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Kartvelian etymology :

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\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭiź-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: вошь
English meaning: louse
Georgian: ṭil-; ṭizn- 'to louse' (EWK: ṭisn-)
Megrel: ṭi; ṭišon-
Svan: ṭiš
Laz: (m)ṭi; ṭišon-, ṭišin-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 181, EWK 328, 329. В МСHЯ 335 основа сопоставляется с ТМ *ti- 'вошь', урал. *täjV id.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭḳb-
Russian meaning: прижать ласково, обласкать
English meaning: to hug, embrace
Georgian: ṭḳb-, ṭq̇b-
Svan: ṭḳb-, ṭq̇b-
Notes and references: EWK 329.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭḳeb-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: топтать, придавливать
English meaning: to trample, press upon
Georgian: ṭḳeb-
Svan: ṭḳeb-, ṭḳb-
Laz: (n)ṭḳab-, ṭḳaṗ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 182, EWK 329-330. Сближение с ПИЕ *tep- 'бить, топтать', алт. *t`apV 'бить, ковать, топтать', урал. *tappa- 'бить, топтать', драв. *tapp- 'бить' см. МССHЯ 330.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭḳec-
Russian meaning: лопаться, разрывать(ся)
English meaning: to burst, split
Georgian: ṭḳec-
Megrel: ṭḳic-
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 331.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭḳeć- / ṭḳić-
Russian meaning: бить, ударить
English meaning: to beat, hit
Georgian: ṭḳec-, ṭḳic-, ṭḳac-
Megrel: ṭḳač-
Svan: ṭḳeč-, ṭḳč-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 182, EWK 331. Экспрессивный корень; если -ć имеет суффиксальный характер, налицо многочисленные ностратические параллели (ПИЕ *teḱ-s- 'тесать', алт. *t`ok`u 'бить', ф.-уг. *tukV 'ломать', драв. *tuk- 'бить'; см. Бомхард 1966, 157, с более сомнительной ПИЕ параллелью).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭḳerć- / ṭḳrć-
Russian meaning: тpеск, трещать
English meaning: cracking, to crackle
Georgian: ṭḳrc-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): тpеск
Georgian meaning (Engl.): cracking
Megrel: ṭḳarč-
Svan: ṭḳǝrč-
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 330.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭḳwer- / ṭḳwir-
Russian meaning: разгрызать (орех)
English meaning: to crack (a nut)
Georgian: ṭḳver-, ṭḳvir-
Megrel: ṭḳvar-
Svan: ṭḳur-
Laz: ṭḳvar-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 182, EWK 331-332.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭḳw(l)eṗ- / ṭḳw(l)iṗ-
Russian meaning: есть (чавкая)
English meaning: to chaw
Georgian: ṭḳvleṗ- / ṭḳvliṗ-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): есть (чавкая)
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to chaw
Megrel: ṭḳvaṗ-
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 332.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭl-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: портиться; червь, личинка
English meaning: to spil; worm, maggot
Georgian: ṭl-; ma-ṭl-
Megrel: munṭur-
Svan: mǝṭ
Laz: munṭ(u)r-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 129 (*maṭl-), EWK 332-333. Картв. *maṭl- сближалось Климовым (1969, 290) с ПЗК *(a)mAṭA 'змея' (согласно NCED 290 < ПСК *bēmṭV, этимологически связанного с *ɦwVmṭV 'красный'), а Иллич-Свитычем (МССHЯ 372) - с ПИЕ *m[o]t- 'червь, моль'. Признание производного характера *maṭl- от глагольной основы *ṭl-, однако, ставит все эти сближения под сомнение.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭLap-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: гpязь (жидкая)
English meaning: mud
Georgian: ṭlaṗ-o, ṭlaṗ-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): гpязь (жидкая)
Georgian meaning (Engl.): mud
Laz: ṭolop-
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 333.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭleḳ- / ṭliḳ-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: лизать
