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Indo-European etymology :

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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *bhrous-
Meaning: to break, to crumble
Germanic: *braus-ia- vb., *brūs-ia- vb., *bráus-m-ō f., *braus-k-ia- adj., etc.
Latin: frustum, -ī n. `Brocken, Stückchen, Bissen'
Celtic: *brūsje-, *brusnāmi, *brēuhat etc.
Russ. meaning: ломать, крошить
References: WP II 198 f
Proto-IE: *bhrozdh-
Meaning: sharp edge, top
Slavic: *brъzdā Zaum, Gebiss
Baltic: *bruzd-utl-ia- m., *branzd-(d)l-a- c.
Germanic: *brazd=, *bruzd-a- m.
Celtic: *brozdo-s > MIr brot `Stachel', Ir brod `id.'; Cymr brathu `stechen, beissen'; brath `Stich, Biss', OCorn bros `Stachel', Corn brath-cy `Kettenhund', OBret brothrac gl. `agipam i. e. acupicam', Bret broud `Stachel'
Russ. meaning: острый край/конец
References: WP II 132 f
Proto-IE: *bhrughn-
Meaning: sprout, reed
Germanic: *brugn=
Celtic: *brugno- > Cymr brwyn-en `Binse', OCorn brunnen gl. `juncus, scirpus', MCorn bronnen `Binse', Bret broenn-enn `Binse'
Russ. meaning: побег, тростник
References: WP II 208
Proto-IE: *bhrūn-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: grey, brown, etc.
Slavic: *brɨ̄nētī, *brūnētī; *bronъ(jь)
Germanic: *brū-n-a- adj.
Russ. meaning: серый, коричневый etc.
References: WP II 166 f
Proto-IE: *bhudhm-, *bhudhn-
Meaning: earth, bottom
Old Indian: budhná- m. `bottom, ground'
Avestan: bū̆nō- 'bottom, ground'
Armenian: bun `Grund, Boden'
Old Greek: püthmḗn, -énos m. `Boden eines Gefässes, des Meeres usw., Grund, Grundfläche, Unterlage, Fuss (eines Bechers, einer Pflanze), Wurzelende, Stock, Stamm'; pǘndak-s, -akos m. `Boden eines Gefässes'
Slavic: *bъdno (ЭССЯ 3:110) (LLuz beno желудок, брюхо ( у скота), benko низкий, пузатый горшок Slvk dial. bedno дно)
Germanic: *buɵm-a- m., *butm-a- m., *butn-a-, *budn-a- n., -z, *butm-iōn- f., *buɵm-iōn- f.
Latin: fundus, -ī m. `Boden eines Gefässes; Grund von Flüssen und Meeren', pro-fundus, -a `tief'
Celtic: MIr bond, bonn `solea'
Russ. meaning: земля, дно
References: WP II 190
Proto-IE: *bhug'-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: he-goat, ram
Old Indian: Gipsy buzni Ziege
Avestan: būza- `he-goat'
Other Iranian: NPers buz `goat'
Armenian: buc `lamb'
Germanic: *bukk-a- m., *bukk-an- m.
Celtic: MIr bocc, Ir boc; Corn boch, Cymr bwch, Bret bouc'h `козел'
Russ. meaning: скот (козел/баран)
References: WP II 189
Proto-IE: *bhulak(')-
Meaning: watchman, herdsman
Old Greek: phǘlak-s, -akos m. (f.) `Wächter, Hüter, Beschützer', phülássō, att. -ttō `(be)wachen, hüten, beschützen'
Latin: bu-bulcus, -ī m. `Ochsentreiber, Ackerknecht', su-bulcus, -ī m. `Schweinehirt'
Other Italic: Samn > Ital bifolco
Russ. meaning: сторож, пастух
References: WP II 192
Proto-IE: *bhurgh- ?
Meaning: watch-tower
Armenian: burgn `Turm'
Germanic: *burg- c., *burg-ia- n.
Russ. meaning: сторожевая башня etc.
Comments: A Wanderwort: cf. Arm burgn `toren', Aram burgin, burgon, Arab burǯ `kleine festing' (all probably from Hurro-Urartian and Caucasian). Greek pǘrgos is a loanword, as it show phonetics.
Proto-IE: *bhū-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to become, to be
Old Indian: bhávati, fut. bhaviṣyáti, aor. ábhūt, bhúvat, pf. babhū́va, pass. bhūyate, caus. bhāvayati, ptc. bhūtá- `to be, become'; bhūtá- n. `living being, world'; bhū́ti-, bhūtí- f. `existence, being, welfare'; bhāvá- m. `becoming, being', bhavá- m. `birth, production, origin'; bhavítra- n. `earth, world'; bhavana- n. `dwelling, abode; birth, production', bhúvana- n. `being, living creature'; bhū- f. `world, universe, world', bhū́mī, bhū́mi- f. `earth, soil, ground'; bhū́man- n. `earth, world, being', bhūmán- m. `abundance, multitude', -bhu- (in comp.) `becoming, being'; bhávītva- `future'
Avestan: bavaiti `wird, entsteht, geschieht; wird sein'; fut. būṣyeiti, ptc. būṣyant- `der ins Dasein treten wird'; būmī- `Erde'
Other Iranian: OPers baviyiy `wird'; NPers. būdan `sein'; OPers būmī-, NPers būm `Erde'
Old Greek: phǘomai̯, aor. intr. éphǖn, tr. phǖ̂sai̯, pf. intr. péphǖka, va. phütó- `naturgewachsen; gepflanzt': intr.-med. `wachsen; entstehen, werden', pf. (+aor.) `von Natur geschaffen od. beschaffen sein, da sein', trans. (factitivum)-act. `wachsen lassen, erzeugen, hervortbringen'; phüǟ́ f. `Wuchs, Gestalt, Natur, Wesen'; phǖ̂ma n. `Gewächs, Wucherung, Geschwulst', phǘtlǟ f. `Geschlecht, Rasse', phǘsi-s f. `Wuchs, Beschaffenheit, Abstammung, Natur, Wesen', phütó-n n. Gewächs, Pflanze', phǖlǟ́ f. `Stamm, Stammverein, Gemeinde' - a contamination ot 2 roots, 'to be' and 'to grow'
Slavic: bɨ̄́tī, *bɨ̄̀lъ; ptc. bɨ̄̀tъ; aor. bɨ̄́xъ, bɨ̄xõmъ, ipf. bē; *zā-bɨ̄́tī, ptc, -bъvenъ; *bɨ̄tъ, *bɨ̄to, *bɨ̄lьje; ft. bǭ́dǭ; *bā́vītī; cond. bimь `wäre'
Baltic: *bū̂- (2) vb. intr., *bū̃-tl-a- c., -iā̃ f.; *bi=
Latin: fuī (OLat fūī) `bin gewesen', futūrus `sein werdend, künftig', , forem `wäre', fore `sind werden'; conj. fuam, fuat (OLat) `sei'; fīō, fī̆erī (OLat fīere), fīam, fīēbam, fī̆erem etc. `werden, entstehen, erzeuget werden, gemacht werden, hervorgehen'
Other Italic: Osk fiiet `fiunt', fust `erit', fufans `erant', fufens `fuērunt', fusíd `foret', conj. pf. fuid `fuerit', fust `fuerit'; Fuutreí `Genetrīcī'; Umbr fust `erit', furent `erunt', fefure `fuerint', futu `estō', fuia `fiat'
Celtic: *but- > OIr inf. < dat. buith `sein'; prs. bīu `ich pflege zu sein', 3 sg. -bi; MCymr bydaf `ero; pflege zu sein', Cymr bod `sein', Corn bos `sein'; bethaf `ero; pflege zu sein', MBret bezaff `ich pflege zu sein', Bret bout `sein'
Russ. meaning: становиться, быть
References: WP II 140 f
Proto-IE: *bhū-
Meaning: to grow
Armenian: bois, gen. busoy `Schössling, Kraut, Pflanze', busanim `spriesse auf'
Old Greek: phǘomai̯, aor. intr. éphǖn, tr. phǖ̂sai̯, pf. intr. péphǖka, va. phütó- `naturgewachsen; gepflanzt': intr.-med. `wachsen; entstehen, werden', pf. (+aor.) `von Natur geschaffen od. beschaffen sein, da sein', trans. (factitivum)-act. `wachsen lassen, erzeugen, hervortbringen'; phüǟ́ f. `Wuchs, Gestalt, Natur, Wesen'; phǖ̂ma n. `Gewächs, Wucherung, Geschwulst', phǘtlǟ f. `Geschlecht, Rasse', phǘsi-s f. `Wuchs, Beschaffenheit, Abstammung, Natur, Wesen', phütó-n n. Gewächs, Pflanze', phǖlǟ́ f. `Stamm, Stammverein, Gemeinde' <контаминация корней со значением `быть, становиться' и `расти'>
Slavic: *bɨ̄lь, *bɨ̄līnā etc.
Germanic: *bau-m-a- m., *ba(g)w-m-a- m.; *biww-á- n.
