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Kartvelian etymology :

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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *weʒ́-
Russian meaning: источник (минеpальный)
English meaning: mineral spring
Georgian: veʒ-a
Megrel: menǯ-
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 134-135. Most probably from some NC source, cf. PEC *ʔwɨ̄nc_V̆'spring'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *wi-
Russian meaning: кто
English meaning: who
Georgian: vi-n
Megrel: mi-n
Laz: mi(n)
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 135 (*mi-n), EWK 135.
Proto-Kartvelian: *wić̣q̇-(d)-
Russian meaning: забывать
English meaning: to forget
Georgian: vic̣q̇-, vic̣q̇d-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): забывать
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to forget
Megrel: č̣q̇olad- / č̣q̇olid- / č̣q̇ord-
Laz: č̣(ḳ)ond-, č̣ondr-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 84.
Proto-Kartvelian: *wlt-
Russian meaning: делить, разделять
English meaning: to split, divide
Georgian: vlt-
Megrel: rt-
Svan: t-
Laz: rt-, lt-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 85, EWK 135.
Proto-Kartvelian: *wlṭ-
Russian meaning: бежать
English meaning: to run
Georgian: lṭ-, ДГ vlṭ-
Megrel: rṭ-, nṭ-
Svan: ṭw-
Laz: (r)ṭ-, mṭ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 85, EWK 136.
Proto-Kartvelian: *wn-
Russian meaning: вредить
English meaning: to harm
Georgian: vn-
Megrel: n-
Notes and references: EWK 137.
Proto-Kartvelian: *wRć-
Georgian: wrc-; wrcel- "wide"
Georgian meaning (Rus.): шиpиться
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to widen
Megrel: pi(r)ča-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): широкий, развесистый (о дереве)
Megrel meaning (Eng.): wide, branchy
Laz: leke-pirče
Laz meaning (Rus.): пятно
Laz meaning (Eng.): spot
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 85-86, EWK 137-138.
Proto-Kartvelian: *x-
Russian meaning: касаться
English meaning: to touch
Georgian: x-, Old Georg. x-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): касаться
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to touch
Megrel: go-x-u
Megrel meaning (Rus.): касается тебя
Megrel meaning (Eng.): it concerns you
Notes and references: EWK 542-543.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xal- / *xl-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: быть близко, среди, около
English meaning: to be near, among
Georgian: xl-; a-xl-os 'near', a-xal-i 'new'
Megrel: xol-
Svan: m-ax-e (?)
Svan meaning (Rus.): новый
Svan meaning (Eng.): new
Laz: xol-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 260, EWK 544-545. Значение "новый" в груз. (и в сванском, если сванская форма сюда относится) позволяет предположить исходное значение типа "передний край" для ПК (отсюда "быть с краю, близко"). В таком случае возможно сопоставление с ностр. *HalV "передний край" (урал. *alV-, *alka-, алт. *āla-, см. ОСНЯ 1, 244); ностратическую форму с учетом картвельских данных следует тогда восстанавливать как *xalV.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xar- / xr-
Russian meaning: глодать (nagen)
English meaning: to gnaw (nagen)
Georgian: xar-, xr-
Laz: xor-
Notes and references: EWK 545.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xarg-
Georgian: xerg-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): навал, гpуда (камней, деpевьев); заваливать, запруживать
Georgian meaning (Engl.): pile (of stones, trees); to pile up
Megrel: xorg-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): гpуда камней; заваливать, запруживать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): pile of stones; to pile up, to dam
Laz: xorg-
Laz meaning (Rus.): куча
Laz meaning (Eng.): pile
Notes and references: Кл (*xerg-), EWK 545.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xarx-
Russian meaning: пилить
English meaning: to saw
Georgian: xerx- 'to saw, saw'
Megrel: xorx- 'to saw, saw'
Laz: xorx-, xe(r)x-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 257, 258, EWK 545-546.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xarxal-
Russian meaning: хохот
English meaning: laughter
Georgian: xarxar-, Gur. xarxal-
Megrel: xorxoš-
Laz: xarxal-
Laz meaning (Rus.): шумно клокотать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to gurgle loudly
Notes and references: Фенрих 1980, 181, Кл
Proto-Kartvelian: *xeḳ-
Russian meaning: скрести, соскребать
English meaning: to scrape
Megrel: xaḳ-
Svan: xḳ-
Laz: xaḳ-
Notes and references: EWK 546.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xeṗ- / *xiṗ-
Russian meaning: разбивать, расщеплять
English meaning: to break, to split
Megrel: xap-ul-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): расщеплять, no-xap-ul-e 'щепка'
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to split, no-xap-ul-e 'splinter'
Svan: xeṗ-, xiṗ-, xṗ-
Svan meaning (Rus.): разбивать
Svan meaning (Eng.): to break
Laz: no-xaṗ-ul-e
Laz meaning (Rus.): щепка
Laz meaning (Eng.): splinter
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 261, EWK 546-547.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xer-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: вести, прокладывать путь
English meaning: to lead, to make way
Georgian: m-xer-v-al- 'leading', sa-xer-v-el- 'rudder, steering oar'
Megrel: xar-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): прокладывать след на снегу
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to make way in the snow
Laz: xar-
Laz meaning (Rus.): шаг
Laz meaning (Eng.): step
Notes and references: EWK 547.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xetk- / xtk-
Russian meaning: pазpываться, лопаться
English meaning: to burst
Georgian: xetk-, sḳd-, ДГ xetk- / stk-
Megrel: ? xinṭḳ-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): отказывать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to refuse
Laz: stik-, sṭik-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 260.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xi-
Russian meaning: радоваться
English meaning: to be glad
Georgian: m-xi-ar-ul- 'joyful'
Megrel: xi-ol-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): радость, радоваться
Megrel meaning (Eng.): joy, be joyful
Svan: xi-ad
Svan meaning (Rus.): радость
Svan meaning (Eng.): joy
Laz: xel-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 260, EWK 552.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xinc̣-
Russian meaning: очищать
English meaning: to clean
Georgian: xinc̣-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): Körner verlesen
Georgian meaning (Engl.): Körner verlesen
Megrel: xinc̣-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): worfeln, reinigen
Megrel meaning (Eng.): worfeln, reinigen
Laz: xinc̣-
Laz meaning (Rus.): worfeln, reinigen
Laz meaning (Eng.): worfeln, reinigen
Notes and references: EWK 552-553.
Proto-Kartvelian: *xinć̣ḳ-
Russian meaning: зернышко
English meaning: grain
Georgian: xinc̣ḳ-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): виноградное зернышко
Georgian meaning (Engl.): grape seed
Megrel: xinč̣ḳv-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): маленький, острый осколок камня
Megrel meaning (Eng.): small and sharp stone splinter
Notes and references: EWK 553.
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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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