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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒig-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: вид растения
English meaning: a k. of plant
Georgian: (Gur., Imer.) ʒigurai 'a k. of grass', (Imer.) ʒig-va 'thorny bushes'
Megrel: ʒig-ir-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): колючка
Megrel meaning (Eng.): thorn
Notes and references: EWK 479-480.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́ig-
Russian meaning: дрожать
English meaning: to tremble
Georgian: ʒigʒig- 'to tremble', ʒg-er- 'to pound'
Megrel: ǯg-ar-, ǯg-al-
Svan: ǯǯg-
Laz: ǯg-ial-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 237, 238 (*ʒ́ger-, *ʒ́ig-ʒ́ig-), EWK 488-489.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́in-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: смотреть
English meaning: to look
Georgian: Old Georg. ʒin-
Megrel: ǯin-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): смотреть, видеть
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to look, see
Notes and references: EWK 489.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́in- / *ʒ́il-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: спать
English meaning: to sleep
Georgian: ʒin- 'to sleep', ʒil- 'sleep (n.)'
Megrel: (n)ǯir-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): ложиться, спать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to go to sleep, to sleep
Laz: ǯin- 'to go to sleep'; (n)ǯir- 'to sleep', ǯir- 'sleep (n.)'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 238, EWK 489-490. Форму *ʒ́in- Долгопольский (1972, 167) сравнивает с драв. *čin-tV 'ночь, вечер', монг. *söni 'ночь' < ностр. *ʒiNV.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́ir-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: корень, дно
English meaning: root, bottom
Georgian: ʒir-
Megrel: ǯin(ǯ)-
Laz: ǯiǯ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 238-239, EWK 490.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́irḳ(w)-
Russian meaning: пень
English meaning: stump
Georgian: ʒirḳw-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): пень; sa-ʒirḳv-el- 'основание'
Georgian meaning (Engl.): stump; sa-ʒirḳv-el- 'foundation'
Megrel: ǯi(r)ḳ-
Laz: ǯireḳ-
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 490-491 (объединяется с *ʒ́ir-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́ixe-
Russian meaning: крепость
English meaning: fortress
Georgian: cixe
Megrel: ǯixa
Laz: ǯixa
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 239, EWK 491.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒiʒg-
Russian meaning: разрывать, раскалывать; щипать (крупно)
English meaning: to split; to pluck
Georgian: ʒiʒg-(n)-
Megrel: ʒgiʒg-on-
Svan: ʒg-ǝn-
Svan meaning (Rus.): жевать
Svan meaning (Eng.): to chew
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 235, EWK 480-481.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́ow-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: пасти(сь)
English meaning: to graze
Georgian: ʒov-
Svan: ǯūb-
Svan meaning (Rus.): набивать рот
Svan meaning (Eng.): to stuff the mouth
Laz: (n)ǯ-, ǯv-, ǯ-up-, ǯ-um-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 240, EWK 491-492.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́u-
Russian meaning: сука, самка
English meaning: bitch, female
Georgian: ʒu, Old Georg. ʒuw; ʒuv-n- 'to copulate'
Megrel: ǯua
Svan: ǯu(w)a ( < Megr.?); ǯuw-n-, ǯw-an- 'to copulate'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 240, EWK 492, 493 (*ʒ́u-, *ʒ́uwan-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́u-
Russian meaning: хвост
English meaning: tail
Georgian: ʒu-a
Megrel: ǯu-a
Svan: ǯǝ, ǯi
Svan meaning (Rus.): волос из конского хвоста
Svan meaning (Eng.): a horse-tail hair
Notes and references: EWK 492.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́um-
Russian meaning: соль, уксус
English meaning: salt, vinegar
Georgian: ʒm-ar-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): уксус
Georgian meaning (Engl.): vinegar
