Svan meaning (Eng.): dirt, excrement
Notes and references: Кл; EWK 501-502.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣iḳ-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: маленький
English meaning: small
Georgian: c̣iḳ- (dial.)
Georgian meaning (Rus.): маленький, крошка
Georgian meaning (Engl.): small, crumb
Megrel: č̣iḳ-u
Notes and references: EWK 527. Ср., с одной стороны, ПСК *č̣ä̆kŭ / *č̣ä̆ḳŭ 'детеныш'; с другой стороны, алт. *sik`u 'маленький, мало'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣il
Russian meaning: срывать (плоды, цветы)
English meaning: to pluck (fruit, flowers)
Georgian: c̣il
Georgian meaning (Rus.): собирать (плоды)
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to gather fruit
Megrel: c̣il
Megrel meaning (Rus.): срывать (плоды, цветы)
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to pluck (fruit, flowers)
Laz: c̣il
Laz meaning (Rus.): срывать (плоды, цветы)
Laz meaning (Eng.): to pluck (fruit, flowers)
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 502-503.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣ip-
Russian meaning: бук
English meaning: beech
Georgian: c̣ipel-
Megrel: c̣ipur-
Svan: c̣ipra-
Laz: c̣ip(u)r-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 244, EWK 503-504.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣ir-
Russian meaning: деревянный молот
English meaning: wooden hammer
Georgian: (Gur.) c̣ir-is-tavi, (E.-Adzhar.) c̣ir-i-tavi
Svan: c̣ir
Notes and references: EWK 503.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣irṗl-
Russian meaning: гной (глаза)
English meaning: pus (in eye)
Georgian: c̣irṗl
Megrel: c̣irṗ (č̣?)
Notes and references: Кл. Корень напоминает (при условии вторичной метатезы < *ṗilć̣r-) ПСК *ṗɦilc̣_wǝ̆ 'грязь' (в том числе "глазной гной", ср. лак. ṗaIlc̣u; см. NCED 878-879).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣it-
Russian meaning: красный, краснеть
English meaning: red, to redden
Georgian: c̣it-, c̣itel-
Megrel: č̣it-
Laz: mč̣it-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 251, EWK 526.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣iw-
Russian meaning: пищать
English meaning: to squeak
Georgian: c̣iv-
Megrel: c̣i-
Laz: c̣i-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 243, EWK 502. Ономатопоэтическая основа.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣ḳa
Nostratic: Nostratic
Georgian: c̣ḳa
Georgian meaning (Rus.): необработанные рисовые зерна
Georgian meaning (Engl.): rice grains in husk
Megrel: c̣ḳa
Megrel meaning (Rus.): зерно
Megrel meaning (Eng.): grain
Svan: c̣ḳa
Svan meaning (Rus.): семена тыквы, арбуза ( < мегр.)
Svan meaning (Eng.): pumpkin/watermelon seeds (< Megr.)
Notes and references: EWK 504. Возможно ЗК происхождение корня: ср. убых. ć̣ǝḳ́ 'косточка (плода)', каб. ṣāč̣a 'мякина' < ПЗК *ć̣Vḳ́(w)V 'отходы (от фруктов, зерновых)' < ПСК *c̣HweḳĔ 'солома, мякина' (см. NCED 364).
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣ḳand-
Russian meaning: очищаться (от мути)
English meaning: to clean (of dregs)
Georgian: c̣ḳnd-
Megrel: c̣ḳond-
Svan: li-sḳind-
Svan meaning (Rus.): сочиться, выделяться (в-бал.)
Svan meaning (Eng.): to ooze (E.-Bal.)
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 244, EWK 504. Климов (1994, 157-158) выводит основу из ПИЕ *skendh- 'погружаться', что несколько сомнительно как по семантическим причинам, так и ввиду весьма малой распространенности корня в индоевропейском.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣ḳar- / *c̣ḳr-
Russian meaning: звенеть, шуметь
English meaning: to ring, make noise
Georgian: c̣ḳr-, c̣ḳar-
Megrel: c̣ḳir-
Notes and references: EWK 504-505.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣ḳenṭ- / *c̣ḳinṭl-
Russian meaning: сочиться; помет (птичий)
English meaning: to ooze; bird faeces
Georgian: c̣ḳenṭ-; c̣ḳinṭl-, sḳinṭ(l)-
Megrel: c̣ḳinṭil-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): помет
Megrel meaning (Eng.): faeces
Laz: c̣ḳinṭil-
Laz meaning (Rus.): помет
Laz meaning (Eng.): faeces
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 245.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣ḳeṗ-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: расщеплять, разрезать (мелко)
English meaning: to cut in little pieces
Georgian: c̣ḳeṗ
Megrel: c̣ḳeṗ
Notes and references: IE *skep- Кл
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣ḳeṗl-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: розга, прут
English meaning: rod, twig
Georgian: c̣ḳeṗla-
Megrel: c̣ḳaṗul-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 244, EWK 505. Ср. алт. *sapa 'палка, шест', *sap`i id.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣ḳir-
Russian meaning: палочка, щепка
English meaning: little stick
Georgian: c̣ḳir-
Megrel: c̣ḳir-
Svan: c̣ḳir-
Laz: mc̣ḳil-
Laz meaning (Rus.): острый, заостренный
Laz meaning (Eng.): sharp, pointed
Notes and references: EWK 506.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣ḳu-, *c̣ḳu-m-
Russian meaning: скулить
English meaning: to whine
Georgian: c̣ḳu-, c̣ḳmu-
Megrel: c̣ḳum-
Svan: c̣ḳū-, c̣ḳw-
Laz: c̣ḳum-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 245, EWK 506-507. Звукоизобразительная основа.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣ḳwar- / c̣ḳur-
Russian meaning: жмуриться, закрывать глаза
English meaning: to close the eyes
Georgian: c̣ḳur
Georgian meaning (Rus.): щуриться, моргать
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to close the eyes, wink
Megrel: c̣ḳur
Megrel meaning (Rus.): жмуриться
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to close the eyes
Svan: c̣ḳur-
Svan meaning (Rus.): щель для подсматривания
Svan meaning (Eng.): small crack for peeping
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 507. Ср. еще c̣ḳur-in `вырывать, выкалывать глаза'; сюда же *c̣ḳwar-am `тьма, пучина' (с полной ступенью). Если исходное значение - "щель", ср. алт. *sǟk`u 'щель'.
kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-sva,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-notes,
Total of 1310 records 66 pages

Pages: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Back: 1
Forward: 1 20 50

Search within this database
Select another database

Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
55361133370
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov