Change viewing parameters
Switch to Russian version
Select another database

Kartvelian etymology :

Search within this database
Total of 1310 records 66 pages

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1
\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *śxṭ-
Russian meaning: огораживать
English meaning: to fence
Georgian: sxlṭ-e, sxrṭ-e, sxṭ-e, xsṭ-e
Georgian meaning (Rus.): живая изгородь
Georgian meaning (Engl.): live hedge
Svan: šxaṭ-, šxṭ-
Notes and references: EWK 322.
Proto-Kartvelian: *śxu-
Russian meaning: тучный, толстый
English meaning: fat, stout
Georgian: m-sxv-il-; gan-sxu-n- 'to make fatter'; si-(m)sx-o 'thick as'
Megrel: šxu (pl. šxul-ep-i)
Laz: (m)čxu (pl. čxwel-ep-e); mčxvana 'thickness'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 137 (*mśxwil-), EWK 322-323. Сближение с ПЗК *čʷǝχʷa 'большой, сильный' ( < ПСК *č̣HǝqwV, см. NCED 386) см. Климов 290.
Proto-Kartvelian: *śxwa-
Russian meaning: другой
English meaning: other
Georgian: sxva-
Megrel: šxva-
Svan: ešxu-
Svan meaning (Rus.): один
Svan meaning (Eng.): one
Laz: čkva-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 178, EWK 322.
Proto-Kartvelian: *sxweṗ-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: делать быстpое движение
English meaning: to make a swift movement
Georgian: sxveṗ- (Pshav.)
Georgian meaning (Rus.): выпрыгивать, вырезать
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to jump out, to carve
Megrel: sxaṗ-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): быстpо двигаться, скакать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to move swiftly, to prance
Svan: cxwäṗ- ?
Svan meaning (Rus.): выдеpгивать (нож, саблю)
Svan meaning (Eng.): to take out (knife, saber)
Laz: cxaṗ-
Laz meaning (Rus.): сдиpать лубок
Laz meaning (Eng.): to peel off splint
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 166 (*sxeṗ-, смешано со *sxeṗ- q.v.), EWK 307-308 (без сван. и лаз.).
Proto-Kartvelian: *sxwerṗ-
Russian meaning: схватить, обхватывать
English meaning: to grasp, clasp
Georgian: Old Georg. msxwerṗl-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): жертва
Georgian meaning (Engl.): victim
Megrel: sxuṗ-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): схватить, обнять
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to grasp, embrace
Svan: cxorṗ-
Svan meaning (Rus.): обнять
Svan meaning (Eng.): to embrace
Laz: cxoṗ-
Laz meaning (Rus.): убивать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to kill
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 167.
Proto-Kartvelian: *sxwerṭ-
Russian meaning: срывать
English meaning: to pluck
Georgian: sxwerṭ-, Old Georg. sxwerṭ-
Megrel: cxoṭ-, cxonṭ-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): обрубать (ветви)
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to chop (branches)
Laz: cxoṭ-, ncxoṭ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 167, EWK 308.
Proto-Kartvelian: *(ś)ʒ́e-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: молоко
English meaning: milk
Georgian: rʒe, Old Georg. sʒe
Megrel: bža-
Svan: lǝǯe
Laz: bža-, bǯa-, mža-, mǯa-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 172-173, EWK 320-321 (*śʒ́e-). Климов (1969, 292) не вполне убедительно выделяет здесь гипотетическую глагольную основу *ʒ́- 'доить', сопоставляя ее с ПЗК *žV- 'цедить' (согласно NCED 600 < ПСК *=Hoǯ_Ăl 'лить, цедить'). Манастер-Рамер (....), напротив, восстанавливает картвельский архетип в виде *mlʒ́e- (ср. сванские формы с m-, b-) и сравнивает с ПИЕ *melǵ- 'цедить, молоко'; последнее возможно только если предположить в ПК заимствование из какого-то сатемного индоевропейского языка (ср. балт. *mélž-, слав. *melz-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *šal- / šl-
Russian meaning: разбить
English meaning: to break
Georgian: šal-, šl-
Megrel: škil-
Notes and references: EWK 422.
Proto-Kartvelian: *še-
Russian meaning: внутрь
English meaning: inside
Georgian: še-
Megrel: ša-
Svan: sga-
Laz: š(k)a-, šḳa-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 214, EWK 422.
Proto-Kartvelian: *šed-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: подобать, приличествовать
English meaning: to suit, to be appropriate
Megrel: škid-
Svan: šged-, šgd-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 214, EWK 422-423.
