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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *zum-
Russian meaning: визжать
English meaning: to squeal
Georgian: zmu-
Megrel: zum-in-
Laz: zum-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 88 (*zmu-), EWK 148.
Proto-Kartvelian: *zur-
Russian meaning: самка
English meaning: female
Megrel: zur-a
Megrel meaning (Rus.): трус
Megrel meaning (Eng.): coward
Svan: zuräj; zurāl 'woman'
Laz: zur-a
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 89, EWK 149.
Proto-Kartvelian: *zutx-
Russian meaning: осетр
English meaning: sturgeon
Georgian: zutx-
Megrel: zu(n)tx-, zǝntx-
Notes and references: Сравнение с ПИЕ *ǵhδū- 'рыба' (Климов 178-180) чрезвычайно сомнительно фонетически.
Proto-Kartvelian: *zw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: котиться, телиться
English meaning: to kitten, to fawn
Georgian: zv-; mo-zv-er- 'calf over one year old'
Svan: z(w)-
Laz: mo-z-a(r)-, mu-zar-
Laz meaning (Rus.): телка
Laz meaning (Eng.): heifer
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 87, EWK 142, 143.
Proto-Kartvelian: *źwal- / źul-
Russian meaning: падать, разрушаться
English meaning: to fall, be destroyed
Georgian: Old Georg. zvl-
Laz: žol-, žul-
Notes and references: EWK 152-153.
Proto-Kartvelian: *źwaw-
Russian meaning: оползень (снеговой)
English meaning: landslide (snow)
Georgian: zvav-
Svan: žaj, žäj, žäh
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 90.
Proto-Kartvelian: *zwer-
Russian meaning: собирать дань, пошлину
English meaning: to collect tribute or toll
Georgian: Old Georg. zver-
Megrel: zir-, zǝr-
Svan: zwer-, zwr-
Svan meaning (Rus.): собирать
Svan meaning (Eng.): to collect
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 143.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ-
Russian meaning: лежать
English meaning: to lie
Georgian: ʒ-, Old Georg. c-, ʒ-
Megrel: ʒ(u)-, ʒǝ-
Svan: zi-, zǝ-
Svan meaning (Rus.): быть, лежать
Svan meaning (Eng.): to be, lie
Laz: ʒ(u)-, z(u)-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 233, EWK 475 (*ʒew-). Ср. алт. *ǯā id.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́ab-
Russian meaning: вид обуви
English meaning: a k. of footwear
Georgian: рач. ʒabur-eb-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): Hausschuhe
Georgian meaning (Engl.): Hausschuhe
Svan: ǯab-ir
Svan meaning (Rus.): Jägersandale
Svan meaning (Eng.): Jägersandale
Notes and references: EWK 481.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́ag-
Russian meaning: быть противным
English meaning: to be ugly
Georgian: ʒag-
Megrel: ǯog-
Svan: žag-, žg-
Svan meaning (Rus.): отравлять
Svan meaning (Eng.): to poison
Laz: (n)ǯug-, ǯog-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 236, EWK 481-482.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́aɣl-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: собака
English meaning: dog
Georgian: ʒaɣl-
Megrel: ǯoɣor-
Svan: žeɣ-, žaɣ-
Laz: ǯoɣo(r)-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 236, EWK 484.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́al-
Russian meaning: струна
English meaning: string (n.)
Georgian: ʒal-
Svan: ǯǝl, ǯil
Notes and references: EWK 482-483.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́al- / *ʒ́el-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: сильный
English meaning: strong
Georgian: ʒl-ieri
Laz: ma-n-ǯal-e '(a person) able to carry much wood or firewood'
Notes and references: См. Марр 1910, 235. Долгопольский (1972, 170) сопоставляет основу с ПИЕ *sel(w)- 'отбирать силой, овладевать', алт. *ziul-tu 'выдирать с корнем, корень', драв. *čoli- 'сдирать, грабить' < ностр. *ʒUlʕV 'отбирать силой, быть сильным'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́am-
Russian meaning: брат
English meaning: brother
Georgian: ʒma
Megrel: ǯima
Svan: ǯǝmil, ǯimil
Laz: ǯuma
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 239, EWK 483. Ср. ПВК *ʒ́ămV 'родственник' (NCED 1101); сближение с юкаг. čanm- 'старший брат', драв. *čin_n_- 'ребенок' (тюрк. ini 'младший брат' не может относиться сюда) в [Долгопольский 1972, 168] малоубедительно.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒamL-
Russian meaning: гоpная мышь
English meaning: mountain mouse
Georgian: Old Georg. ʒaml-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): крыса
Georgian meaning (Engl.): rat
Laz: ʒemur-
Laz meaning (Rus.): большая гоpная мышь
Laz meaning (Eng.): big mountain mouse
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 471-472.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒanʒ-
Russian meaning: увешивать(ся) плодами
English meaning: to be laden with fruit
Georgian: ʒanʒ-al- (рач.)
Georgian meaning (Rus.): обильный, увешанный плодами
Georgian meaning (Engl.): abundant, laden with fruit
Megrel: do-ʒonʒ-il-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): обильный, увешанный плодами
Megrel meaning (Eng.): abundant, laden with fruit
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 472.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́aqw-
Russian meaning: беpеза
English meaning: birch
Georgian: ʒaxv-el-, ДГ ʒaqvel-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): калина
Georgian meaning (Engl.): guelder
Svan: žaqw-ra, žaqwer, žaqwär, žaqur
Svan meaning (Rus.): беpеза
Svan meaning (Eng.): birch
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 485 (*ʒ́aqwel-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒarćw-
Russian meaning: грабить
English meaning: to rob
Georgian: ʒarcv-, ʒrcv-
Megrel: rču-, rč(v)-
Laz: č(v)-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 235, EWK 472.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́arɣw-
Russian meaning: жила
English meaning: sinew
Georgian: ʒarɣv-
Megrel: ǯerɣw-
Svan: ǯärɣw
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 236, EWK 483-484. Долгопольский (1972, 165) сравнивает с ур. *jūrV 'корень', алт. *siur-mu (~z-) 'жила' и драв. *čir- 'корень, жила' (ПИЕ *ser- 'нить' вряд ли сюда, ср. алт. *čuŕi 'нить, низать').
Proto-Kartvelian: *ʒ́ax-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: звать, называть(ся); имя
English meaning: to call, be named; name
Georgian: ʒax-; saxel-
Megrel: ǯox-; ǯoxo-
Svan: žax-, žx- (šx-); žaxe, žäxe
Laz: ǯox-, jox-; ǯoxo, joxo
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 236, 237, EWK 484-485.
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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1

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