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Indo-European etymology :

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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *bolb-
Meaning: a k. of plant with edible tuber
Old Indian: bálbaja- m. `Eleusine indica (a sp. of coarse grass not liked by cattle)'
Old Greek: bolbó-s `Zwiebel'
Latin: bulbus, -ī m. `Zwiebel, Bolle, Wurzelknolle'
Russ. meaning: бульба
References: WP II 111 f
Proto-IE: *bōul-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: round obj., bubble
Old Greek: *bülló-: büllá = bebusména Hsch.; bō̂lo-s f. (/m.) `(Erdk)loss, Erdscholle'
Germanic: *pūl-iō(n-) f., *pull=, *puls=
Latin: bulla f. `(Wasser)blase, Buckel, Knospe, Knopf, Golldkaspel mit Amulett'
Russ. meaning: круглый предмет, пузырь
References: WP II 111 f
Proto-IE: *bragh-
Meaning: rope, loop, net
Old Greek: brókho-s m. `Schlinge (zum Erhängen), Strick, Band, Masche'
Celtic: *brag- > Ir braig `Kette', braga `Gefangener'
Russ. meaning: веревка, петля, сеть
References: WP II 272 f (differently in Pok.)
Proto-IE: *brAngh-
Meaning: to press, to squeeze
Tokharian: A, B pränk- (PT *pränk-) 'restrain oneself, keep away, reject' (Adams 415)
Baltic: *brañg-t-a- c.
Germanic: *prang-a- vb., *prang-ia- vb., *prang=
Russ. meaning: сжимать, сдавливать
References: WP II 119
Proto-IE: *bud-
Meaning: fruit, sprout; tree-fungus
Armenian: ptuɫ, gen. ptɫoy `Frucht'; ptuk, gen. ptkan `grüner Zweig, Trieb'
Old Greek: ? bōl[ḗ]tǟ-s `Pilz, spez. Champignon'
Slavic: *bъdlā, *bъdlo, *bъdlъkъ виды грибов (чаще `трутовик')
Baltic: *bud-iā̃ f., *bud-i-s f., *bud-ēl-iā̃ f.
Russ. meaning: плод, побег/древесный гриб
References: WP II 115 f
Proto-IE: *budn-
Meaning: a k. of vessel
Armenian: poytn, gen. putan `Topf, Suppentopf, Krug'
Germanic: *putt-a- m.
Russ. meaning: сосуд
References: WP II 116
Proto-IE: *bul-
Meaning: anus, vulva
Old Indian: buli-, buri- f. `female organ of generation; anus'
Baltic: *bul-i- c., *bul-iā̃ f.
Russ. meaning: anus, vulva
References: WP II 111 f
Proto-IE: *būs-
Meaning: to swell, to stuff
Old Greek: bǖnéō, bǖ́nō, bǘzdō (~ -ǖ́-), bǘō, aor. bǖ̂sai̯, p. ebǘsthēn, pf. bébüsmai̯, bebüsméno-, va. pará-büsto- `vollstopfen, anfüllen', bǘstrǟ f., bǘsma n. `Pfropf', bǘzdǟn `dicht gedrängt, eng aneinander'
Slavic: *būxātī, *būxorъ, *būxnǭtī, *būxā etc.
Germanic: *pū́s-a- m., *pus-an- m., *pūs-a- (?) vb., *pūs-t-a- m., *pūs-t-ō- vb., *pus-t-ō- vb., etc.
Celtic: *bousto- (~ -eu- ) > OIr būas `Bauch'
Albanian: mbuš `fülle an'
Russ. meaning: разбухать, набивать
References: WP II 114 f
Proto-IE: *dab-
Meaning: to hit, to pull, to injure
Germanic: *tap-ō- vb., *tapp-ō- vb.
Latin: damnum, -ī m. `Verlust, Schaden, Nachtgeil'
Russ. meaning: бить, дергать, причинять вред
References: WH (differently in Pok.)
Proto-IE: *dAl-
Meaning: part, share
Old Indian: dala- n. `a piece torn or split off, fragment'; dali- f. `clod of earth'; dalati `to crack, split open', caus. dā̆layati
Slavic: *doljā
Baltic: *dal-i-s f., *dal-jā̂ f.
Celtic: OCorn didaul `expers', Cymr gwa-ddol `a portion or dowry'
Russ. meaning: часть, доля
References: WP I 809 f
Proto-IE: *dam-
Meaning: calf, joung deer
Old Greek: damálǟ-s, -ọ̄ m. `junger Stier', damálǟ f.`junge Kuh', dámali-s `id.', dámalo-s (Hdn.)`Kalb ?'
Germanic: *tam-Vr=
Latin: dāma, damma f. `Gemse, Rehkalb, Antilope, Gazelle'
Celtic: *dam= > OIr dam `Ochse', dam allaid `Hirsch'; Cymr dafad `Schaf', OCorn dauat `Schaf', Corn da `dama', Bret dañvat `Schaf'
Russ. meaning: скот (молодой)
References: WP I 788 f
Proto-IE: *dAngh-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: sky, heavenly body
Slavic: *dǭgā́ `Regenbogen', *rājī-dǭgā
Baltic: *dañg-u- c.