Megrel: ǯimu 'salt', ǯum-or- 'vinegar'
Svan: ǯǝm, ǯim 'salt', ǯim-ar 'vinegar'
Laz: (n)ǯum-u 'salt', ǯum-or- 'vinegar'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 239, 240, EWK 493-494. Сопоставление с ПЗК *č́ǝ- / *ǯ́ǝ- 'соль' предлагается в [Климов 1969, 292]. Более перспективным представляется, однако, сравнение с ПСК *c̣_wĕnhV ~ *c̣_ĕmhV 'соль' (см. NCED 371-372). Не исключено, однако, и ностратическое происхождение: ср. ф.-уг. *čemV 'кислый' (картв.-ФУ сближение см. Бомхард 1996, 161).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒunʒul-
Russian meaning: тpусить (о походке)
English meaning: to jog
Georgian: ʒunʒul-
Megrel: ʒvanʒval-
Notes and references: Кл
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒuʒu-
Russian meaning: женская грудь
English meaning: breast (of woman)
Georgian: ʒuʒu
Megrel: ʒuʒu
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 235, EWK 481.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́w-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: старый
English meaning: old
Georgian: ʒv-el-
Megrel: ǯv-eš-
Svan: ǯw-in- 'to get old', ǯw-in-el- 'old'
Laz: (m)ǯv-eš-, nǯv-eš- 'old', mǯv-en- 'to get old'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 238 (*ʒ́wel-, *ʒ́wen-), EWK 488. Сложный случай. С одной стороны, Долгопольский (1972, 167) сравнивает картв. *ʒ́wen- с ПИЕ *sen- 'год, старый', тюрк. *jün- (*jön-) 'дряхлый' < ностр. *ʒUnE 'старый'. При принятии этой этимологии форму *ʒ́wel- следует объяснять как вторичное стяжение < *ʒ́wen-l-. С другой стороны, бросается в глаза сходство с ПЗК *ž́ʷǝ 'старый' ( < ПСК *swĕrho 'год, старый', см. NCED 968-969; сближение см. Климов 1969, 290); если эта связь не случайна, следует думать о заимствовании в ПК < ПЗК.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́webu-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: жаба
English meaning: toad
Megrel: žvabu-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): лягушка
Megrel meaning (Eng.): frog
Laz: (m)ǯvabu
Notes and references: См. Климов 1994, 110-112. Сближение с ПИЕ *gʷeb(h)- 'жаба' вряд ли оправдано - случаи развития *gʷ в *ǯw в ПК нам неизвестны.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́wʒ́wal-
Russian meaning: кость
English meaning: bone
Georgian: ʒval-, mʒval-, Old Georg. ʒual-
Megrel: *ǯiǯgv- 'bony' > Gur. ǯiǯgv-
Svan: ǯiǯw-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 241. Сближение с ПИЕ *swol-, *sul- 'пятка' см. в [Долгопольский 1972, 169] (монг. silbi 'голень' вряд ли сюда:слово означает также 'мышцы голени' и восходит к алт. *siaĺwi 'мускул, мышца'). Климов (1969, 289) сближает основу с ПЗК *ʒ́ʷ(a)- 'бок, ребро'; последнее, однако, в NCED 528 восстанавливается как *Ł́ʷa ( < ПСК *ɦreƛ̣_wĕ 'кость') и вряд ли имеет сюда отношение.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ǯ-
Russian meaning: превосходить
English meaning: to exceed
Georgian: ǯ-
Laz: ǯg-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 268, EWK 571.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ǯač̣w-
Russian meaning: цепь
English meaning: chain
Georgian: ǯač̣v- ( > Megr. ǯač̣v-)
Megrel: *ǯoc̣ḳv- > *ǯec̣ḳv- > *ʒec̣ḳv- > Georg. ʒec̣ḳv-, (Rach.) ʒeʒgv-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 237 (*ʒ́eć̣w-), EWK 571-572.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ǯeǯg-
Russian meaning: мять, удаpять мягко
English meaning: to squeeze, give a light strike
Georgian: ǯeǯg-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): мять, удаpять мягко
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to squeeze, give a light strike
Megrel: ʒgaǯg-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): жевать, мять
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to chew, squeeze
Laz: ǯaǯg-
Laz meaning (Rus.): ударять мягко
Laz meaning (Eng.): to strike lightly
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 572.
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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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