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Indo-European etymology :

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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *grūp-, -b-
Meaning: to bend, to wind
Old Greek: grǖpó- `mit einer Habichtnase, krummnasig, gekrümmt'; grümpaínein = grüpoûsthai, sünkámptein Hsch.
Baltic: *grub-in-ē̂- vb., *grub-l-a- adj.
Germanic: *krūp-a-/*kriup-a- vb.; *kraup-ia- vb.; *krup-il=
Russ. meaning: гнуть, изгибать etc.
References: WP I 593 f
Proto-IE: *gug'-
Meaning: a k. of bird
Old Greek: gǘg[ǟ]s, gen. -ọ̄ m. 'a bird' Dionys.
Baltic: *guǯ-a- c.
Russ. meaning: птица (голенастая)
References: WP I 559, 639
Proto-IE: *gwAzd-
Meaning: foliage, bunch of leaves, bush
Slavic: *gvozdъ `(густой) лес', ? *xvostъ
Germanic: *kwast-ō, -iō f.
Albanian: gjeth, pl. -ë m. `leaf, foliage'
Russ. meaning: листва, пучок листьев, куст
References: WP I 644 f
Proto-IE: *g'werǝ-
Meaning: to burn, to flame
Old Indian: jvarati `to be feverish', jvara- m. `fever, grief', jū́rvati `to consume by heat, singe'
Baltic: *ǯwēr-a- adj., *ǯwir-ē̂- vb., *ǯur̂- vb. inch., *ǯǖ̂r-ē̂- vb. (1)
Germanic: *kur-t-Vs=
Russ. meaning: гореть, пылать
References: WP I 643
Proto-IE: *gwol-
Meaning: to lie
Armenian: kalaɫ `Höhle, Schlupfwinkel od. Lager wilder Tiere, von Schlangen, Drachen'
Old Greek: gōleó-s m. 'a hole', gōliós Hsch., pl. gōleá Nic., gōlei̯á Lyc.
Baltic: *gul̃- vb. intr., *gōl-ia- c., *gō̂l-iā̃ (1) f., *gul-ē̂- vb., *gul̃-t-ā̂ f., -ac., *gul-jā̂ f., *gwal̃-s-t-ja- adj., *gwal-ia- c., *gwal-ā̂ f.,
Germanic: ? *kúl-ɵ-a- m., *kul-d-ṓ f.
Russ. meaning: лежать
References: WP I 639 f
Proto-IE: *g'wol-, *g'oul-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: charcoal, embers
Tokharian: B śoliye 'hearth' (Adams 635)
Old Indian: jválati `to blaze, glow, shine, burn brightly', ptc. jvalita-; jvala- m. `flame', jvalaná- `inflammable, combustible, flaming', m. `fire', n. `blazing', jvāla- m. `light, torch', jvālā `id.' [cf. jvar- under *g'u̯er-]
Slavic: *zolā́
Germanic: *kul-ō f., *kula- n., *kul-an- m.
Celtic: *gou̯lo- (~ -eu̯-) > OIr gūal `Kohle'
Russ. meaning: уголья
References: WP I 563, Buck 72.
Proto-IE: *g'wop- (~ -bh-) ?
Meaning: sea
Armenian: cov `Meer'
Germanic: *k(w)a[f]-a- n.
Russ. meaning: море
References: WP I 637
Proto-IE: *g'er[a]n-, *grān-
Meaning: grain, corn
Slavic: *zьrno
Baltic: *ǯir̂n-ia- (1) c., *ǯirn-iā̃ f.
Germanic: *kurn-a- n., *kurn-ia- n.; *kirn-ō f.; *kurn-il-a- m., etc.
Latin: grānum, -ī n. `Korn, Kern'
Celtic: OIr grān; Cymr grawn (sg. gronyn) `Korn, Kern', etc.
Russ. meaning: зерно
References: WP I 599 f
Proto-IE: *golp-, -b-
Meaning: a k. of bird (swan, pigeon)
Slavic: *kъlpъ
Baltic: *gul̃b-a-, -ia- m., -iā̃ f.
Germanic: *kul[f]-r-ōn- f.
Russ. meaning: птица (лебедь, голубь)
References: Fraenkel 175
Proto-IE: *gʷabh-
Meaning: to sink, to plunge
Tokharian: A kupār `tief ?'
Old Indian: gabhīrá-, gambhīrá- `deep', gambhan-, gambhára- n. `depth'
Old Greek: báptō `tauche ein', aor. bápsai̯, pass. att. baphē̂nai̯; baphǟ́ f. `das Eintauchen, Färben', bámma `Farbe, Brühe', bápsi-s `Stählung, Färben', báptǟ-s m. `Eintaucher, Bader'
Germanic: *kwab-ja- vb.; *kwēb-ia- vb.; *kwōb-a- n.
Russ. meaning: погружать(ся)
References: WP I 674
Proto-IE: *gʷais-
Meaning: small, to diminish
Old Greek: bai̯ó-, hom. [ē]bai̯ó- `gering, wenig, schwach'
Baltic: *gaĩš- vb. intr.
Germanic: *kwis-t-ia- vb., *kwis-t-iō f.
Russ. meaning: маленький, уменьшать(ся)
References: WP I 528
Proto-IE: *g(ʷ)Ald-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: foal, young of an ass
Old Indian: gardabhá- m. `ass', gaḍi- m., gali- m. `young steer'
Germanic: *kult-a- m.
Russ. meaning: лошадь (жеребенок ~ осленок)
References: WP I 612 f
Proto-IE: *g(ʷ)Alǝw-
Meaning: top, head
Armenian: glux 'Kopf' (< *gVlu-kho-)
Slavic: *golvā́
Baltic: *gal̂w-ā̂ (2) f.
Germanic: *kull-a- m., *kull=
Russ. meaning: вершина, голова
References: WP I 537 f
Comments: Cf. *gal- 'swelling'.
Proto-IE: *g(ʷ)Am-
Meaning: swelling
Slavic: *gomolā, *gomoljā, *gomolь
Baltic: *gum-a- c., *gū̃m- vb. intr., *gum-ul=, *gum-ur=, *gam-al=, -ul=
Germanic: *kum-Vl-ōn- f., -a- n.
Russ. meaning: вздутие (шишка, шар)
References: WP I 572 f
Proto-IE: *gʷar(w)-/-e-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: mountain
Old Indian: girí- m. `mountain'
Avestan: gairi- 'Berg'
Old Greek: dẹ̄rás, -ádos f., Cret. dērás GDI 5024.19 `Anhöhe, Bergrücken', <dẹ̄̂ros n.> deîros, -eos n. = deirás Hsch. {dẹ̄rā́ 'mountain range' (Pind. -not found!}; ? Boréā-s, aeol. Boríais, ion. Boréēs, Borē̂s, att. Borrā̂s m. 'north wind; the north'
Slavic: *gorā
Baltic: *gur-a- c
Russ. meaning: гора
References: WP I 682, Buck 25, 48.
Proto-IE: *gʷAs-, *kʷAs-
Meaning: to kiss
Hittite: kuwas- (I) 'küssen' (Tischler 695 f)
Tokharian: B skāw- 'kiss' (Adams 706)
Old Indian: ? cūṣati 'to suck'
Old Greek: kü̆néō, aor. kǘ(s)sa, ékü(s)sa 'to kiss'
Germanic: *kuss-ja- vb., *kuss-a- m., n.
Latin: bāsium, -ī 'Kuss'
Celtic: OCorn cussin, MCymr cussan 'Kuss' ( < Germ ?)
Russ. meaning: целовать
References: WP I 465
Proto-IE: *g(ʷ)Aw-
Meaning: hand
Avestan: du. gava, pl. acc. gavō 'Hände'
Old Greek: gü̂i̯o-n n. `Hand', pl. `Glieder; Schoss'; güi̯óō `lähmen, güi̯ó- `gelähmt'; gǘalo-n n. `Höhlung, Wölbung', urspr. auch `Höhlung der Hand'; eŋ-güáō `händige ein, verlobe, med. verbürge mich'; eŋ-gǘǟ f. `Bürgschaft, Ehevertrag', éŋgüo-s m. `Bürge'; ion., att. hüpó-gü(i̯)o- `nahe bevorstehend, plötzlich'
Russ. meaning: рука (Hand)
References: WP I 636 f
Proto-IE: *gʷā-
Meaning: to go, to leave
Old Indian: jígāti, aor. ágāt `to go, approach, go after'; gā́tra- n. `limb, body'; gātú- m. `going, motion; way, course'; ví-gāman- n. `step, pace, stride', uru-gāyá- `making large strides'
Avestan: inj. gāt_ `er wird hinkommen', gāman- n. `Schritt'; gāya-, acc. gāim `Schritt'; gātu- m. `Ort, Platz; Liegerstadt, Sessel, Thron'
Other Iranian: OPers gāɵu- {'going, motion'}
Old Greek: bái̯nō, ipv. báske, -te `auf!', caus. bibáskō, bíbǟmi, bibáō, ptc. bibā́s (lakon. 3 pl. bíbanti), aor. ébǟn, pf. bébǟka, va. bató- `gehen'; bǟ̂ma n. `Tritt'; bǟó-s `Türschwelle'; bébai̯o- `fest, sicher, standhaft'; adv. bádǟn `Schritt für Schritt, langsam'; bathmó-s m. `Stufe, Ehrenstufe, Schwelle usw.', báthrǟ f., báthro-n n. `Grund(lage), Stufe, Sitz, Fussgestell'; bási-s `Schritt, Gang, Grund, Boden; Grundlage'; batḗr m. `Schwelle, Basis etc.'; -bátǟ-s; pl. em-bádes f. N. sandalenartiger Schuhe aus Filz od. Leder; bōmó-s m. `Stufe, (Wagen)gestell, Alter'
Slavic: *gātь
Baltic: *gā̂- (1) vb., *gā̂-j-u-m-a- (1) c.
Albanian: ngā `ich laufe'
Russ. meaning: идти, уходить
References: WP I 675
Proto-IE: *gʷādh-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to drown
Old Indian: gā́hate `to dive into', ptc. gāḍha-; gādhate 'to stand on firm ground'; gāhá- m. `depth, interior', gādha- `offering firm standing ground, fordable (as river); shallow', gādhá- m.n. `shallow place, ford'; gáhana-, gáhvara- `deep, dense'
Old Greek: bǟ̂ssa f. `Bergmulde, Tal, Schlucht'
Celtic: OIr bāidim `tauche unter, ertränke'; Cymr boddi `mergere, mergi, immergendo suffocare vel suffocari'; OCorn bedhy `ertränken'; Bret beuziff `ertränken'
Russ. meaning: тонуть, погружаться в воду
References: WP I 665
Proto-IE: *g(ʷ)āy- (~ -ō-)
Meaning: to sing
Old Indian: gā́yati, gāti 'to sing', ptc. gītá-; gātú- m., gāthá- m., gīti- f. 'song'
Avestan: {gāɵa-}
Slavic: *gājātī, *gājь
Baltic: *geîd-ā̂- (*geîd-/*geîd-a-) vb. (2), *gī̂d- vb. inch., *geîd-s-m-ā̂, -iā̃ f. (2), *gaîd-ā̂ f. (1)
Russ. meaning: петь
References: Fraenkel 150
piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,
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