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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *dhar(w)-, *dhrō(w)-
Meaning: to impregnate, futuere (ab. animals)
Old Greek: thrṓskō (att. thrṓi̯skō < *thrōwískō), thórnümai̯ (/thornǘomai̯), aor. éthoron, pf. ptc. f. gen. tethorǘi̯ǟs `bespringen (auch: springen, laufen, eilen'); 3 sg. thárnüsthai = küískesthai Hsch.; 3 sg. tharneúei = okheúei Hsch.; thorískesthai̯ `Samen in sich aufnehmen'; thorós, thorǟ́́ f. `männlicher Säme'
Celtic: *dar- > MIr dar-: ipf. no-daired, prt. rō-dart, inf. dāir, gen dāra `bespringen'
Russ. meaning: оплодотворять, futuere (о животных)
References: WP I 861
Proto-IE: *dhAw-
Meaning: to press, to smother
Avestan: prs. med. 1 dual. dvaidī `wir bedrängen', davąs-činā `obwohl sich dazu drängend'
Slavic: *dāvī́tī
Germanic: *dau-ja- vb.
Russ. meaning: давить, душить
References: WP I 822
Proto-IE: *dhā̆bh-
Meaning: to beat, to slap
Baltic: *dā̂b- (-ja-) vb. tr. (2)
Germanic: *da[b]=
Russ. meaning: бить, шлепать
References: Fraenkel 99
Proto-IE: *dhāg-
Meaning: to sharpen
Armenian: daku, pl. gen. dakvach `Axt'
Old Greek: thǟ́gō, thǟgánō, aor. thǟ̂ksai̯ `wetzen, schärfen, anfeuern', thǟgón = oksǘ, ēkonēménon, thē̂ksis = rhopḗ, stigmḗ, tákhos Hsch., thǟgánǟ f. `Wetzstein'
Russ. meaning: точить, острить
References: WP I 822 f
Proto-IE: *dheb-
Meaning: big, thick, heavy
Tokharian: A tpär, B tappre-, täpr- 'hoch'
Slavic: *debelъ(jь), *dobolъ(jь)
Baltic: *deb-īk-a- adj., *dab-l-a- adj.
Germanic: *dap-r-a- adj.
Russ. meaning: большой, толстый, тяжелый
References: WP I 850
Proto-IE: *dhebh-
Meaning: to injure, to harm
Hittite: tepu- 'wenig, gering', tepnu- 'gering machen, demütigen' (Friedrich 221)
Tokharian: A tsāw-, tsop-, B tsāp-, tsop- 'mash, crush, pierce; strike, jab, poke' (PT *tsop-, *tsāpā-) (Adams 743)
Old Indian: dabhnóti 'to hurt, injure, destroy', pf. dadā́bha, ptc. dabdhá-, caus. dambháyati; dabhrá- 'little, small, deficient'
Avestan: dab- 'betrügen, um etwas bringen' etc.
Other Iranian: Osset. dawịn 'stehlen'
Old Greek: ? atémbō 'beschädigen, berauben'
Russ. meaning: вредить
References: WP I 850 f
Proto-IE: *d(h)eg'(h)-
Meaning: solution
Baltic: *daǯ-a- c., *daǯ-al-a- c., *daǯ-ī̂- vb.
Celtic: *degu > OIr deug, MIr, Ir deoch `Trank'
Russ. meaning: раствор чего-то
References: WP I 786
Proto-IE: *dhegʷh-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to burn
Tokharian: A, B tsäk- 'burn up', tsāk- 'illuminate' (PT *tsäk-, *tsāk-) (Adams 730 f)
Old Indian: dáhati, ptc. dagdhá-; dāha- m. `burning, combustion', ni-dāghá- m. `heat, warmth, summer'
Avestan: dažaiti `brennt'; daxša- m. `Brand'
Other Iranian: NPers dāɣ `Brandmal'
Old Greek: théptanos = haptómenos Hsch., téphrǟ `Asche'
Slavic: *žegtī, *žьgātī, *žegǭ; *degъtь
Baltic: *deg- (*deg-a-) vb. tr./intr., *dē̃g-ia- c., *deg-es-ia- c., *dag-a- c., *dag-ia- c., *dag-u- adj., *dag-l-ā̂ f., *dag-l-ia- c., *dag-l-u- c., *deg-l-a-, *dag-l-a- adj., *dag-[a]- m., *deg-ut-a- c., *deg-ō-t-a- c.
