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Indo-European etymology :

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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *k(')lūp-
Meaning: a k. of fish
Germanic: *(x)lūb-ōn- f., -an- m.
Latin: clupea, -ae `ein sehr kleiner Fussfisch', Rom `Alse; Fisch aus dem Heringsgeschlecht'
Russ. meaning: рыба (вид)
References: WH
Proto-IE: *knap-/-e- (-ph-), -b-
Meaning: to scratch, to scrape
Old Greek: ion., altatt. knáptō `Tuch walken, Wolle krempeln; zerreissen zerfleischen'; knápho-s m. `die Karde des Walkers; Klette, Stachelfolter', knaphéu̯-s `Walker'
Baltic: *knā̂p- vb. tr.; *knab-l-ia- c., *knab-ā̂- vb., *knēb-ā̂- vb., *knab-ù-, *kneb-ùadj., *kneb-ia-, *knab-ia- c., *kneb- vb. intr., *knā̂b- vb. tr.
Germanic: *xnīp-a-/*xnip-a- vb., *xnipp-ō- vb., *xnipp=, *xnapp=, *xnap(p)-ia- vb.
Russ. meaning: скрести, царапать
References: WP I 392 f
Proto-IE: *k(')neg(')-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: neck, back of the head
Tokharian: A kñuk шея
Germanic: *xnikk-a- m., -an- m., *xnakk-an- m., *xnakka- m.; *ga-nikk-ia- n.
Russ. meaning: шея, затылок
Proto-IE: *kneigʷh-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to stoop
Germanic: *xnī(g)w-a- vb.; *xnai(g)w-a- m.; *xnaig(w)-ia- vb.
Latin: сōnīveō, -ere/-ēre, -nīvī/-nīxī `(die Augen) zudrücken, blinzeln (von Kurzsichtigen)' , nictāre `mit den Augen zwinkern, blinzeln', nictus, -ūs `Zwinkern', nītor, -ī, nīs(s)us/nīxus `sich stemmen, stützen; sich aufraffen, sich in der Schwebe halten, steigen, klettern'
Other Italic: Umbr conegos, kunikaz `*conigātus (genu nixus)'
Russ. meaning: наклоняться
References: WP I 476
Proto-IE: *kneit-, -d-
Meaning: to scratch, to break, to wound
Tokharian: B nitt- 'break, collapse; crush' (Adams 337)
Old Greek: knízdō, aor. knísai̯, pass. knisthē̂n, pf. pass. kéknismai̯ `kratze, reiben, reizen, ärgern', apó-, epí-knisi-s `das (Ab)kratzen etc.'
Baltic: *kneĩt- vb. tr., *kneîd-ē̂- (1) vb.
Germanic: *xnīt-a- vb., *xnait-ō- vb., *xnit-Vl=
Celtic: *knidā > MIr cned `Wunde'
Russ. meaning: царапать, ломать, ранить
References: WP I 390 f
Proto-IE: *k'net-, *k'ent- (-th-)
Meaning: to pierce
Old Indian: śnáthati (D.), śnathiti, śnatháyati `to pierce, strike, injure, kill'
Avestan: snaɵ- `schlagen', snaiɵiš- n. `Waffe zum Schlagen oder Hauen'
Old Greek: kentéō, aor. kénsai̯, va. kestó- `stacheln, stechen', késtro-s `Art Pfeil etc.', késtrǟ `Spitzhammer, Bolzen', kéntro-n `Stachel', kéntōr `Anstachler', kontó-s m. `der Stecher'
Baltic: *čint-a- c.
Celtic: Cymr cethr `Nagel', Corn kenter `Nagel', Bret kentr `Sporn'
Russ. meaning: прокалывать
References: WP I 402
Proto-IE: *kneuk-, -g-
Meaning: to shout
Old Greek: knüzdéomai̯, knüzdáomai̯ `winseln (von Hunden), wimmern (von Kindern)'
Slavic: *knjūkātī (> Czech kňoukati 'miauen, raunzen, winseln, greinen'), *xnɨ̄kātī usw.
Baltic: *kneũk- vb., *knuk-[s]=
Russ. meaning: производить мяукающе-кудакающие звуки
References: WP I 476
Proto-IE: *knewǝ-
Meaning: to scratch, to scrape
Old Greek: knóo-s, knọ̄̂-s `das knarrende Reiben des Reiben an der Radachse; das Geräusch der Füsse beim Marschieren', knǘō `kratzen', knǖ̂ma `das Kratzen', knǘos n. `Krätze'; knǖ̂zda, knǖ̂sa `Krätze', krüzdọ̄̂mai̯ `sich kratze', knǘthos = ákantha mikrá
Slavic: Pol knować `zerstückeln, ästeln', knowie `Strohlspitter'
Baltic: *knū- vb. intr., *knū-d- vb. intr., *knud-ē̂- vb.
Germanic: *xniww-á- vb., *xnaww-á́- m., *xnēww-á- m.; *xniu-d-a- vb., *xniu-d=, *xnu-d-jōn- f., *xnu-d-a- n., *xnutt-ōn- f.
Russ. meaning: скрести, царапать
References: WP I 392 f
Comments: Cf. similar roots *knap-, *kneit- (and other similar forms in some groups), but there is no evidence of PIE *k[e]n-.
Proto-IE: *k(')nē-
Meaning: to scratch, to scrape
Old Greek: -knái̯ō (dia-, apo-, ek-, kata-), att. knē̂n, knē̂sthai̯, 1 sg knō̂, 3 sg. knē̂i̯; knḗthō `schaben, kratzen; jucken', knē̂si-s ``das Kratzen, Jucken', knē̂(s)ma `id.', knēthmó-s `das Jucken', knē̂sti-s f. `Schabmesser, bes. Käsereibe', knēstḗr `Schabmesser', knē̂stro-n `brennende Pflanze, Daphne oleoides', knḗphǟ f. `Räude, Krätze'
Germanic: *xnō-ja- vb., *xnōw-ō(n-) f., *xnō-dV́-
Celtic: MIr cnāim `verzehre', ēcna `Verzehren', etc.; Cymr cnaif `Fliess', cneifio `tondere'; Corn kneu `Fliess'; Bret. kreon̄, Vannes kaneo `Fliess'
Russ. meaning: царапать, выскребать
References: WP I 390 f
Proto-IE: *k(')nīd-
Meaning: smell
Old Greek: knī̂sǟ f. `Fettdampf, Opfergeruch, die fette Netzhaut'
Germanic: *xnis-s-a- n.
Latin: nīdor, -ōris m. `Bratenduft, Brodem, Dampf, Qualm'
Russ. meaning: запах
References: WP I 392 f
Proto-IE: *k(')now-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: nut
Germanic: *xnut-, *xnut-ō, -i- f.
Latin: nux, gen. nucis f. `Nuss', pl. `Nussbaum'
Celtic: MIr cnū, acc. cnoi, pl. dat. cnoib; Cymr cneu-en, pl. cnau, NCorn cnyfan, MBret knoen `Nuss' (< *knou̯ā)
Russ. meaning: орех
References: WP I 391
Proto-IE: *knūt-
Meaning: stick
Baltic: *knut-iā̃, *knut-el-iā̃ f.
Germanic: *xnū́ɵ=
Russ. meaning: палка
References: WP I 392 f
Proto-IE: *kob-
Meaning: (lucky) fortune, prophecy
Tokharian: A akappi- n. 'immunditia' (< *n̥-kobʌ-)
Slavic: *kobь `Wahrsagung, Schutzgeist, Glückwunsch usw.'
Germanic: *xap=, *xamp-a- n., *xamp; *ximp-a- vb.
Celtic: OIr cob `Sieg'; Gaul MN. Ver-cobius, Cob-rūnus, -rūnius
Russ. meaning: (счастливая) судьба, предсказание
References: WP I 457 f
Proto-IE: *kog-
Meaning: peg, hook, claw
Hittite: gaga- c. 'Zahn' (Tischler 460)
Slavic: *kogъtь
Germanic: *xak-an- m., *xēk-a- m., -an- m., *xōk-a- m.
Russ. meaning: колышек, крюк
References: WP I 382
Proto-IE: *koil-
Meaning: safe, unharmed
Slavic: *cēlъ(jь) C
Germanic: *xail-a-, -i- adj.; *xail-iō f.; *xail-az-, *xail-iz- n., *xail-z-á- n., *xail-i- c.
Celtic: Cymr coel `Vorzeichen', OCymr pl. coilou 'auspiciis', OBret coel `haruspicem' (brit. oe = idg. ai, nicht oi, oder ei; OIr cēl augurium < brit.)
Russ. meaning: целый и невредимый
References: WP I 326
Proto-IE: *koil-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: naked; stripped skin
Baltic: *kaîl-ia- c.
Celtic: OIr cōil, cōel `dünn, schmal'; Cymr, Corn cul `macilentus, macer'
Russ. meaning: голый etc.
References: WP I 455
Proto-IE: *k(')oil- ?
Meaning: some internal organ
Germanic: *xail-ia-, -ian- m.
Celtic: MIr coelān `intestinum tenue'
Russ. meaning: внутренности
References: WP I 455
Proto-IE: *k'oin-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: hay
Old Greek: {*koi̯nǟ́ f.: koiná = khórtos Hsch. - not found in LS; cited by Фасмер s.v. сено}
Slavic: *sḕno
Baltic: *čeĩn-a- (1) c.
Russ. meaning: сено
References: WP I 455
Proto-IE: *koin-
Meaning: common
Old Greek: koi̯nó- 'gemeinsam'
Baltic: *kain-a-
Russ. meaning: общий
References: WP I 458 (different in Pok.)
Proto-IE: *kois-
Meaning: trouble
Germanic: *xais-t-a- adj.
Latin: cūra f. `Sorge, Fürsorge; Besorgung, Pflege, Amt', cūrāre `besorgen, Sorge tragen', OLat coiraveront etc.
Other Italic: Paelign coisatens `curaverunt'; Umbr kuraia `curet', kuratu `cūrātō'
Russ. meaning: забота
References: WP I 455
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Total of 3178 records 159 pages

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