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Kartvelian etymology :

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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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Proto-Kartvelian: *ćer-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: большой палец
English meaning: thumb
Georgian: cer-
Megrel: čanǯ-i-ḳit-
Svan: čer-šd-ōl, čer-šṭ-ōɫ
Svan meaning (Rus.): вид груши
Svan meaning (Eng.): a k. of pear
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 228, EWK 461-462.
Proto-Kartvelian: *cex-
Russian meaning: молоть
English meaning: to grind
Georgian: cex-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): молоть
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to grind
Megrel: cax-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): месить
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to knead
Svan: li-cx-un-e ?
Laz: (n)cax-
Laz meaning (Rus.): конопатить, заклеивать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to caulk, plaster
Notes and references: EWK 447 (в ЭСКЯ 228 корень спутан с *ćexw- 'взбалтывать, пахтать, молотить). Ср. ПИЕ *sē(i)- 'сеять; вдавливать' (?)
Proto-Kartvelian: *ćex(w)
Russian meaning: взбалтывать, толочь
English meaning: to churn, pestle
Megrel: čax(w)-
Laz: čax(w)- 'to churn', čxwar- 'to grind'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 228.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ćić-
Russian meaning: светлячок, моль
English meaning: firefly, moth
Georgian: cic-i-natela
Georgian meaning (Rus.): светлячок
Georgian meaning (Engl.): firefly
Laz: čič-
Laz meaning (Rus.): моль
Laz meaning (Eng.): moth
Notes and references: EWK 464.
Proto-Kartvelian: *cic(a)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: кошка (дикая)
English meaning: wild cat
Georgian: cica
Georgian meaning (Rus.): дикая кошка
Georgian meaning (Engl.): wild cat
Svan: cicw
Svan meaning (Rus.): кошка
Svan meaning (Eng.): cat
Notes and references: Корень явно связан с ПСК *c̣Ĕrc_V 'ласка, куница' (NCED 360). Наиболее вероятный источник картв. формы - либо ПН *c̣ic, либо ПАК *c:ǝʒá.
Proto-Kartvelian: *cid-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: половина длины большого пальца
English meaning: half the length of the thumb
Georgian: (m)cid-a
Megrel: ci(n)d-a
Laz: mcid-a
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 141 (*mcida-), EWK 450.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ćikw-
Russian meaning: посылать
English meaning: to send
Georgian: cik(w)- (Old Georg.)
Megrel: čk(w)-
Laz: čk(w)-, šk(w)-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 230, EWK 463.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ci[ḳ]-
Russian meaning: втыкать
English meaning: to stick in
Megrel: ciḳ-
Svan: c(i)q̇-
Laz: cig-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 224. Экспрессивная основа с нерегулярными преобразованиями.
Proto-Kartvelian: *cila-
Russian meaning: белок
English meaning: white (of egg)
Georgian: cila-
Megrel: cila-
Svan: cil
Laz: cila
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 224, EWK 450.
Proto-Kartvelian: *cinq̇wa-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: земляника, брусника
English meaning: wild strawberry, cowberry
Georgian: cmq̇wa-
Megrel: cǝmʔva, cǝmva
Svan: cinq̇a
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 224, EWK 450. Ср. алт. *se(ŋ)kuŕV 'вид растения с ягодами'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ćkip
Russian meaning: веточка (отломанная)
English meaning: broken twig
Georgian: ckip-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): веточка (отломанная)
Georgian meaning (Engl.): broken twig
Megrel: čkip-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): вилка
Megrel meaning (Eng.): fork
Notes and references: EWK 467-468. Ср. (шип), алт. *siup`u 'колючка'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ckw-
Russian meaning: навострить (уши)
English meaning: to perk up the ears
Georgian: ckv-eṭ-
Megrel: ckv-ir-
Notes and references: EWK 452.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ćoć-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: лезть, ползти
English meaning: to climb, creep
Georgian: coc-
Megrel: čoč-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 230, EWK 465-466.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ćoćx-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: веник
English meaning: besom
Georgian: cocx-
Megrel: *čorčx- (attested in West Georgian dialects)
Svan: čečx, čäčx
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 230, EWK 466.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ćoṭa
Russian meaning: немного, мало
English meaning: a little
Georgian: coṭa
Georgian meaning (Rus.): мало, маленький
Georgian meaning (Engl.): a little, small
Megrel: č̣ič̣a, č̣ič̣e
Laz: (m)č̣uṭa, č̣iṭa
Notes and references: Кл
Proto-Kartvelian: *ćox-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: жевать (жвачку)
English meaning: to masticate
Georgian: cox-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): жевать (жвачку)
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to masticate
Megrel: čix-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): есть с аппетитом
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to eat greedily
Svan: čexw- / čxw-
Svan meaning (Rus.): пастись
Svan meaning (Eng.): to graze
Notes and references: EWK 466. ?Ср. алт. *ǯVwV 'кусать, стискивать зубы' (или ПТМ *sia- 'кусать').
Proto-Kartvelian: *ćoź-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: жена
English meaning: wife
Georgian: col-
Megrel: čil-/čir-
Svan: čoš-
Svan meaning (Rus.): coire
Svan meaning (Eng.): coire
Laz: čil-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 230, EWK 465. Климов (ibid.) сравнивает с ПЗК *sʷǝ(mǝ)c̣a 'женщина', что сомнительно (также привлекается авар. č̣užu, не имеющее сюда отношения).
Proto-Kartvelian: *crec- / *cric-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: тереть, стирать, стачивать
English meaning: to rub, rub out, wear out
Georgian: crec-, cric-
Megrel: cirac-, ciric-, circ-, ciroc-
Notes and references: EWK 451-452. Ср. алт. *čiuru 'скрести, царапать'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *cud-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: напрасный, зря
English meaning: in vain
Georgian: cud-; cwedan- 'impotent'; codva 'sin', cod(v)- 'to sin'
Megrel: cud-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): б. бесплодным (о поле)
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to be sterile
Laz: mcud-
Laz meaning (Rus.): напрасный, ложь
Laz meaning (Eng.): in vain, lies
Notes and references: EWK 452 (иначе в ЭСКЯ 229).? Ср. алт. *ǯuti 'голод, неурожай'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ćur-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: плавать
English meaning: to swim
Georgian: cur-
Megrel: (n)čur-
Laz: nčur-, nč(v)ir-, mčvir-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 230, EWK 466-467. В МССHЯ 369 сравнивается с урал. *ć[u]rV 'течь', драв. *curV id.
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