Latin: foveō, -ēre, fōvī, fōtum `warm machen, (er)wärmen; hegen, pflegen', fōtus, -ūs m. `Wärmen, Bahen'; fōculum, -ī n. `Wärmemittel, Feuerpfanne', fōmentum n. `wärmender Umschlag'; fōmes, -itis m. `Zündstoff, Zunder', favilla (~ -ī-) `Asche, glühende Asche, Flugasche'; favōnius, -ī m. `der laue Westwind'; febris, gen. -is, acc. -im, abl. -ī f. `Fieber'
Celtic: MIr daig, gen. dega `Feuer'
Albanian: djek `verbrenne, brenne an', δez, ndez `zünde an'
Russ. meaning: жечь, гореть
References: WP I 849 f
Proto-IE: *dheig'h-
Meaning: to puddle (clay), form out (of clay), to knead (dough)
Tokharian: A tsek-, B tsik- 'to fashion, shape, build' (Adams 738)
Old Indian: degdhi, pf. dideha `to anoint, smear, plaster', deha- m., n. `body', dehī́ f. `mound, bank, rampart'
Avestan: pairi-daēzayeiti `mauert ringsum', 3 sg. med. uz-dišta `hat (einen Damm) errichtet', ptc. uz-dišta-; uz-daēza- m. `Aufhäufung, Wall', pairi-daēza- m. `Umfriedigung'
Other Iranian: OPers didā `Festung'; NPers diz, dēz `Festung'
Armenian: dizanem, aor. 3 sg. edēz `häufe auf', dizamin `häufe mich auf, sammle mich', dēz `Haufe'
Old Greek: thiŋgánō, aor. thigẹ̄̂n, pass. thikhthē̂nai̯ `mit der Hand berühren, antasten, sich mit etwas befassen'; thíksi-s f. `Berührung', thígma n. `id.'; têi̯khos n. `Mauer, Stadtmauer, Wall, Befestigungswerk', tôi̯kho-s m. `Mauer, Wand, Schiffswand'
Slavic: *dēžjā; *zьdā́tī, *zīdjǭ; *zьdъ, *zīdъ
Baltic: *ǯeĩd- vb. tr., *ǯeĩd-r-a- c., *ǯaĩd-a- c., *ǯeĩd-jā̂ f., *ǯaid-ī̂-, -ē̂- vb.
Germanic: *dig=, *daig-a- m., n., *daig-iōn- f., *daig-ia- vb.; *dig-r-i- adj., *dig-il-a- m., *dig-al-a- m.
Latin: fingō, -ere, fīnxī, fictum `über etwas hinstreichen, streicheln; kneten, bilden, formen, gestalten (bes. weiche Masse wie Ton, Wachs u. dgl.); zurechtmachen, ordnen; bilden nach einer Idee, ausbilden; sich vorstellen, erdenken; erdichten, erhecheln'; figulus, -ī m. `Töpfer', figmentum, figmen `Bildung, Erdichtung', effigiēs f. `Abbild, Ebenbild, Porträt; Schattenbild, Schemen; Urbild, Vorbild, Ideal', figūra f. `Bildung, Gestaltung, Figur', fictor, -ōris m. `Bildner, Bäcker', fictiō, -ōnis f. `Bildung, Erdichtung', fictilis, -e `tönern'
Other Italic: Osk feíhúss `mūrōs'; Falisc fifiked `fīnxit', fi<f>iqod `fīnxērunt ?'
Celtic: OIr digen `fest', *com-uks-ding- `bauen, errichten'
Russ. meaning: мазать глиной, лепить из глины, месить тесто
References: WP I 833 f
Proto-IE: *dheigʷ-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to stab, to dig
Baltic: *deîg- (2) vb. tr., *dī̂g- (2) vb. intr., *deîg-a- c., *daîg-a- c., *daig-ā̂ f., *dīg-iā̃ f., *dīg-u- adj., *daig-ī̂- vb.
Germanic: *dīk-a- m., *dīk-ia- n.
Latin: fīgō (OLat fīvō), -ere, fīxī, fīctum/fīxum `heften, anheften, hineinstecken; durchbohren; festsetzen, einprägen'; ? fīnis, -is m. (/f.) `Grenze; Ende, Abschluss; das Äusserste, Höchste; Endziel, Zweck'; fībula f. `Heftel, Klammer, Spange, Schnalle, Heftnadel'
Other Italic: Umbr fiktu `figitō', afiktu `īnfigitō';
Russ. meaning: втыкать, копать
References: WP I 832 f
Proto-IE: *d(h)eik-
Meaning: wild
Slavic: *dīkъ, *dīkъ(jь)
Baltic: *deik-a- adj.
Celtic: Cymr dig 'Ärger, ärgerlich'
Russ. meaning: дикий
References: Fraenkel 95
Proto-IE: *dhel-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: light (not dark)
Armenian: deɫin 'yellow, white'
Germanic: *dell=
Celtic: MIr dellrad 'glance'
Albanian: geg. diell, dill m. 'sun'
Russ. meaning: светлый
Proto-IE: *dhelbh-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to dig, to hollow
Slavic: *del(s)tī, *dьlbǭ; *dolbъ; *dolto, *delto
Baltic: *del̃b- vb. trans., *dal̂b-ā̂ (1), *del̂b-n-ā̂ (1) f., *dal̂b-a- (1) c., *dil̂b-ia- c., *dul̂b-a- (1) adj., *dulb-t-a- n., *del̂b-a- (1) m.
Germanic: *dilb-a- vb.
Russ. meaning: рыть, долбить
References: WP I 866 f
Proto-IE: *dhen-er/n-
Meaning: palm (of hand)
Old Greek: thénar, -aros n. `Handfläche, Fusssohle'
Germanic: *din-r-a- m., *din-r-ō f.
Russ. meaning: ладонь
References: WP I 853
Proto-IE: *dh[e]n(w)-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to flow
Tokharian: A tsnā-ntär, pp. tsno 'flow', B tseñe 'river, stream, courant', tsnamo 'flowing' (PT *tsän-) (Adams 741, 744)
Old Indian: dadhánti `to cause to run or move quickly', dhanáyati `id., to move or run', dhanvati `to run or flow'; dhánutar- `running, moving quickly'
Latin: fōns, fontis m. `Quelle'
Russ. meaning: течь
References: WH
Proto-IE: *dherǝbh-
Meaning: to work; srong, adroit
Tokharian: A, B tsārw- 'take heart, take courage' (Adams 731)
Baltic: *dir̂b- (*dir̂b-a-) vb., *dar̂b-a- (2) c.
Germanic: *dirb-a- adj., *dirba-n- vb., *darb-i- adj., *dirb-ia- vb.
Russ. meaning: работать; сильный, ловкий
References: WP I 863 f
Proto-IE: *dher(ǝ)-, *dhrē-
Meaning: to hold
Tokharian: ? A tsär 'strong', B tsirauñe, tsiromñe 'energy' (PT *tsäre 'strong') (Adams 739)
Old Indian: dharati, dhārayati, ptc. dhr̥tá- `to hold, bear, keep'; dhárma- m., dhárman- n. `steadfast decree, law, usage', dharmán- m. `bearer, supporter'
Avestan: dārayeiti `hält'
Other Iranian: OPers dārayāmiy `halte'
Old Greek: thrēskéu̯ō `einen religiösen Gebrauch beobachten', thrē̂sko- `göttesfürchtig', thrḗskō `noō̂' (Hsch.), inf. thráskẹ̄n `anamimnḗiskẹ̄n' (Hsch.), inf. en-thrẹ̄̂n `phülássẹ̄n' (Hsch.)
Slavic: *dārītī (Chech zdařiti se, podařiti se 'glücken, gelingen, gut geraten, gedeihen', Pol zdarzyć się 'sich ereignen, sich treffen, passieren'); *sъdorvъ
Baltic: *der-ē̂- (der-a-) vb., *dar-n-ā̂ f., *der-n-ā̂ f., *der̃-n-a-, *dar̃-n-a- adj., *dā̃r-a- adj.
Latin: firmus, -a `stark, fest, kräftig; dauerhaft, beständig, zuverlässig'; frētus, -a `vertrauend, bauend auf'
Russ. meaning: держать
References: WH
Proto-IE: *dherg'h-
Meaning: to strengthen, to become hard
Old Indian: dr̥hyati `to be strong', ptc. drḍhá- `fixed, firm'; drahyát `firmly, strongly'
Avestan: darǝzayeiti `bindet fest, fesselt'; darǝza- `fest'
Baltic: Lith dir̃ža-s `Riemen', dir̃žti (-žta, -žō) 'zäh, hart, unzerbrechlich werden', Lett dir̂ža '(lederner) Gürtel, Riemen', derža 'Frondienst, schwere Arbeit, Fronarbeit, Standhafter, Peitsche, Schürzenband'; OPrus dīrstlan `stattlich' Ench. 73, 10
Russ. meaning: укреплять(ся), твердеть
References: WP I 856 f
Proto-IE: *dherg'h-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to weave, to spin
Other Iranian: NPers darz, darza `Naht', dazmān, darznān `Faden', darzan `Nadel'; Pehl darzīk `Schneider'
Armenian: darnam, aor. darʒay `sich wenden, sich drehen, sich kehren; zurückkehren', darʒ `Wendung, Umkehr, Rückkehr'
Albanian: dreɵ, aor. droδa `umdrehen, zusammendrehen, zwirnen, spinnen'
Russ. meaning: плести, прясть
References: WP I 863
Proto-IE: *dherg(h)en-
Meaning: a k. of tree (cornel, sloe)
Slavic: *dernъ `кизил/терн'
Germanic: *dirn=
Celtic: *dragino-,-ā-: OIr draigen `Schlehdorn; wilder Birnbaum'; Cymr draen `Dornstrauch', NBret dréan `Dornstrauch'
Russ. meaning: дерево (кизил, терновник)
References: WP I 862 f
piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-avest,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-iran,piet-arm,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,
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