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Kartvelian etymology :

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\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭq̇orć-
Russian meaning: метать
English meaning: to throw
Georgian: ṭq̇orc-n-
Laz: ṭ(ḳ)oč-
Laz meaning (Rus.): выбрасывать, отбрасывать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to throw away
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 182, EWK 339-340.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭq̇u-
Russian meaning: лгать, обманывать
English meaning: to lie, deceive
Georgian: ṭq̇u(v)-
Megrel: ṭq̇u-
Notes and references: EWK 340.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭq̇ub-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: двойня
English meaning: twins
Georgian: ṭq̇ub-
Megrel: ṭq̇uṗ-, ṭḳub-
Svan: ṭq̇wib, ṭq̇ub
Laz: ṭq̇ub-, ṭ(ḳ)ub-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 184, EWK 340. Hа основании сравнения с груз. ṭq̇uč̣- 'пара сросшихся плодов', в основе выделяется корень *ṭq̇u-. Климов (1969, 291) сравнивает его с ПЗК *Tq́:Iwa- "два" (ср. далее ПВК *q̇Hwǟ id., см. NCED 924).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭq̇urb-
Russian meaning: гриб
English meaning: mushroom
Georgian: ṭq̇urb-l-a
Georgian meaning (Rus.): древесный гриб
Georgian meaning (Engl.): tree fungus
Svan: ṭq̇ub-ūl
Svan meaning (Rus.): гриб
Svan meaning (Eng.): mushroom
Notes and references: EWK 341.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭq̇w-
Russian meaning: говорить
English meaning: to speak
Georgian: ṭq̇v-
Megrel: ṭq̇u-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 184, EWK 338.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭq̇w-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: узнать, заметить
English meaning: to recognize, notice
Georgian: ṭq̇v-
Megrel: ṭq̇v-, ṭq̇u-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 184, EWK 338.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭq̇wec-
Russian meaning: ударить, бить
English meaning: to hit, beat
Georgian: ṭq̇vac- / ṭḳvac-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): ударить (о молнии)
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to strike (of lightning)
Svan: ṭq̇c-
Laz: ṭḳvac-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 184 (*ṭq̇oc-), EWK 338-339.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭrad-
Russian meaning: голубь
English meaning: pigeon
Georgian: ṭred-
Megrel: ṭoronǯ-
Laz: ṭoroǯ-, ṭooǯ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 183, EWK 334.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭrp-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: наслаждаться, любить
English meaning: to enjoy, like
Georgian: ṭrp-
Notes and references: Иллич-Свитыч (МССHЯ 370) сравнивает основу с ПИЕ *terp- 'насыщаться, получать удовольствие'. Климов (1994, 194-195) считает картв. форму заимствованной, для чего как будто бы нет оснований.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭu-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: вымя
English meaning: udder
Georgian: ṭu-a
Megrel: ṭu, ṭǝ
Laz: ṭu
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 183, EWK 334.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭur-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: бросать, броситься (откуда-либо)
English meaning: to throw, to throw oneself (from somewhere)
Georgian: ṭur-ṭur-
Megrel: ṭur-in-
Notes and references: EWK 334-335.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭura
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: шакал
English meaning: jackal
Notes and references: Кипшидзе 330. В МССHЯ 372 сравнивается с алт. *t`ulgV 'лиса, волк', драв. *tōḷ- 'шакал, волк'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭus-
Russian meaning: жечь, опалять
English meaning: to burn, sear
Georgian: ṭus-
Svan: ṭūs-, ṭwīs-
Svan meaning (Rus.): beweihräuchern
Svan meaning (Eng.): beweihräuchern
Notes and references: EWK 335.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭuṭa-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: зола
English meaning: ash
Georgian: ṭuṭ(a)-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): щелочь
Megrel: ṭuṭa
Svan: ṭǝṭa, ṭǝṭ, dǝṭ
Laz: mṭuṭa
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 183, EWK 335.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭwin-
Russian meaning: мозг
English meaning: brain
Georgian: ṭvin-
Megrel: ṭvin-, ṭven-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 181, EWK 328.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭwr-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: зажигать свечку
English meaning: to light a candle
Svan: ṭwr-
Notes and references: Сванская основа в МССHЯ 341 сравнивается с монг. *tüle- 'жечь'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ube-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: пазуха
English meaning: bosom
Georgian: ube
Megrel: uba, luba, lǝba
Laz: uba, oba
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 185, EWK 344. В МССHЯ 354 сопоставляется с монг. ebü- 'пазуха'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *uc̣q̇-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: видеть
English meaning: to see
Georgian: uc̣q̇-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): ведать
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to know
Megrel: orc̣q̇-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): видеть
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to see
Laz: oc̣(ḳ)-
Laz meaning (Rus.): смотреть
Laz meaning (Eng.): to look
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 186-187.
Proto-Kartvelian: *uɣ-
Russian meaning: иго, ярмо
English meaning: yoke
Georgian: uɣ-el-
Megrel: uɣ-u
Svan: ūɣ-wa
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 186, EWK 347. Высказывались предположения о заимствовании из ПИЕ *iugo- (см. Deeters 1957, Климов 1994, 68-72) или из сем. *ʁull- (Иллич-Свитыч 1965, 335); последнее кажется наиболее вероятным.
Proto-Kartvelian: *u(m)ṗe-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: пуп
English meaning: navel
Georgian: uṗe
Megrel: omṗa
Megrel meaning (Rus.): верхнее бревно крыши дома
Megrel meaning (Eng.): upper log of roof
Laz: umṗa, omṗa
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 186, EWK 345. В ОСНЯ 1, 248-249 сравнивается с ПИЕ *ombh- 'пуп', хотя и с сомнением (ввиду нерегулярности соответствия *ṗ : *bh); предположение о заимствовании из ПИЕ (Климов 1994, 127-129), однако, также не объясняет нерегулярности.
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Forward: 1

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