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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *(e)wisw-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: any, every, all
Old Indian: viṣu- (in comp.) `in various directions, on both sides'; ? + víśva- 'all, every'
Avestan: višpa-ɵa `ringsum allenthalben'; vīspa- 'jeder, all; sg. auch ganz'
Other Iranian: OPers vispa- 'jeder, all; sg. auch ganz'
Old Greek: íso-, ep. ī̂so- and eíso-, Cret., Arc. wiswos , cf. gisgón = íson (Hsch.), later híso- (Ephesus IV BC, etc.) 'equal'
Slavic: *vьśь
Baltic: *wis-a- adj.
Russ. meaning: каждый, все
References: WP I 312 f
Proto-IE: *(e)wī-k'm̥ti ( < *dwī-dk'm̥ti)
Meaning: num.: twenty
Tokharian: A wiki, B ikäṃ (PT *w'īkän) 20; A wikiñci, B ikante 20-th (Adams 61-62)
Old Indian: viṁśatí- `twenty'
Avestan: vīsaiti, vīsa_s
Armenian: khsan
Old Greek: att. [ẹ̄́]kosi, dor., boeot. wī́kati ([ẹ̄]kás, īkás)
Latin: vīgintī '20'
Celtic: OIr fiche, gen. fichet, MCymr uceit, Corn ugans
Albanian: zet
Russ. meaning: числ.: двадцать
Proto-IE: *(e)wlēr-
Meaning: belt
Armenian: lar `Strick, Schnurr (zum Fesseln, Binden, Fangen, Würgen)'
Old Greek: pl. éu̯lēra n., dor. (Epich.) pl. áu̯lēra n. `Zügel'
Latin: lōrum, -ī n. `Riemen'
Russ. meaning: ремень
References: WP I 298 f
Proto-IE: *ey-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to go
Hittite: i- (in Imp.), pa-i- 'gehen' (Tischler 335, Friedrich 154-155)
Tokharian: A, B i- (PT *i-) 'go, travel' (Adams 60)
Old Indian: éti (imp. ihí, 1 pl. imáḥ) `to go, walk'
Avestan: aēiti `gehen'
Other Iranian: OPers aitiy `gehen'
Old Greek: êi̯mi, ímen `werde(n) gehen', inf. iénai̯ `gehen'; pl. íthmata n. `Schritte, Tritte; Füsse'
Slavic: *jь̃dǭ, *jьtī
Baltic: *eĩ- vb.
Germanic: *i- vb.
Latin: eō, iī, itum, īre `gehen'; itus, -ūm m. `Gang'; ped-es, com-es
Other Italic: Osk eítuns (set) `? itūrī sunt'; Paelign eite `īte'; Umbr etu `ītō', etu-tu `euntō', eest, est `ibit', iust `ierit', ier `itum sit', etaians `itent', etatu `itātōte'
Celtic: OIr ethae `itum est', ethaim `gehe'
Russ. meaning: идти
References: WP I 102 f
Comments: See also *it-er/-en- <PIH *i-> 'way' #2719
Proto-IE: *ey-
Meaning: to do, to make
Hittite: ija- (I) 'machen, tun' (Tischler 338ff)
Tokharian: A ya-, praet. yām-, B yām- 'machen, tun'
Russ. meaning: делать
References: Tischler 338ff
Comments: Here also the causative and denominative suffix *-iye-, *-ye-.
Proto-IE: *ey
Meaning: part./conj.: and, if
Old Greek: êi̯, dial. ai̯ 'so, wenn'
Slavic: *jī 'und, auch'
Germanic: Got -ī Relativpartikel
References: WP I 96 f
Proto-IE: *(e)yena-t-er-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: brother's wife
Old Indian: yātar- f. `a husband's brother's wife'
Armenian: ner, nēr, gen. niri `die Frauen von Brüdfern od. desselben Mannes'
Old Greek: pl. ẹ̄natéres, -érōn, sing. enátēr (sp. kleinasiat. Inschr.), voc. ẹ̄náter, gen. -teros (Hdn.) `Ehefrau des Mannesbruders'
Slavic: *ję̄trɨ̄, gen. -ъve
Baltic: *jen̂tē̃ (-er-es) (1?) f.
Latin: ianitrīcēs pl., gen. -um f. `die Ehefrauen von Brüdern'
Russ. meaning: жена брата
References: WP I 207 f, Buck 126.
Proto-IE:
Meaning: part.
Old Indian: ā́ `emphatic particle after adverbs and nouns'
Old Greek: ē̂ hervorgebend und fragend 'wirklich', ḗtoi̯, epei̯ḗ, ḕ, hom. ēè < *ēwé, ē-mén--ē-dé, ḗ-dē
Baltic:
Germanic: OHG ihh-ā 'ich (gerade)', nein-ā 'nein' usw.
References: WP I 96 f
Proto-IE: *ēg'-
Meaning: to say, to tell
Tokharian: A,B āks- 'announce, proclaim, instruct, recite' (PT *āks-) (Adams 38-39)
Armenian: asem `sage'
Old Greek: *ēg'-t: hom. ipf. ē̂ `er sprach' (sekund. nachhom. Neubildungen ipf. 1 sg. ē̂n, prs. 1 sg. ēmí); pf. (prs.-Bed.) án-ōga `befehlen' (sekund. prs. anṓgō)
Latin: aiō, aī̆s `bejahen, behaupte, sagen'; adagiō `Sprichwort', prōdigium `Vorzeichen', pl. axāmenta `carmina Saliaria', indigitāre `anrufen', Aius Locūtius `der Gott, der durch seine Stimme das Herannahen der Gallier verkündete'
Other Italic: Umbr aiu `oracula'
Russ. meaning: говорить
References: WP I 114
Proto-IE: *ēgʷh-
Meaning: to drink, get drunk
Hittite: eku- / aku- (I) 'trinken'
Tokharian: A, B yok- 'trinken' (Adams 509)
Latin: ēbrius, -a, -um 'пьяный, хмельной; напоенный, напитанный'
Russ. meaning: пить, напиваться
References: Tischler 103-105 (with discussion)
Comments: The Hitt root has no relation to aqua, etc., having -kw-, not a -kkw-! Greek nḗphō 'bin nüchtern' rather belongs to *nāgʷh-.
Proto-IE: *ēl-
Meaning: stripe
Old Indian: āli-, ālī f. `row, range, continuous line, ditch'
Old Greek: ōlíngǟ f. `Runzel, kleine Furche, Krähenfüsse im Augenwinkel; kurzes Schläfchen, kurzes Moment, Augenblick'
Germanic: *ḗl-a- m.
Russ. meaning: полоса
References: WP I 155
Proto-IE: *ēl-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to burn (tr.)
Old Indian: alāta- n. `firebrand, coal', úlmuka- n. `firebrand, piece of burning charcoal'
Germanic: *ḗl-ia- vb., *ḗl-ō f., *al-a- (~ -ō-) vb.
Latin: adoleō, -ultum `verbrennen', adolēscō `auflodern', pl. altāria, -ium; ? altāre, -is n. `Aufsatz auf dem Opfertisch, Opferherd, Brandaltar' (may be < altus `high')
Other Italic: Umbr uřetu `(ad)olētō'
Russ. meaning: жечь
References: WP I 88
Proto-IE: *ēl- <PIH *H- ?>
Meaning: awl
Old Indian: ā́rā f. `a shoemaker's awl or knife, bore'
Armenian: heɫ `Pfrieme, Ahle'
Germanic: *ēl-ō f., *al-a- m., *al-ō f., *al-Vs-n-ō f.
Russ. meaning: шило
References: WP I 156
Proto-IE: *ēp-i-
Meaning: friend
Old Indian: āpí- `ally, friend, acquaintance'; āpya- n. `confederation, friendship, alliance'
Old Greek: ḗpio- `freundlich, gütig, mild, heilsam'
Russ. meaning: друг
References: WP I 121 f
Proto-IE: *ēs- <PIH *ē->
Meaning: to sit
Hittite: as- (I) 'bleiben, übrig bleiben', as-/es- (I) 'sitzen, sich setzen' (Tischler 75, 77, 110-111); ases-, (asas-) (I) 'setzen; besiedeln' (Tischler 79); ses- (I) 'ruhen, schlafen, bleiben' (Friedrich 191)
Tokharian: B āsk- 'sit, be seated' (Adams 58); A,B ṣäm- 'sit' (654)
Old Indian: ā́ste `to sit, sit down; to exist, be present'
Avestan: inf. āstē `sitzen', ɔ̄ŋhǝntē `sie sitzen'
Old Greek: hē̂mai̯, 3 sg. hē̂stai̯, 3 pl. hẹ̄́atai̯, héatai̯ `sitzen'
Russ. meaning: сидеть
References: WP II 483 f
Proto-IE: *ēt-
Meaning: a k. of bird (of waterfowl?)
Old Indian: ātí-, ātī́ f. `an aquatic bird'
Other Iranian: Sak āce, āci `water fowl', Osset occ `wild duck', Pamir Wakh. yōč `duck'
Old Greek: ōtí-s f. `bustard'
Germanic: *ēd-í- c.
Russ. meaning: птица (водоплавающая ?)
References: WP I 60
Comments: Indoir. reflexes refer also to *anat-.
Proto-IE: *ēt-er-, -d-
Meaning: stomach, intestines
Old Greek: ē̂tor n. (nur nom.-acc.) `Herz'; ion., att. ē̂tro-n `Bauch, Unterleib'
Slavic: *jēdro, *jēdrā ЭССЯ 6:43-44
Germanic: *ēd-ī(n-), *ēd-r-ī(n-) f.
Latin: uterus, -ī m., uter, -ī m., uterum, -ī n. `Unterleib, Bauch, bes. Mutterleib, Gebärmutter'
Celtic: OIr inathar `Eingeweide'
Russ. meaning: живот, внутренности
References: WP I 190 f
Proto-IE: *ētm-
Meaning: breathing
Old Indian: ātmán- m. `breath, soul' [but also tmán- m. `vital breath']
Germanic: *ḗɵm-a-/*ēdm-á- m.
Russ. meaning: дыхание
References: WP I 118
Proto-IE: *(ǝ)lak-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: leg; the main muscle of arm/leg
Old Indian: r̥kṣálā, r̥cchárā f. `part of an animal's leg between the fetlock joint and the hoof
Armenian: oɫokh `ankle, leg from knee to foot'
Old Greek: láks, lágdǟn `mit der Ferse, dem Fuss', lakhmós = laktismós; laktízdō `mit der Ferse, dem Fuss, dem Huf schlagen, stossen, ausschlagen'
Baltic: *lak-n-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *lag-já- m., *láx-az- n.
Latin: lacertus, -ī m. pl. `die Muskeln, bes. des Oberarms und dieser selbst'
Russ. meaning: нога; основная мышца руки/ноги
References: WP II 420 f
Proto-IE: *ǝlǝn-
Meaning: linchpin
Old Indian: aṇi- m., aṇī f. `linch-pin', āṇí- m. `pin of the axle of a cart'
Germanic: *lun-i- c., *lun-ís-ō f.
Russ. meaning: чека оси
References: WP I 160
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-arm,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,
Total of 3178 records 159 pages

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