Proto-Kartvelian: *šew- / šw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: рождать
English meaning: to give birth
Georgian: šev-, š(v)-; šv-il- 'child'; Old Georg. ṗir-mšo 'firstborn'
Megrel: sku- 'to lay eggs'; skua 'son'
Svan: ǝmsge 'son', sgej, sḳe 'child'
Laz: sku-, sk(v)- 'to lay eggs', sk-ir- 'child'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 139, 214, 217, EWK 423-424. Весьма древний корень, имеющий как ностратические (ПИЕ *sewǝ- 'рождать', урал. *[še]wV- < ностр. *š[e]wV, см. МССНЯ 361; Бомхард 1996, 160 присоединяет также драв. *cē(y)- 'сын, ребенок'), так и СК параллели (ПСК *=ɨ̆šwĔ 'сын, дочь', см. NCED 671-672).
Proto-Kartvelian: *šind-
Russian meaning: кизил (Kornelkirsche)
English meaning: cornel
Georgian: šind-
Laz: škid-on-a
Laz meaning (Rus.): топоним
Laz meaning (Eng.): a toponym
Notes and references: EWK 430.
Proto-Kartvelian: *šor-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: рододендрон
English meaning: rhododendron
Megrel: šker-, pšker-
Svan: šgōr-
Laz: (m)šker-, pšḳer-, mšḳer-
Notes and references: EWK 430.
Proto-Kartvelian: *šr-(eṭ-)
Russian meaning: гасить
English meaning: to extinguish
Georgian: šreṭ-, šriṭ-
Megrel: škiraṭ-, škiriṭ-, škirṭ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 217 (возводится к *šwer-), EWK 430-431.
Proto-Kartvelian: *šub-
Russian meaning: лоб
English meaning: forehead
Georgian: šub-l-
Svan: sgob-in, sgweb-in, sgeb-in
Svan meaning (Rus.): перед
Svan meaning (Eng.): in front of
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 218, EWK 431.
Proto-Kartvelian: *šur-
Russian meaning: стыд, зависть
English meaning: shame, envy
Georgian: šur-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): зависть
Georgian meaning (Engl.): envy
Megrel: škur-
Svan: šgur, šgwir, šgun-
Laz: škur-, šḳur-
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 432.
Proto-Kartvelian: *šurd-
Russian meaning: пpаща
English meaning: sling
Georgian: šurd-ul-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): пpаща
Georgian meaning (Engl.): sling
Megrel: škurd-on-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): pогатка
Megrel meaning (Eng.): bifurcated twig
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 432-433.
Proto-Kartvelian: *šuwa-
Russian meaning: середина
English meaning: middle
Georgian: šuva, šua, Old Georg. šuwa, šowa
Megrel: ška-
Svan: sga, i-sga
Svan meaning (Rus.): между
Svan meaning (Eng.): in between
Laz: ška, šḳa
Laz meaning (Rus.): середина, поясница
Laz meaning (Eng.): middle, waist
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 218 (*šowa-), EWK 431-432.
Proto-Kartvelian: *šw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: подобать
English meaning: to resemble
Georgian: šw-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): подобать; m-šv-enier- 'красивый'
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to resemble; m-šv-enier- 'pretty'
Megrel: skv-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): укpашать; skvam-, sḳvam- 'красивый'
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to decorate; skvam-, sḳvam- 'pretty'
Svan: sgu-, sgw-
Svan meaning (Rus.): подобать; musgwen 'красивый'
Svan meaning (Eng.): to resemble; musgwen 'pretty'
Laz: (m)sk(u)-
Laz meaning (Rus.): кpасоваться, гоpдиться; mskwa- 'красивый'
Laz meaning (Eng.): to be proud, to be cocky; mskwa- 'pretty'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 140, 217-218; EWK 424-425. В МССНЯ 371 сравнивается с урал. *šüwä 'хороший', ПИЕ *sū̆- id. < ностр. *šuwV; ср. еще алт. *sū 'очень'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *šw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: пускать, оставлять
English meaning: to let go, to leave
Georgian: šv-
Megrel: škv-, šk-
Svan: šgw-
Laz: škv-, šk-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 214-215, EWK 425. Сближение с ПИЕ *seuH- 'пускать, поощрять', алт. *sēbe 'любить', драв. *cīv- 'соглашаться', фин. hevi- 'легко, охотно' см. Долгопольский 1971, 240-241.
kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-sva,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,
Total of 1310 records 66 pages

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1

Search within this database
Select another database

Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
211171931
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov