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Indo-European etymology :

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Total of 3178 records 159 pages

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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *pap-
Meaning: pock-hole, nipple
Old Indian: pippala- m. `sacred fig-tree, Ficus Religiosa; nipple', n. `berry', pippalaka- m. `nipple; pin', piplu- m. `freckle, mark, mole'
Baltic: *pap-a- c., *pā̂p-ā̂ (2) f., *pāp-ia- (1?) c., pā̂p-ul-ia- (2) c.
Germanic: *pap=
Latin: papula f. `Blatter, Bläschen', papilla f., papillum n. `id.; Brustwarze'
Russ. meaning: оспина, сосок груди
References: WP II 107
Proto-IE: *par-
Meaning: equal, to compare
Avestan: pairyente `sie werden verglichen', aigi-par- `(seine Schuld) begleichen, Busse tun', ā-pǝrǝti- `Sühne', pǝrǝɵa- n. `Ausgleichung (einer Schuld), Sühne, Strafe', pāra- m. `Schuld'
Latin: pār, paris `gleichkommend, gleich'; pār, paris m., f. `Gleichstehender, Genosse'; pār, pl. paria n. `Paar'; parāre `gleichen'
Other Italic: Umbr pars-est `pār est'
Russ. meaning: равный, сравнивать
References: WP II 40 f
Proto-IE: *par- (/-e-)
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to give birth, to hatch
Slavic: *vɨ̄pъrtъkъ (Rus dial. выпороток), *zāpъrtъkъ (ORuss запрътъкъ, запороток, Rus dial. запороток); *jьzportъkъ (Czekh spratek `unzeitige Frucht')
Baltic: *per-a- c.,*per-ē̂- vb., *per̃-kl-ia- c., *pa=per-a- c.
Latin: pariō, -ere, peperī, partum `hervorbringen, erzeugen; gebären'; parēns, gen. -entis, pl. -ent(i)um m./f. 'родитель(ница); родоначальник, основатель; родственник'
Russ. meaning: рож(д)ать, насиживать
References: WH
Proto-IE: *parǝt-, -d- (Gr pt-)
Meaning: fern
Old Indian: párpaṭa- m. `a sp. of medicinal plant (Helyotis Burmanniana or Mollugo Pentaphylla)'
Old Greek: ptéris, -eōs; pterís, -ídos f. `Farnkraut, Farn'
Slavic: *pāportь
Baltic: *papar̂t-i-/*papar̃t-i-, *papar̂d-iā̃, -ā̂ f., -i-, -ia- (2) c.
Germanic: *far-n-a- m., *far-m-a- m.
Celtic: *hrati-: Gaul ratis `Farn', Ir raith `Farn'; Cymr rhedyn `Farn', OCorn reden `Farn', Bret raden `Farn'
Russ. meaning: растение (папоротник)
References: WP II 19 f
Proto-IE: *pArg'-
Meaning: bull, boar, ram
Slavic: *porzъ `бугай, хряк, баран'
Germanic: *fark-īn-a- n., *fark-il-a- n.
Russ. meaning: скот (некоторый домашний)
References: WP II 78
Comments: See *pork'-.
Proto-IE: *par-/-e-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to cut, to bore
Tokharian: A pär (pärr-), B prere (PT *pärere) 'arrow' (Adams 420)
Old Greek: péi̯rō, aor. pẹ̄̂rai̯, pass. éparēn, pf. p. peparméno- `durchdringen, durchbohren, durchstechen', diam-perés `ganz hindurch, unterbrochen', perónǟ f. `Spange, Schnalle', peráō 'to drive, pass right through; to penetrate, pirce; to pass'
Slavic: *perītī (`durchbohren' etc.), *nā-perjǭ `durchboren'
Latin: pars, gen. -tis, acc. -tim, abl. -tī, pl. gen. -tium f. `Teil, Abteilung, Stück; Anteil; Körpereeil, Geschlechtsteil'; prō portiōne `[je] nach dem Verhältnis' (отсюда prōportiō)
Russ. meaning: резать, прорезать, просверливать
References: WP II 41
Proto-IE: *pArp- / *perp-
Meaning: to swell
Old Greek: hellenist. pérpero-s m. `eitler Windbeutel, Geck, Prahler', pérpero- `eitel, prahlerisch', perperéu̯omai̯ `windbeuteln, prahlen'
Baltic: *par̃p- vb. intr., *pur̃p- vb. intr., *pur̂p-ē̂- (2) vb., *pur̂p-ul-ia- (1) c.
Russ. meaning: надуваться
References: WP II 50 (different in Pok. 810-816).
Proto-IE: *pArs-
Meaning: bull, ox
Slavic: *porsъ типа `бык'
Germanic: *farz-á- m., *farz-án- m., *fárs-ō(n-) f.
Russ. meaning: скот (типа бык)
References: WP II 41 f
Proto-IE: *past-
Meaning: fixed, firm, fortified
Old Indian: pastyà- n. `stall, stable' ( < 'fester Wohnsitz'?)
Armenian: hast (i-St.) `fest'
Germanic: *fast-i-, *fast-u- adj.; *fast-ē- vb.
Russ. meaning: укрепленный
References: WP II 7 f
Proto-IE: *pa-t-er-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: father
Tokharian: A pācar, B pācer (PT *pācēr) 'father' (Adams 365)
Old Indian: pitár- m. `father'
Avestan: nom. pitā, obl. pitar- 'father'
Armenian: hair, gen. haur, pl. nom. harkh
Old Greek: patḗr, gen. patrós, acc. patéra m. `Vater'
Germanic: *fadḗr m.; *fáɵ-ō/*fad-ṓ(n-) f.
Latin: pater, gen. -tris m. `Vater'
Other Italic: Osk patír `pater'; Marr patres `patris'; Umbr dat. patre `patrī', iu-pater `Iuppiter'
Celtic: OIr athir `Vater'; Cymr -gwal-adr, Bret ual-art; Gaul Ateronius (MN)
Russ. meaning: отец
References: WP II 4
Proto-IE: *pat-/-e-
Meaning: shoulders, armful, fathom
Baltic: *pet-ia- c., *pet-iā̃ f.
Germanic: *fáɵ-m-a- m., *fáɵ-m-ō f.
Celtic: Gael aithamh `Faden (Mass)', OCymr etem gl. `instita', MCymr pl. adaued `Fäden', NCymr edaf, edeu `Faden, Zwirn'
Russ. meaning: плечи, охапка/сажень (Faden)
References: WP II 18 f
Proto-IE: *pAug(h)-
Meaning: virgin
Slavic: *pūgъ(jь): Czech pouhý 'lauter, bloss, pur, einfach'
Celtic: OIr ōg `jungfräulich', ōge `Jungfräulichkeit'
Russ. meaning: целомудренный
References: WP II 75 f
Proto-IE: *pAuk'-
Meaning: bird
Baltic: *paũč-t-i- c., *paũč-t-iā̃ f.
Germanic: *fug-l-á- m.
Russ. meaning: птица
References: WP II 75 f
Proto-IE: *paus-
Meaning: to leave
Old Greek: páu̯ō, -omai̯, aor. pâu̯sai̯ `ab-, zurückhalten, Einhalt gebieten, aufhören machen', med. `ablassen, aufhören, zu Ende gehen'; aná-, katá-, diá-pau̯ma n. `Ruhe, Rast, Beschwichtig ung', aná-, katá-pau̯si-s f. `Ruhe, Rast, Erholung', pâu̯la f. `id.'
Slavic: *pūstъ
Baltic: *paus-t-a- adj.
Russ. meaning: оставлять, бросать
References: WP II 1 f
Proto-IE: *pAus-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to swell
Old Indian: púṣyati, puṣṇāti, poṣati `to be nourished, thrive, flourish', ptc. puṣṭá-; púṣṭi-, puṣṭí- f. `well-nourished condition, fatness', póṣa- m. `id.'; puṣkalá- `much, many, numerous'
Slavic: *pūxātī, *pūxnǭtī, *pūxlъ(jь), *pɨ̄xātī; *pɨ̄ščītī
Baltic: *pauš-k-ul-iā̃ f., *pa=paũš-k-a-, *=paus-k-a- c., *puš-k-a-, *pū̃š-k-a-, -ul-a- c., *pūs-n-ā̂- vb., *pus-l-iā̃ f., *pū̃s-l-iā̃ f., -ia- c., *pus-n-i- (2) c.
Germanic: *faus-ia- vb.
Russ. meaning: пухнуть
References: WP II 79 f
Proto-IE: *pAus-
Meaning: side
Tokharian: AB poṣi 'Seite, Wand, Rippe', A posac, posaṃ 'neben'
Baltic: *pus=, *paus=
Russ. meaning: сторона, бок
References: Fraenkel 676
Proto-IE: *paut-
Meaning: young one, nestling
Old Indian: pota-, potaka- m. `young animal or plant', putrá- m. `son, child'
Avestan: puɵra- m. 'Sohn, Kind'
Other Iranian: OPers puɵra- m. 'Sohn, Kind'
Slavic: *pъtā, *pъtīcā, *pъtę̄
Baltic: *put-n-a-, -ia- c., *put-ī̂t-ia- c.
Latin: putus, -ī m. `Knabe', putilla f. `junger Vogel'; pullus, -ī `jung; Tierjunges; Küchlein; junger Trieb; Hahn'; pūsus, -ī m. `Knäbchen', pūsa f. `Mädchen';
Celtic: *paut-: MIr uaithne `puerperium'; OCymr utolaidou `natales'
Russ. meaning: детеныш, птенец
References: WP II 76 f
Proto-IE: *pAut-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: cunnus, etc.
Old Indian: puta- m. (du.) `buttocks' (L.)
Baltic: *paũt-a- (2) c.
Germanic: *fud=, *futt=
Latin: prae-pūtium, -ī n. `Vorhaut'
Celtic: *putu-s > Ir uth `Euter'
Russ. meaning: cunnus etc.
References: WP II 79 f
Proto-IE: *paw-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: few, small
Old Greek: pâu̯ro- `klein, gering', pl. `wenige'; att. pâu̯s (Vaseninschr.) `Kind', pái̯s (ep., lesb., böot. páis), gen. pai̯dós m., f. `Kind'
Germanic: *faw-a- adj.
Latin: pauper, -a/-is `arm, ärmlich, dürftig, beschrankt', paucus, -a `klein, gering', pl. `wenige'; parvus, -a `klein, jung, kurz, gering', parum `wenig, zu wenig', paullus, -a (/ paulus) `klein; wenig'; puer, -ī m., f. (inschr. povero) `Knabe; Mädchen'
Russ. meaning: мало, маленький
References: WP II 75 f
Proto-IE: *pAyǝ-
Meaning: to sing
Tokharian: A pi-s- 'blow instrument', B pi- 'sing, blow instrument' (PT *pi-) (Adams 383)
Slavic: *pētī, *pojǭ
Russ. meaning: петь
References: Adams 383.
piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-avest,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-arm,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-slav,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,
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