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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *klaw-
Meaning: to weep, to cry
Old Greek: klái̯ō, att. klā́ō , aor. éklau̯sa, pass. klau(s)thē̂nai̯, pf. kéklau̯mai̯, va. klau(s)tó- `laut klagen, (be)weinen', klauthmó-s `das Weinen', pl. kláu̯(s)mata `das Gwimmer, Wehklagen', pl. klaumonái̯ f. `id.', klâu̯si-s `das Weinen', klau̯stḗr `Weiner'
Albanian: kĺań, ḱań `weine'
Russ. meaning: плакать
References: WP I 490
Proto-IE: *klā-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to put, to lay out
Slavic: *klā̀dǭ, *klā́stī; *klādъ
Baltic: *klā̂- (2) vb., *klā-j-ā̂ f., *klā̃-t-a- (1) c., *klā̃-t-iā̃ (1) f., *klā̃-d-a- c., *klā̂-s-t-a- (1) c.; *klō̂-n-a- (1), -ia- (1) c.; ? *kla-ĩ-m-a- c.
Germanic: *xlá-ɵ-a-/*xla-d-á- vb.; *xla-d-a- n.; *xlṓ-ɵ-ō/*xlō-d-ṓ f.; *xla-st-a- m., *xla-st-u- c., *xla-ɵɵ-a- n.
Russ. meaning: класть, раскладывать
References: WP I 489 f
Proto-IE: *k(')lādhr-
Meaning: alder
Old Greek: klǟ́thrā (~ -ḗ-) `Erle, Alnus glutinosa'
Germanic: *xlōdr=
Russ. meaning: дерево (ольха)
References: WP I 490
Proto-IE: *klān-
Meaning: liquid, wet ground
Baltic: *klan-a- c., *klā̂n-a- (1) c., *klā̂n-ia- (1) c., *klā̂n-iā̃ (1) f.
Germanic: *xlan-d-a- n.
Russ. meaning: жидкость, мокрая земля
References: WP I 500 (differently in Pok.)
Proto-IE: *klāw-
Meaning: key, hook, nail
Old Greek: ep., ion. klǟís, -ī̂dos, att. kléi̯s, älter klǟ̂i̯s, -dós f. `Pflock, Ruderpflock; Querriegel, Haken, Schlüssel, Schlüsselbein'; dor. klāi̯ks (Theocr.), epidaur., mess. gen. klaikos, acc. -ka `id.'
Slavic: *kljū̃čь, *kljūkā (контаминации)
Baltic: *kleu-d- vb. tr., *klǖ̂- vb. intr.
Germanic: *slūt-a-/*sliut-a- vb.
Latin: clāvis, -is f. `Schlüssel, Riegel, Stange der Kelter, Treibkloben'; clāvus, -ī `Nagel, Pflock; nagelförmiger Griff am Steuerruder'; claudō, -sī, -sum, -ere `schliesse, sperre zu, verschliesse'
Celtic: OIr clō, pl. clōi `Nagel', MCymr clo `Riegel, Verschluss', pl. cloeu `clavi', MBret clou `ferrement'
Russ. meaning: ключ, крючок, гвоздь
References: WP I 492 f
Proto-IE: *kleik'-
Meaning: to bite, to torment
Tokharian: A kleps-, B klaiks- (PT *klaiks-) 'to languish, shrivel, wither' (Adams 228-229)
Old Indian: kliśnāti `to torment, to molest', pass. klíśyate; kleśa- m. `pain, affliction, distress'
Slavic: *klēščē (-ę̄), *klēščь, *klēščī́tī; *klīšāvъ
Baltic: *klič-iā̃ f.
Russ. meaning: кусать, мучить
References: WP I 492
Proto-IE: *kleik-, -g-
Meaning: to shout
Slavic: *klīkātī/*klīcātī, *klīčjǭ; *klīkъ
Baltic: *klī̃k- (*klī̃k-ja-) vb., *klik- (*kli-n-k-a-) vb. inch., *klī̃k-s-m-a- c., *kleĩk- (*kleĩk-ja-); *klig- vb. inch., *klig-ē̂- vb., *kleĩg- (*kleĩg-ja-) vb.
Germanic: *xlī́x-a-/*xlīg-á- vb.
Russ. meaning: кричать
References: WP I 496 f
Proto-IE: *klek-, -g-
Meaning: to shout
Old Greek: klṓssō, klṓzdō `glucken, schnalzen', klōgmó-s `das Glucken, Schnalzen'; dat. klaŋgí; klaŋgǟ́ f. `Klang, scharfer Laut, Geschrei eines Tieres usw.', klázdō, aor. éklagon, kláŋksai̯, pf. kéklaŋga, kéklǟga `erklingen, erschallen, schreien'
Slavic: *klekъtъ, -otъ, *klekъtātī, -kotātī, *klьčьtъ
Baltic: *klek-ē̂- vb.; *klag-ē̂- vb., *klē̂g-ā̂- (1) vb., *kleg-ē̂- vb., *kleg- vb. intr.
Germanic: *xláx-ē- vb., *xláx-ja- vb.; *xlax-tr-a- m., n.; *xlōg-iá- vb., *xlōg-ia- n.; *xlank-a- vb.; *xlak=
Latin: glōcīre `glucken (von der Henne)'; auch: glattīre `Naturlaut der kleinen Hunde', glaucīre `Naturlauf der Schafe'; gliccīre `Schallwort der Gänse' || clango, -ere, -uī `schmettern (von der Trompete); schreien, krächze (von Tieren)'; clangor, -ōris m. `Geschrei, Gekreisch, Schmettern'
Celtic: MIr clocc `Glocke', Cymr cloch `Glocke'
Russ. meaning: кричать
References: WP I 496 f
Proto-IE: *klemǝk(')-, -g(')-
Meaning: to bend, to stumble
Slavic: *klę̄čātī, *klę̄knǭtī, *klę̄čь
Baltic: *klem̂k-, *klem̂k-ē̂- (1) vb., *klem̂č- (1) vb.
Germanic: *xlank-ia- m., *xlunk-ia- m., *xlank-a- adj., *xlank-iōn- f.
Latin: clingō, -ere `cingo (Paul. Fest. 56), cludo' (Gl.)
Russ. meaning: сгибать(ся), спотыкаться
References: WP I 498 f
Proto-IE: *k'lep-
Meaning: wet, to become wet
Old Indian: śilpá- `variegated' ?
Old Greek: klépas = noterón, pēlō̃des, ḕ dasǘ, ḕ hügrón (Hsch.)
Baltic: *člap-ja- adv., *člap-, *člap-ē̂- vb. intr., *člap-al-a- c.
Celtic: OIr clūain `Wiese' ( < *k'lop-ni-)
Russ. meaning: мокрый/мокнуть
References: WP I 497
Proto-IE: *k'leus-
Meaning: temple (of head), cheek
Slavic: *slūxъ `висок'
Germanic: *xliuz-á- n.
Russ. meaning: висок, щека
References: WP I 494 f
Proto-IE: *k'l[e]w-
Meaning: lame
Old Indian: śroṇá-, śloṇá-, śrávaṇa-, ślavana- 'limping, lame'
Baltic: *šlum-a-
Russ. meaning: хромой
References: Fraenkel 1009
Proto-IE: *k'lewe-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to hear
Tokharian: A, B käln- 'resound', B klene 'noise, sound' (PT *klän- < *klu-n-) (Adams 171); A, B klāw- 'be called; announce' (PT *klāw- < *ḱlōwā-) (222);A klots, B klautso (PT *kleutsā(i̯ä)n-) 'ear' (Adams 230); A klyom, B klyomo (PT *klyomo) 'noble' (231); A klyos-, B klyaus- (PT *klyeus-) 'hear, listen' (232)
Old Indian: śrṇóti `to hear', ptc. śrutá-; śrúti- f. `hearing, listening'; śrótra- n. `ear'; śrómata- n. `renown, fame'; śrávas- n. `sound, shout, glory'
Avestan: surunaoiti `hört, steht im Rufe, Heisst', ptc. srūta-, sruta- `gehört, berümt', srūti-, sruti- `das zu Gehörbringen, Vortrag'; sraoɵra- n. `das Singen', sraota- n. `das Hören'; sraōman- n. `Gehör'; sravah- n. `Wort'
Armenian: lu `kund'; lurr `schweigend'
Old Greek: kléō `rühmen, nennen', kléomai̯ `gerühmt, genannt werden', klẹ̄tó- `berühmt', klǘō, aor. éklüon, ipv. klǖ̂thi, -te, kéklüthi, -te, pf. kéklüke, ptc. klǘmeno-, va. klütó- `vernehmen, Kunde bekommen, hören, gehorchen; in Rufe stehen'; kléos n. `Ruhm'
Slavic: *slūtī́, *slovǭ; *slā́vā; *slovo, -ese; *slūxъ, *slъxъ; *slūxātī, *slūšātī; *slɨ̄šātī
Baltic: *člaw-iā̃ f., *člā̃w-iā̃ f.; *klaû-s- vb. tr., *klau-s-ā̂ f., *klaũ-s-ī̂- vb., *klaũ-s-iā̃ f., *klus- vb. intr., *klu-s-a- adj.
Germanic: *xliu-m-an- m., *xlíu-ɵ-a- n., *xlū-d-á- adj.; *xliu-m-a- m., -an- m.; *xlu-z-á- n.; *xlú-s-ē- vb.; *xlu-st-i- c.; *xlū-str-an- m., etc.
Latin: clueō, -ēre; cluō, -ere `genannt werden, heissen'; inclutus, -a `berühmt', praecluis `sehr berühmt'
Celtic: OIr ro-clui-nethar `hört', pf. ro-chuala `audivi'; conj. ro-cloor `ich höre', ro-closs `wurde gehört'; clū `Ruhm'; cloth n. `Ruhm'; cluas `Ohr'; OCymr clod `laus'; clywed `auditus, audire', cigleu `audivi'; MCymr clywaf `ich höre'; Cymr clūst `Gehör'; Corn clewaf `ich höre'; Bret clevout `hören'
Albanian: ḱuhem `heisse', ḱuań `nenne'
Russ. meaning: слышать
References: WP I 494 f
Proto-IE: *k'ley-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to lean, to incline
Tokharian: A kälyme, B kälymiye (PT *kälymiye) 'direction', B kläskālyñe 'setting of the sun' (Adams 176, 223)
Old Indian: śrayati `to cause to lean or rest on', śrayate `to lean on, rest on, cling to', ptc. śritá-
Avestan: srita- `gelehnt'
Old Greek: klī́nō, lesb. klínnō, pf. med. kéklimai̯, act. kéklika, va. klitó- `(sich) neigen, (an)lehnen, (sich) senken, beugen'; klísi-s `Neigung', pl. di-klídes f. `doppelt angelehnt, zweiflügelig', klei̯tǖ́s, -ǘos f. `Abhang, Hügel', klítos n. `Abhang, Seite, Luftstrich', klī́nǟ `Bett', -klísi-s (aná-, katá-, apó- usw.), klíma `Neigung, Abhang, Himmelsgegend, Land', klī̂maks, -akos f. `Treppe, Leiter, Schiffs-, Sturmleiter, Klimax etc.', aná-klithron `Rückenlehne'
Baltic: *čleĩ- (/ *čleî-) vb. tr., *čli-ñ- vb. intr.; *člaĩ-n-u- adj., *člaĩ-t-a- c., *člaj-u- adj., *člaj-a- n., *člaj-u- c., *člaj-ā̂ f., *čleĩ-w-a- adj., *čli-t-iā̃ f. etc.
Germanic: *xli-n-an- m., *xlai-n-a- m., *xlai-n-ō f.; *xlin-ō- vb., *xlai-n-ia- vb., etc.; *xlai-dr-(i)ō f., *xlī-d-ō f., *xli-d-ō f.
Latin: clīnāre `biegen, beugen, neigen', acclīnis `geneigt', triclīnium `Speisesofa', cliēns, -tis m. (f.) `der sich an einen Patronus schutzhalber anschliessende Klient, in Rom der halbfreie Hintersasse eines Geschlechts'; pl. clītellae f. `Saumsattel, Packsattel für Esel und Maultiere'; clīvus, -ī m. `Hügel, Bergweg Anberg, Aufgang', acclīvis `ansteigeind', prō-, dēclīvis `abschüssig, geneigt'; clīvius, -a `unheilverkündend (von Auspizien)'
Other Italic: Umbr kletram `fenetrum, lecticam'
Celtic: OIr clōin, clōen `schief; krummrückig; schielend; ungerecht', MIr clē 'link'; fo-chla 'Nord'; clen `Neigung, Wunsch'; clīath `crates'; clēthe `Dachbalken, Dach', clithar `Hag'; Cymr cledd 'link';go-gledd 'Nord'; clwyd `Hürde, Barriere'; clyd `geschützt, behaglich'; cledr-en `Sparren, Latte, Zaun'; OCorn cluit gl. `clita'; Corn cledh 'link'; MBret clezr-en `pièce principale de la claie'; Bret kleiz 'link'; kloued-enn `Hag'; kler-enn `pièce principale de la claie'
Russ. meaning: прислонять, склонять
References: WP I 490 f
Comments: Cf. *kel- (/*k'el-) 'lean, incline'
Proto-IE: *k(')ley-
Meaning: to cover, to hide
Old Greek: klisíǟ 'hut, shed, booth'
Baltic: *sklei- vb., *skleĩ-d- (-ja-) vb. tr.
Germanic: *xlij-ō f., *xlī-ɵr-ō f., *xlī-d-a- vb.; *xli-d-i- c.
Celtic: OIr cliath `Flechtwerk, Hütte'
Russ. meaning: укрывать
References: [Somewhat different in Pok.]
Proto-IE: *kleyǝn-
Meaning: thin, lean
Baltic: *kleîn-a- (2) adj.
Germanic: *xlain-(i)a- adj.
Russ. meaning: тонкий, тощий
References: Fraenkel 271
Proto-IE: *klēm-
Meaning: weak, soft
Tokharian: ? A klis-, B klänts- (PT *kläns- < *klǝmǝs-) 'sleep' (Adams 223)
Old Indian: klāmyati, klāmati `to be fatigued, weary' [but earlier and more frequently śrāmyati, aor. áśramat, inf. śramitum]
Old Greek: klamaró- <klamarán> `мокрый, слабый' (Hsch.)
Latin: clēmēns, -tis `mild, nachsichtig; sanft, ruhig, gelinde'
Celtic: OIr clam `aussätzig'; Cymr, OCorn claf, MBret claff, NBret klañv, klañ `krank'
Russ. meaning: слабый, мягкий
References: WP I 498
Proto-IE: *klēp-, -b-
Meaning: to take in one's arms
Baltic: *klē̂p- / *klē̂b- (1) vb. tr., *klē̃b-ia-/klē̃p-ia- c.
Germanic: *xlēf-tar-ō(n-) f.
Russ. meaning: обнимать
References: WP I 498
Proto-IE: *k'lonw-i-, *k'loun-i-
Meaning: thigh, croup
Old Indian: śróṇi- m., f. `hip and loins, buttocks'
Avestan: sraoni- f. 'Hinterbacke, Hüfte'
Old Greek: klóni-s, -ios f. `Steissbein'
Baltic: *člaun-i-, *člaûn-ā̂ (1), *člaun-iā̃ (2) f.
Germanic: *xlaun-ō f.
Latin: clūnis, -is m., f. `Hinterbacke, Hinterkeule, Steiss'
Celtic: Cymr, Corn clun `Hüfte', Bret klun `Hinterbacke'
Russ. meaning: бедро, круп
References: WP I 499 f
Proto-IE: *k'lowǝ-
Meaning: to rinse, to sweep, to clean
Old Greek: klǘzdō, hom. ipf. iter. klǘzdeskon, aor. pass. klüsthē̂nai̯, aor. act. klǘsai̯, pf. kéklüka, kéklüsmai̯ `spülen, wegspülen, reinigen', klǘdōn, -ōnos m. `Gewoge, Brandung, Getümmel', klǘsma n. `Flüssigkeit, womit etwas abgespült wird, Klystier', klüsmó-s `Überflutung etc.', klüstḗr `Klystierspritze', acc. klǘda `Wogenschlag', klǘsi-s `das Spülen',
Baltic: *člō̂- (*člaw-a-); *člō̂-t-ā̂ f. (2)
Germanic: *xlū-tr-a- adj.
Latin: cluō (OLat) `purgo' (Plin. 15:119); cloāca/cluāca, OLat clovāca `unterirdischer Abzugskanal'
Celtic: Cymr clir `hell, klar, heiter, rein'
Russ. meaning: полоскать, мести, чистить
References: WP I 495 f
piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,
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