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Kartvelian etymology :

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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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Proto-Kartvelian: *xleč- / xlič-
Russian meaning: разрывать(ся)
English meaning: to burst
Georgian: xleč-, xlič-
Megrel: xarck-, xerck-, xirck-
Laz: xreck-, x(r)ock-, xrosḳ-
Laz meaning (Rus.): околевать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to die (of animal)
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 266 (*qleč-), EWK 553.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xoc̣-
Russian meaning: вырезать; сдирать кожу
English meaning: to cut out; to skin
Georgian: xoc̣-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): вырезать
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to cut out
Megrel: xoc̣-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): сдирать кожу, соскабливать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to skin, to scrape
Laz: xoc̣-
Laz meaning (Rus.): сдирать кожу
Laz meaning (Eng.): to skin
Notes and references: EWK 554-555, ЭСКЯ 259 (ср. *xwec̣-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *xoć̣r-
Russian meaning: стричь (наголо)
English meaning: to shear (completely)
Megrel: xuč̣or-
Svan: xinč̣ōr-
Svan meaning (Rus.): стричь
Svan meaning (Eng.): to shear
Laz: xoč̣or-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 261 (ср. *xoṭr-)
Proto-Kartvelian: *xoḳ-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: царапать, скрести
English meaning: to scratch
Georgian: xoḳ-
Megrel: xoḳ-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): брить
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to shave
Notes and references: EWK 553-554.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xole-
Russian meaning: только
English meaning: only
Georgian: xolo, Old Georg. xolo
Megrel: xwale
Laz: xwala
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 260-261.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xorx-
Russian meaning: грызть, глодать
English meaning: to gnaw
Georgian: xorx-n-
Megrel: xirx-on-
Notes and references: EWK 554.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xoṭr-
Russian meaning: стричь (наголо)
English meaning: to shear (completely)
Georgian: xoṭr-
Megrel: xoṭor-, xuṭor-
Svan: xṭūr-
Svan meaning (Rus.): нарезать
Svan meaning (Eng.): to cut in little pieces
Laz: xoṭor-, xuṭor-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 261, EWK 554.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xraḳ- / *xreḳ- / *xriḳ-
Russian meaning: обугливаться, корежиться в пламени
English meaning: to turn to coal, to be incinerated
Georgian: xraḳ-, xreḳ-, xriḳ-
Megrel: xiroḳ-, xiraḳ-, xiriḳ-, xirḳ-
Laz: xraḳ-
Laz meaning (Rus.): жариться
Laz meaning (Eng.): to roast (intr.)
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 261-262, EWK 555.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xRć̣-(wn)-
Georgian: xrc̣n-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): pазлагаться, гнить
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to decay, rot
Megrel: xič̣on-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): pазъедать(ся), pазгpызать(ся)
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to eat away, be eaten away
Notes and references: Кл
Proto-Kartvelian: *xruṭ-
Russian meaning: храпеть
English meaning: to snore
Georgian: xruṭ-un-
Svan: xǝrṭ-ǝn-
Laz: x(r)uṭ-in-, xurṭ-in-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 262, EWK 555.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xun-
Russian meaning: линять
English meaning: to exuviate
Georgian: xun-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): линять
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to exuviate
Megrel: (r)xin
Megrel meaning (Rus.): выцветать, блекнуть
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to fade, wither
Laz: xin-
Laz meaning (Rus.): линять
Laz meaning (Eng.): to exuviate
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 556.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xur-
Russian meaning: храпеть
English meaning: to snore
Georgian: xwr-in-, Old Georg. xwrin-
Megrel: xurx-in, xirx-in-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 259, EWK 556.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xu(ś)t-
Russian meaning: пять
English meaning: five
Georgian: xut-
Megrel: xut-
Svan: xušd, xwišd
Laz: xut-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 262, EWK 555-556. Климов (1969, 291) выдвигает сближение с ПСК *f_ɦä̆ 'пять'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xuṭ-
Russian meaning: прижимать(ся)
English meaning: to huddle
Georgian: xuṭ-, Middle Georg. xuṭ-
Megrel: xuṭ-ol-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 262, EWK 557.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xw-
Russian meaning: встречать
English meaning: to meet
Megrel: xv-al-
Svan: xw-
Laz: xv-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 258, EWK 548. Климов (1969, 292) сравнивает с ПЗК *x́ʷV- 'попадать(ся)'; последнее, согласно NCED 417-418 связано с ПВК *=ēxe 'класть', и связь с картв. праформой сомнительна.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xwad-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: самец
English meaning: male
Georgian: xvad-
Megrel: xod-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): coire
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to copulate
Laz: xod-
Laz meaning (Rus.): coire
Laz meaning (Eng.): to copulate
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 258, EWK 548-549.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xwaṭ-
Russian meaning: нагромождать, подсыпать
English meaning: to pile up
Georgian: xveṭ-
Megrel: xuṭ-
Notes and references: Фенрих 1980, 181.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xwaw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: множество
English meaning: multitude
Georgian: xvav-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): куча, груда
Georgian meaning (Engl.): pile, heap
Megrel: xva-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): стая
Megrel meaning (Eng.): pack
Svan: xwaj, xwäj
Svan meaning (Rus.): много
Svan meaning (Eng.): many
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 258, EWK 549.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xwec̣-
Russian meaning: снимать (кору, кожуру)
English meaning: to peel, to skin
Georgian: xvec̣-
Megrel: na-xvac̣-a
Megrel meaning (Rus.): корка, остающаяся на дне котла после варки каши
Megrel meaning (Eng.): crust on cauldron bottom formed after gruel preparation
Laz: xvec̣-
Laz meaning (Rus.): железное приспособление для вырезания нутра ложки
Laz meaning (Eng.): a k. of iron gadget to cut out the inner part of the spoon
Notes and references: EWK 551.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xwed- / xwd-
Russian meaning: встречаться, попадаться
English meaning: to meet, occur
Georgian: xwd-, Old Georg. xwed-, xwd-
Megrel: xvad-
Svan: xwid-
Laz: xvad-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 258, EWK 549-550.
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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1

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