Germanic: *tung-l-a- n., *tungl-ō(n-) f., *tungl-an- m.
Russ. meaning: небо, небесное тело
References: WP I 792
Proto-IE: *dAns-
Meaning: to teach
Old Indian: dáṁsas- n., daṁsána- n., daṁsánā f. `surprising or wonderful deed, marvellous power or skill'; dáṁsu- `wonderful'; dasrá- `accomplishing wonderful deeds'
Avestan: daŋhah- `Geschicklichkeit, Gewanddheit'; daŋra- `geschickt, kündig'; dasmá- `wunderkräftig (von Göttern)', dahma- `in religiösen Fragen wissend, eingeweiht'; dīdaiŋhē `ich werde unterwiesen', dąstvā f. `Lehere, Dogma'
Old Greek: aor. pass. daē̂nai̯, ep. daḗmenai̯, pf. dedáēka, dedaṓs `lernen', aor. hom. dédae, 3 pl. dédaon Hsch., inf. hom. dedáasthai (? *-dáe-) `lehren'; didáskō `id.'; pl. dǟ́nea n. `Ratschläge, Anschläge', *a-dǟnḗs: a-danḗs `apronóētos' (Hsch.), EM, a-dēnḗs `ákakos' (Hsch.), pl. polüdḗnea `polǘboulon' (Hsch.); daí-phrōn `klugen Sinn habend'; a-daḗs (Soph.) `unkundig, unerfahren', hom. daḗmōn `kundig', dáēsi-s (EM)
Russ. meaning: учить чему-то (высшему)
References: WP I 793
Proto-IE: *dap-
Meaning: sacrifice, offering; to cut to pieces
Tokharian: ? A tāp(p)-, B tāpp- 'to eat' (PT *tāppā-) (Adams 286)
Armenian: taun `Fest'
Old Greek: dáptō, aor. dápsai̯ `zerreissen, zerfleische, verzehren', dardáptō `zerreisse, verpassen'; dapánǟ f. `Aufwand, Kosten'; dápano- `lavish, exrtavagant; expensive'; dáptǟ-s `Zerreiber'
Germanic: *ta[f]-n-a- n.
Latin: daps, -is f. `Mahl, Schmaus, bes. Opfermahl'
Russ. meaning: жертвоприношение; резать на куски
References: WP I 764 f
Proto-IE: *dar- ?
Meaning: a k. of tree (larch, oak)
Latin: larix, -icis f. `Lärchenbaum'
Celtic: *darik-, *daru- > MIr dair, gen. darach; daur, gen. daro `Eiche'; OIr daurde/dairde 'Eichen'
Russ. meaning: дерево (лиственница/дуб)
References: WH
Proto-IE: *dar[a]-, *drā-
Meaning: to make
Old Greek: drā́ō `machen, tun', hom., ion. drái̯nō `tun', drános = érgon, prā̂ksis (Hsch.), a-dranḗs `untätig, unwirksam, schwach'
Baltic: *dar-ī̂- vb.
Russ. meaning: делать
Proto-IE: *dArd-
Meaning: to make a noise, to shout
Old Indian: dardura- m. `frog; flute', dardara- m. 'a k. of drum (L.)'
Old Greek: dárda = mélissa (Hsch.)
Slavic: *dъrdorētī etc.
Baltic: *dard-ē̂-, *dir̂d-ē̂-, -ī̂- (1) vb., *dar̂d-a- (1) c., *dar̂d-ē̂- (1) vb.
Celtic: Ir deirdrethar `tobt', dord `Bass', fo-dord `Brummen, Murren' Bass', an-dord `helle Stimme, Lied'; dordaim `brülle'; Cymr dordd `sonitus, strepitus'
Russ. meaning: шуметь, кричать
References: WP I 795
Proto-IE: *darǝw- / *derǝw-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: field; a k. of wild cereals
Old Indian: dū́rvā f. `bent grass, panic grass, Panicum dactylon'
Old Greek: ? delph. darátai̯ f. Ben. von Kuchen, die bei Eheschliessung von einer Phratrie dargeboten wurden, dárato-s m., -n. n. Ben. eines thessalischen Brotes
Slavic: *dьrvьnjī
Baltic: *dirw-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *tarw-ōn- f.
Latin: dravoca `personacia, lappa', Rom `Lolch'
Russ. meaning: поле; полевые злаки
References: WP I 803
Proto-IE: *dArg'h-
Meaning: fenced lot
Baltic: *dar̃ǯ-a- c.
Germanic: *targ-ō(n-) f., *targ-an- m.
Russ. meaning: огороженный участок
Proto-IE: *dAs- (PIH *dAsH-)
Meaning: to exhaust, to get tired
Hittite: tešha- 'sich fernhalten von'
Old Indian: dasyati `to suffer want, become exhausted'
Germanic: *tás-ō- vb., *tás-al=
Russ. meaning: истощаться, уставать
References: WP I 763 f
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Total of 3178 records 159 pages

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