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Indo-European etymology :

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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *pleuk-
Meaning: to flow, to fly
Baltic: *plaũk- vb. tr., *plaũk-t-a- c., *plaũk-s-m-a- c., *plauk-a- c.
Germanic: *fliu-g-á- vb., *flau-g-iá- vb.; *flu-g-í- c., *flug-il-a- m.; *fliu-g-ṓn- f., *fliug-iṓn- f., *flug-ṓn- f.; *flux-t-i- c.; *flug-ja- adj.
Russ. meaning: двигаться (о рыбках и птичках)
References: WP II 94 f
Comments: It seems to be derived from *plew- 'to flow', but the latter root can be a form of *pel(ǝ)- 'to pour' (?)
Proto-IE: *pleuy-, *pelwy-
Meaning: Pleiades
Avestan: paoiryaēinyas pl. f. N. einer Sterngruppe
Other Iranian: NPers parv (< *pelu̯i- ~ *p[a]lu̯i-), pl. parvīn `Plejaden', Pashto pl. pērūne f. `id.'
Old Greek: Plei̯ádes f., ep. (ion.) Plēiádes, poet. auch Pelei̯ádes f. `die Plejaden'
Russ. meaning: Плеяды
Proto-IE: *plew- (/ *kʷl-)
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: lung(s)
Old Indian: klóman- m., kloma n. `the right lung'
Old Greek: pléu̯mōn (sekund. pnéu̯mōn), -onos m. `Lunge'
Slavic: *pljūtje/*plūtje
Baltic: *plaũt-ia- c., -iā̃ f.
Latin: pulmō, -ōnis m. `Lunge'
Russ. meaning: легкое
References: WP II 95 f
Comments: The root may have had a variant *p[e]ul-, cf. Lat.
Proto-IE: *plew-, *plōw-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to flow, to swim
Tokharian: B plewe `raft'; A, B plu- (PT *plu-) 'soar, fly'; B plus- 'fly, soar; float' (Adams 428)
Old Indian: plávate, caus. plā̆vayati, ptc. plutá- `to float, swim, bathe'; plavá- `swimming', m.n. `float, raft, boat; pluti- f. `overflowing, flood'
Avestan: us-frāvayōit `dass er wegschwemmen könnte'
Old Greek: pléō, aor. épleu̯sa, pléu̯sesthai̯, p. pleusthḗnai̯, pf. pépleu̯ka, p. pépleu̯smai̯ `zur See fahren, segeln, schiffen'; plóo-s m. `Schiff-, Seefahrt; Fahrzeit, Fahrwind', plôi̯o-n n. `Fahrzeug, Schiff'; plṓō, aor. plō̂nai̯, plō̂sai̯, pf. péplōka `schwimmen', va. plōtó-, aor. etc. auch `segeln, zu See fahren'; katá-plōsi-s f. `Heimkehr zur See', plōtḗr m. `Seemann; Schwimmer'
Slavic: *plūtī, *plɨ̄lъ, *plovǭ; *plovī́tī; *plā́vātī, *plā́vljǭ; *plā́vītī; *plъtъ
Baltic: *plaû- vb. intr., *plu-t-a- c., *plō̂-s-t-a- (2) c., *plō-d-a- c., *plaw-in-ā̂- , *plew-in-ā̂- vb., *plū̂d- vb. intr., *plū̂- (/ *plū̃-) vb. intr., *plud-ē̂- vb., *plud-a-, -in-ia- c., *plaû-s-t-a- c.
Germanic: *flaw-ja- n., *flau-jō f., *flu-t-an- m.
Latin: perplovere (Fest.) `durchsickern lassen, leck sein', ipf. plovēbat (Petron.)
Celtic: *hlu- > OIr pl. gen. luae `Steuerruder', Ir lu- `bewegen'. ess-com-lu- `proficisci', ess-lu- `fortgehen, entkommen', fo-lu- `fliegen', luath, luam `schnell', luas `schnelligkeit'; Cymr llyw `Steuerruder'
Russ. meaning: плыть, двигаться по воды
References: WP II 94 f, Buck 38, 40, 43, 68.
Comments: Perhaps = *plōw- 'to pour, wash', but some arguments make Dybo and me suspect two originally different roots. Cf. also *pAlǝ-/*pelǝ-.
