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Kartvelian etymology :

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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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Proto-Kartvelian: *ćur-
Russian meaning: вымя
English meaning: udder
Georgian: cur-
Megrel: čur-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): vulva
Megrel meaning (Eng.): vulva
Laz: čur-
Laz meaning (Rus.): vulva
Laz meaning (Eng.): vulva
Notes and references: EWK 467.
Proto-Kartvelian: *cw- (*cu-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: одевать; нанизывать
English meaning: to put on; to string on
Georgian: cw-, cw-am-
Megrel: cu-n-
Svan: cw-, cw-em-
Laz: cu-, c-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 223-224, 226, EWK 448. Если предполагать анлаутную редукцию *cu- < *ucu-, то интересно сопоставить корень с ПИЕ *wes- 'одевать', алт. *uso 'одевать, одежда'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *cwar-
Russian meaning: бежать, прыгать
English meaning: to run, jump
Georgian: cvar-cval-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): быстро бежать
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to run quickly
Megrel: cor-, ncor-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): прыгать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to jump
Notes and references: EWK 449.
Proto-Kartvelian: *cwar-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: роса, капля росы
English meaning: dew, drop of dew
Georgian: cwar-
Megrel: cunǯ-, cund-
Svan: cwar- ( < Georg.?)
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 224, EWK 449. В ОСНЯ 1, 198 корень сравнивается с урал. *ćorV- 'капать, течь', драв. *cōr- / *cUr- id., алт. *čur(V)- id. < ностр. *curV / *corV.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ćweć-
Russian meaning: крошить, крошка
English meaning: to crumble, crumb
Georgian: cec- (Old Georgian nam-cwec-, Mod. na-m-cec- 'crumb')
Megrel: čač-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): молотить
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to grind
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 228, EWK 462-463.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ćwet-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: холостить, изнашиваться
English meaning: to wear away; to make sterile
Georgian: cwet-/cwit-/cwt-
Megrel: čut-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): импотент
Megrel meaning (Eng.): impotent
Svan: čut- ( < мегр.?)
Svan meaning (Rus.): импотент
Svan meaning (Eng.): impotent
Laz: čit-
Laz meaning (Rus.): резать, раскалывать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to cut, split
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 229, EWK 462. Лазская форма в МССHЯ 360 сравнивается с ПИЕ *skeid- 'расщеплять', драв. *citV- 'повреждать, ломать'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *cwi-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: сыпаться
English meaning: to spill (intr.)
Georgian: cwi-
Megrel: c(i)-
Laz: (n)c-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 224, EWK 448-449.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ćwil- (?-d-)
Russian meaning: воск
English meaning: wax
Georgian: cvil-
Megrel: čir-
Svan: ǯwid- (?)
Laz: (m)čir-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 229, EWK 463. Сближение с ЗК формой, предложенное Климовым (1969, 291), проблематично: в ПЗК восстанавливается *ƛʷa 'воск'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ćx-
Russian meaning: мазать
English meaning: to smear
Georgian: cx-
Laz: čx-
Notes and references: Кл
Proto-Kartvelian: *ćx-
Russian meaning: жар, жара
English meaning: heat
Georgian: cx-
Megrel: (n)čx-
Svan: šix-, šx-
Svan meaning (Rus.): жечь
Svan meaning (Eng.): to burn
Laz: (n)čx-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 1964, 231-233; EWK 468.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ćxar- / *ćxr-
Russian meaning: девять
English meaning: nine
Georgian: cxra
Megrel: čxoro
Svan: čxar-, čxr-
Laz: čxoro, čxovro
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 232, EWK 469.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ćxim-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: жир
English meaning: fat (n.)
Georgian: čxim-
Svan: čxim-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 232, EWK 470.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ćxi(n)ḳ-
Russian meaning: чихать
English meaning: to sneeze
Georgian: cxiḳv
Georgian meaning (Rus.): чихать
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to sneeze
Megrel: čxinḳ-ol
Megrel meaning (Rus.): разбивать вдребезги (о посуде)
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to break in pieces (of table-ware)
Laz: čxinḳ-ol
Laz meaning (Rus.): чихать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to sneeze
Notes and references: Экспрессивная основа.
Proto-Kartvelian: *cxir-
Russian meaning: просеивать
English meaning: to sift
Georgian: cxr-il-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): сито
Georgian meaning (Engl.): sieve
Svan: cxir- , cxr-
Svan meaning (Rus.): понимать, различать
Svan meaning (Eng.): to understand, differentiate
Notes and references: EWK 454.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ćxow-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: жить; животное
English meaning: to live; animal
Georgian: cxov- 'to live'; cxovar-, cxvar-, cxor- 'sheep'
Megrel: čxo-(n) 'to save', čxo-u, čxu 'cow', šxur- 'sheep'
Svan: (?) šxär
Svan meaning (Rus.): бык с пятном на лбу
Svan meaning (Eng.): ox with a spot on his head
Laz: (m)čxu(r)-, mškur-
Laz meaning (Rus.): овца
Laz meaning (Eng.): sheep
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 231, 232, EWK 470.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ćxr-
Russian meaning: холод
English meaning: cold (n.)
Georgian: cxr-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): озноб
Georgian meaning (Engl.): chill
Megrel: čxur-
Laz: čečxur-
Laz meaning (Rus.): озноб
Laz meaning (Eng.): chill
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 232-233, EWK 471.
Proto-Kartvelian: *cxw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: колючка
English meaning: thorn
Megrel: ocxvacxvinaia
Megrel meaning (Rus.): иглы у хлебных растений
Megrel meaning (Eng.): spikes in cereals
Svan: cxwi
Svan meaning (Rus.): стрела
Svan meaning (Eng.): arrow
Notes and references: ОСНЯ 1, 197 (там же выводится из ностр. *cujḥa, ср. ПИЕ *skweiǝ-, алт. *čüjä). Климов (1994, 82-83) предполагает заимствование в картв. < ПИЕ, утверждая, что соответствия нерегулярны; эта точка зрения ни на чем не основана.
Proto-Kartvelian: *cxweḳ-
Russian meaning: хворост
English meaning: firewood
Megrel: cxweḳ-
Svan: cxeḳ-
Svan meaning (Rus.): лес
Svan meaning (Eng.): wood
Laz: cxiḳ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 226, EWK 454.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ćxwir-
Russian meaning: нос
English meaning: nose
Georgian: cxvir-
Megrel: čxvind-, čxind-
Laz: čxvind-, čxind-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 232, EWK 469-470. Ср. ф.-уг. *sērV (фин. sierain 'ноздря', SKES 1010).
Proto-Kartvelian: *čan- / *čn-
Russian meaning: виднеться, видеть
English meaning: to be seen, to see
Georgian: čan- / čn-; čnd- 'to appear'
Megrel: čkun-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): знать, полагать; (r)čkind- 'появляться'
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to know, consider; (r)čkind- 'to appear'
Laz: škun-, čkin-; čkind- 'appear'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 218, 220; EWK 433-434.
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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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