English meaning: to lick
Georgian: ṭleḳ-, ṭliḳ-, ṭlenḳ-
Megrel: ṭirḳ-, lonṭḳ-
Laz: nṭḳwal-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 182, EWK 333.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭli(n)ḳ-
Russian meaning: нижняя часть ноги
English meaning: lower part of leg
Georgian: ṭlinḳ-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): нижняя часть ноги, лягание паpой копыт
Georgian meaning (Engl.): lower part of leg, kicking with two hooves
Laz: ṭriḳ-
Laz meaning (Rus.): копыто
Laz meaning (Eng.): hoof
Notes and references: Кл
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭop-
Russian meaning: неpеститься
English meaning: to spawn
Georgian: ṭop-
Megrel: (n)ṭop-
Notes and references: Климов (1994, 193-194) сравнивает с ПИЕ *top- (/*tep-) 'достигать', что чрезвычайно сомнительно семантически.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭoṭ-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: ветвь, рука
English meaning: branch, hand
Georgian: ṭoṭ-
Megrel: ṭoṭ-, ṭwaṭw-
Svan: ṭoṭ, ṭ(w)eṭ
Laz: ṭoṭ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 182-183.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭp-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: плевать
English meaning: to spit
Georgian: ṭpu
Georgian meaning (Rus.): тьфу!
Georgian meaning (Engl.): ptooey!
Svan: ṭb-ǝn-
Notes and references: EWK 336. В МССHЯ 354 сопоставляется с ПИЕ *pt(i)eu-, алт. *t`upV, драв. *tupp- < ностр. *ṭupV.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭq̇ar- / ṭq̇r-
Russian meaning: pedere
English meaning: to fart
Georgian: ṭq̇r-ial-, ṭq̇r-om-a
Georgian meaning (Rus.): шум
Georgian meaning (Engl.): noise
Megrel: ṭq̇or-in-
Svan: ṭq̇ǝr-n-
Svan meaning (Rus.): прослабить
Svan meaning (Eng.): to have diarrhoea
Laz: ṭ(ḳ)or-in-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 184, EWK 336.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭq̇e-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: лес, дерево
English meaning: wood
Georgian: ṭq̇e
Georgian meaning (Rus.): лес
Georgian meaning (Engl.): wood
Megrel: ṭq̇a(l)-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): трава, лес
Megrel meaning (Eng.): grass, wood
Svan: ṭq̇e-n
Svan meaning (Rus.): деревяшка, палка
Svan meaning (Eng.): stick, piece of wood
Laz: (m)ṭḳa
Laz meaning (Rus.): трава, шиповник
Laz meaning (Eng.): grass, brier
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 184, EWK 336-337.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭq̇eb-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: обдирать кожу
English meaning: to skin
Georgian: ṭq̇eb-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): бить себя по голове, оплакивать; ṭq̇av- 'шкура, кожа'
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to hit oneself on the head, to mourn; ṭq̇av- 'skin, hide'
Megrel: ṭq̇ab-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): сдирать шкуру; ṭq̇eb- шкура
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to skin; ṭq̇eb- 'hide'
Laz: ṭ(ḳ)eb-
Laz meaning (Rus.): шкура
Laz meaning (Eng.): hide
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 183-184 (*ṭq̇aw-), EWK 337-338. ПК *ṭq̇ew- 'шкура' - при условии вторичной метатезы - может быть сопоставлена с ПИЕ *twak-os 'кожа', алт. *t`uk`i 'волосы, шерсть'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭq̇irṗ-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: селезенка
English meaning: spleen
Georgian: ṭq̇irṗ-, ṭq̇liṗ-
Megrel: ṭq̇iṗ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 184.
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭq̇leš- / ṭq̇liš-
Russian meaning: разрубать
English meaning: to hack
Georgian: ṭq̇leš-, ṭq̇liš-
Megrel: ṭq̇iraš-, ṭq̇iriš-
Notes and references: EWK 339.
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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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