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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒećx-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: огонь
English meaning: fire
Georgian: cecxl-
Megrel: da(n)čxir-
Laz: dačxir-, dačxur-, dačxer-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 234, EWK 478.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒeć̣n-
Russian meaning: ива, верба
English meaning: willow, pussywillow
Georgian: ʒec̣n-, ʒec̣n-a
Megrel: zič̣on-, č̣ič̣on-
Svan: čič̣ǝ̄nd
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 237 (*ʒ́eć̣wn-), EWK 479.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒegw-
Russian meaning: молоть, молотить
English meaning: to thresh, grind
Georgian: ʒegv-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): молотить
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to thresh
Svan: ʒg-ǝn-
Svan meaning (Rus.): молоть
Svan meaning (Eng.): to grind
Notes and references: EWK 475.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́egw-
Russian meaning: колючий кустарник
English meaning: thorny bush
Georgian: ʒegv-
Megrel: *ǯagv- > Middle Georg. ǯag(v)-
Notes and references: EWK 485-486.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒeɣ-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: насыщать(ся)
English meaning: to be satiated
Georgian: ʒɣ-, ʒeɣ-
Megrel: rʒɣ-
Laz: ʒɣ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 235, EWK 477. Ср. ПИЕ *s[ǝ]-to- 'сытый', алт. *ǯē 'есть', урал. *sē[ɣ]e id. (МССHЯ 340).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́eɣw- / *ʒ́ɣw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: предшествовать, идти впереди
English meaning: to preceed, go first
Georgian: ʒeɣv-, ʒɣ(v)-
Megrel: (n)ǯɣ(v)-
Svan: žɣw-, žoɣw-
Laz: nǯɣ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 240, 241, EWK 487-488. (кауз. *ʒ́ɣw-an- 'посылать).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒeḳ-
Russian meaning: простой
English meaning: simple
Georgian: ʒeḳ-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): простой, глупый
Georgian meaning (Engl.): simple, stupid
Megrel: ʒaḳ-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): простой, обычный
Megrel meaning (Eng.): simple, casual
Notes and references: EWK 476.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́el-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: дерево
English meaning: tree
Georgian: ʒel-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): брусок, ДГ ʒel- 'дерево'
Georgian meaning (Engl.): wooden bar, Old Georg. ʒel- 'tree'
Megrel: ǯa, pl. ǯal-
Laz: (n)ǯa, mǯa, pl. (n)ǯal-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 237, EWK 486. Сближение с ПИЕ *s(w)el- 'бревно, доска', ур. *jülŋa 'ствол дерева', драв. *čuḷḷ- 'стебель, прут', эвенк. sul 'тополь', монг. *sülde-sün 'ствол, стебель' < ностр. *ʒULE 'ствол' см. Долгопольский 1972, 170-171.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒen- / *ʒin-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: прибавлять(ся), приобретать
English meaning: to add, acquire
Georgian: ʒen-, ʒin-
Megrel: ʒin-
Laz: nʒin-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 235, EWK 476.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒenʒ-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: abnutzen
English meaning: abnutzen
Georgian: ʒenʒ-
Megrel: (n)ʒanʒ-
Notes and references: EWK 476-477.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́eqw-
Georgian: ʒexv-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): ветчина
Georgian meaning (Engl.): ham
Svan: žäq(i)
Svan meaning (Rus.): буpдюк
Svan meaning (Eng.): waterbag
Notes and references: Кл
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́er-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: коpшун
English meaning: kite
Georgian: ʒer-a, ʒer-
Megrel: *ǯaǯ-a > Gur. ǯaǯ-a
Laz: mǯaǯ-
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 486-487.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒeša-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: дрова
English meaning: firewood
Georgian: šeša
Megrel: diška
Svan: (?) zek
Laz: diška, dišḳa
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 234, EWK 477-478.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒeʒg-
Russian meaning: давить, мять
English meaning: to press, squeeze
Georgian: ʒeʒg-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): давить, мять
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to press, squeeze
Megrel: ʒgaʒg-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): жевать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to chew
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 478-479.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒeʒw-
Russian meaning: колючник (раст.)
English meaning: thistle
Georgian: ʒeʒv-
Laz: daʒ-, danʒ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 234-235, EWK 479. Сближение с ПСК *ʒāʒĕ 'колючка' см. Климов 1964, 234-235, 1971, 229-230 (ср. особенно ПH *ʒēʒ, *ʒēʒu- 'лиственница').
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒger-
Russian meaning: толкать
English meaning: to push
Georgian: ʒger-
Svan: ʒger-, ʒgr-
Notes and references: EWK 474.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒgib-
Russian meaning: наполнять, переполнять
English meaning: to fill, overfill
Georgian: ʒgib-, ʒgip-
Megrel: ʒgib-
Svan: ʒgub-, ʒgb-
Laz: (n)ʒgip-
Notes and references: EWK 474.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒgwamb-
Russian meaning: удаpить
English meaning: to hit
Georgian: ʒgvamb-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): выпить залпом, пpоглотить
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to swallow in one gulp
Svan: ǯgwēmb-
Svan meaning (Rus.): удаpить (кулаком)
Svan meaning (Eng.): to hit (with the fist)
Notes and references: Кл
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒic-
Russian meaning: смеяться
English meaning: to laugh
Georgian: sic-il-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): смех
Georgian meaning (Engl.): laughter
Megrel: ʒic-, ʒǝc-
Laz: ʒic-, dic-
Notes and references: EWK 480.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́ićx(w)-
Russian meaning: деpевянная ложка
English meaning: wooden ladle
Georgian: cicxw-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): большая деpевянная ложка
Georgian meaning (Engl.): big wooden ladle
Svan: žišxe, žǝšxa
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 491.
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Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1

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