Proto-IE: *pleyǝ-
Meaning: bald, bald spot
Slavic: *plēšь
Baltic: *plei-n-iā̃ f. *pleî-n-ia- (1) c., *plī̂-n-a- adj.
Germanic: *flái-s=, *flai-n=, *flī-n=, *fli-n=
Russ. meaning: лысый, лысина
References: WP II 93 f
Proto-IE: *plēk'-
Meaning: to peel
Baltic: *plē̂č- (2) vb. tr., *plēč-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *fláx-a- vb.; *flax-at-ja- vb., *flax-t-u- c., *flang-ia- vb., etc.
Albanian: plas 'berste, breche'
Russ. meaning: обдирать
References: WP II 98 f
Proto-IE: *plēk-
Meaning: to beat
Baltic: *pleîk- (-ja-) vb. tr., *pleik-tuw-a- c., *pleĩk-ia- c., *plī̂k-s-ō̂- vb. (1)
Latin: plectō, -ere `strafen, züchtigen'
Russ. meaning: бить
References: WH
Proto-IE: *plous-
Meaning: hair, feather(s)
Baltic: *plaũš-a- c., *plaũš-ā̂ f., *plū̂š-n-ā̂ (1) f., *pluš-n-ā̂, *pluš-k-ā̂
Germanic: *flíus-az-, *flíus-iz- n., *flū́s-a- n., *flūs-iz- n., *fluz=́
Latin: plūma f. `Flaumfeder, Flaum'
Celtic: OIr lōm, pl. loa `Wollflocke, Wollhaar, Härchen der Augenbrauen; Schneeflocke'; brat lōmar `Mantel mit langen Zotten', MIr luascach `haarig od. zottig (von Mänteln)'
Russ. meaning: волоски, перья
References: WP II 96, 212 f
Proto-IE: *plout-
Meaning: cross-beam
Slavic: *plūto `леток'
Baltic: *plaũt-a-, *pleũt-a- c.
Germanic: *flau[ɵ]-i- c., *flaut-ōn- f.
Latin: pluteus (/-um), -ī m. `Schirmdach; Schirmwand, Brustwehr; Schutzbrett, Sopha, Lesepult; Zwischenwand, Brüstung'
Russ. meaning: перекладина
References: WP II 90
Proto-IE: *plow-
Meaning: suet
Germanic: *flau-m=
Celtic: OIr loun 'Reisekost', loan, loon 'adeps'; OBret lon 'adeps'
Russ. meaning: внутренний жир
Proto-IE: *plōw-
Meaning: to pour, to wash
Armenian: luanam, aor. luachi `waschen'
Old Greek: plǖ́nō, aor. p. eplǘthēn, pf. m.-p. péplümai̯, va. plütó- `waschen, reinigen'; plǘma n. `Spülicht (помои)'; plúsi-s f. `das Waschen', plǘma n. `Wasch-, Spülwasser, Spülicht'
Slavic: *plɨ̄nǭtī, *plɨ̄̀nǭ
Baltic: *plaû- vb. tr., *plaû-d- (2) vb. tr.
Germanic: *flaw-ja- vb.; *flōw-ē- vb.; *flō-d-a- n., *flō-d-u- c., *flō-d-i- c.; *fliu-t-a- vb., *flu-t-a- n., *flau-dr-a- m.; *flu-t-i- c., *flau-t=; *fliu-t-a- vb., *flōw-an- m.; *flúxj=
Latin: pluō, -ere, plū(v)ī `regnen', pluor m. `Regen', pluvia f. `Regen', pluvius, -a `Regen bringend'
Russ. meaning: литься, лить, мыть
References: WP II 94 f
Comments: Most probably same root as *plew- 'to flow' (both possibly derived from *pel(ǝ)- 'to pour').
Proto-IE: *plt-u-
Meaning: sharp, tasting sharp
Old Indian: paṭu- `sharp, pungent, acrid, harsh'
Old Greek: platǘ- `salzig'
Russ. meaning: острый, острый на вкус
References: WP II 84
Proto-IE: *plus-, *pusl-, *psul-; *b(h)-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: flea
Old Indian: plúṣi- m. `a species of noxious insect, flying white-ant'; paroṣṇī f. `cockroach'
Other Iranian: Pashto vrā́ẓ̌a (< Ir. *brúšā) 'flea'
Armenian: lu, gen. lvoy `блоха'
Old Greek: psǘlla f. (/ psǘllo-s m.) `Floh'
Slavic: *blъxā́
Baltic: *blus-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *flaux; *fláux-a- m., n.
