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Kartvelian etymology :

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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *up-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: владеть
English meaning: to possess
Georgian: up-; me-up-e, me-p-e 'king'
Megrel: ma-p-a
Megrel meaning (Rus.): царь
Megrel meaning (Eng.): king
Laz: ma-p-a-c̣ḳar-
Laz meaning (Rus.): царский источник
Laz meaning (Eng.): king's spring
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 186, EWK 346.
Proto-Kartvelian: *určx-
Russian meaning: кишка
English meaning: intestine
Georgian: určx-
Laz: inčx-i-menčx-
Notes and references: EWK 345-346.
Proto-Kartvelian: *usxo
Russian meaning: бык (жеpтвенный)
English meaning: bull (sacrificial)
Georgian: usx-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): бык (на убой)
Georgian meaning (Engl.): bull (prepared for slaughter)
Svan: usxwa, usxw
Svan meaning (Rus.): бык (жеpтвенный)
Svan meaning (Eng.): bull (sacrificial)
Notes and references: См. Климов 1994, 63-68, где высказывается идея о заимствовании < ПИЕ *ukʷso- 'бык'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *wać-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: баран
English meaning: ram
Georgian: vac-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): баран
Georgian meaning (Engl.): ram
Megrel: oč-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): баран
Megrel meaning (Eng.): ram
Svan: ɣwaš-
Svan meaning (Rus.): горный козел
Svan meaning (Eng.): mountain goat
Laz: oč-, boč-
Laz meaning (Rus.): баран
Laz meaning (Eng.): ram
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 82, EWK 130.
Proto-Kartvelian: *wal- / wl-
Russian meaning: идти
English meaning: to go
Georgian: val-, vl-
Megrel: ol-, ul-, ur-
Laz: ul-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 84-85, EWK 126-127.
Proto-Kartvelian: *warćl-
Russian meaning: корыто, лоток
English meaning: trough, tray
Georgian: varcl-
Svan: ɣwarčin
Notes and references: EWK 128.
Proto-Kartvelian: *warcx(wn)-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: pасчесывать (волосы)
English meaning: to comb the hair
Georgian: warcxn-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): pасчесывать
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to comb
Megrel: rcxon-
Laz: (n)cxon-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 81, EWK 128, 452-453 (сравнивается еще др.-груз. sa-cxinv-eli 'гребень', мегр. orcxonǯi / orcxondi, лаз. oncxoǯi / ocxoǯi id.).
Proto-Kartvelian: *warwar-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: сверкать, пылать
English meaning: to burn, glitter
Georgian: varvar-
Svan: warwāl-
Notes and references: EWK 127.
Proto-Kartvelian: *warʒ-
Russian meaning: сидение
English meaning: seat
Georgian: sa-vrʒ-el-, sa-varʒ-el-
Laz: o-rʒ-u, o-rʒ-o, o-rz-o
Laz meaning (Rus.): стул
Laz meaning (Eng.): chair
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 169 (*(s)a-warʒ-el-), EWK 128-129.
Proto-Kartvelian: *wasx-
Russian meaning: одалживать
English meaning: to loan
Georgian: wasx-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): одалживать
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to loan
Megrel: (r)sx-
Laz: cx-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 81. (Deeters Verbum, 76: < сpеднепеpс. waxš)
Proto-Kartvelian: *wašl-
Russian meaning: яблоко
English meaning: apple
Georgian: vašl-
Megrel: uškur-
Svan: wisg(w), usg(w), wisḳw
Laz: oškur, uškur, uški(r), ošḳur-, ošḳir-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 82, EWK 129-130.
Proto-Kartvelian: *wed-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: желать, просить
English meaning: to wish, ask for
Georgian: ved-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): доверять; ved-r- 'просить, умолять'
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to trust; ved-r- 'to ask, beg'
Svan: wad 'wish (n.)', wd- 'to miss smbd.'
Notes and references: EWK 131.
Proto-Kartvelian: *wed- / wid-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: идти
English meaning: to go
Georgian: ved-, vid-
Megrel: id-
Laz: id-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 84 (*wid-), EWK 130-131.
Proto-Kartvelian: *wel-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: поле
English meaning: field
Georgian: vel-
Megrel: we(l)-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 82-83. Ср. ПИЕ *wel- 'луг, пастбище'; Климов (1994, 105-106) считает основу индоевропеизмом, но не исключено и старое родство: ср. Бомхард 1996, 213 (с добавлением драв. *veḷ- 'открытое место').
Proto-Kartvelian: *wenaq-
Russian meaning: виноградная лоза, виноградник
English meaning: grapevine, vineyard
Georgian: venax-, ДГ venaq-
Megrel: binex-
Laz: binex-, benex-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 83, EWK 132. Климов (1981, 170) предполагает заимствование из ПИЕ *w(o)iniko- 'витое' (в 1994, 106-108 - из ПИЕ *woin-ōg- 'виноградная лоза').
Proto-Kartvelian: *wer-
Russian meaning: приглагольное отрицание "не"
English meaning: not (verbal negation)
Georgian: ver
Megrel: va(r)
Laz: va(r)
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 83, EWK 132.
Proto-Kartvelian: *werćxl-
Russian meaning: сеpебpо
English meaning: silver
Georgian: vercxl-, Old Georg. vecxl-
Megrel: warčxil-
Svan: varčxil- 'money' ( < Megr.)
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 83-84, EWK 134.
Proto-Kartvelian: *werxw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: Populus tremulus, осина
English meaning: Populus tremulus, asp
Georgian: verxv-
Megrel: verxv-, vex-
Svan: jerxw, werxw
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 84. Интересно сопоставление с ПИЕ *werǝ-nā 'осина, тополь', драв. *viricu 'large sebesten' в Бомхард 1996, 194. В то же время нельзя исключить и СК происхождение: ср. ПВК *wēqwV 'тополь, осина' (с возможным вариантом *wērqwV).
Proto-Kartvelian: *werʒ́-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: баран
English meaning: ram
Georgian: verʒ-
Megrel: erǯ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 84, EWK 133. Сближение с ПИЕ *wers- 'теленок, кабан' см. Долгопольский 1972, 171, Бомхард 1996, 187 (вряд ли сюда тюрк. *buŕagu < алт. *biaŕV); Климов 1994, 108-110 предпочитает думать о заимствовании картв. из ПИЕ, однако в таком случае неясна звонкость -ʒ́- < -s-.
Proto-Kartvelian: *weś- / wś-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: наполнять(ся)
English meaning: to be filled
Georgian: vs-
Megrel: (p)š-
Svan: gweš-, gwš-
Laz: pš-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 86, EWK 133-134.
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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1

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