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Indo-European etymology :

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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *koks-
Meaning: bosom, armpit
Old Indian: kákṣa- m., kákṣā f. `armpit, region of the girth'
Avestan: kaša- m. 'Achsel'
Germanic: *xaxs-ō(n-), -iōn- f.
Latin: coxa f. `Hüfte'
Celtic: OIr coss f. `Fuss'; OBritt. Αργεντό-κοξος etwa `Weissfuss'
Russ. meaning: пазуха, подмышка, коленный сгиб
References: WP I 456 f
Proto-IE: *kokt-u-
Meaning: shape, image
Tokharian: A kapśañi, B kektseñe 'body' (Adams 189)
Germanic: *xaxt-u- c.
Celtic: OIr cucht `Farbe, äussere Erscheinung, species'
Russ. meaning: вид, форма
References: WP 1, 456.
Proto-IE: *k'ol-
Meaning: thorn, awn, a k. of thorny plant
Old Indian: śila- m. 'gleaning, gathering stalks or ears of corn'
Baltic: *čil-a- c., *čil-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *xul-ís-a- m., *xul[f]-a- m., *xul-Vn=
Celtic: *kolino- > Ir cuilenn; Cymr celyn, Corn kelin, Bret quelenn `Stechpalme, Mäusedorn, Walddistel'
Russ. meaning: колючка, ость колоса, вид колючего растения
References: WP I 431f, 435 f
Proto-IE: *kola-, *klā-
Meaning: to beat, to break, to kill
Old Indian: káli- `strife, discord; the worst of several objects; the last and worst of the four Yugas or ages; the losing die'
Old Greek: kólo-s `hornlos, mit nicht ausgewachsenen Hörnern', kól-ọ̄ros `stutzschänzig', kolázdō `einzwängen, züchtigen, bestrafen, beschneiden', kolóu̯ō `verstümmeln, beschneiden, beschränken, Einhalt tun'
Slavic: *kóltī, *kõljǭ; *koldīvo; *klādǭ ~ *koldǭ (зарезать); *koltъ, *koltī́tī
Baltic: *kal̂- (1) vb. tr., *kal̂-w-ia- (1) m., *=kal-a- c., -ā̂ f., *kal-t-iā̃ f., *kal̂-t-a- (1) c.; *kul̂- (1) vb., *kul̂-t-uw-a- (1) c., -iā̃ (1) f.
Germanic: *xil-d-iō f.; *xal-t-a- adj.
Latin: clādēs, -is f. `Verletzung, Beschädigung, Schaden, Unheil, Niederlage'; percellō, -ere, perculī, -sum `zu Boden schlagen, zerschmetern, erschuttern', sē procellere `sich hinwerfen', procella f. `heftiger Sturm, Ansturm', recellō, -ere `zurückschnellen'
Celtic: OIr coll `Verderben, Schaden', MIr claidim `grabe'; clad `Graben'; cellach `Krieg', Cymr claddu `graben'; cladd `Graben'; clawdd `id.'; cleddyf `Schwert', Corn claud `Graben', Bret claza `graben'; kleuz `Graben, Hecke'; klézé `Schwert, Klinge'; koll `Verderben, Schaden'
Russ. meaning: бить, разбивать, убивать
References: WP I 436 f
Comments: Cf. *(s)kalǝ- which seems to be a different root meaning rather 'to split'.
Proto-IE: *kolǝn-, *kolǝm-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: top, hill, rock
Hittite: kalmara-, Luw. kalmaha- 'Berg' (Tischler 468 without etymology)
Old Greek: kolōnó-s m., kolṓnǟ f. `Hügel, Anhöhe, Stein-, Grabhügel'; ? kolophṓn, -ō̂nos m. `Gipfel, Spitze, Höhepunkt'
Baltic: *kal̂n-a- (2?) c., *kal̂w-ā̂ (1?)
Germanic: *xall-u- c., *xull-i- c.; *xulm-a- m., -an- m.
Latin: collis, -is, abl. colle/collī m. `Hügel, Anhöhe'; columen, (jünger) culmen, -inis n. `Höhepunkt, Gipfel, First'
Russ. meaning: вершина, холм, скала
References: WP I 433 f, Buck 23-24.
Comments: ??? Probably derived from *kelǝ-.
Proto-IE: *kolomb- (kh-)
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: pigeon
Old Greek: kólümbo-s m. `kleiner Tauchen, Podiceps minor'; kolümbís, kolümbás `id.'
Slavic: *golǭbь
Latin: columba, gen. -ae f., columbus, gen. -ī m. `Taube(r), Schlagtaube'
Russ. meaning: птица (голубь ?)
References: WP I 440 f
Proto-IE: *k(')ols-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: neck
Germanic: *xáls-a- m.
Latin: collus, -ī m., collum , -ī n. `Hals (von Menschen und Tieren)' Hals von Flaschen, Pflanzen; Bergjoch'
Russ. meaning: шея
References: WP I 433 f
Proto-IE: *kom
Meaning: prep./adv.
Hittite: kan (encl.)
Old Indian: kam `a particle used after datives of persons and abstract nouns'
Slavic: *kъ, *kъm-
Germanic: *ga-, *gi-
Latin: cum prp., com-, con-, cō- prf., usw.
Celtic: OIr co-n- prp. 'mit', prf. Gaul com-, OIr com-, con-, Cymr cyf-, cyn-, Corn cev-
References: WP I 326, 458 f
Proto-IE: *kond-
Meaning: swelling
Old Indian: kanda- m. `bulb, lump', kanduka- m. `ball of wood or pith to play with', kadara- m. n. `corn, callosity of the feet'
Old Greek: kóndülo-s m. `Knöchel, Knochengelenk, geballte Faust, Wulst des Zahnfleisches usw.'; kóndoi = keraîai, astrágaloi Hsch.
Baltic: *kan̂d-ō̂l-a- c.
Russ. meaning: опухоль, желвак, шарик
References: WP I 390 f
Proto-IE: *k[o]nid-, *gh[o]nid-
Meaning: nit
Old Greek: konís, -ídos f. pl. `Eier von Läusen, Flöhen, Wanzen'
Slavic: *gnī́dā A
Baltic: *gnī̂d-ā̂, -iā̃ (1) f.
Germanic: *gnid-ō f., *gnit-ō f., *xnit-ō f.
Celtic: Ir sned f.; Cymr nedd, NKorn nēδ, Bret nez
Albanian: thënī́ `Laus'
Russ. meaning: насекомое (гнида)
References: WP I 461
Proto-IE: *k'onk-
Meaning: to doubt
Old Indian: śáṅkate `to be anxious, afraid, fear, dread, distrust', ptc. śaṅkita-, śaṅkā́ f. `apprehension, care, alarm, fear, distrust, suspicion, doubt'
Latin: cūnctārī (OLat cūnctāre) `zaudern, zögern, unschlüssig sein'
Russ. meaning: сомневаться
References: WP I 461
Proto-IE: *k'onkh-
Meaning: shell, shell-fish, snail
Old Indian: śaṅkhá- m. n. `shell, conch-shell'
Old Greek: kóŋkho-s m. (/f.) kóŋkhǟ f. `Muschel, Muschelschale; Ohrenhöhle, Kniescheibe, Hirnschale, Siegelkapsel, Schildbuckel usw.'; kókhlo-s m. (/f.) `Muschel mit gewundenem Gehäuse, Meer-, Landschnecke'
Russ. meaning: ракушка и ее обитатель
References: WP I 461 f
Proto-IE: *kont-
Meaning: clever, understandig
Germanic: *xánɵ-ar-a- adj., *xand-ug-á- adj.
Celtic: OIr cond 'Sinn, Verstand'
Russ. meaning: умный, понимающий
References: WP I 458 f (differently in Pok.)
Proto-IE: *k'op- (-ph-)
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: a k. of fish (carp)
Old Indian: śaphara- m. `a k. of fish, Cyprinus sophore'
Old Greek: küprī́no-s (~ -ǖ-) m. `Karphen'
Baltic: *čap-al-a-, -ia- c.
Russ. meaning: рыба (сазан)
References: WP I 457
Comments: The Lat. carpa f. `Cyprinus carpio, Karpfen' (Donaufisch) and Slav. *korpъ `сазан, карп' are borrowed from the same "Danube" source (or else Slav. < Lat.).
Proto-IE: *kops-
Meaning: blackbird
Old Greek: kópsikho-s (/ -ikos, -ükos) m. [ kóssüpho-s ( att. -tt-) m. `Amsel, Turdus merula' ]
Slavic: *kosъ `черный дрозд'
Russ. meaning: птица (черный дрозд)
References: WP I 457
Proto-IE: *kor-
Meaning: crooked
Old Greek: kürtó- `gewölbt, gerundet, bauchig, buckelig'; korōnó- `gekrümmt', koroní-s f. `gekrümmt, geschweift', korōnó-n n. `Gelenkknoten'
Latin: curvus, -a `gekrümmt, gewölbt', cortīna f. `rundes Gefäss, Kessel; Himmelswölbung'
Celtic: MIr cur, pl. acc. curu `Kreise', Cymr cor-wynt, Bret cor-uent `turbo'
Russ. meaning: кривой
References: WP II 568 f
Proto-IE: *k'ore-, *k'rē-
Meaning: to feed (tr., intr.), to grow, to raise
Armenian: ser `Abkunft, Nachkommenschaft, Geschlecht', serem `bringe hervor', serim `werde geboren, stamme ab, wachse', serr `Geschlecht, Nachkommenschaft', serm, sermn `Same'
Old Greek: korénnǖmi, -ünai̯, koréō, koréskō, korískomai̯, aor. ekóres(s)a, pf. ptc. act. kekorēṓs, med. kekórēmai̯ `sättigen, sich sättigen, satt, überdrüssig werden', kóro-s m. `Sättigung, das Sattsein, Überdruss, Übermut'
Baltic: *čer̂- vb., *čer̃-men- c., *čer-et-a- c., *čar-a- c., *čir-d-ī̂- vb., *čir-men- n., *čēr-a- c., -iā̃ f.
Latin: procērus, -a `von hohem, schlanken Wuchs'; creāre `erschaffen, zeugen; ins Leben rufen, hervorrufen, erzeugen; ernennen, wählen', crēscō, -ere, crēvī, crētum `(hrvor)wachsen, zunehmen, ansteigen, sich emporschwingen', crēber, -bra `dicht aneinanderstehend, dicht gedrängt, voll; häufig'; Cerēs, -eris f. `Göttin des pflanzlichen Wachstums; Totengottheit'; Cerus duonus, Cerus manus `creator bonus'
Other Italic: Osk Kerrí `Cereri', Kerríiúí, Kerríiaí `Cereali', Paelign Cerria, Cerri, Cerfum; Umbr S̀erfer `Cerri', S̀erfe `Cerro'
Russ. meaning: кормить(ся), расти(ть)
References: WP I 408 f
Proto-IE: *kor(ǝ)t-, *krāt-
Meaning: wattled, wicker thing; to twist, to weave
Hittite: karza(n) n. 'ein Gerät, das der Weber zum Herstellen von Fäden verwendet' (Tischler 531).
Old Indian: krṇátti `to twist threads, spin', karttar- `spinner', cr̥tati `to tie', káṭa- m. `a twist of straw or grass, straw mat'
Old Greek: kártal(l)o-s m. `unten spitz zulaufender Korb', kǘrto-s m. `Fischreuse, Vogelkäfig', kǘrtǟ f. `id., Durchschlag', kürtíǟ `geflochtenes Schild'
Baltic: *kart-ā̂ f., *kar̃(t)-tl-a- c., *kar̂(t)-tl-iā̃ (2) f.
Germanic: *xurd-í-/*xúrɵ-i- c.; *xarst=
Latin: crātis, -is f. `Flechtwerk aus Ästen oder Ruten, Hürde, Rost, Faschinen'; crassus, -a `dick, fett, grob; derb, plump'
Celtic: Corn ceirtle `Knäuel'
Russ. meaning: плетеное изделие; плести
References: WP I 421 f
Proto-IE: *k'orǝw-
Meaning: armour, helm
Old Greek: kórü̆s, gen. -ü̆thos, acc. -ü̆tha/kórün 'helmet'
Baltic: *čar̂w-a- m.
Russ. meaning: броня, шлем
References: Fraenkel 965
Proto-IE: *k'[o]rk-, *k'rok-
Meaning: pebbles
Old Indian: śarkara- m., śárkarā f. `pebble, gravel, ground or candied sugar'
Old Greek: krókǟ f. `abgerundeter Kieselstein am Meeresufer', pl. krokálai̯ `id.'
Russ. meaning: галька
References: WP I 463, Buck 51.
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