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Indo-European etymology :

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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *reidh-
Meaning: to put in order, to make comfortable
Tokharian: A ritk- 'raise, produce', B rätk- 'heal' (Adams 531)
Baltic: *raid-u- adj.; *reid-ī̂- vb.; *rid-ā̂- f.
Germanic: *raid-a-, *raid-i- adj., *raid-ia vb.- etc.
Celtic: *reidi- > Ir rēid `planus, facilis', maige rēidi `befahrbare Felder'; OCymr ruid `prosperus, expeditus, minime impeditus', Cymr rhwydd `prosperus, expeditus, minime impeditus'
Russ. meaning: упорядочивать, делать удобным
References: WP II 348 f
Proto-IE: *reiǝg'-
Meaning: to stretch
Baltic: *reîǯ- (-ja-) vb. tr. (2), *riǯ- vb. intr.
Germanic: *raik-ia- vb.; *raik-ō f.
Celtic: OIr riag (< *riga) `Tortur', ringid `foltern'
Russ. meaning: растягивать, протягивать
References: WP II 347 f
Proto-IE: *reig(')-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to tie together
Germanic: *rik-ja- m.
Latin: corrigia f. `Schuhriemen, Riemen überhaupt'
Celtic: *rigō, *komrigom, *reigsmn, *roigsmn, *adreigo- etc. > Ir ad-riug `alligo', con-riug `colligo', do-riug `nudo', fo-riug `sisto', ārsch `Fessel', buarach `Kuhspannseil', cennrach `Hlfter', sciath-rach `Schildriemen', cuim-rech n. `Fessel(n)'; OCymr pl. ruimmein `Fesseln', Cymr pen-rhe `Stirnband', mordrwy f. `Ring', rhwym m. `Fessel' , aerwy `Halfter', burwy `Kuhfessel', cyfrwy `Sattel', MBret rum `bande, troupeau', Bret ere `Fessel'
Russ. meaning: связывать
References: WP II 347
Proto-IE: *reik'-
Meaning: stick
Baltic: *rī̂č-t-iā̃ (1) f.
Germanic: *rix-an- m., *rikk-a- n., m., *rīg-il-a- m., *rig-il-a- m., *rig-ja- m., *rig-jōn- f.
Russ. meaning: палка
References: [Different in Pok.]
Proto-IE: *reis-
Meaning: to cut, to injure
Old Indian: ríṣyati, reṣati `to be hurt or injured, receive harm; to injure, harm', ptc. riṣṭá-; riṣaṇyáti `to fail, miscarry'
Avestan: raēš-, iriš- `verletzen, verwunden; Schaden leiden', ptc. irišta- `beschädigt', raēša- m., raēšah- n. `Schädigung'
Slavic: *rēšī́tī
Baltic: *ri[s]=
Germanic: *rīs-t-a- vb., *ris-t-ia- vb.; *ris-t-iōn- f., *ris-t-il-a- m.
Russ. meaning: резать, увечить
References: WP II 343 f (different, and probably correct, in Vasmer; see *werk'-, -g'-, *wreik'-)
Proto-IE: *reiwǝ-
Meaning: furrow, fold, cut
Baltic: *reiw-iā̃, *raiw-iā̃ f., *raîw-ā̂ f. (1/2)
Latin: rīma, -ae f. 'трещина, щель'
Russ. meaning: борозда, складка, разрез
References: WP II 343 f
Proto-IE: *rek-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to decide, to determine
Tokharian: A rake, B reki (PT *rekä/e-) 'word, command' (Adams 539)
Old Indian: racayati `to produce, fashion, form', racana- n. `forming, arranging'
Slavic: *rāčītī, *rāknǭtī; ? *rokъ
Germanic: *rax-n-ia- vb., *rag-in-a- n., *rag-un-a- n.
Russ. meaning: решать, определять
References: WP II 362
Proto-IE: *rek(')-, -g(')-
Meaning: wet, moisten
Tokharian: B resk- 'flow' (Adams 540)
Germanic: *rig-n-a- m., n.; *rig-n-ō- vb., *rig-n-ia- vb.; *rak-an- m.
Latin: rigāre `bewässern', riguus, -a `bewässert, bewässernd, strotzend'
Russ. meaning: мочить, увлажнять
References: WP II 365 f, Buck 68.
Proto-IE: *rem-
Meaning: to prop up
Old Indian: rámati, ramṇāti 'to stop, make fast'
Baltic: *rem̃- vb. tr., *ram̃-sti-, *ram̃-ti- c., *ram-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *ram-ō f., *ram-i- c., etc.
Celtic: OIr fo-rimin, ni fuirmi `setezen, legen'
Russ. meaning: подпирать
References: WP II 371 f
Proto-IE: *rembh-
Meaning: to cut off
Slavic: *rǭbъ, *rǭbītī
