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Indo-European etymology :

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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *dhlgh-
Meaning: debt
Slavic: *dъlgъ D
Germanic: *dulg-a- m.
Celtic: *dlg- > OIr dligim `habe worauf Anspruch, verdiene'; dliged `Pflicht, Gesetz, Recht'; MCymr dlyu, dleu, dylyu `debere', dylyet `Pflicht', Cymr dlēd, dyled, dylēd `Pflicht', Corn dylly `debere', MBret dellit `debere'
Russ. meaning: долг
References: WP I 868 f
Proto-IE: *dhōbh-
Meaning: to dig; cave, grave
Armenian: damban `Grab, Gruft; Grabmal'; dambaran `ud.'
Old Greek: tháptō, aor. thápsai̯, p. etáphēn, taphthē̂nai̯, p. m.-p. téthammai̯ `bestatten, begraben'; á-thapto- `unbegraben', táphos n. `Bestattung, Grab, Grabmal', taphǟ́ f. `id.', táphro-s f. `Graben (zur Befestigung usw.)', táphrǟ f. `id.'
Baltic: *dōb-a- -ia- adj., *dō*dōb-a- -ia- adj., *dōb- vb., *dōb-ā̂ (1/2) f., -iā̃ f., *dōb-ā̂ (1/2) f., -iā̃ f.
Russ. meaning: копать; яма, могила
References: WP I 852 (different in Pok.)
Proto-IE: *dhōn-
Meaning: cereals, bread
Tokharian: B tāno 'seed, grain' (Adams 286)
Old Indian: dhānā́ f. `corn, grain'; dhānyà- n. id.; adj. `consisting or made of grain'
Avestan: dāno-karša- 'eine Ameisenart'
Other Iranian: NPers dāna 'Korn'
Baltic: *dō̂n-ā̂ (1), *dō̂n-iā̃ (1) f.
Russ. meaning: зерно, хлеб
References: WP I 831
Proto-IE: *dhōw-
Meaning: to sharpen
Old Indian: dhā́rā f. `sharp edge, rim, blade'
Avestan: dārā `Schneide, Schärfe', tiži-dāra- `mit scharfer Schneide'
Old Greek: thoó- `scharf', aor. ethóōsa `ich spitzte zu', pf. ptc. tethoōméno-
Germanic: ? *darr-a- n., *dar-aɵ-a- m.
Russ. meaning: острить, точить
References: WP I 867 f
Proto-IE: *dhōw-
Meaning: to tie together
Tokharian: A, B tsu- `zusammenfügen'
Old Greek: thō̂miŋk-s, -iŋgos f. `Strick, Schnur, Band, Sehne des Bogens'
Latin: fūnis, -is m. `gedrehter Strick, Seil, Tau'
Russ. meaning: связывать
References: WH
Proto-IE: *dhrAbh-
Meaning: to crush
Slavic: *drobъ, *drobь, *drobī́tī; *drebъ
Germanic: *drab-a- vb., *drab-a- n.
Russ. meaning: дробить(ся)
References: WP I 875 f
Proto-IE: *dhrak-, -g-
Meaning: sediment, yeast
Slavic: *droskā (*troskā), *drozgā, *drozgьje
Baltic: *drag-ia- c., *drag-iā̃ f.
Germanic: *drag-jō f.; *dra(x)-st-a- adj., *drō(x)-s-n=
Latin: fracēs, -um pl. f. `Ölhefe', fracēscere `ranzig, stinkend werden'
Albanian: drā, geg. drąni `Bodensatz des Öls, von ausgelassener Butter; Weinstein'
Russ. meaning: осадок, дрожжи
References: WP I 854 f
Proto-IE: *dhrAugh-
Meaning: to deceive
Old Indian: drúhyati `to hurt, seek to harm, be hostile', ptc. drugdhá-; drógha-, droha- m. `injury, mischief, harm'; druh- `injuring, hurtful', f. `injury, harm', m. f. `injurer, foe, fiend'
Avestan: družaiti `lügt, betrügt'; draoga- `lügnerisch', m. `Lüge, Trug'; drug- f. `Lüge, Trug; Verkörperung der Lüge'
Other Iranian: OPers drauga- `lügnerisch', aduruǰīya `log'
Germanic: *draug-a- m., -drux-t-i- c.; *drau-m-a- m.
Russ. meaning: обманывать
References: WP I 874
Proto-IE: *dhrawǝs-
Meaning: to break, to crumble
Tokharian: B trus- 'lacerate, tear to pieces, mangle' (Adams 318)
Old Greek: thráu̯ō, aor. thrâu̯sai̯, p. ethráu̯sthēn , pf. téthrausmai̯, va. thraustó- `zerbrechen, zermalmen, entkräften'; thráu̯lo- `zerbrechlich'; thrâu̯ma, thrâu̯sma n. `Bruchstück, Zermalmung, Wunde', thrâu̯si-s f. `das Zerbrechen usw.', thraûron = traganón, thrauómenon Hsch.
Germanic: *drūs-k-a- adj.; *drius-a- vb.; *draus-ia- / *drau-zia- vb.; *draus-n-ō f.; *drauz-án- m.
Russ. meaning: разбивать(ся), крошить(ся)
References: WP I 872 f
Proto-IE: *dhrāgh-, *dhrāg- (~ -ō-)
Meaning: to bother, to torment
Old Indian: drāghate (D.) `to exert oneself, be tired; torment'
Slavic: *drāžī́tī
Germanic: *drak-ja- vb.
Russ. meaning: раздражать, мучить
References: WP I 875
Proto-IE: *dhrebh-
Meaning: sediment, yeast; to make/become thick, to curdle; to become flabby
Old Greek: tréphō, dor. tráphō, -omai̯, aor. thrépsai̯, -asthai̯, éthrapsa, intr. (/tr.) traphẹ̄̂n, pass. traphẹ̄̂nai̯, threphthē̂nai̯/ethráphthē, pf. intr. (/tr.) tétropha, m. téthrammai̯ `dick machen, in die Breite wachsen lassen, nähren, erziehen, hegen; gerinnen machen'; trophǟ́ f. `Ernährung, Nahrung, Pflege, Geschlecht', trophó- `nährend', trophó-s f. (/f.) `Amme, Ernährerin, Pfleger(in)', trophṓ f. `id.', tróphi- `feist, dick, gross'; thrémma n. `das Aufgezogene, Zögling, Brut', thrépsi-s f. `Aufzucht', pl. thréptra n. `Pflegelohn', threptḗr m. `Pflegevater', thréptei̯ra `id.'; thrómbo-s m. `Klumpen, Kloss, Tropfen, bes. (geronnenen) Blutes'
Slavic: *drobь, *drobъ, *drobā́
Baltic: *drē̃b- (*dreb-ja-) vb. tr., *drib- vb. intr., *drāb-l-ia- c., *drab-n-ù- adj., *dreb-ul-ia- c.; *drim̃b- vb. tr., *dram̂b-l-ia- (1) c., *drem̃b-l-ia- c.,
Germanic: *dra[b]-l-an- m.; *drab-a- n., *drabb=
Celtic: *drab= > MIr drab `Treber, Hefe', drabar-sluag `gemeines Volk, faex populi'
Russ. meaning: осадок, дрожжи; сгущать(ся), створаживать(ся), размягчать(ся)
References: WP I 876
Proto-IE: *dhreg'-
Meaning: to drag, to scratch
Old Indian: dhrájati `to move, go, glide'; dhrájas- n. `gliding course or motion', dhrāj- f. `the power to glide or move', dhrā́ji- f. `course; impulse, force'
Baltic: *drē̂ǯ- vb. tr., *dreñǯ- vb. tr.
Germanic: *drēk-ō(n-) f.; *drak=
Russ. meaning: волочить, царапать
References: WP I 874
Proto-IE: *dhregh-
Meaning: to run
Armenian: durgn, gen. drgan `Töpferrad'
Old Greek: trékhō, Pind. trákhō, aor. thréksai̯, iter. hom. thréksaskon `laufen, eilen', trokhó-s m. `Rad; Folterrad, Reif. (Topfer)scheibe, runder Kuchen usw.', trókho-s m. `(Kreis)lauf', trokhó- `luufend, eilend; kreisrund'; trókhi-s m. `Läufer, Bote'; iter. trōkháō
Celtic: *drogo-n > OIrl droch 'Rad'
Russ. meaning: бежать
References: WP I 874 f
Proto-IE: *dhreid-, *treidh-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to have a diarrhea
Slavic: *drīstā́tī, *drīstjǭ
Baltic: *treîd- (-ja-) vb., *trī̂d- vb. intr., *traîd-ā̂ f., *trid-iā̃ f., *trīd-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *drīt-a- vb., *drait-ia- vb., *drit-ō f., -an- m.
Russ. meaning: дристать
References: WP I 797 f
Proto-IE: *dhreugh-
Meaning: to guard
Slavic: *drū̀gъ C; *drūžīnā́
Baltic: *draũga- m.
Germanic: *driug-a- vb.; *drux-t-i- c.; *drux-s-t-ir-a- n.
Celtic: *drungo- > Gaul drungos `Trupp'; OIr drong `Schar'; OBret drogn `coetus'
Russ. meaning: служить в телохранителях
References: WP I 856 f
Proto-IE: *dhreuk- ?
Meaning: tree, stick
Slavic: *drjūkъ
Germanic: *draug-a- m.
Russ. meaning: дерево, палка
Proto-IE: *dhrēn- (IndoIr *d-)
Meaning: bee, drone, hornet
Old Indian: druṇa- m. (L.) `scorpion; bee'
Old Greek: *thrṓnǟk-s m.: thrō̃naks, -akos Lacon. = kēphḗn Hsch.; tenthrēdṓn, -ónos f. 'a kind of wasp that makes its nest in the earth' (Arist.), tenthrḗnǟ id. (Nic.), tenthrḗnion n. 'the nest of the tenthrēdṓn' (Arist.), tenthrēniṓdēs, n. -es 'honeycombed' (Hp.)
Germanic: *drēn-a-, -an- m., *drin-an-, *drun-an- m.
Russ. meaning: насекомое (пчела, трутень, шершень)
References: WP I 860 f
Proto-IE: *dhrēt-
Meaning: rags, fringe
Germanic: *drēɵ-an- m./, -ō(n-) f., [ *trōt= ]
Latin: fratillī pl. `villī sordidī in tapētīs' Paul. Fest. 90
Russ. meaning: лохмотья, бахрома
References: WH
Proto-IE: *dhrigh-
Meaning: hair, bristle, lock
Old Greek: thriks, trikh-ós f. `Haar'
Baltic: *drik-ā̂ f., *drī̃k- vb. intr.
Celtic: Ir gairb-driuch `Borste'
Russ. meaning: волосы, щетина, прядь волос
References: WP I 876
Proto-IE: *dhubh- ?
Meaning: peg, nail
Old Greek: {pl. tǘphoi `клин' Hsch. - nowhere found!}
Germanic: *dub-il-a- m., *dubb=, *dub=
Russ. meaning: колышек, гвоздь
References: WP I 848
piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-greek,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,
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