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Indo-European etymology :

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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *albh- <PIH *a->
Meaning: white
Hittite: alpa- 'Wolke' (Tischler 18)
Old Greek: alphó-s m. `weisser Auschlag, lepra' {acc.pl. alphoús `белый' Hsch. - nowhere found!}
Germanic: *alb=, *alft=
Latin: albus, -a `(matt)weiss, weissglänzend'
Other Italic: Umbr alfu `alba'; Osk Alafaternum `Alafaternorum', Pael Alafis
Russ. meaning: белый
References: WP I 92 f, Buck 43.
Proto-IE: *Albhe(n)d-, *bhAle(n)d-
Meaning: swan
Slavic: *elbedь, *elbę̄dь, *olbǭdь
Baltic: *balan̂d-ia- c.
Germanic: *albut-, *albut-i-, *albit-i- c., *albit-jōn- f., *albit-ō f.
Russ. meaning: птица (лебедь / голубь)
References: WP I 92 f
Proto-IE: *albhi-t-
Meaning: barley
Other Iranian: East Iranian *arbasyā- (or *arpasyā) (Стеблин-Каменский 1972, 23)
Old Greek: álphi, pl. -ita `Gerstengraupen, -mehl', álphito-n n. `id.'; alíphata = álphita ḕ áleura Hsch.
Albanian: eĺb, eĺbi m. `barley', elpth m. `eye-sty' (cf. Slav. `ячмень (на глазу)')
Russ. meaning: растение (злак - ячмень)
References: WP I 92
Proto-IE: *Aldh-
Meaning: trough, boat
Tokharian: A olyi-k, B olyi 'boat' (Adams 125, with doubts)
Slavic: *oldь, *oldьjā, *oldъkā
Baltic: *ald-ij-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *ald-ōn- f., *uld-ō(n) f.; *ald[u]ɵ=
Russ. meaning: корыто, лодка
References: WP I 92
Proto-IE: *(a)leg(')-
Meaning: to take care
Old Greek: alégō `auf etw. achten, sich um etw. kümmern'
Latin: dīligō, -ere, -ēxī, -ēctum `hochschätzen, achten, lieben', intellegō (/-ligō), -ere, -ēxī, -ēctum `bemerken, wahrnehmen; einsehen, verstehen'; neglegō, -ere -lēxī, -lēctum `sich worum nicht kümmern, vernachläsigen, gering schätzen, hingehen lassen', religiō, -ōnis f. `Bedenklichkeit, Scheu, bes. in religiösen Dingen, Gewissenhaftigkeit; Gottesfurcht, religiöse Verpflichtung; Kult, religioser Brauch, Aberglaube', religēns `gottesfürchtig'
Russ. meaning: заботиться
References: WP II 423 f
Proto-IE: *(a)leip- (-ph-)
Meaning: a k. of leaf-bearing tree
Old Greek: alíphalo-s (~ -ī-, -ei-) `разновидность дуба' (Hsch.) (alíphalos = génos drüós)
Slavic: *lī́pā
Baltic: *leîp-ā̂ (1) f., -iā̃ f., -a- c., *lip-iā̃ f.
Russ. meaning: дерево (лиственное, вид)
References: WP II 404
Proto-IE: *(a)leit-
Meaning: unpleasant
Old Greek: aléi̯tǟ-s m., alêi̯ti-s f. `Frevler(in), aeol. (Emp.) alói̯tā-s `Rächer', aloi̯tó-s m. `Frevler', alitái̯nō, aor. alitẹ̄̂n `freveln, sich an jn. versündigen', alitḗmōn `verwünscht, verderblich', alitró- `schelmisch', alitró-s m. `Frevler, Schelm'
Germanic: *láiɵ-a- adj.
Celtic: *listu- > Ir liuss `Abscheu', ni er-lissaighter `nunquam fastiditur'
Russ. meaning: малоприятный
References: WP II 401
Proto-IE: *(a)leitw-
Meaning: strong drink; feast
Old Greek: álei̯so-n n., -s m. `Trinkgefäss mit zwei Henkeln'
Germanic: *lī́ɵ-u n., m.
Celtic: Gaul Litu-genus MN; Ir līth `Fest', Cymr llid `Zorn', Bret lid `Fest'
Russ. meaning: бормотуха; пир
References: WP II 392
Proto-IE: *alek-
Meaning: to defend
Old Indian: rákṣati `to guard, watch, take care'
Other Iranian: MPers ark `Arbeit, Anstrenung, Mühe'
Old Greek: aléksō `abwehren, verteidigen'; alalkẹ̄̂n `abwehren', alkáthō `beistehen', álkar n. `Schutzwehr', alkǟ́ `Abwehr, Hilfe, Stärke, Kraft'; ep. dat. alkí
Germanic: *alg-ō- vb.
Russ. meaning: защищать
References: WP I 89 f
Proto-IE: *(a)lew- <PIH *H->
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: anger
Hittite: halluwai- c. 'Streit, Zank', Luw. halwat- 'Protest?'
Old Greek: alǘō, aeol. alǘi̯ō (EM) 'to be deeply stirred, excited'; aléomai (prs. ptc. aleu̯ómenoi Hes., aleu̯meünǟ Semon.), aor. aleuámǟn, aor. aléast hai, -éu̯a- 'to avoid, shun'
Russ. meaning: гнев
References: Tischler 137-138, Frisk 1, 80 (differently in Pok.)
