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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *šwed- / šud- (*šed-?)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: остаться
English meaning: to remain
Georgian: rč-, Old Georg. šd-, šed-, št-, šet-
Megrel: skid-, skǝd-
Svan: sed- /sd-, säd-
Laz: skid-, sked-, skad-, skud-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 215, EWK 426-427.
Proto-Kartvelian: *šwed- / šud-
Russian meaning: душить
English meaning: to throttle
Georgian: xrč-, Old Georg. šwd-, šdv-, štv-
Megrel: škvid-
Svan: šgud-, šgwd-, šgwid-
Laz: šḳvid-, šḳid-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 215, EWK 425-426.
Proto-Kartvelian: *šwel-
Russian meaning: косуля, серна
English meaning: roebuck, chamois
Georgian: švel-
Megrel: skver-
Laz: mskver-, pskver-, msḳver-
Laz meaning (Rus.): олень
Laz meaning (Eng.): deer
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 216, EWK 427.
Proto-Kartvelian: *šwen-
Russian meaning: твой
English meaning: your
Georgian: šen-
Megrel: skan-, sḳan-
Svan: isgu, isgwi
Laz: skan-, ckan-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 216, EWK 427-428.
Proto-Kartvelian: *šwer- / šwr-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: сохнуть
English meaning: to be dry
Georgian: šr-
Megrel: skǝr-, skir-
Laz: skir-, skur-
Laz meaning (Rus.): гаснуть
Laz meaning (Eng.): to be extinguished
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 216, EWK 428. В МССHЯ 366-367 сравнивается с алт. *sirV 'пересыхать', урал. *š[ɨ]rwa 'сохнуть'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *šwib-
Russian meaning: отколотый плоский камень, жернов
English meaning: flat stone, grindstone
Georgian: šib-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): Steinschicht
Georgian meaning (Engl.): Steinschicht
Megrel: skib-u
Megrel meaning (Rus.): жернов
Megrel meaning (Eng.): grindstone
Laz: mskib-u, pskib-u
Laz meaning (Rus.): мельница
Laz meaning (Eng.): mill
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 218, EWK 428-425.
Proto-Kartvelian: *šwid-
Russian meaning: семь
English meaning: seven
Georgian: švid-
Megrel: škvit-
Svan: išgwid, išgüd
Laz: škvit-, škit-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 216-217, EWK 429.
Proto-Kartvelian: *šwin-
Russian meaning: пугать(ся)
English meaning: to scare, be scared
Georgian: šin-
Megrel: (r)skin-, skin-
Laz: ckin-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 217 (упоминается еще мегр.-чан. škur- 'бояться'), EWK 429-430.
Proto-Kartvelian: *tal- / tl-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: тесать, строгать
English meaning: to adze, plane
Georgian: tal-, tl-
Megrel: tol-
Svan: tal
Svan meaning (Rus.): Keil
Svan meaning (Eng.): Keil
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 90-91, EWK 155. В МССHЯ 360 сравнивается с ПИЕ *del- 'расщеплять, обтесывать', алт. *teĺ- 'раскалывать'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *tan- / tn-
Russian meaning: виднеться
English meaning: to be seen
Georgian: tn-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): нравиться
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to like
Megrel: ton-
Notes and references: EWK 155.
Proto-Kartvelian: *tap-
Russian meaning: отвалиться, оторваться, потерять
English meaning: to fall off, to be torn off, to lose
Georgian: tap-
Svan: tup-, twep-
Svan meaning (Rus.): потерять
Svan meaning (Eng.): to lose
Notes and references: EWK 157.
Proto-Kartvelian: *tapl-
Russian meaning: мед
English meaning: honey
Georgian: tapl-
Megrel: topur-
Svan: tu-, tw-i
Laz: topur-, topr-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 91, EWK 157.
Proto-Kartvelian: *tar- / tr-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: тащить
English meaning: to drag
Georgian: tr-
Megrel: (n)tir-
Svan: tr-, tir-
Laz: tor-, tur-, tir-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 95, EWK 156. Бомхард (1996, 154) сравнивает ПИЕ *tregh- 'тащить' (варианты: *dhregh-, *dergh-), хотя суффиксация неясна. Ср. также алт. *tār[U] 'тащить, тянуть'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *te-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: глаз, свет
English meaning: eye, light
Georgian: na-te-l- 'light', na-t- 'to lighten'
Megrel: no-te
Megrel meaning (Rus.): лучина
Megrel meaning (Eng.): kindling
Svan: te
Svan meaning (Rus.): глаз (ter-äl 'глаза', ter-a 'видно')
Svan meaning (Eng.): eye (ter-äl 'eyes', ter-a 'is seen')
Laz: te
Laz meaning (Rus.): свет; no-te 'лучина'
Laz meaning (Eng.): light; no-te 'kindling'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 91, 260, EWK 145, 160. Ср. ПИЕ *dei- (скорее сюда, а не к *dɣe-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *tel-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: нажимать, давить
English meaning: to press, squeeze
Georgian: tel-
Svan: tel-, tl-
Svan meaning (Rus.): нажимать, касаться
Svan meaning (Eng.): to press, touch
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 92, EWK 159. Бомхард (1996, 154) сближает ф.-уг. *toĺV 'толкать, пихать', драв. *taḷ- id. (сомнительно привлечение ПИЕ *telk- 'толкать').
Proto-Kartvelian: *tel-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: поросенок
English meaning: pigling
Georgian: tel-
Megrel: tu-, pl. tul-ep-
Laz: tila-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 91, EWK 159. Hе исключено заимствование из ПИЕ *tel- (ввиду нерегулярности соответствий), что предполагает Климов (1994, 112-114).
Proto-Kartvelian: *ten-
Russian meaning: светать
English meaning: to get bright
Georgian: ten-
Megrel: tan-
Svan: ten-, tn-
Svan meaning (Rus.): делаться видным, рождаться
Svan meaning (Eng.): to appear, to be born
Laz: tan-
Laz meaning (Rus.): светать, виднеться
Laz meaning (Eng.): to get bright, to be seen
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 92, EWK 159-160.
Proto-Kartvelian: *tes-
Russian meaning: сеять
English meaning: to sow
Georgian: tes-
Megrel: tas-
Laz: tas-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 92-93, EWK 160-161. Генетическое сближение с ПЗК *(p)sV- 'сеять, бросать' (см. Климов 1969, 292) вряд ли возможно, поскольку ПЗК форма возводится к ПСК *=as_Ar "бросать" (NCED 269-270). Вероятнее всего, как и в ряде других случаев, заимствование ПК < ПH *tas- 'бросать, сеять' (или из ПАК *taj(ǝ)sa- 'сеять'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *tetr-
Russian meaning: белый
English meaning: white
Georgian: tetr-
Svan: twetw(e)ne-, t(w)etne-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 91 (иначе в EWK 160: груз. сопоставляется со сван. te 'глаз').
Proto-Kartvelian: *tew- / tiw-
Russian meaning: бдеть, быть светлым
English meaning: to be awake, to be light
Georgian: tev-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): бодрствовать; m-ti-eb- 'созвездие', m-tov-ar-e 'луна', gan-ti-ad- 'восход солнца'
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to be awake; m-ti-eb- 'constellation', m-tov-ar-e 'moon', gan-ti-ad- 'sunrise'
Svan: taw-
Svan meaning (Rus.): выявлять
Svan meaning (Eng.): to make seen
Notes and references: EWK 158.
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Total of 1310 records 66 pages

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Back: 1 20 50
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