Latin: ? Faunus `weissagender Feld- und Waldgott'
Russ. meaning: расти
References: WP II 140 f
Comments: [Hardly different from *bhū- 'to be']
Proto-IE: *bhūd-
Meaning: spoils, loot
Germanic: *būt=
Celtic: OIr būaid `Sieg'; Cymr budd `Gewinn', OBret bud gl. `bradium'
Russ. meaning: добыча, трофей
References: WP II 186
Proto-IE: *bhūgh-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to bend
Old Indian: bhujáti `to bend, curve', ptc. bhugná-; bhuja- `bending, curve, arm', bhogá- m. `winding or curve, coil (of a serpent)'
Slavic: *bъgātī, *būgorъ
Germanic: *būg-a-/*biug-a- vb., *baug-ia- vb., *bug-an- m., *bux-t-i- c., *bux-t-ō f., *bug-il-a- m., *baug-il-a- m.; *biug-ōn- f., *baug-a- m., *biug-a- adj., *bug-ō- vb.; *bug-i- c.
Russ. meaning: гнуть
References: WP II 145 f
Proto-IE: *bhūr- [cf. *bhAur-, *bherw-]
Meaning: to move quickly, to be excited, etc.
Old Indian: bhuráti `to move rapidly or convulsively, stir, palpitate', intens. járbhurīti; bhuraṇyáti `to be active or restless, stir', bhuraṇyú- `quivering, stirring, restless', bhū́rṇi- `restless, active, angry'
Old Greek: porphǖ́rō `aufwallen, aufwogen, aufwogen, aufgeregt sein'; phǖ́rō, aor. phǘrsai̯, phürsámeno-, p. ephúrthēn, ephǘrēn, pf. m. péphürmai̯, va. -phürto- `vermischen, verwirren, durcheinanderrühren, be netzen, besudeln', phǖráō `(ver)mischen, kneten, winrühren', phǘrdǟn `vermischt, durcheinander', phürmó-s m. `Mischung, Verwirrung', phǘrma n. `Schleim, Schmutz, Kot', phǘrsi-s f. `das Mischen, Dureinanderrühren'; phüroí = molǘnei, rhüpoî Hsch.
Russ. meaning: о Броуне
References: WP II 157 f
Proto-IE: *bhūs-
Meaning: to move quickly, quick
Old Indian: bhū́ṣati `to strive after, use efforts for, be intent upon'
Slavic: *bɨ̄strъ(jь)
Germanic: *būs-
Russ. meaning: быстро двигаться, быстрый
References: [Somewhat different in Pok.]
Proto-IE: *bherd-
Meaning: hill, hillock
Slavic: *bьrdo `Berg, Hügel; Abgrund; Steile, Jähe'
Germanic: *burt-il-a- m., *burt-ō- vb.
Russ. meaning: холм, возвышение
References: WP II 162 f
Comments: [rather OHG bort 'edge' etc., see Buck 25]
Proto-IE: *bher[e]w-, *brēw-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: wooden flooring, decking, bridge
Slavic: *bьrvьno, *bьrvь
Germanic: *brṓw-ō f., *brug(w)-iōn- f., *brug-ī f.
Celtic: *brēwā > Gaul briva `Brücke'
Russ. meaning: деревянный настил, мост
References: WP II 207 f
Proto-IE: *bistl-i-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: bile
Latin: bīlis, -is f. `Galle (als Flüssigkeit)'
Celtic: Cymr bustl `Galle', OCorn bistel `Galle', Bret bestl `Galle' (*bistlo-, bistli-)
Russ. meaning: желчь
References: WP II 111
Proto-IE: *blak-, *blak-t-
Meaning: a k. of insect (cockroach, tick, etc.)
Slavic: *bločьšīca (> Ukr)
Baltic: *blak-iā̃ f., *blak-t-a- c., *blak-ut-iā̃ f.
Latin: blatta f. `lichtscheues Insekt, Schabe, Motte'
Russ. meaning: насекомое (таракан, клещ etc.)
References: WH
Proto-IE: *blat-
Meaning: to chatter
Germanic: *plad-Vr-ōn- vb.
Latin: blaterāre `plappern, (dumm) daherschwatzen; auch vom Geschrei des Kamels, Widders, Frosches', blatīre `plappern, schwatzen'
Russ. meaning: трепать языком
References: WP II 1220
Proto-IE: *bod-
Meaning: swelling
Old Indian: badara- m. `jujube tree, Zizyphus Jujuba; kernel of the fruit of the cotton plant'; bádara- n. `edible fruit of the jujube; berry or fruit of the cotton shub'; badva- n. `a large number, multitude'
Armenian: port `Nabel, Bauch; Mittelpunkt'
Germanic: *patt=
Russ. meaning: вздутие
References: WP II 109
piet-meaning,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-arm,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-comment,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-arm,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,
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