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Indo-European etymology :

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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *ghres-, *ghers-
Meaning: to be nasty, to torment
Tokharian: A, B krās- (PT *krās-) 'to torment' (Adams 215)
Baltic: *gras-ā̂ f., *gras-u- adj., *grē̃s-, *gris- vb. inch.
Germanic: *gars-t-ia- vb., *gars-t-i- adj., *gars-t-a- adj., *gars-t-a- m.
Latin: fastus, -ūs m. 'чванство, важничанье, надменность, спесь'; fastīdium, -ī n. 'брезгливость, отвращение, привередливость; презрительное отношение, спесь, высокомерие'
Russ. meaning: противный, мучить
References: WP I 610
Proto-IE: *ghrew-
Meaning: to weep, to be sad
Slavic: *grъstь, *grūstь
Baltic: *graũd- (*graũd-ja-) vb. tr., *grū̂d- (*grū̂d-d-) vb. tr., *grud- vb. intr., *grū-d-t-i- c., *gru-d-in̂- vb., *grau-d-u- adj., *graũ-d-ia- c., *grau-d-s-m-iā̃ f.
Germanic: *grū-ē- vb., *griw-il=, *grū-s=, etc.; *griu-t-a- vb.
Celtic: Cymr griddfan `seufzen'
Russ. meaning: плакать, грустить
References: WP I 648 f
Proto-IE: *ghrewǝ-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to fell, to pull down, to fall (in)
Old Greek: aor. khraẹ̄̂n, ékhrae, 3 pl. ékhraon, 2 pl. ekhráete `anfallen, angreifen, in Angriff nehmen, auf etwas bestehen `überfiel, bedrängte'; zda-khrēẹ̄̂s `heftig andrängende, ungestüme'
Slavic: *grūdā, *grūmɨ̄, -ene, *grūmъ
Baltic: *greû- (2) vb. tr., *grǖ̂- vb. intr., *greû-t-ia- c., *graw-ā̂ f., *grē̂w-ā̂ (2) f.,; *grū̂-d- (*grū̂d-a-) (2) vb. tr., *grū̂-d-ī̂- (2) vb.
Germanic: *griu-n-a- n., -ō f.; *gruww-á- n.; *griu-t-a- vb., *griu-t-a- n., *grau-t-a- adj., *grū-t-a- m., *gru-t-jō f.
Latin: ingruō, -ere, -uī `mit Heftigkeit hereinbrechen, anstürmen, anfallen'; congruō, -ere, -uī `zusammenfallen, zusammentreffen'; congruus, -a `übereinstimmend'; rūdus, -eris (/ rōdus) `zerbröckeltes Gestein, Geröll, Schutt; Mörtel, Estrichmasse'
Celtic: Cymr gro `Sand', OCorn grou `Sand', MBret grouanenn `Sand', Bret grouan `gravier'
Russ. meaning: валить(ся), рушить(ся)
References: WP I 647 f
Proto-IE: *ghrey-
Meaning: to oil, to colour, to dye
Old Greek: khrī́ō, aor. khrī̂sai̯, -sasthai̯, pass. -sthē̂nai̯, pf. med. képhrimai̯, -ismai̯, va. khrīstó- `(be)streichen, (be)schmieren, einreiben, salben, tünchen'; khrī̂si-s `das Bestreichen, Beschmieren, Salben, Tünchen'; khrī̂ma (aeol. khrī̂mma) `Salbe, -ung, Tünche'
Baltic: *greĩ- vb., *greĩ-m-a-, *graĩ-m-a- c., *graj-ā̂- vb., *grī̂-t-i- c.
Germanic: *grī-m-ōn- f., *grai-m-ō(n-) f.
Russ. meaning: мазать, красить
References: WP I 646 f
Proto-IE: *ghrēt-, *ghrēd-
Meaning: sharp point
Slavic: *grotъ 'Spitze'
Germanic: *grēt-a- m., *grēd-á- m.
Russ. meaning: острый кончик
References: Fraenkel 170
Proto-IE: *g(')hrun-
Meaning: to shout
Germanic: *grunn-[ō]- vb., *grunn-it-ja- vb.
Latin: grundīre / grunnīre `grunzen (von Schweinen)'
Russ. meaning: издавать какие-то звуки (хрюкать etc.)
References: WH
Proto-IE: *ghūg'-
Meaning: giant woman (myth.)
Baltic: *guǯ-iā̃
Germanic: *gūg-i- c.
Russ. meaning: Снежная Баба
References: WP I 567
Proto-IE: *g'(h)wAizd(h)-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: star
Slavic: *gvēzda
Baltic: *ǯwaĩžd-iā̃, *ǯwaĩžd-n-iā̃ f.
Russ. meaning: звезда
References: Buck 56, Fraenkel 1324 .
Proto-IE: *g'hwak-
Meaning: torch, candle
Baltic: *ǯwak-iā̃ f.
Latin: fax (OLat facēs), gen. facis `Fackel; Licht (der Gestirne)'; facula f. `Fackel'
Russ. meaning: факел, свеча
References: WP I 645
Proto-IE: *g'hwelǝ-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to wind, to shift, to lie (tell lies)
Old Indian: hvárati, hvárate, hvr̥ṇāti, hruṇāti `to deviate, to be crooked, bent', hválati `to go crookedly, stumble, fall, fail', ptc. hrutá-, hvr̥tá-; hū́rchati `to go crookedly, creep stealthily, totter'; hváras- n. `crookedness, deceit', hvārá- m. `serpent'
Avestan: zbarǝmnǝm `den krummgehenden', zbaraɵa- n. `Fuss daevischer Wesen', zbarah- n. `Hügel', zū̆rah- n. `Unrecht, Trug'
Other Iranian: NPers zūr `falsch; Lüge'
Slavic: *zъlъ(jь), *zъlo
Baltic: *ǯwel̂- (2) vb. tr., *ǯwel-n-u- adj., *ǯwal-u- adj., *ǯwal̂-n-a- (2) adj., *ǯwil̃-n-a- adj., *ǯwil- vb. intr., *ǯul̂-n-uadj., *ǯū̂l-a- adj.
Russ. meaning: изгибаться; изворачиваться, лгать
References: WP I 643 f
Proto-IE: *g'hwelg-
Meaning: to look, to bewitch (with the evil eye)
Old Greek: thélgō, aor. thélksai̯, p. thelkhtē̂nai̯, iter. ipf. thélgesk' (Hom.) `bezaubern, betören, täuschen, beschwichtigen'; thélktōr, thelktḗr `Bezauber etc.'; thélksi-s `f. Bezauberung'; thélgma n. `Zauber, Beschwichtigung, Erquickung'
Baltic: *ǯwel̃g- vb. tr., *ǯwil̂g-ē̂- (ǯwil̂g-a-), *ǯwal̃g-a-, *ǯwal̂g-a- c., *ǯwalg-u- adj.
Russ. meaning: смотреть, наводить порчу взглядом
References: WP I 866
Proto-IE: *g'hwen-
Meaning: to ring, to sound
Tokharian: A kaṃ, B kene (PT *kene) 'melody, tune' (Adams 193)
Armenian: ʒain (i-St.) `Stimme'
Slavic: *zvьnḗti, *zvьnjǭ; *zvonъ, *zvono
Albanian: zē `Stimme', geg zą
Russ. meaning: звучать, звенеть
References: WP I 642
Proto-IE: *g'hwerzd-, *g'herzdw-
Meaning: sharp stone, gravel
Avestan: zarštva- n. `Stein'
Slavic: *gvьrstā, *gvьrstь, *žьrstvā, *grьstvā
Baltic: *ǯwir̃žd-a- c., -ia- c., -iā- f.
Latin: herna, gen. -ōrum pl. n. `saxa' (sabin. nach Serv. Aen.)
Russ. meaning: острый камень, гравий
References: WH, Fraenkel 1328 f
Proto-IE: *g'hwēr-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: wild beast
Tokharian: B śer- 'hunt', A śaru, B śerwe (PT *śerwe) 'hunter' (Adams 633, 634)
Old Greek: thḗr, -ós, aeol. phḗr, gen. -ós m. `wildes Tier, Raubtier'
Slavic: *zvḕrь, gen. -e; *zvērъkъ
Baltic: *ǯwē̂r-i- (*ǯwē̂r-) (1/2) c.
Russ. meaning: зверь (общее название)
References: WP I 642 f, Buck 137
Proto-IE: *gidh-, *kidh-
Meaning: kid
Baltic: *kid-nā̂- vb.
Germanic: *kid-ja- n.
Russ. meaning: скот (козленок)
References: Fraenkel 234
Proto-IE: *glabh-
Meaning: to hollow out, to cut out
Old Greek: gláphō `aushöhlen, einritzen', gláphü n. `Höhle, Grotte', glaphüró- `ausgehöhlt, hohl; geglättet, fein, zierlich'
Slavic: *globī́tī, *glābītī, *globъ
Russ. meaning: выдалбливать, вырезать
References: WP I 629 (different in Vasm.)
Proto-IE: *glag- / *galg-
Meaning: to shout
Old Indian: gargara- 'some musical instrument'
Old Greek: glázdō `einen Gesang (mélos) erklingen lassen'
Slavic: *golgolъ
Germanic: *klak=, *klag-ē-, *klag-ō- vb.
Celtic: MIr gall `Ruhm'; Cymr galw `rufen, vorladen', Bret galu `appel'
Russ. meaning: кричать
References: WP I 538 f
Comments: Cf. *gal(o)s-, *glōs-.
Proto-IE: *g(')lak(')-, -g(')-
Meaning: ice, frozen snow-crust
Germanic: *klak-an- m.
Latin: glaciēs, -ēī f. `Eis'
Russ. meaning: лед, наст
References: WP I 622
Proto-IE: *glāg'- (~ -ō-)
Meaning: brilliant, clear
Slavic: *glāzъ `блестящий камень; глаз'; *glāzьnъ `блестящий (как камень)'
Germanic: *klōk-a- adj.; *klōg=
Russ. meaning: блестящий (о камне), ясный
References: WP I 612 f
Proto-IE: *gleg'-, *glegʷ-
Meaning: tender
Slavic: *gleznītī, *gleznъ, *gloznā
Baltic: *gleǯ-n-a-, -u- adj., *gleǯ- vb. inch.
Germanic: *klinkw-a- adj., *klinkw-a- vb., *klankw-ia- vb.
Russ. meaning: нежный
References: WP I 661
piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-arm,piet-slav,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-avest,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,
Total of 3178 records 159 pages

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