Change viewing parameters
Switch to Russian version
Select another database

Indo-European etymology :

Search within this database
Total of 3178 records 159 pages

Pages: 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120
Back: 1 20 50 100
Forward: 1 20 50
\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *pera-, *prā-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to sell
Old Greek: pérnǟmi, pérnamai̯, piprǟ́skomai̯, ft. inf. peráan (Hom.), aor. epéra(s)sa, pf. péprǟka, p. péprǟmai̯ `zum Verkauf ausführen, verkaufen'; prǟ̂si-s f. `Verkauf', apó-prǟma n. `Afterpacht', prǟtḗr m. `Verkäufer', prǟ́tōr `id.', ? pórnǟ f. `feine Dirne, Hure'
Celtic: *hrna- > OIr renim `verkaufe', subj. st. ria-; pf. ni rir `non vendidit'
Russ. meaning: продавать
References: WP II 40 f (different in Pok.)
Proto-IE: *perd-
Meaning: to fart
Old Indian: pardate (D.) `to break wind'
Avestan: 3 sg. pǝrǝδaiti, 3 pl. pǝrǝδǝn `sie furzen'
Old Greek: pérdomai̯, aor. -pardẹ̄̂n, pf. (prs.-Bed.) péporda `furzen'; pordǟ́ f. `Furz', prád[ǟ]si-s f. `das Furzen'
Slavic: *pьrdḗtī, *pьrdjǭ
Baltic: *pir̂d- (*per̂d-a-) (2) vb.
Germanic: *frit-a-/*firt-a- vb.; *firt=, *furt-i- c., *frat-ō- vb., *fart-a- m., *fart-ō- vb.
Celtic: *hrkkā > Cymr rhech `Furz'
Albanian: pjerɵ `pedo', porδɛ `Furz'
Russ. meaning: furzen
References: WP II 49
Proto-IE: *perǝk(')-
Meaning: a k. of spotty fish (trout, perch)
Old Greek: pérkǟ f. 'a river-fish, perch' LS 1394
Germanic: *f[í]rx-n-ōn- f., *fúrx-n-ō f.
Latin: porcus, -ī m. `Name eines Fisches mit Stachelflossen'
Celtic: Ir earc `Lachs', MIr orc `Lachs'
Russ. meaning: рыба (пятнистая - форель, окунь)
References: WP II 45 f
Proto-IE: *perǝk'-
Meaning: ribs, chest
Old Indian: párśu- m. `rib', pārśvá- m., n. `region of the ribs, side, flank'; prṣṭí- f. `rib'
Avestan: parǝsu- f. `Rippe', pǝrǝsu- m. `Rippe (in Zs.); Rippengegend, Seite'; Osset fars `Seite, Strich, Gegend'
Slavic: *pьrsь, *pьrsī
Baltic: *pir̂č-i-, -ia- c.
Russ. meaning: ребра, грудная клетка
References: WP II 44 F
Proto-IE: *perǝ-, *prē-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to heat, to burn
Old Greek: pímprēmi, inf. -ánai̯, pimpráō, ipf. hom. en-éprēthon, aor. prē̂sai̯, p. prēsthē̂nai̯, pf . péprē(s)mai̯, pf. péprēka `(an)blasen, aufblasen, anfachen, anzünden, verbrennen', prēdṓn, -ónos f. `entzündliche Geschwulst', prēmái̯nō `heftig blasen' (and many forms from the root prēs-)
Slavic: *pārъ, *pā́rā, *pā́rītī; *prētī, *prējǭ
Russ. meaning: греть, жечь
References: WP II 27 f
Proto-IE: *perǝ-, *pro-, *prey-, *perǝm-, *perǝw-, *prom-, etc.
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: fore, first, etc.
Hittite: para 'vorwärts, hervor, hinaus' (Friedrich 159), piran 'vorn, voran' (170)
Tokharian: A ana-pär, B ene-pre (PT *ene-pre) 'before, in front of' (Adams 84); A pärne, B parna 'outside' (PT *päränā-i) (359); A pärwat, B parwe 'earlier, first' (PT *pärwe) (360)
Old Indian: pára- 'far, distant, remote; previous, former', paráḥ prp. 'beyond, further, off, away', párā `away, off etc.'; pū́rva- `first'; prā-tár `at dawn'
Avestan: pairi adv. 'vorne; zuvor, früher'; prp. 'um-herum, "dē"; über--hin; in, bei; von--her, von--weg; ex (aliqua re cognoscere)'; para- 'ulterior, der andere spätere, künftige'; parō prp.
Other Iranian: OPers pariy adv. 'vorne; zuvor, früher'; para- 'ulterior'
Old Greek: ion. próka adv. 'sofort', prómo- 'vordester', prómo-s 'Vorsteher, Vorkämpfer, Führer'; pérǟ(n) 'darüber hinaus, jenseits', parái̯ usw. (prámo-s = prómos dub. on Ar. Th.30); prṓǟn, prṓi̯ǟn `kürzlich, vorgestern'; prōí, att. prō̂i̯, prṓ́ï̯, prō̂i `früh, morgens'
Slavic: *pьrvъ; *perdъ; *prī, *pro, *prokъ, *pročь(jь), etc.
Baltic: *pir̂-m-a- adj., *prei(-), *per̂-n-a- adj. (1), *prī-k=
Germanic: *fir-n-a-; *frō-
Latin: per prf., bei Adj. verstärkend, prp., prīmus; ? prandium 'Frühmahlzeit' (*prām-ediom); prae; prīvus 'für sich bestehend, einzeln, eigentümlich, eine Sache beraubt'; reci-procus, pl. gen. procum 'procerum', pl. proceres 'die Vornehmster; die aus der Wand herausragenden Balkenköpfe'; procul
Other Italic: Osk per- (peremust 'peremerit'), Osk perum prp. 'sine'; Osk, Umbr pert 'trans, ultra', prf., prp. 'trans'; Umbr promom adv.'primum'
Celtic: *eri-, *ero-: OIrl er, ir 'vor, für', air, ar, Gall are- prf., prp.; OCymr, Corn yr, er 'wegen, für'; OIr ire (*peri̯os) 'ulterior'
Albanian: pɛr prp. 'für, um, über, wegen; von--ehr', pej, pe prp. 'von, aus, über, nach, gegen'; parɛ 'primus'
Russ. meaning: передний, первый и т. д.
References: WP II 29 ff
Comments: + *pres, *pros, *pr̥-, *p(e)ra, *prō̆, *proti, *pru, *porsō(d)
Proto-IE: *perg-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: board, beam
Slavic: *pórgъ `Schwelle; Diele, Bank'
Baltic: *per̂g-a-/*per̃g-a- c.
Germanic: *firk-al-a- m., *furk-a- m.
Latin: pergula f. `Vorbau an einem Hause, einer Mauer; Bude, Laden; Malerwerkstätte; Weingelände; Hütte; Bordell; Dach-, Mansardenzimmer'
Russ. meaning: доска, бревно
References: WP II 48
Proto-IE: *perg-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: fear
Tokharian: A, B pärsk- (PT *pär(k)-sk-) 'feel fear, be fraid' (Adams 375)
Armenian: erkiuɫ `Furcht', erknčim `ich fürchte'; erk `Mühe, Beschwerde, Kummer'
Germanic: *furx-t-ō f., *furx-t-īn-, -ō f.; *furxt-a- adj.; *furx-t-ia- vb., *furx-t-ō- vb.
Russ. meaning: страх
References: WP II 48
Proto-IE: *perk'-
Meaning: motley, coloured
Old Indian: pŕ̥śni- `variegated'
Old Greek: perknó- `gesprenkelt, dunkelfleckig'; perkázdō , -omai̯, perkái̯nō `dunkelfleckig werden, zu reifen beginnen', act. `dunkel färben'
Latin: pulc(h)er, -c(h)ra (OLat polcher) `schön, hübsch; fett; ohne Schaden; herrlich, ruhmvoll, behaglich''
Celtic: *herk- > MIr erc (O'Clery) `bunt, rot'; Cymr erch `dunkelbraun'
Russ. meaning: пестрый, цветной
References: WP II 46 F
Proto-IE: *perk-
Meaning: to mix, to fill
Old Indian: pr̥ṇákti, pr̥ñcati, piparkti, ptc. pr̥ktá- `to mix, mingle, put together with'
Celtic: *herkā-mi > Mir ercaim `fülle'
Russ. meaning: смешивать, наполнять
References: WP II 47
Proto-IE: *perk-, *merk-
Meaning: to buy
Baltic: *pir̃k- (*per̃k-a-) vb. tr., *prek-iā̃ (1?) f.
Latin: merx, -cis f. `Ware', mercārī `Handel treiben, kaufen', mercēs, -ēdis f. `Verdienst, Sold, Zins'
Other Italic: Osk amiricatud `*immercātō (ohne Entgelt)', amiricum `*immercārī'
Celtic: *hrknā- > OIr inf. dat. reicc `zu ferkaufen'
Russ. meaning: покупать
References: WP II 40 f (different in Pok.)
Proto-IE: *perkun-, -g-
Meaning: some deity
Old Indian: parjánya- m. `god of rain; rain, rain-cloud'
Slavic: [ *pergɨ̄njī мелкая бесовка < герм.? ]
Baltic: *per̃kū̂n-a-, *per̃kō̂n-a-, *per̃kaũn-a- m.
Germanic: *firgun-ja- m., n., -jō f.
Russ. meaning: божество (громовержец?)
References: WP II 43 f
Comments: Somewhat confused with a similar root for 'mountain, forest'.
Proto-IE: *perkʷ-
Meaning: a k. of tree (oak; pine)
Germanic: *fúrx-ō f., *firx=, *furx-ia- n.
Latin: quercus, -ūs f. `Eiche; das aus Eichenholz Gefertigte; Eichel'
Russ. meaning: дерево (дуб/сосна)
References: WH
Proto-IE: *pers-
Meaning: snowy, speck of dust, drop
Hittite: pappars- (I/II) 'spritzen, sprengen' (Friedrich 157)
Tokharian: A, B pärs- 'to sprinkle' (Adams 375)
Old Indian: parṣati `to sprinkle'; pŕṣant- `spotted, speckled; sprinkling', pŕṣatī f. `dappled cow or mare, spotted doe', pŕṣat, prṣatá- m. `drop of water'
Avestan: paršuya- `Schneewasser ?'
Slavic: *pьršītī, *pьrxъ, *porxъ, *pьrstь
Baltic: *per̃s-l-ā̂, *par̃s-l-ā̂ f., *purs-l-ā̂ f. (Lith CIRC/Lett AC, 1), *pur̃s-l-a- c
Germanic: *fúrs-a- m.
Russ. meaning: снежинка, пылинка, капелька
References: WP II 50
Proto-IE: *persn-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: heel
Hittite: parsina- c. 'Oberschenkel, Lende' (Friedrich 163)
Tokharian: B porsno 'ankle ?' (Adams 404)
Old Indian: pā́rṣni- f. `heel'
Avestan: pāšna- n. 'Ferse'
Old Greek: ptérnǟ f. `Ferse'
Germanic: *firzn-ṓ, *fírsn-ī(n-) f., *fársn-ō f.
Latin: perna f. `Hinterkeule von Tieren, Schweinsschinken'
Russ. meaning: пятка
References: WP II 50 f
Proto-IE: *perst- (-sth-)
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: post, finger, peak (mountain)
Old Indian: pr̥ṣthá- m. `back, hinder part; upper side, top, height'
Avestan: paršta- m. `Rücken', paršti- f. `Rücken'
Old Greek: pastás, -ádos f. `Anbau, Säulenhalle, Vorhalle; inneres Gemach, Brautkammer'
Slavic: *pьrstъ
Baltic: *pir̃št-a- n.
Germanic: *first-i- c., *furst-i- c.
Latin: postis, -is m. `Pfosten, Türpfosten', pl. `Tür'
Russ. meaning: торчащий конец (гора, столб, палец etc.)
References: WP II 603 f
Comments: At least some of the forms may be < *per-sth-o- (see *stā-)
Proto-IE: *pert- (-th-; Gr pt-)
Meaning: twig, sprout
Armenian: orth (o-St.) `Weinstock, Rebe'
Old Greek: ptórtho-s m. `Sprössling, Trieb, junger Zweig, Ast'
Slavic: *perkā `Querstange'
Latin: pertica f. `Stange, langer Stock'
Other Italic: Osk perek<aís> `perticīs'; Umbr perkaf `virgās', percam `virgam'
Russ. meaning: прут
References: WP II 49
Proto-IE: *per(w)e-, *prōw-
Meaning: to give (opportunity), to present
Old Indian: pūrtá- n. `reward'
Old Greek: aor. époron `verschaffen, schenken, darreichen, gewähren', péprōtai̯, ptc. peprōmémo- `es ist (vom Schicksal) gegeben, bestimmt'
Celtic: *her-, *hihrā- > OIr er- `gewähren (von Gott)', conj. r-a-ǟra `er möge es gewähren', prt. ro-īr `er gewährte', ft. *ebraid'
Albanian: pruva, prura `brachte, führte'
Russ. meaning: предоставлять
References: WP II 41 f
Proto-IE: *perw-, *perōun-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: some deity
Hittite: Piru̯a- `a k. of superior deity'; peruna- (piruna-) c. 'Fels' (Friedrich 167), pirwa- 'bestimmte Art von Felsen (auch als Gottheiten)' (170)
Tokharian: ? A pāreṃ 'rock, stone'
Old Indian: párvata- m., parvatí-, parvatī́ f. `mountain, hill, rock'; paru- m. `mountain (L.)'
Avestan: paurvatā-
Old Greek: kerau̯nó-s m. `Donnerkeil, Wetterstrahl, Blitz'
Slavic: *perūnъ, *peronъ (под влиянием *tъronъ)
Russ. meaning: бог горной вершины, громовержец
References: ?
Proto-IE: *pes-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: penis
Old Indian: pásas- n. `penis'
Old Greek: péos n. `das männliche Glied'
Slavic: *opesъkā (Czech opeska `praeputium')
Germanic: *fás-Vl=, *fís-Vl=
Latin: pēnis, -is m. `Schwanz; männliches Glied'
Russ. meaning: penis
References: WP II 68
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-arm,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,
Total of 3178 records 159 pages

Pages: 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120
Back: 1 20 50 100
Forward: 1 20 50

Search within this database
Select another database

Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
100975221
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov