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Indo-European etymology :

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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *dēwǝ-
Meaning: to fail, to be behind
Old Indian: duṣyati, caus. dūṣayati, doṣayati `to become bad or corrupted', ptc. duṣṭá-; dūṣa- `defiling, corrupting', doṣa- m. `fault, vice, deficiency'
Old Greek: déō, -omai̯ (aeol., ep. déu̯ō, -omai̯), impers. dêi̯, déu̯ei̯, aor. deē̂sai̯, ep. edéu̯esen, pass. deēthē̂nai̯, `nachstehen, ermangeln, bedürfen' (déomai̯ auch `bitten'); epi-deḗs, hom. -deu̯ḗs `bedürfig, ermangelnd', en-deḗs `id.' ; déēsi-s `Bedarf, Bitten', déēma n. `Bitte'
Germanic: *tiu-n-ō f., *tiu-n-a- n., *tiu-n-ia- vb.
Russ. meaning: недоставать, отставать
References: WP I 782 (quite differently in Pok.)
Proto-IE: *dēy- (~ *deyǝ-)
Meaning: to hive the bees, make a bee-have
Slavic: *dēlъ (> Ru dial. děl 'Waldbienestock'); *dēlъ, *dēlī́tī
Baltic: *dē̂- (1) vb., *dē̂j-al-ā̂, -iā̃ f.
Germanic: *tī-ɵla-
Proto-IE: *dēy-, *dyV̄-
Meaning: to tie
Old Indian: dyáti (ā-, ni-, sam-) `to bind', ptc. dita- `gebunden'; dā́man- n. `string, cord, rope, fetter, girdle'; ni-dātár- m. `one who fastens or ties up'
Avestan: 3 sg. med. = pass. nī-dyā-tąm `es soll Einhalt getan w.'
Old Greek: déō, aeol. dídēmi, aor. dē̂sai̯, pass. dethē̂nai̯, pf. med. dédemai̯, va. detó- `binden'; detǟ́, pl. -ái̯ `Fackel, Brand'; pl. amallo-detē̂res m. `Garbenbinder', dési-s `das Binden etc.', desmó-s, pl. desmá m. `Band Fessel', désmǟ f. `Bündel', krḗ-demnon `Kopfbinde'; hüpó-dēma `Schuh, Sandale', diá-dēma `Stirnbinde'; pl. detói̯ m. `Bündel'; amallo-, hippo, kēro-détǟ-s; krǟ́-demno-n `Kopfbinde, Schleier'
Albanian: duai `Garbe', del `Sehne, Flechse, Ader'
Russ. meaning: связывать, обвязывать etc.
References: WP I 771 f
Proto-IE: *dg'heis-, *dg'hyes-
Meaning: yesterday
Old Indian: hyás `yesterday', hyastana `hesternal'
Other Iranian: NPers dī, dīg, dīn 'gestern'
Old Greek: khthés, ekhthés `gestern'; khthizdó- `gestrig'
Germanic: *gis-tr-; *gjēz, *gēz
Latin: herī, heri, here `gestern', hesternus `gestrig'
Celtic: OIr in-dhē; Cymr doe, OCorn dvy, NCorn dé, Mbret dech, NBret deac'h `gestern'; *noktigestro-: Cymr neithiwyr, Corn neihur, nehur, MBret neysor, neiser `gestern Abend'
Albanian: dje 'yesterday', djéshëm id. (adj.), pardjé 'day before yesterday'
Russ. meaning: вчера
References: WP I 664 f
Proto-IE: *dg'hem-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: earth
Hittite: tekan n., gen. taknas 'Erde', dagan, tagan 'nieder, zu Boden'; HLuw takamia `Erde', Luw. tijammi id. (Friedrich 204, 220)
Tokharian: A tkaṃ, B keṃ `Erde' (Adams 192)
Old Indian: kṣā́ḥ, gen. jmáḥ, gmáḥ, kṣmáḥ, acc. kṣām, instr. jmā́, kṣamā́, loc. kṣámi `ground, earth', kṣámya- `terrestrial'
Avestan: zɔ̄, gen. zǝmo, acc. ząm, loc. zǝmi 'Erde, Erdboden'
Old Greek: khthṓn, -onós f. `Erde, Erdboden, Land', khthamaló- `niedrig', neo-khmó- `neu, ungewöhnlich, fremdartig'
Slavic: *zemljā́; *zemь
Baltic: *ǯem-i- f., *ǯem-iā̃ f., *ǯam-iā̃ f.
Latin: humus, -ī/-ūs f. (/m.) `Erde, Erdboden', humilis `niedrig'
Other Italic: Osk hu(n)truis 'inferis', huntrus 'inferos', Umbr hondomu 'infimo'
Russ. meaning: земля
References: WP I 662 f, Buck 16.
Comments: Hard to distinguish from the reflexes of *g'hem- #3258. All Italic forms (Lat humus, etc.) may in fact belong there.
Proto-IE: *dg'hū-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: fish
Armenian: ʒu-kn 'Fisch'
Old Greek: ikhthǖ̂-s, -ǘos m. `Fisch'
Baltic: *ǯuw-i- (*ǯuw-) c., *ǯiw= c.; ǯū̂- vb. tr., *ǯū̂-k= sb., *ǯū̆-t-i(a)- c.
Russ. meaning: рыба (общее название)
References: WP I 664
Proto-IE: *dgʷher-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to flow, to flood
Old Indian: kṣárati `to flow, stream; to melt away, perish', kṣara- `melting away, perishable'; n. (L) `water'
Avestan: ɣžaraiti `strömt, wallt auf'
Armenian: ǰur, gen. ǰroy `Wasser'
Old Greek: phthéi̯rō (aeol. phthérrō, ark. phthērō, dor. phtái̯rō), aor. phthẹ̄̂ra, pass. phtharē̂nai̯, pf. pass. éphtharmai̯, va. phthartó- `zugrunde richten, vernichten, verderben, zerstören', phtorǟ́ f. `Verderben, Vernichtung, Untergang, Seuche, Verfuhrung, Abtreibung, Fehlgeburt'; süm-phthéi̯rō `1) zugleich od. gänzlich zugrunde richten; 2) (von Farben) mischen, verschmelzen, ineinander fliessen lasen', 3) verschmelzen, vermischen überhaupt'
Russ. meaning: течь потоком, затоплять
References: WP I 700
Proto-IE: *dgʷhey-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to disappear, to die
Tokharian: ? A ktsets 'finished, perfect', B ktsaitse 'old (of age' (PT *ktsaitstse) (Adams 242 with doubts)
Old Indian: kṣiṇā́ti, kṣiṇóti, kṣayati `to destroy, corrupt, ruin', ptc. kṣitá-, kṣīná-, pass. kṣīyáte; kṣaya- m. `loss, waste, wane', kṣíti- f. `wane, ruin, destruction'
Avestan: gen. xšyō `Hinschwinden, Elend, Not', inf. xšayō `um zu verderben'
Old Greek: phthínō, phthinúthō, aor. phthī̂sai, att. phthísai̯, ephtímǟn, phthímeno-, éphthithen, pf. med. éphthitai̯, va. phthitó- `hinschwinden, vergehen, umkommen' bzw. `verschwinden machen, verzehren, vernichten'; phthóǟ f. `Schwindsucht', phthísi-s `das Schwinden, Abnehmen, Auzehrung, Schwindsucht'
Latin: situs, -ūs m. `Moder, Schmutz, Schimmel, Rost'; sitis, -is (acc. -im) f. `Durst'
Russ. meaning: исчезать, погибать
References: WP I 505 f
Proto-IE: *dhAbh-
Meaning: appropriate, good
Slavic: *dobrъ; *dobā́; *dobī́tī; *ū-dobь
Baltic: *dab-ā̂ f., *dāb-ā̂, -a- c., *dab-n-u- adj.
Germanic: *dab-a- vb.; *daf-t-i- c.
Russ. meaning: уместный, подходящий, хороший
References: WP I 824 f
Proto-IE: *dhabhr-
Meaning: smith
Armenian: darbin `Schmied'
Latin: faber, -brī m. `Handwerker, Künstler', adv. fabrē `geschickt'
Russ. meaning: кузнец
References: WP I 824 f
Proto-IE: *dhAil-
Meaning: part, watershed
Slavic: *dē̃lъ, *dēlī́tī
Baltic: *dailī-
Germanic: *dail-i- c., *dail-a- n., *dail-ō(n-) f.; *dail-ia- vb.
Russ. meaning: часть, (водо)раздел
References: WP I 809 f
Proto-IE: *dhAla-
Meaning: hollow, cavity; bottom
Old Greek: thálamo-s m. `innerer, hinterer Raum des Hauses', thalámǟ `Lager, Schlupfwinkel, Höhle, Höhlung im Körper'
Slavic: *dolъ; *dolovь вниз, долой, *dolū, *dolē внизу
Germanic: *dal-a- n., m., *dōl=, *dalj-a- m., n., *dal-jō(n-), ? *dil-jō(n-) f.
Russ. meaning: впадина, яма; низ
References: WP I 864 f
Proto-IE: *dhalk-, -g- / -e-
Meaning: a stinging/cutting tool
Baltic: *dal̃g-iā̃ f., -ia- c., *dilg-u- adj., *dil̂g-iā̃ f., *dil̂g- vb. intr.
Germanic: *dalk-a- m., *dulk=
Latin: falx, -cis, pl. gen. -cium f. `Sichel; Sense; Winzer- und Gartenmesser; Schnitzmesser; Reisshaken'
Celtic: OIr delg `Dorn, Tuchnadel'; Ir dluigim 'spalte'
Russ. meaning: колюще-режущее орудие
References: WP I 865 f
Proto-IE: *dham-
Meaning: family, home
Old Greek: *thaimó-s: thaimó-s = oikía, spóros, phüteía Hsch.
Latin: famulus, -ī m. `Diener', familia f. `Gesinde'
Other Italic: Osk famel `servus', famelo `familiae', Umbr fameřias `familiae'
Russ. meaning: семья, дом
References: WH
Proto-IE: *dhAmǝ- / *dhemǝ-, *dhmǝ̄-
Meaning: to blow
Old Indian: dhámati, p. ptc. dhmāntas, ptc. dhamitá-, dhmātá- `to blow'
Avestan: dāδmainya- `sich aufblasend, blähend (von Fröschen)'
Other Iranian: NPers damīdan `blasen, wehen', dam `Atem, Atemzug'; Osset dumun, dɨmɨn `rauchen; wehen, blasen'
Slavic: *dǭtī, *dъmǭ
Baltic: *dum̂- vb. tr., *dum̂-s-l-iā̃ (1) f.
Germanic: *dēm-a- m., *dēm-an- m.; *dēm=, *dimm-a- adj., *dimm-Vr-a- adj., *dimm-ōn- f., *dumm=
Celtic: MIr dem `schwarz, dunkel', deime `Dunkelheit'
Russ. meaning: дуть
References: WP I 851 f
Comments: ? Cf. Greek *thémero- themérē, thémeron `sturdy, sacred, stable' Hsch.; Pind. themérāi̯ opí; themeró-phronas = sünetoús, sṓphronas' Hsch.
Proto-IE: *dhAn-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: flat lot, platform
Old Indian: dhánus- n., dhánvan- m., n. `desert, arid land'; dhánu-, dhanū- f. `sandbank, sandy shore'
Germanic: *dan-jō f., *dan-ja- n., etc.
Russ. meaning: ровный участок; утоптанная площадка; помост
References: WP I 853
Comments: Cf. *dhūn-
Proto-IE: *dhAngʷ-
Meaning: bog, marsh
Baltic: *dang-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *dankw-ō f., *dankw-iō f., *dankw-ia- n., *dunkw=
Russ. meaning: мочажина
References: WP I 851 f
Proto-IE: *dhAnw-
Meaning: oak, fir
Old Indian: dhánvan- n., dhanu- m., dhánuṣ- n. `bow'; dhanvana- m. n., dhanvaga m. `Grewia elastica; n. its fruit'
Avestan: ɵanvan-, ɵanvar- `Bogen'
Slavic: *dǭbъ (?)
Germanic: *dann-a- m., *dann-ō, *dann-iō f.
Russ. meaning: дерево (дуб ~ пихта)
References: WP I 825
Proto-IE: *dhAp-
Meaning: wet, reservoir
Baltic: *dap-a- c.
Germanic: *da[f]= 'wet, moist, puddle'
Russ. meaning: мокрый; водоем
References: [Different in Pok.]
Proto-IE: *dhar-
Meaning: hinge
Old Greek: thai̯ró-s m. `Türangel, drehbare Türzapfen; Wagenachse'
Germanic: *darr-ōn- f.
Russ. meaning: дверная петля, верея
References: Frisk (different in Pok.)
piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,
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