Change viewing parameters
Switch to Russian version
Select another database

Kartvelian etymology :

Search within this database
Total of 1310 records 66 pages

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1
\data\kart\kartet
Proto-Kartvelian: *śuš-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: выпекать, поджаpивать
English meaning: to bake, roast
Georgian: šuš- (also 'to dry')
Megrel: škušk-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): кипеть
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to boil
Svan: li-šwš-
Svan meaning (Rus.): высыхать, сохнуть
Svan meaning (Eng.): to dry (intr.)
Laz: šušk-er
Laz meaning (Rus.): выпеченный, поджаpенный
Laz meaning (Eng.): baked, roasted
Notes and references: EWK 433. В МССHЯ 367 сравнивается с ПИЕ *saus- / *sus- 'сухой', урал. *[š]uš́V 'сохнуть'. Климов (1994, 137-139) предлагает считать картвельскую основу индоевропеизмом, но для этого фактически нет оснований: нерегулярности внутри картвельского легко объяснимы ассимилятивными процессами.
Proto-Kartvelian: *sw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: проводить рукой, мазать
English meaning: to pass over with the hand, to smear
Georgian: sv-, sv-am- / sm-
Megrel: s(v)-, sum-
Laz: s(v)-, sum-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 163, EWK 297-298. Ср. алт. *siba 'мазать, глина', урал. *śɨwa / *śawe 'глина' (МССHЯ 348).
Proto-Kartvelian: *sw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: иметь
English meaning: to have
Georgian: sv-
Svan: sw-
Svan meaning (Rus.): быть
Svan meaning (Eng.): to be
Notes and references: EWK 298.
Proto-Kartvelian: *sw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: втыкать
English meaning: to insert
Georgian: sv-, s-; sv-am-, sm- 'to plant'
Megrel: sv-, s-
Svan: sw-; swen- 'to plant'
Notes and references: EWK 298-299. Ср. ПА *si̯abu.
Proto-Kartvelian: *św-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: пить
English meaning: to drink
Georgian: sv-; sv-am- / sm-
Megrel: šu-, šv-; šu-m-
Svan: š(w)-
Laz: šu-, šv-; šu-m-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 173-174, EWK 313. Ср. *śow-.
Proto-Kartvelian: *śwan-
Russian meaning: сван
English meaning: Svan
Georgian: svan-
Megrel: šon-
Svan: šwan-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 174, EWK 314.
Proto-Kartvelian: *swe-
Russian meaning: крыло; участок земли
English meaning: wing; a plot of land
Georgian: sve
Megrel: sua, psua
Laz: sua, psua, msua
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 163, EWK 299.
Proto-Kartvelian: *śwel-
Russian meaning: Molke
English meaning: Molke
Georgian: svel-
Svan: šwel-
Notes and references: EWK 315 (ср. *śow-).
Proto-Kartvelian: *św-en-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: дышать, вздыхать, отдыхать
English meaning: to breathe, sigh, rest
Georgian: sven-
Megrel: švan-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): раз
Megrel meaning (Eng.): one time
Svan: šwem-, šwm-
Svan meaning (Rus.): отдыхать
Svan meaning (Eng.): to rest
Laz: švan-
Laz meaning (Rus.): дыхание
Laz meaning (Eng.): breath
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 174, EWK 313-314 (объединено с *śwer-, *śur-). Груз. sun- 'запах' Иллич-Свитыч (МССHЯ 342) сопоставляет с урал. *suŋV 'запах'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *swer-
Russian meaning: ряд
English meaning: row
Georgian: svre, svrel-
Megrel: svar-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): двигаться рядами, упорядоченно
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to move in rows, in order
Laz: svar-
Laz meaning (Rus.): упорядочивать
Laz meaning (Eng.): to put in order
Notes and references: EWK 299-300.
Proto-Kartvelian: *śwer-, *śwr-
Russian meaning: вздыхать
English meaning: to sigh
Georgian: sur-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): желать
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to wish
Megrel: šur-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): нюхать; svanǯ- 'отдых', švand-, svanǯ- 'отдыхать'
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to smell; svanǯ- 'rest', švand-, svanǯ- 'to rest'
Svan: šwr-, šur-
Svan meaning (Rus.): вздыхать; šwär 'вздох, дыхание'
Svan meaning (Eng.): to sigh; šwär 'sigh, breathing'
Laz: šur-
Laz meaning (Rus.): нюхать, пахнуть; švaǯ- 'отдыхать'
Laz meaning (Eng.): to smell, sniff; švaǯ- 'to rest'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 174, 178; в EWK 313-314 объединяется с *śwen- q.v.
Proto-Kartvelian: *śwleṗ- / *śwliṗ-
Russian meaning: есть (чавкая), лопать
English meaning: to chaw, gobble
Georgian: svleṗ-, svliṗ-
Megrel: šliṗ-
Laz: šliṗ-
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 315.
Proto-Kartvelian: *sx-
Russian meaning: плодоносить
English meaning: to bear fruit
Georgian: sx-, Old Georg. sx-
Svan: cx-
Svan meaning (Rus.): расти
Svan meaning (Eng.): to grow
Notes and references: EWK 306.
Proto-Kartvelian: *sx-
Russian meaning: выбирать, предпочитать
English meaning: to select, to prefer
Georgian: sx-un-
Svan: cx-
Laz: mcx(v)- 'to like', cx-un- 'to choose'
Notes and references: EWK 306.
Proto-Kartvelian: *śx-
Russian meaning: сидеть, висеть (о множестве)
English meaning: to sit, to hang (of a multitude)
Georgian: sx-, sx-am- / sx-m-, ДГ sx-, sx-m-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): висеть (о множестве)
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to hang (of many)
Megrel: šx-, šx-ǝm-, šx-im-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): висеть (о множестве), окружать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to hang (of many), to surround
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 178, EWK 321.
Proto-Kartvelian: *sxeṗ- / *sxiṗ-
Russian meaning: обрубать ветви
English meaning: to lop off branches
Georgian: sxeṗ-, sxiṗ-, Old Georg. sxeṗ-
Megrel: sxiṗ-
Laz: cxiṗ-
Notes and references: EWK 307.
Proto-Kartvelian: *sxerṗ- / sxirṗ-
Russian meaning: натягивать, обтягивать
English meaning: to stretch, to stretch around
Georgian: sxerṗ- / sxirṗ-, Old Georg. sxerṗ-, sxirṗ-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): натягивать, распинать
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to stretch, to crucify
Megrel: rsxiṗ-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): натягивать, растягивать, придавливать
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to stretch, to press
Svan: cxeṗ- / cxiṗ-
Svan meaning (Rus.): обтягивать
Svan meaning (Eng.): to stretch around
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 308-309.
Proto-Kartvelian: *sxl-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: делать быстpое движение
English meaning: to make a swift movement
Georgian: sxl-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): сpезать ветви (лозы)
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to cut branches (vines)
Megrel: (r)sxil-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): сpезать ветви (лозы)
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to cut branches (vines)
Svan: cxūl-
Svan meaning (Rus.): делать быстpое движение, скользить
Svan meaning (Eng.): to make a swift movement, to glide
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 167 (где сравнивается с ПИЕ *(s)lei- `скользить'). В [Климов 1994, 136-137] выдвигается гораздо менее вероятное сопоставление с ПИЕ *skel- 'оступаться, спотыкаться'.
Proto-Kartvelian: *sxleṭ- / sxliṭ- / sxlṭ-
Russian meaning: скользить
English meaning: to glide
Georgian: sxleṭ- / sxliṭ- /sxlṭ-, Old Georg. sxleṭ-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): скользить
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to glide
Megrel: cxilaṭ- / cxiliṭ- / cxirṭ-
Laz: lṭ- (?)
Notes and references: EWK 309 (*sxl-), ЭСКЯ 167 (где сравнивается с ПИЕ *(s)lei-dh- `скользить').
Proto-Kartvelian: *sxmarṭl-
Russian meaning: мушмула
English meaning: medlar
Georgian: zɣmarṭl-, sxmarṭl-
Megrel: cxumu(n)ṭur-, ckimunṭur-
Svan: zunṭ(u), žūnṭu
Laz: cximunṭur-, ckimunṭur-, sḳilimunṭr-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 168, EWK 309-310. Ср. *smord-in-a?
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-sva,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-notes,kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,
Total of 1310 records 66 pages

Pages: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Back: 1 20 50
Forward: 1

Search within this database
Select another database

Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
150354270321
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov