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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *peta-, *ptā- (-th-)
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to stretch out
Avestan: paɵana- `weit, breit'
Old Greek: petánnǖmi, -ǘō, pítnǟmi, pitnáō, pítnō, petázdō, -áō, aor. petás(s)ai̯, p. -sthē̂nai̯, pf. m. péptamai̯ `ausbreiten, entfalten, öffnen', pétasma `Vorhang, Decke', pétaso-s m. (/f.) `breiter Hut', pétalo- `ausgebreitet', pétalo-n `Blatt; Metall-, bes. Goldblech', patánǟ `Schüssel', pétakhno-n, pátakno-n `offene Trinkschale', pét[ǟ]lo- `angewachsen', ana-petḗs `ausgebreitet'
Germanic: *fiɵ-l= (~ -a-)
Latin: pandō, -ere, pandī, passum `ausbreiten, aufsperren, öffnen'; passus, -a `ausgebreitet, offen'; passim `weit und breit, allenthalben, ohne Ordnung'; passus, -ūs m. `Schritt, Doppelschritt als Längenmass', pateō, -ēre, -uī `sich erstrecken, offenstehen, offen vor Augen liegen, freistehen, ausgesetzt sein', patibulum n. `Spreize, Marterholz', patulus, -a `weit ausgebreitet, offen', ? patera f. `flache Trinkschale'
Other Italic: Osk paṭ<ít> `patet ?', patensíns `aperīrent'
Russ. meaning: распростирать
References: WP II 18
Proto-IE: *peta-, *ptā-
Meaning: to fly
Hittite: pattar n. (r/n) 'Flügel' (Friedrich 166), piddai- (I) 'laufen, eilen, fliegen, fliehen' (171)
Old Indian: pátati, patáyati `to fly, soar', ptc. patitá-; pátman- n. `flight, course; pataṅgá- m. `flying', patáṅga- m. `flying insect', pataga- m. `bird, winged or flying animal'; patáru-, patará- `flying', páttra- n. `wing, feather'
Avestan: pataiti `fliegt, eilt', patayeiti `fliegt'; paiti-pasti- f. `Entgegegehn, -treten'; para-paɵwant- `fortfliegend (vom Pfeil)'; fra-ptǝrǝǰāt- `Vogel'
Other Iranian: OPers ud-apatatā `erhob sich'
Old Greek: pétomai̯, pétamai̯, íptamai̯, aor. ptǟ̂nai̯, ptz. ptā́s, ptásthai̯, ptésthai̯, petasthē̂nai̯, ft. ptǟ́somai̯, pf. kat-éptǟka `fliegen'; potǟ́ f. `das Fliegen, der Flug', ptǟ̂si-s f. `id.'; ptǟnó- `beflügelt, flügge', potáomai̯ `fliegen, flattre', pōtáomai̯ `id.', ptǟ̂ma (Suid.) `Flug'
Germanic: *fíɵ-r-ō f.; *fiɵ-ɵ=; *fiɵ-r-ia- n.
Latin: petō, -ere, -īvī, -ītum `zu erreichen suchen, eilen, streben; erbitten, fordern; sich bewerben, verlangen, anklagen; aufsuchen; angreifen; herbeiholen'; praepes, -etis `(in die Höhe) vorausfliegend; glückhaft, günstig'; proptervus, -a `ungestüm vordringend'; penna f. `Feder, Flügel'
Celtic: *pet-; *petno-, *petǝno-, *petniā́- > OIr ēn `Vogel'; ette `Fittich', Ir eite `Fittich'; OCymr hedant `volant'; eterin, opl. atar `Vogel'; atan `Flügel, Feder', Cymr hed, hedeg `das Fliegen'; aderyn, pl. adar `Vogel'; edn `halte Vogelschau'; adan `Flügel, Feder', adnog `pennetus', OCorn hethen `halte Vogelschau', OBret etn-coilhaam `halte Vogelschau'; attanoc `volitans', atanocion `aligeris', MBret ezn `Vogel', Bret evn, ein `Vogel'
Russ. meaning: лететь
References: WP II 19 f
Comments: *peta- and *peto- are confused in Indoar. and Latin.
Proto-IE: *peto-, *ptō-; *pAd- / *ped-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to fall
Old Indian: 1) OInd pátati `to fall, sink' 2) OInd padyate `to fall, fall down, perish'
Avestan: inf. ačapastōiš ` hinabzufallen'; tāta- (*ptāta-) `fallend (vom Regen)'; 2) paiδyeiti `bewegt sich nach abwärts, gerät herab, hinein, hinzu, legt sich nieder'
Old Greek: pī́ptō, pitnō̂ (Hdn.), ft. ep., ion. peséomai̯, att. pesọ̄̂mai̯, aor. dor., aeol. petẹ̄̂n, épeton, pesẹ̄̂n, épeson, peson; pf. péptōka, ptc. pepteō̂tas, pept[ē]ṓs `fallen, herabfallen, hinsinken, ausfallen'; a-ptṓs (Pind.), a-ptēs (inschr.) `nicht fallend'; eu̯-petḗs `bequem, günstig'; pésos n. `Leiche', pótmo-s m. `das (fallende) Los, Geschick, Tod(eslos)', ptō̂ma n. `Fall, Sturz, das Gefallene, die Leiche', ptō̂si-s f. `Fall, Fall des Würfels'
Slavic: *pástī, *pádǭ
Baltic: *pet- vb. intr.
Germanic: *fit-a- vb.; ? *fat-ō- vb.
Latin: petō, -ere, -īvī, -ītum `zu erreichen suchen, eilen, streben; erbitten, fordern; sich bewerben, verlangen, anklagen; aufsuchen; angreifen; herbeiholen'; petulāns `darauf losgehend, mutwillig', petulcus, -a `mit den Hörnern stossend', impetus, -ūs m. `Andrang, Anprall, Angriff; Ungestüm; Drang, plötzlicher Entschluss', pessum `zu Boden, zugrunde (richten, gehen usw.)'
Russ. meaning: падать
References: WP II 19 f
Comments: *peta- and *peto- are confused in Indoar. and Latin.
Proto-IE: *peuk'-
Meaning: fir, pine
Old Greek: péu̯kǟ f. `Fichte, insbes. Pinus laricio'
Baltic: *peuč-iā̃ f., *puč-i- c.
Germanic: *fiux-t-ō, *fiux-t-iō f.
Celtic: MIr ochtach f. `fir; spear'
Russ. meaning: дерево (пихта, сосна)
References: WP II 15
Proto-IE: *pew-
Meaning: foam
Baltic: *put-ā̂ f.
Celtic: Ir uan `Schaum'; Cymr ewyn m. `Schaum', OBret euonoc `spumaticus', NBret eon `Schaum'
Russ. meaning: пена
References: WP II 11 b
Proto-IE: *p[e]w-
Meaning: to get to know, to understand
Old Greek: nē-pǘtio-, nḗ-pio- `noch unmündig, jung, schwach, kindisch, unverständig, töricht'
Slavic: *pɨ̄tātī, *jьz-pɨ̄tъ
Latin: putāre `ordnen, berechnen, halten, denken, vermuten'
Russ. meaning: познавать, соображать
References: WP II 13 f
Proto-IE: *pew-
Meaning: rim, arrow-/spear-head
Tokharian: B puwe 'spoke'
Old Indian: paví- m. 'wheel-band, metallic point of spear or arrow'
Russ. meaning: обод, наконечник стрелы, копья
References: Adams 393
Proto-IE: *pewǝ-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to beat, to hew
Baltic: *peû- (1) vb. tr., *peû-t-uw-a- (1) c., *pǖ̂-tl-a- č., *peû-jā̂ f. (1), *peũ-jā̂ f.
Germanic: *fū-j[a]- vb., *fū-r-ia- vb.
Latin: pavīre `schlagen, stampfen', pavīmentum n. `festgestampfter Boden, Estrich'; puto, -āre `schneiden', puteus `Graben, Grube, Brunnen'
Russ. meaning: бить, рубить
References: WP II 12
Proto-IE: *pewǝ- (Gr pt-)
Meaning: to peel
Old Indian: pávate, punā́ti, inf., pávitum, ptc. pūtá- `to make clean, clear, cleanse, purify'; pavitár-, pavītár-, pótar-, potár- m. `purifier', pavítra- n. `means of purification, filter, strainer'; pāvana- `purifying', pāvaká- `pure, clear, bright'; pū́ti- f. `purity, purification'
Other Iranian: MPers pavāg, NPers pāk `lauter, rein'
Old Greek: ptǘo-n, jungatt. pteó-n n. `Worfschaufel'
Germanic: *fau-ja- vb.
Latin: pūrus, -a `rein; lauter; reinigend; unbefleckt; schlicht; ohne Vorbehalt'; pūrgāre (OLat pūrigāre) `reinigen, sühnen, abführen, entschädigen, ebnen, aufräumen'; putus, -a `rein', ut puta `zum Beispiel', nepus `nōn pūrus' Paul. Fest. 165; putāre `reinigen'
Russ. meaning: чистить, очищать от мякины
References: WP II 14
Proto-IE: *p[e]wǝsen-, *pwāsen-
Meaning: some deity
Old Indian: Pūṣán- m. `a Vedic deity, keeper of flocks and herds and bringer of prosperity'
Old Greek: Pā́n, gen. -ós, dat. -í, pl. Pā̂nes m., ark. dat. Páoni m. Hirtengott arkad. Ursprungs; Myc. divinity pa-ja-wo-[no]
Russ. meaning: экономический божок
References: WP II 2
Proto-IE: *pey-
Meaning: to adore
Germanic: *fī-n-ē- vb., *fai-l=
Latin: pīus, -a (inschr. piius, pIus) `pflichtgemäss handelnd, fromm, rechtschaffen, gottesfürchtig, liebevoll gegen Eltern, Vaterland etc.', pīāre `reinigen, sühnen, besänftigen, ehren'
Other Italic: Osk piíhiúí `pīō', Umbr pihatu `piātō', pihaz `piātus', pihaclu `piāculō', Marr dat. peae `pīae', Volsk pihom `pīum'
Russ. meaning: обожать
References: WP II 69 f
Proto-IE: *peyǝ-, *pyV:-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to grow fat; fat (milk)
Old Indian: páyate, pyā́yate `to swell, abound, increase, grow', ptc. pīna-, pínvati `to cause to swell'; pīpiváṁs- (f. pipyúṣī) `swelling, overflowing'; páyas n. `any fluid or juice, esp. milk, water, rain; semen virile'; péru- `swelling or causing to swell'; pī́vas- n. `fat', pī́van-, f. pī́varī `swelling, fat', pīvara- `fat, stout'; pitú- m. `juice, drink, food'
Avestan: (a)-pipyūšī `(keine) Milch in der Brust habend, (nicht) säugend', frapinoiti `macht schwellen, bringt zum Gedeihen', prapinvata `schwoll hin, floss hin zu-', payah- n. `Milch', paēman- n. `Muttermilch', pīvah- n. `Fett, Speck', pitu- m. `Saft, Trank, Nahrung, Speise'
Old Greek: pīmelǟ́ а. `Fett, Schmalz'; pīeró-, pīaró-; pī́ōn, f. pī́ei̯ra `fett, fruchtbar, reich', pī̂ar n. `Fett', piái̯nō `fett machen, mästen, bereichern'
Slavic: *pī̀vo
Baltic: *pī̂- vb. intr., *pī̂-d-ī̂- vb., *peî-n-a- (1) c., *peî-n-ā̂ (1) f; *paj-a- c.
Germanic: *fai-l=; *fajj-á- adj.
Latin: opīmus, -a `fett, wohlgenahrt; fruchtbar; reich'
Russ. meaning: жиреть; жирный (о молоке)
References: WP II 73 f
Proto-IE: *peyǝw-ā
Meaning: meadow
Old Greek: att. póā, ep., ion. pói̯ē, dor. pói̯ā f. `Gras, Kraut, Rasenplatz; Heuernte(zeit)'
Baltic: *peîw-ā̂ (1) f.
Russ. meaning: луг
References: WP II 72
Proto-IE: *peyǝzd-
Meaning: to press, to squeeze
Old Indian: pīḍayati `to press, squeeze, hurt, harm, injure', pf. pipīḍé
Old Greek: piézdō `drücken, pressen, bedrängen'
Slavic: *pī́zdītī
Russ. meaning: давить, жать
References: WP II 486
Proto-IE: *peyǝzdh-
Meaning: vulva, cunnus
Slavic: *pīzdā́ `vulva, cunnus'
Baltic: *pī̂zd-ā̂ (1/2), *peizd-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *pizd= (~ -rd-)
Albanian: piɵ vulva
Russ. meaning: vulva, cunnus
References: WP II 68 f
Proto-IE: *pezd-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: a k. of insect
Avestan: pazdu- `Name schädlicher Kleintiere, etwa Käfer, Milbe'
Other Iranian: NPers pazdak `Kornmilbe'
Latin: pēdis, -is c. `Laus'
Russ. meaning: насекомое sp. (вошь, моль etc.)
References: WP II 68 f
Proto-IE: *pezd-, *bezd-
Meaning: discharge wind
Old Greek: bdéō, aor. bdésai̯ `fisten', bdólo-s `Gestank'
Slavic: *bьzdḗtī/pьzdḗtī, *bьzdjǭ/*pьzdjǭ
Baltic: *bezd-ē̂- (*bezd-a-) vb.
Germanic: *fīst-a-, *fist-ō- vb., *fīst-a- m., *fist-a- m.
Latin: pēdō, -ere, pepēdī, pēditum `furzen'; pōdex, -icis m. `der Hintere'
Russ. meaning: бздеть
References: WP II 68 f
Proto-IE: *pēil-
Meaning: knife, saw
Slavic: *pīlā
Baltic: *peîl-ia- c. (1), -iā̃ f.
Germanic: *fīl-ō f., *feil-ō f.
Russ. meaning: нож, пила
References: Fraenkel 563 f
Proto-IE: *pēimen-, *bh- ?
Meaning: girl
Germanic: *faim-ōn- f., *faimin-jō f.
Latin: fēmina, -ae f. 'Frau'
Russ. meaning: девушка
References: [Different in WP and Pok.]
Proto-IE: *pē̆l(w)-
Meaning: a k. of vessel
Old Indian: pālavī f. `a k. of vessel'; pārī f. `milk-pail, any cup or drinking vessel'; pāla- m. `spitting spittoon' (L.), pālikā f. `pot or boiler', pala- n. `a part. weight, fluid measure', palya- n. `a sack for corn'
Old Greek: pélla f. ``Melkeimer; Trinkschale, Becher'; pelíkǟ f. = khôus, lekánē; pélik-s, -ikos f = kǘliks oder prokhoídion (Kratin.), pelíkhnǟ f. = pélla, pélük-s id.'
Germanic: *full-u- n.
Latin: pēlvis (OLat pēluis), -is, acc. pēluim, abl. -ī f. `Becken, Schüssel'
Russ. meaning: сосуд
References: WP II 56 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,
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