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Indo-European etymology :

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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *gewǝr-
Meaning: whey, ferment
Slavic: *žūrъ `сыворотка, кислое тесто, овсяный кисель и т. д.'
Germanic: *kiur-a- vb.; *kūr=; *kaur-i- adj.
Russ. meaning: сыворотка, (сырная) закваска
References: WP I 555 f
Proto-IE: *g(')ewǝs- ?
Meaning: gullet
Germanic: *kiús-ō f., *kíus-a- m., *káus-iōn- f., *kíus-iōn- f., *kū́sō(n-) f.
Latin: geusiae, -ārum pl. f. `Schlund'
Russ. meaning: глотка
References: WP I 555 f
Proto-IE: *geyew-, *gyēw-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to chew
Tokharian: A, B śu(wā)- (PT *śuwā-) 'eat, consume, devour' (Adams 631); A śwāl 'food', B śwāl 'corpse' (PT *śwāl) (645)
Other Iranian: NPers ǰāvīdan `kauen', Pashto žōvǝl 'chew, bite'
Armenian: kiv, gen. kvoy 'Baumharz'
Slavic: *žьvātī, *žūtī, *žijǭ, *žьvǭ; *žūnā (> Blg жуна 'Lippe, Mund')
Baltic: *ǯeûn-ā̂ f. (1), *ʒaûn-ā̂ f., *ǯjō̂-kl-a- c. (2)
Germanic: *kiww-(i)á- vb., *kūw-a- vb.; *kiww-ṓ(n-) f.
Russ. meaning: жевать
References: WP I 642
Proto-IE: *g'eyǝ-
Meaning: to sprout, to blossom out
Baltic: *ǯī̂-d-ē̂- (*ǯī̂-d-meî) (2), ǯī̂-d- vb. intr., *ǯeî-d-ē̂- (*ǯeî-a-) (2), -in̂- vb., *ǯeî-d-a- c., *ǯaî-d-a- c.
Germanic: *kij=, *kī-n-a- vb., *kī-ɵ=, *kī-m-an- m., *kī-ɵl=, *ki-n-ō f. etc., *kai-l-ō(n-) f., *kai-l-ia- n.
Russ. meaning: прорастать, распускаться
References: WP I 544
Proto-IE: *g'ēbh-, *gēbh-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: jaw, gills
Slavic: *žā́brā, *zę̄́brā
Germanic: *kif-t-a- m., *kif-t-u- c., *ka[b]-l-a- m., , -ō f.
Russ. meaning: челюсть, жабры
References: WP I 571
Proto-IE: *ghabh-
Meaning: boar-spear, fork, groin
Old Indian: gabhá- m. `vulva' (cf. Celtic)
Germanic: *gab-al-ō f.
Celtic: OIr, MIr gabul `gegabelter Ast, Gabel; Gablungspunkt der Schenkel, vulva'; Cymr gafl `Gabel; Schenkelgabel, vulva', OBret pl. gablau `Gabel', NBret gavl, gaol `Gabelung'; Gaul (in Lat) gabalus `Marterholz, Galgen'
Russ. meaning: рогатина; развилка, пах
References: WP I 533 f
Proto-IE: *ghab-, *ghabh- / -e-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to take, to give, to move
Old Indian: gábhasti- m. 'arm, hand'
Slavic: *gābātī, *gābnǭti
Baltic: *gab-u- adj., *gab-an-ā̂ f.,, -al-a- c.; *gāb-u- adj., *gō̃b- vb. tr., *gē̂b- vb. tr.
Germanic: *gib-a- vb., *gab-ī(n-) f., *gab-īg-a- adj., *gab-ug-a- adj.; *gēb-i- adj.; *gēb-ō(n-) f.; *gib-ō f.; *gif-t-i- c.
Latin: habeo, -ēre, -uī, -itum `halten, haben', habitāre `wohnen, bewohnen'; habēna `Haltriemen, Zügel'
Other Italic: Osk haf<íar> `habeātur', hafiest `habēbit', pf. conj. hipit, fut. ex. hipust `habuerit'; Umbr habe `habet', habia `habeat', habitu, habetu `habētō', haburent `cēperint', habiest `habēbit', neiřhabas `nē adhibeant', hahtu `capitō', subahtu `dēpōnitō', eitipes `dēcrēvērunt'
Celtic: OIrl gaibim `nehme, ertgreife, halte etc.', gabāl f. `das Nehmen'; Cymr gafael `das Halten, Festhalten'; cafael, caffel `erlangen, bekommen, finden'; Corn cavel `erlangen, bekommen, finden'; OBret an-gabol `defaut de prise de possession'; Bret kaout `erlangen, bekommen, finden', kafout `haben'
Russ. meaning: брать, хватать
References: WP I 342 f
Proto-IE: *ghAgh-
Meaning: a k. of waterfowl
Slavic: *gogolь `вид утки'
Baltic: *gag-ā̂ usw., *geg-al-[a]- c.
Germanic: *gagl-a- n.
Russ. meaning: птица (водоплавающая)
References: WP I 526
Proto-IE: *g(')haid-
Meaning: goat
Germanic: *gait-i- m.
Latin: haedus, -ī m. `junger Bock, Ziegenbock'
Russ. meaning: скот (коза)
References: WP I 527
Proto-IE: *g'hais-
Meaning: pointed stick, spear
Old Indian: {heṣas- n. `Geschoss'}
Old Greek: khâi̯o-s m., khâi̯o-n n. `Hirtenstab'
Germanic: *gaiz-á- m., *gáis-u- c., *gáis-il-a- m., -ō(n-) f.; *gís-il=
Celtic: Gaul (in Greek) gáison `schwerer eiserner Wurfspiess'; OIr gaë `Speer', fo-gae, MIr fo-ga, fo-cha `Wurfspiess'; Cymr gwaew `ds.'
Russ. meaning: палочка (острая), копье
References: WP I 528
Proto-IE: *ghais-
Meaning: to retard, to hamper
Baltic: Lith gaĩšti `zögern, zaudern, säumen'
Latin: haereō, -ēre, haesī, haesum `hangen, haften; festsitzen, haltmachen'
Russ. meaning: задерживать
References: WP I 528
Proto-IE: *ghait-(s-)
Meaning: shaggy hair, mane
Avestan: gaēsa- m. 'Kraushaar, Lockenhaar'
Other Iranian: NPers gēs 'herabhängende Haare, Locken'
Old Greek: khái̯tǟ `Lockenhaar, frei herabwallendes Haar, Pferde-, Löwen-mähne'
Celtic: Ir gaoisead `crinis'
Russ. meaning: лохмы, грива
References: WP I 527
Proto-IE: *g'hal-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: wound, damage
Hittite: kallar `ungünstig, unheilvoll' (Tischler 464)
Slavic: *zolъkъ > Ukr золо́к die schmerzhafteste Stelle einer Wunde, *nāzolā, *nāzolъ > русск. диал. назо́ла
Baltic: *ǯal-ā̂ f., *ǯal-b-ā̂ f., *ǯel-b-ā f.
Germanic: *gal-ō(n-) f., *gall-an- m.
Celtic: OIr galar 'illness, trouble'; Cymr galar 'sorrowful complaints'
Russ. meaning: рана, ущерб
References: WP I 540
Proto-IE: *ghAl-
Meaning: to shout, to sing, to charm away
Slavic: *gālītī
Germanic: *gal-a- vb.; *gal-a- adj.; *gōl-ia- vb.; *gal-m-a- m.; *gil-dr-a- adj., *gal-dr-a- adj.
Russ. meaning: кричать, петь, заговаривать
References: WP I 628
Proto-IE: *g'hal- ?, *g'helt-
Meaning: gold
Old Indian: híraṇya- n. `gold'
Slavic: *zolto, *zoltъjь
Baltic: *ǯel̃ta- adj., *ǯel̃ta- c.
Germanic: *gúlɵ-a- n.
Russ. meaning: металл (золото)
References: WP I 624 f
Proto-IE: *g'hAld-
Meaning: boar, ram
Old Indian: huḍu-, huḍa- m. `ram' (L.), huṇḍa- m. `ram'
Germanic: *galt-u- m., *galt-an- m., *galt-iō f.; *gult-i- c., *gult-iō f.
Russ. meaning: скот (хряк, баран)
References: WP I 624 f
Proto-IE: *g(h)alǝ-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to be able
Slavic: *golēmъ
Baltic: *gal̂- vb. intr., *gal-ē̂- vb., *gā̃l-iā̃, *gal-jā̂ f.
Celtic: MIr gal `Tapferkeit'; Cymr gallu `können, imstande sein', Corn gallos `Macht', OBret gal `Macht, Können', Bret gallout `können'
Russ. meaning: мочь
References: WP I 539 f
Proto-IE: *g'hAlgh-, *g'hAlg-
Meaning: long switch, perch
Armenian: ʒaɫk `Zweig, Gerte, Stengel'
Germanic: *galg-an- m., -ōn- f.; *galg-iōn- f.
Russ. meaning: хворостина, жердь
References: WP I 540
Proto-IE: *g(')hAlk(')h-
Meaning: sad
Old Greek: kalkhái̯nō 'to long, desire' (Lyc.) (in LS the same as kalkhái̯nō 'make purple;; make dark and troublous (as a stormy sea); ponder deeply' from kálkhǟ 'murex, purple limpet; purple dye; Chrysanthemum coronarium (purple flower)')
Germanic: *gálx=, *galg=́
Russ. meaning: печальный
References: WP I 540
Proto-IE: *g(')han-
Meaning: pharynx; to yawn
Old Greek: khái̯nō (hell.); aor. ékhanon, pf. kékhǟna `gähnen, klaffen', khános n. `Schlund, Mund'; akhanḗs `klaffend, weit geöffnet, ausgedehnt, unermesslich'; khandón `mit aufgesperrtem Munde, Gierig'
Germanic: *gan-a- n.
Russ. meaning: зев; (раз)евать
References: WP I 534
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Total of 3178 records 159 pages

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