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Kartvelian etymology :

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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *čxeḳ-
Russian meaning: herunterschlagen
English meaning: herunterschlagen
Georgian: čxeḳ-
Laz: o-nčxaḳ-ale
Laz meaning (Rus.): Stock zum Herunterschlagen der Haselnüsse
Laz meaning (Eng.): Stock zum Herunterschlagen der Haselnüsse
Notes and references: EWK 441.
Proto-Kartvelian: *čxer- / *čxir-
Russian meaning: ковырять(ся)
English meaning: to pick (the ground, etc.)
Georgian: čxreḳ-; čxir- 'little stick; needle'
Megrel: čxirḳ-; *čxinǯ- 'little stick'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 222, EWK 441-442 (мегр. čxinǯ- предполагается на основании абх. a-čx́ǝnč́, осет. cägiʒä).
Proto-Kartvelian: *čxi-
Russian meaning: кричать (пронзительно)
English meaning: to cry piercingly
Georgian: čxiw-
Megrel: rčxi-
Laz: čxi-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 221.
Proto-Kartvelian: *čxiḳw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: сойка
English meaning: jaybird
Georgian: čxiḳv-
Megrel: čxviḳ-
Laz: čxviḳ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 222, EWK 443.
Proto-Kartvelian: *čxweṗ-
Russian meaning: резать
English meaning: to cut
Georgian: čxweṗ- (Old Georg.)
Laz: o-čxaṗ-ul-e
Laz meaning (Rus.): крапива
Laz meaning (Eng.): nettle
Notes and references: EWK 442.
Proto-Kartvelian: *čxwerḳ-
Russian meaning: прут
English meaning: twig
Georgian: čxverḳ-
Megrel: čxvaḳ-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): плести забор
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to plait a fence
Laz: čxverḳ-
Laz meaning (Rus.): сухая ветка
Laz meaning (Eng.): dry branch
Notes and references: EWK 442-443.
Proto-Kartvelian: *čxweṭ-
Russian meaning: царапать, колоть
English meaning: to scratch, prick
Georgian: čxwleṭ- / čxwliṭ-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): втыкать, вкалывать
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to pierce, prick
Megrel: čxoṭ-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): царапать, легко ранить
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to scratch
Laz: čxoṭ-
Laz meaning (Rus.): чесать коноплю
Laz meaning (Eng.): to hackle hemp
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 222.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: макать
English meaning: to dip
Georgian: c̣-
Megrel: c̣-, c̣u-
Laz: nc̣-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 241; EWK 494.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: достигать, приходить
English meaning: to reach, arrive
Georgian: c̣- (c̣ev-, c̣ip-)
Megrel: (n)č̣- ((n)č̣ap-, (n)č̣u-)
Svan: (m)h-
Laz: nč̣- (nč̣-, nč̣ap-)
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 248, EWK 516-517.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣a-
Russian meaning: вниз
English meaning: down
Georgian: c̣a-, c̣a-re
Megrel: c̣o-, c̣a-le
Laz: c̣o-, c̣a-le
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 241-242.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣ab-
Russian meaning: каштан
English meaning: chestnut
Georgian: c̣ab-l-
Megrel: č̣ub-ur-
Svan: heb-ra, jeb-ra
Svan meaning (Rus.): черешня
Svan meaning (Eng.): merry tree
Laz: č̣ub(u)r-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 247, EWK 517. Климов 1971, 225 сближает основу с ВК материалом (ав. c̣:ibil 'виноград' < ПВК *c̣_ɨbV 'вид ягоды'; отметим, что рут. ṭɨmɨl 'виноград' и др. формы, приводимые Климовым, согласно NCED 367, сюда не относятся).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣ad-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: желать
English meaning: to wish
Georgian: c̣ad-
Svan: hadw- / hdw-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 242, EWK 517-518.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣al-
Russian meaning: козел
English meaning: he-goat
Georgian: c̣al-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): козел
Georgian meaning (Engl.): he-goat
Svan: c̣el
Svan meaning (Rus.): осел
Svan meaning (Eng.): donkey
Notes and references: EWK 495-496.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣am-
Russian meaning: сообщать
English meaning: to report
Georgian: c̣am-
Laz: c̣um-
Notes and references: EWK 496. ? Ср. алт. *sēmi 'внимание'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣am-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: миг, мгновение (*моргание); ресница
English meaning: moment, wink; eye-lash
Georgian: c̣am- 'moment', c̣amc̣am- 'eye-lash'
Megrel: c̣um-, c̣un-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): минута, секунда
Megrel meaning (Eng.): minute, second
Svan: c̣äm- 'moment', c̣amc̣am 'swift'
Laz: c̣un- 'moment', ḳamc̣am 'eye-lash'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 242, EWK 496-497. Корень имеет несомненные СК параллели (ПВК *c̣ɦwĕme 'бровь', см. NCED 364), и возможно старое заимствование. С другой стороны, налицо интересные (хотя фонетически нерегулярные) ностратические параллели: алт. *sar(u)mV 'бровь, ресница'; драв. *sime- 'мигать; веко'; урал. *ŝilmä 'глаз'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣am-
Russian meaning: утро
English meaning: morning
Megrel: č̣ume
Megrel meaning (Rus.): завтра
Megrel meaning (Eng.): tomorrow
Svan: ham
Svan meaning (Rus.): утро
Svan meaning (Eng.): morning
Laz: č̣uman- 'morning', č̣umen- 'tomorrow'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 247-248, EWK 519.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣am-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: мучить
English meaning: to torment
Georgian: c̣am-
Laz: c̣am-
Notes and references: ND 341.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣an- / ć̣n-
Russian meaning: плести
English meaning: to plait
Georgian: c̣(a)n-, c̣na-; c̣nel- 'twig'
Megrel: č̣in(u)-, č̣ǝnǝ-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): прут
Megrel meaning (Eng.): twig
Laz: č̣inu-, č̣ino-, č̣unu-
Laz meaning (Rus.): прут
Laz meaning (Eng.): twig
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 252, EWK 519.
Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣ap-
Russian meaning: учить
English meaning: to teach
Georgian: c̣ap-
Laz: (n)c̣op-
Notes and references: EWK 497-498. ? Ср. алт. *sip`i 'подсматривать'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣ap-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: брать, набираться
English meaning: to take, gather
Georgian: c̣ap-
Megrel: č̣op-
Laz: č̣op-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 248. Ср. алт. *šabo (?*č-) 'хватать' (или *ǯabV ~ č- 'брать, хватать'), ПИЕ *sep- 'держать в руках' (см. МССНЯ с реконструкцией *zaṗV и без картв. формы).
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