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Kartvelian etymology :

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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣ar-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: горький
English meaning: bitter
Georgian: m-c̣ar-e
Megrel: č̣or- (in gito-č̣or-ap- "to eliminate bitterness", ḳolo-č̣ura 'bitter gourd')
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 519-520. Ср. ностр.: ПИЕ *sūr- 'кислый', драв. *suvar 'соль, соленый', алт. *čawVŕV 'соль, горький'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣ar- / *c̣r-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: упреждать, успевать
English meaning: to be in time, to be first
Georgian: (s)c̣ar-, (s)c̣r-
Megrel: c̣or-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 242, EWK 497. [Ср. *skorъ]. [Картв. *c̣ar- 'через', Schmidt 154, в МССHЯ 372 сравнивается с ПИЕ *sker(t)- 'через, сквозь'].
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣arb-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: бровь
English meaning: eyebrow
Georgian: c̣arb-
Megrel: č̣ob-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 248, EWK 520. Близкие формы налицо в некоторых лезгинских языках (лезг. диал. č̣eṗč̣eṗaj, агул. диал. c̣iṗc̣iṗ, крыз. c̣äṗ "ресница" - см. NCED 365, где они с некоторым сомнением объясняются как искаженные рефлексы сложения *c̣ĭlV-c̣ɦwĕme и сравниваются с чеч. c̣oc̣q̇am, дарг. č̣imič̣ali etc.).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣at-
Russian meaning: палка
English meaning: stick
Georgian: c̣at-
Megrel: č̣ort-
Notes and references: EWK 518.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣atx-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: гной
English meaning: pus
Georgian: c̣atx- (Old Georg. c̣utx- < Megr.?)
Megrel: c̣utx-e
Megrel meaning (Rus.): соленый, горький
Megrel meaning (Eng.): salty, bitter
Svan: c̣ätx
Svan meaning (Rus.): кислый, горький
Svan meaning (Eng.): sour, bitter
Laz: m-c̣utx-e
Laz meaning (Rus.): соленый, горький (c̣atx- 'солить' < груз.)
Laz meaning (Eng.): salty, bitter (c̣atx- 'to make salty' < Georg.)
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 246, EWK 495. Ср. алт. *čȫta 'сладкий'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣aw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: говорить, сообщать
English meaning: to say, report
Georgian: c̣av-
Megrel: c̣o-, c̣u-, c̣i-, c̣-
Laz: c̣-, c̣u-, c̣v-
Notes and references: EWK 494-495. ?Ср. алт. *sābo "слово, замечать".
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣d-
Russian meaning: пить, поить
English meaning: to drink, give to drink
Georgian: c̣d-
Svan: c̣ǝdäj
Svan meaning (Rus.): Mundschenk ( = груз. mc̣de)
Svan meaning (Eng.): Mundschenk ( = Georg. mc̣de)
Notes and references: EWK 498.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣eb-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: клеить
English meaning: to glue
Georgian: c̣eb-
Megrel: č̣ab-
Laz: č̣ab-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 248, EWK 520-521. Ср. алт. *čabV, драв. *cavV- < ностр. *ć̣abV, см. МССНЯ 344.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣ec̣-
Russian meaning: трогать; погружать
English meaning: to touch; to submerge
Georgian: c̣ec̣-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): трогать
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to touch
Megrel: c̣ac̣-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): погружать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to submerge
Notes and references: EWK 499.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣eć̣-
Georgian: c̣ec̣
Georgian meaning (Rus.): спутываться, трепать шерсть
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to get entangled, to comb the wool
Megrel: č̣ač̣
Megrel meaning (Rus.): нанизывать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to string
Notes and references: Кл
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣ec̣ḳ-
Russian meaning: грызть, жевать
English meaning: to gnaw, chew
Georgian: c̣ec̣ḳ-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): скрипеть зубами
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to gnash the teeth
Megrel: c̣ḳa(n)c̣ḳ-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): жевать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to chew
Notes and references: EWK 500. Ср. *c̣ic̣ḳ-.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣el-
Russian meaning: год
English meaning: year
Georgian: c̣el-
Megrel: c̣i / c̣ǝ
Megrel meaning (Rus.): в этом году (go-c̣o-s 'в прошлом году')
Megrel meaning (Eng.): this year (go-c̣o-s 'last year')
Laz: ham c̣o
Laz meaning (Rus.): 'в этом году' (go-c̣o(-s) 'в прошлом году')
Laz meaning (Eng.): 'this year' (go-c̣o(-s) 'last year')
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 242-243, EWK 498-499. Интересно сопоставить картв. *c̣el- с ПСК *c_ōjwɨ̄lɦV 'осень, зима' (NCED 327); заметим, что хуррито-урартская параллель для данного корня - хурр. šawalǝ, урарт. šālǝ 'год' (в Дьяконов-Старостин 1986 сопоставленное с ПСК *swĕrho 'год', что вряд ли приемлемо фонетически). Вероятно, поэтому, что здесь, как и в ряде других случаев, мы имеем дело со старым ХУ заимствованием в картвельском (*c̣el- < *c_Vwl-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣el-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: кишки
English meaning: entrails
Georgian: c̣el-
Megrel: č̣i, č̣ǝ
Svan: č̣inč̣il
Laz: (m)č̣u
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 249, EWK 521. Ср. алт. *siaĺwi "мясо, мускул, кишки', урал. *siwĺV id.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣em-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: трава, тростник
English meaning: grass, reeds
Georgian: lel-c̣am-, ler-c̣am-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): тростник; c̣am-al- 'лекарство'
Georgian meaning (Engl.): reeds; c̣am-al- 'medicine'
Megrel: (r)č̣em-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): pubes; larč̣am-, larč̣em- 'тростник'
Megrel meaning (Eng.): pubes; larč̣am-, larč̣em- 'reed'
Svan: č̣ēm
Svan meaning (Rus.): сено
Svan meaning (Eng.): hay
Laz: (n)č̣am-
Laz meaning (Rus.): лекарство
Laz meaning (Eng.): medicine
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 121, 249, EWK 518-519. Ср. ПВК *c̣_wǝ̄nHē (/*Hnǝ̄c̣_wē) 'тростник' (NCED 595-596).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣en-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: приглашать
English meaning: to invite
Georgian: Old Georg. c̣ana
Georgian meaning (Rus.): званый пир
Georgian meaning (Engl.): feast, banquet
Megrel: č̣an-
Laz: č̣and-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 249.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣eng-
Russian meaning: вид растения
English meaning: a k. of plant
Georgian: (Mtiul.) c̣eng-
Laz: č̣ang-
Notes and references: EWK 521.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣er-
Russian meaning: писать
English meaning: to write
Georgian: c̣er-
Megrel: (n)č̣ar-
Svan: jr-, r-, ēr-
Laz: (n)č̣ar-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 249, EWK 522. Ср. алт. *čiuru 'царапать, скрести'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣ero-
Russian meaning: журавль
English meaning: crane
Georgian: c̣ero, mc̣ero
Megrel: [č̣aro] (in Orbeliani's dictionary)
Notes and references: Климов 1994, 162. Сопоставление с ПИЕ *ǵerǝw- 'журавль', предложенное ibid., весьма сомнительно по фонетическим причинам.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣es-
Russian meaning: звать, приглашать
English meaning: to call, invite
Georgian: c̣es-
Svan: c̣s-, c̣h-
Notes and references: EWK 499. [?ПИЕ *ḱe(n)s-].
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣ic̣- / *c̣ec̣-
Russian meaning: натягивать(ся)
English meaning: to stretch
Georgian: c̣ec̣-, c̣ic̣-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): трепать
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to wear out
Megrel: c̣(w)ic̣(w)-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): вырывать (потянув)
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to tear out by stretching
Svan: c̣i(n)c̣-
Svan meaning (Rus.): тянуть (медленно)
Svan meaning (Eng.): to pull (slowly)
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 244, EWK 499-500.
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