Latin: pūlex, -icis m. `Floh'
Albanian: plesht, pl. -a `flea'
Russ. meaning: насекомое (блоха)
Comments: Germ *flaux- probably < *pslou-k-.
Proto-IE: *pnew-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to breathe; to sneeze
Old Greek: pnéō, ep. pnéi̯ō, aor. pnêu̯sai̯, ipv. am-pnüe, med. -ǖto, pf. pépneu̯ka, aor. pass. pneu̯sthē̂nai̯ `wehen, hauchen, atmen, riechen', pnêu̯ma n. `Wind, Atem, Geist', pnoǟ́, ep. pnoi̯ǟ́ f. `Wind, Hauch, Atem', pnêu̯si-s `das Wehen'
Germanic: *fniú-s-ia- vb., *fnū́-s-a- vb., *fnú-s=; *fnu-z-án- m.
Russ. meaning: дышать; чихать
References: WP I 501 f
Proto-IE: *pod-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: vessel
Baltic: *pō̂d-a- (2) c.
Germanic: *fat-a- n., *fat-ōn- f.; *fēt-ia- vb.
Russ. meaning: сосуд
References: WP II 22
Comments: Cf. Lat pōtus, pottus, -ī m. `Trinkbecher' (contamin. with Greek?)
Proto-IE: *porǝsw-
Meaning: motly, coloured
Old Indian: paruṣá- 'spotted, variegated, dirty-coloured'
Avestan: pouruša- 'grau, greis'
Old Greek: *pürswo-: pürró-, Trag., Dor. pürsó- 'flame-coloured, yellowish-red; with red hair', Pǘrros m. 'Pyrrhus' PN, Pürwos (name of a horse, GDI:Corinth.), cf. Pürwias (IG:Mycenae, VI B.C.), Pürwaliōn (IG: Argos)
Russ. meaning: пестрый, цветной
References: Fraenkel 675 (different in Pok.)
Proto-IE: *pork'-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: fish-net, noose
Armenian: ors `Fischernetz, Schlinge, Vogelfang, Jagd', orsam havs `fange Vögel', orsam `jage'
Old Greek: pórko-s m. `Art Fischernetz'
Russ. meaning: ловчая сеть
References: WP II 44 f
Proto-IE: *pork'-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: furrow
Old Indian: párśāna- m. `precipice, chasm'
Baltic: *pra=perč-ā̂ f., =parč-ā̂ f., =parč-a- c., =perč-ia- c.
Germanic: *furx- c., *fúrx-ō/*furg-ṓ f., *fúrx-ōn- f.
Latin: porca f. `Furche, Strecke Ackers; Wasserabzugsrinne im Acker'
Celtic: Cymr rhŷch `Furche', OBret rec gl. `sulco'
Russ. meaning: борозда, ров
References: WP II 46 f
Proto-IE: *pork'-
Meaning: hog, pig
Other Iranian: Kurd. purs, Sak. pāu̯sa- `pig, hog' (Bailey 235)
Slavic: *porsę̄, *porsī́tī
Baltic: *par̃č-a- c.
Germanic: *fárx-a- m., n., *fárx-ō- vb.
Latin: porcus, gen. -ī m.(, f.) `das zahme Schwein'
Other Italic: Umbr purka, porca `porcās'
Celtic: Gall orco- in EN; MIr orc `junges Schwein, Tierjunges'
Russ. meaning: скот (боров, поросенок)
References: WP II 78
Comments: See *pArg'-, may be the same root.
Proto-IE: *por-, *port- (-th-)
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: calf
Old Indian: pŕ̥thuka- m. `boy, young of any animal'
Armenian: orth, -u `Kalb des Rindes od. Hirsches'
Old Greek: póri-s, -ios f., pórti-s, -ios f. `Kalb, Färse'
Russ. meaning: скот (теленок)
References: WP II 41 f
piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-iran,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-comment,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-iran,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,
Total of 3178 records 159 pages

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