Proto-IE: *(a)ley-, *lyē- <PIH *H->
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to stick
Hittite: halina- 'clay' (Tischler 131-2)
Tokharian: A, B li(yā)- 'wipe away, cleanse oneself' (Adams 553)
Old Indian: lināti, láyate, lī́yate `to adhere; cling or press closely, stick to', ptc. līna-
Old Greek: epid. álinsi-s tọ̄̂ ergastēríọ̄; prs. inf. alínẹ̄̂n `aléi̯phẹ̄n' (Hsch.), aor. inf. alī̂nai `epalêipsai' (Hsch.) `bestreiche, salbe'
Baltic: *lai-[s]-ā̂ f., *lai-d-[a]- m.
Germanic: *laj-iz, *lai-z-a- n., m., *lai-z-ōn- f.; *lī-m-a- n., *lai-m-an- m., *lai-m-a- m., n.; *slī-m-a- n.
Latin: lino, -ere, lēvī, litum `schmieren, beschmieren, bestreichen, überziehen', linio, -īre `id.'; līmus, -ī m. `Bodenschlamm, Kot, Schmutz'
Celtic: *lin- > OIr lenaid, pf. rolil `folgen'; lenomnaib `lituris'; Bret linom `litura', as-lenaim `besudle, oblino'
Albanian: ĺeɵ `feuchter Ton, Erde, wie sie nach Austrocknung einer Regenpfutze übrigbleibt'
Russ. meaning: липнуть, лепить
References: WP II 389 f
Comments: sl- in some Germanic forms - probably on analogy with *sley- `smooth, sleek'; cf. lītó- `glatt, schlicht', lī́s, gen. lītós `glattes Tuch', lissǟ̀ pétrǟ `glatter Fels'
Proto-IE: *alǝk-, -g-
Meaning: ill, hungry
Armenian: aɫkaɫk `armselig, dürftig, gering, schlecht'
Old Greek: álgos n. `Schmerz, Leid, Kummer'
Slavic: *ālъkātī
Baltic: *al̂k- (2) vb. intr.
Germanic: *ílx-il-a-, *ilg-i- adj.
Celtic: OIr olc, elc `schlecht'
Russ. meaning: больной, голодный
References: WP I 159 f
Proto-IE: *alǝ(n)t-
Meaning: a k. of fish
Germanic: *alúnɵ-a- m., *alund-a- m.
Celtic: Ir ala `Forelle' (*alāto-)
Russ. meaning: рыба (вид)
References: WP I 88
Proto-IE: *Alǝw-
Meaning: tin; light-yellow
Old Indian: aruṇá- `reddish-brown, tawny, red, ruddy', aruṣá- `red, reddish'
Avestan: auruša- 'weiss'
Slavic: *olovo; *olvь > Rus dial. (Бобр. Ворон., Лебед. Тамб.) ловь `олово' СРНГ
Baltic: *al̂w-a-s (2) m., *al̂w-ā̂ (2) f.
Germanic: *ilw-a- adj.
Russ. meaning: металл (олово) ~ светло-желтый
References: WP I 159
Proto-IE: *alg(')-
Meaning: frog; duckweed
Germanic: *ulk=
Latin: alga f. `Seegress, Seetang'
Russ. meaning: жаба ~ ряска
References: WP I 152 f
Proto-IE: *alg- ?
Meaning: to cry, howl
Baltic: *alg-ā̂- vb.
Germanic: *ulk-[ō]- vb.
Russ. meaning: кричать
References: Fraenkel 7
Proto-IE: *alg(')h-
Meaning: frost, hoar-frost
Germanic: *alg-ja- m.
Latin: algor, -ōris m., algus, -ūs m. `Kälte'; algeo, alsī, -ēre `Kälte empfinden, frieren'; *alsus, comp. alsius `kühlend, erfrischend', alsius, -a `frostig'; algidus, -a `kalt'
Russ. meaning: мороз, наледь
References: WP I 91
Proto-IE: *algʷh-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: pay, salary; to deserve
Old Indian: árhati `to deserve, merit, be worthy of', argha- m. `worth, value, price'
Other Iranian: Osset arɣ `Preis, Wert'; Av arǝǰaiti `ist wert, kommt an Wert gleich', NPers arzīdan `verdienen'; Av arǝǰah- n. `Wert, Preis'
Armenian: yargem `ehre, schätze'
Old Greek: alphǟ́ f. `Erwerb', alphánō, -ái̯nō, aor. alphẹ̄̂n `verdienen, erwerben'
Baltic: Lith algà `Lohn, Sold'; Lett àlga 'dass.'; OPrus gen. ālgas `Lohn'; Lith el̃gti-s 'sich benehmen, sich betragen, betteln', Lett elgt 'aufdringlich bitten, sich aufdrängen, sich beherrschen, aushalten'
Russ. meaning: зарплата; заслуживать
References: WP I 91
Proto-IE: *alis-, *elus- <PIH *a->
Meaning: alder
Hittite: GIS̆alanzan- c. 'ein Baum und dessen Holz' (other etymologies in Tischler 15)
Slavic: *olьxa, *jelъxa etc.
Baltic: *alis-k-n-i-, *al̃s-k-n-i- c., *al̂s-k-n-ā̂/*al̃s-k-n-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *aliz-ō/*alís-ō f., *aliz-a- n., *aliz-ja- m., n.; *aluz-a- m., *aluz-ja- m., *aluz-jō f.; *ilus-tr-ia- n., *ilus-tr-ō f.
Latin: alnus, gen. -ī f. `Erle, Eller'
Celtic: Gaul *alisa `Elsbeerbaum' > OFr alis, Fr alise `Elsbeere'
Russ. meaning: дерево (ольха)
References: WP I 151 f
Proto-IE: *alk-
Meaning: sacred place, sanctuary, idol(s)
Baltic: *al̃k-a- c., *al̃k-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *alx- c.
Russ. meaning: капище, священная роща; идол(ы)
References: WP I 90
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