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Kartvelian etymology :

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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *tib-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: косить, трава
English meaning: to scythe, grass
Georgian: tib- 'to scythe', tiv-a 'hay, grass'
Megrel: tip-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): косить; сено
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to scythe; hay
Laz: tip-
Laz meaning (Rus.): косить; трава, сено
Laz meaning (Eng.): to scythe; grass, hay
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 94, EWK 162-163.
Proto-Kartvelian: *titx-
Russian meaning: пачкать(ся)
English meaning: to get dirty, to dirty
Georgian: titx-n-
Megrel: txitx-on-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 94, EWK 163.
Proto-Kartvelian: *tkar- / tkr-
Russian meaning: много есть
English meaning: to eat a lot
Georgian: tkar-, tkr-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): лопаться
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to burst
Megrel: ntkor-, ntker-, ntkir-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): много есть, лопаться
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to eat a lot, to burst
Notes and references: EWK 166.
Proto-Kartvelian: *tkor- / *tkr-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: течь, плескаться
English meaning: to flow, splash
Georgian: tkr-ial-; tkor- 'tide'
Svan: tkr-ǝn-
Notes and references: EWK 168.
Proto-Kartvelian: *tkw-
Russian meaning: говоpить, сказать
English meaning: to say, speak
Georgian: tkv-, tkv-am- / tkm-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): сказать, говоpить
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to say, speak
Megrel: tk(w)-, tkum-
Svan: kw-
Laz: tk(w)-, tkum-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 96, EWK 166-167.
Proto-Kartvelian: *tkwep- / tkwip-
Russian meaning: взбивать, смешивать
English meaning: to churn, mix
Georgian: tkvep- / tkvip-
Megrel: tkvap-
Laz: tkvap-
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 167-168. Климов (1994, 104) считает, что основа связана "закономерными отношениями звукописи" с *dɣweb- q. v. (???).
Proto-Kartvelian: *tk(w)lep
Russian meaning: жадно есть
English meaning: to gobble
Georgian: tk(v)lep-, tk(v)lip-, tkep-, tkip-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): жадно есть, лопать
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to gobble, devour
Megrel: rtkap-, tkvap-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 96, EWK 166 (*tkep- / *tkip-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *tm-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: теpпеть, испытывать нужду
English meaning: to endure, to suffer
Georgian: tm-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): теpпеть, выдеpживать
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to endure, tolerate
Svan: tǝm-, tm-
Svan meaning (Rus.): нуждаться
Svan meaning (Eng.): to be in need
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 163.
Proto-Kartvelian: *toq-
Russian meaning: мотыга
English meaning: hoe
Georgian: Old Georg. *toq-
Megrel: tox-
Laz: tox-
Notes and references: Кл (указывает на арм. toxr `мотыга').
Proto-Kartvelian: *trt-
Russian meaning: трепетать
English meaning: to quiver
Georgian: trt-
Megrel: tirt-ol-
Laz: tirt-in-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 96, EWK 165.
Proto-Kartvelian: *tutk-
Russian meaning: сжигать
English meaning: to burn
Georgian: tutk-; Middle Georg. tutk- 'hot ash'
Megrel: tkutk-
Notes and references: EWK 165.
Proto-Kartvelian: *twer-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: пить
English meaning: to drink
Georgian: tver-, tr-
Svan: tr-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 95-96, EWK 162. В МССHЯ 335 сопоставляется с драв. *tār- 'пить'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *tx-
Russian meaning: прясть
English meaning: to plait
Georgian: tx-or-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): диал. Knäuel aus gesponnenem Faden; längsgebundener Spinnfaden
Georgian meaning (Engl.): dial. Knäuel aus gesponnenem Faden; längsgebundener Spinnfaden
Megrel: tux-
Svan: la-tx-a, la-tx-ej
Svan meaning (Rus.): сеть
Svan meaning (Eng.): net
Laz: tx(v)-
Notes and references: EWK 169; ЭСКЯ 233 (сравнивается груз. ʒax- 'прясть').
Proto-Kartvelian: *tx-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: пpоливать, пpосыпать
English meaning: to spill
Georgian: txe-, txi-, Old Georg. tx(e)-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): пpоливать(ся), пpосыпать(ся)
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to spill
Megrel: (n)tx-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): падать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to fall
Svan: tx-
Svan meaning (Rus.): расплескивать; блевать
Svan meaning (Eng.): to spill; to vomit
Laz: ntx-
Laz meaning (Rus.): блевать; падать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to vomit; to fall
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 98 (*txe-), EWK 168-169. В МССHЯ 347 сравнивается с ПИЕ *dē- 'течь'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *txal-
Russian meaning: осадок молодого вина
English meaning: dregs from young wine
Georgian: txl-e
Megrel: txol-o
Laz: txol-o, txol-e
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 98-99, EWK 170.
Proto-Kartvelian: *txam-
Russian meaning: ольха
English meaning: alder
Georgian: txm-el-
Megrel: txom-u, txum-u
Laz: (n)txomu, ntxombu
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 99 (*txmel-), EWK 170-171.
Proto-Kartvelian: *txaml-
Russian meaning: гной
English meaning: pus
Georgian: Old Georg. txaml-, txraml-
Megrel: txomur-, txumur-
Laz: txomu(r)-, txom(b)r-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 97-98, EWK 171.
Proto-Kartvelian: *txaz- / *txz-
Russian meaning: плести, сплетать
English meaning: to plait
Georgian: txz-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): сочинять, ДГ txaz-, txz- 'плести'
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to compose; Old Georg. txaz-, txz- 'to plait'
Megrel: ? txoz-in-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): преследовать, гнаться
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to pursue, hunt
Laz: txoz-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 97, EWK 169-170. Климов (1994, 114-115) высказывает точку зрения о возможном заимствовании из ПИЕ *teḱs- 'сплетать; сочинять'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *txem-
Russian meaning: веpшина
English meaning: summit
Georgian: txem-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): веpхушка, веpшина, затылок
Georgian meaning (Engl.): summit, top, back of head
Svan: txum, txwim
Svan meaning (Rus.): голова, веpшина
Svan meaning (Eng.): head, summit
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 97 (*txam-), EWK 172-173.
Proto-Kartvelian: *txew(l)-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: ловить, искать
English meaning: to catch, search
Georgian: txevl-, Old Georg. txevl-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): ловить рыбу сетью
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to catch fish with net
Svan: txēl-, txw-
Svan meaning (Rus.): искать, охотиться
Svan meaning (Eng.): to search, to hunt
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 98, EWK 172.
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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20 50
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