Baltic: *ram̃b-u- adj., *ram̃b-a- c., *rem̃b- (-sta-/-ia-) vb. inch., *rim̃b-a- c., *rum̃b-a-/*rum̂b-a- c., *ram̃(b)-t-a- c.
Germanic: *rimb-ōn- f., *ramb-a- adj., *ramf-t-i- c.
Russ. meaning: отрезать, отрубать
References: Fraenkel 696
Proto-IE: *ren-
Meaning: to rise/to sink
Slavic: *ronītī
Baltic: *rend- vb., *rend-ē̂- vb.
Germanic: *rinn-a- vb.; *run-a- n.; *rann-ia- vb., *ran-d-iō f.
Russ. meaning: подниматься/опускаться
References: Fraenkel 718
Proto-IE: *rent-
Meaning: thing, stock, property
Old Indian: rátna- n. `gift, wealth, riches'
Celtic: *rentu-: Ir rēt `Sache'
Russ. meaning: вещь, имущество
References: WP II 374
Proto-IE: *rent-
Meaning: to cut, to square
Old Indian: rándhra- n. 'slit, split, opening, hole, fissure'
Baltic: *reñt- (-ja-) vb. tr., *rañt-ī̂- vb., *rañt-a-, *reñt-a- c., *rañt-(s)t-iā̃ f.
Germanic: *rand-ō f., *rand-a- m., *rind-a- n., *rand-ia- vb., *rind-a- vb., *rind-iō(n-) f., *rind-ia- vb., *rund=
Russ. meaning: разрубать, обтесывать
References: Fraenkel 723
Comments: Ind. rándhra- < *rent-dhro- (but cf. also *lem-, *lemǝ-).
Proto-IE: *res-
Meaning: to shout, to speak
Old Indian: rasati, rāsate `to roar, yell, howl, cry', rasita- n. `roar, scream, noise, sound'
Germanic: *raz-d-ō, *riz-d-ō f.
Russ. meaning: кричать, говорить
References: WP II 342
Proto-IE: *retk'- (-k'h-?)
Meaning: to scatter, to tear apart, to torment
Tokharian: A yärt-, B yärtt- `pull, drag along (with violence)' (PT *yärtt-) (Adams 499)
Old Indian: rákṣas- n. `harm, damage; evil being or demon'
Avestan: rašah- `Schädigung, Schaden, bes. der im andern Leben', rašayeiti `schädigt'
Old Greek: erékhthō `zerren, hin und reissen'
Russ. meaning: разбрасывать, разрывать, мучить
References: WP II 362
Proto-IE: *reub-
Meaning: partridge, heath-cock
Baltic: *rub-en-ia- c.
Germanic: *riup-ōn- f.
Russ. meaning: птица (куропатка, тетерев)
References: WP II 360
Comments: Cf. *ere(m)b-
Proto-IE: *reud-
Meaning: to weep, to sob
Old Indian: rudati, roditi `to weep, cry, howl'; róda- m. `weeping, wailing'
Avestan: raod- `weinen'
Slavic: *rɨ̄dātī
Baltic: *raûd-ā̂- (*raûd-, *raûd-a-) vb., *rū̂d- vb. inch., *raûd-ā̂ f. (2)
Germanic: *riut-a- vb., *raut-a- adj., *rut-ja- vb., *raut-ō- vb.
Latin: rūdō (OLat rudō), -ere, -īvī, -ītum `schreien, brüllen, knarren'
Russ. meaning: рыдать
References: WP II 349 f
Proto-IE: *reudh-
Meaning: to remove, to take off; to grub woods for making a cornfield
Tokharian: A, B rutk- 'move; remove, take off'
Old Indian: ruṇáddhi, rundhati, ptc. ruddhá- 'to obstruct, check, prevent, withhold'
Avestan: raoδaiti 'hält ab'; ptc. ft. pass. raoδya-, raoiδya- 'urbar zu machend'
Germanic: *riud-a- vb., *riud-ia- vb., *riud-ia- n., *riud-ī(n-) f., *rud-ja- vb.
Russ. meaning: убирать, лишать, задерживать
References: Adams 538.
Proto-IE: *reuk-
Meaning: to pull, to weed
Old Indian: luñcati `to pluck, pull out', luñcana- n. `plucking or tearing out'
Latin: runcina f. `Hobel', runcāre `jäten', runcō, -ōnis `Jäthacke'
Russ. meaning: рвать, полоть
References: WP II 351 f
Proto-IE: *reu-men-
Meaning: horse-hair
Old Indian: róman, loman n. `hair on body of men and animals'
Celtic: OIr ruamnae gl. `lodix', Ir rōn `Pferdehaar', rūainne `einzelnes Haar' (< Cymr ?); Cymr rhawn `Pferdehaar', Bret reun(enn) `einzelnes starkes Haar, Schweineborste'
Russ. meaning: (конский) волос
References: WP II 361
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Total of 3178 records 159 pages

Pages: 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120
Back: 1 20 50 100
Forward: 1 20

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